APPENDIX I. Checklist of the native medicinal plants from Argentina1
PTERIDOPHYTA

TAXA
(Family, Latin Name, Vernacular Names, Synonyms, Exiccatum)

ETHNOMEDICAL INFORMATION/ DISTRIBUTION

BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES

CHEMICAL DATA

ASPLENIACEAE
Asplenium monanthes L. Calaguala Morero 84 (CORD)
Leaf, infusion: to stimulate parturition Rhizome: diaphoretic Part not specified: diaphoretic BAI, CAT, C OR, JUJ, LR I, MIS, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test Frond. Tannins
AZOLLACEAE
Azolla cristata Kaulf. Helechito de agua, alfombra Azolla caroliniana Willd. Hunziker 10348 (CORD)
Entire plant: decoction and infusion as a tonic; asthenia; body-stimulating, antirheumatic, aphrodisiac (sub nom. A. caroliniana) CHA, COR, COS No biological test Fresh entire plant. Propanoic acid, 3-amino-3-phenyl γ-l glutamyl: proteids Dried leaf. Adonixanthin, rhodoxanthin, zeaxan: carotenoids (sub nom. A. caroliniana)
Azolla filiculoides Lam. Helechito de agua, peste del agua, alfombra Ariza Espinar 2538 (CORD) Entire plant: asthenia; body-stimulating, antirheumatic, aphrodisiac BAI, CAT, C HA, COR, CO S, FO R, JUJ, LPA, L RI, MEN, R NE, SAL, SCR, SFE, SJU Entire plant: antitumor and cytotoxic activity Entire plant. Ethanolamine, serine, lipids; choline, alkaloidmisc; aliphatic alcohol, aliphatic ketone, aliphatic ester: alkanols; cholesterol, campesterol, β-sitosterol: steroids Dried leaf. Rhodoxanthin, lutein epoxide, adonixanthin, zeaxanthin: carotenoids
BLECHNACEAE
Blechnum cordatum (Desv.) Hieron. Palmita, costilla de vaca Blechnum chilense (Kaulf.) Mett. Subils 1761 (CORD)
Plant: eyes disease Rhizome: abortive, emmenagogue Frond: eyes disease (sub nom. B. chilense) BAI, CHU, COR, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SLU, TDF No biological test Dried entire plant. Chlorogenic acid: phenylpropanoid; hyperoside: flavonol
Blechnum hastatum Kaulf. Palmilla, quilquil, iquide de la pampa, arriquilquil, arri cül cül Cantero s.n. (RIOC 3595) Plant: abortive, emmenagogue, contraceptive, emetic CHU, COR, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test No data
Blechnum magellanicum (Desv.) Mett. Kättälapi Ulibarri 1023 (SI) Plant: eye disease CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
Blechnum occidentale L. Doradilla Hunziker 893 (CORD) Plant: lungs and urinary disorders Part not specified: infusion and decoction to dissolve renal calculi, and for treatment of nervous hysteria JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC Entire plant: hypothermic, diuretic, and antibacterial activity Dried leaf. Rhodoxanthin, lutein epoxide, lutein, adonixanthin, zeaxanthin, violaxanthin, antheroxanthin: carotenoids
Blechnum pennamarina (Poir.) Kuhn Punque Morero 26 (CORD) Aerial plant: medicinal BAI, CHU, COR, JUJ, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SLU, TDF, TUC No biological test No data
DAVALLIACEAE
Nephrolepis cordifolia (L.) C. Presl Helecho serrucho Ariza Espinar 2865 (CORD)
Leaf, infusion: emmenagogue Root: febrifuge; decoction: for cough Apical cutting, infusion: anthelmintic Rhizome and leaf: anthelmintic BAI, C AT, COR, COS, JUJ, SAL, SFE, TUC Part not specified: DNA polymerase and RNA transcriptase inhibition Fresh leaf. Leucoanthocyanins, lutein epoxide, lutein, βryptoxanthin, rhodoxanthin: carotenoids
DENNSTAEDTIACEAE
Hypolepis repens (L.) Presl Ala de cuervo, ala e cuervo Aquino 145 (CORD)
Leaf: menstrual diseases CAT, COR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC Frond: antibacterial activity No data
Pteridium arachnoideum (Kaulf.) Maxon Helecho macho Pteridium aquilinum var. arachnoideum (Kaulf.) Brade Kurtz 10540 (CORD) Rhizome, decoction: antitussive (tuberculosis), diaphoretic Rhizome + frond: antitussive, astringent, diuretic Leaf, infusion: antirheumatic, antitussive. BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. Phenolic and condensed tannins
DICKSONIACEAE
Lophosoria quadripinnata (J.F. Gmel.) C. Chr. Burkart 6358 (SI)
Part not specified: to treat wounds and hemmorhagia NEU, RNE No biological test Dried frond. Fern-9(11)-ene, hopane, dryocrassol, adipedatol, diplopterol: triterpenes; ginnone: alkanone C5 or more; astragalin: flavonol
DRYOPTERIDACEAE
Cystopteris fragilis (L.) Berhn. Culandrillo, culantrillo, cabello de ángel, cabello de venus Cantero s.n. (RIOC 2142)
Leaf, infusion: expectorant and in case of delayed menstruation; diaphoretic, antitussive Rhizome, infusion: anthelmintic CAT, CHU, COR, JUJ, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SLU, TDF, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Glucose-3-sulfate,1-caffeyl, shikimic acid: phenylpropanoids; mangiferin: xanthone; 1-6dihydroxy-3-5-7-trimethoxy, vincenin 2: flavones Fresh leaf. Leucoanthocyanins, lutein epoxide, lutein, βryptoxanthin, rhodoxanthin: carotenoids; astragalin, kaempferol-3-O-β-D-(3''-sulfate)-glucoside, kaempferol-3O-β-D-(6''-sulfate)-glucoside: flavonols
Polystichum montevidense (Spreng.) Rosenst. var. montevidense Ala de cuervo, helecho macho Morero 8 (CORD) Plant: anthelmintic BAI, COR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test Essential oil. α-pinene, α-terpineol, pulegone, α-muurolene
Polystichum montevidense var.squamulosum (Hieron.) Hieron. Ala de cuervo, helecho macho Morero 13 (CORD) Plant: anthelmintic; to help parturition COR, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Rumohra adiantiformis (G. Forst.) Ching Calaguala Fortunato 5799 (BAB) Rhizome: astringent, emmenagogue, diaphoretic, aids digestion BAI, CHU, COS, MIS, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF Leaf: antibacterial activity No data
EQUISETACEAE
Equisetum bogotense Kunth Limpiaplata, pinko-pinko, yerba del platero, tembladera cola de caballo, Hierba de la plata, cepa de cahuel Zavala s.n. (RCV)
Entire plant, infusion: for ulcers and wounds, diuretic; decoction: urinary antiseptic, diuretic, astringent, menstrual diseases, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth, post partum pains and disease Aerial parts: antidiarrheal, astringent, diuretic, stomachic, liver stimulant; anti-haemorrhagic; urinary disinfectant CHU, COR, COS, JUJ, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried entire plant: βglucuronidase inhibition, anticrustacean activity Stem, antitumor, cytotoxic and diuretic activity Dried aerial parts. Astragalin, gossypetin-7-O- β-Dglucoside, kaempferol-3-O-(6''-O-malonyl-glucoside, kaempferol-3-O-(6''-O-malonyl-glucoside)-7-O-glucoside, kaempferol-3-O-β-d-glucoside-7-O-rhamnoside, kaempferol-3-O- β-d-sophoroside, quercetin-3-O-(6''-Omalonyl-glucoside): flavonols; 5-caffeoyl -shikimic acid, 5O-caffeoyl -shikimic acid, dicaffeoyl-meso-tartaric acid: phenylpropanoids
Equisetum giganteum L. Colai caballo, yerba del platero cola de cabello, cabello, cola de caballo, chigote de fraile, yerba de caballo, cola 'e caballo Cocucci et al. 254 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: hepatic, diuretic and for scrofula, dermatitis and inflammations; for gonorrhea; astringent, against kidney and bladder calculi and for cutaneous affections; antidiarrheal, vulnerary, emmenagogue, and to treat internal hemorrhage, dysentery, for revitalization of fingernails and lifeless hair, menstrual diseases, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth, for pain in the waste and back ache; decoction: to treat varicose veins, for circulatory and cardiovascular diseases BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried entire plant: neuritogenic, diuretic, antiviral, antimicrobial, and smooth muscle relaxant activity Dried entire plant. Palustrin: alkaloids; quercetin, kaempferol-7-diglucoside: flavonoids; tannins; minerals, vitamins, saponins, flavonoids, such as flavone, isoflavone, flavonol and flavanol
LOMARIOPSIDACEAE
Elaphoglossum gayanum (Fée) T. Moore Calaguala Barboza et al. 1143 (CORD)
Leaf: emmenagogue, against hepatic affections; blood depurative BAI, COR, JUJ, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
LYCOPODIACEAE
Huperzia fueguiana (Roiv.) Holub Vervoorst 4628 (LIL)
Plant: vomiting, purgative, anthelmintic, emmenagogue SCR, TDF No biological test No data
Huperzia saururus (Lam.) Trevis Cola de quirquincho, pyiyai, pillijai Barboza 129 (CORD) Plant: aphrodisiac, tonic, against alopecia, action on memory and learning; appetitive; hypoglycaemic, emmenagogue, abortive, purgative, for asthenia; tonic, stiulant BAI, CAT, COR, JUJ, SAL, SLU, TUCAerial plant: inhibitory activity on acetylcholinesterase (alkaloid extract)Aerial plant: Lycopodine, clavolonine, sauroine, 6-OH lycopodine; HS1; HS2: Lycopodane group alkaloids; sauroxine, lycodine, N-methyllycodine, N-acetyllycodine, huperzine A, HS3, HS4: Flabellidane group alkaloids
Lycopodiella cernua (L.) Pic. Serm. Lycopodium cernuum L. Arbo 8718 (CTES) Plant: anti-haemorrhagic, diuretic, antidiarrheal, astringent, antiinflammatory, antirheumatic COS, ERI, MIS Leaf: antibacterial and antifungal activity Aerial plant. Cernuine, lycocernuine: alkaloids; cermizines A and B: phlegmarane-type alkaloids; cermizine C, senepodines G and H: quinolizidine alkaloids; quinolizidine and a piperidine ring, cermizine D: C16N2 type alkaloid; cernuine N-oxide, lycocernuine N-oxide: cernuane-type alkaloids (sub nom. L. cernuum)
Lycopodium clavatum L. Musgo de cabezuela, yerba de bruja, yerba de gitanos, gateadera, colchón de pobre, Licopodio, pilliján, azufre vegetal Morero 89 (CORD) Dried entire plant, infusion: emmenagogue, anti-catarrhal, carminative, laxative, aphrodisiac Frond: to treat rheumatism, epilepsy and renal disfunction Pollen, tincture: tonic, used in tuberculosis, and in bladder catarrh Dried shoots, infusion: for diabetes Dried stem, infusion: decongestant, and used in hepatitis COR, JUJ, MIS, SAL Dried aerial parts: antipyretic activity Spores: estrogenic and androgenic effect, uterine stimulant effect Dried entire plant. Cholest-5-en-3-β-ol-24-α-ethyl, 22dehydro-campesterol, cholesterol, cholesta-5-22-dien-3-βol-24-α-ethyl, cholest-5-en-3-β-ol-24-α-ethyl: steroids; clavatine, clavatoxine, clavolonine, fawcettiine, lycopodine: quinolizidine alkaloids; lycoclavanin, lycoclavanol, αonocerein: triterpenes. Spore. Hydrocaffeic acid: phenylpropanoids
POLYPODIACEAE
Campyloneurum aglaolepis (Alston) de la Sota Pori-pori, canchalagua Zuloaga 7604 (SI)
Part not specified: medicinal CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Microgramma mortoniana de la Sota Arbo 6131 (CTES) Plant: astringent, diaphoretic, antirheumatic, antiseptic BAI, COS, MIS, SAL No biological test No data
Microgramma squamulosa (Kaulf.) de la Sota Pori-pori, canchalagua, polipor, polipodio escamoso, calaguala del mate Lorentz 90 (CORD) Plant: against vaginal mycosis, anuria, urine with blood, wounds, aphrodisiac, for infections, hernia and prolapse, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth Dried rhizome: to treat stomach ulcers CAT, CHA, COS, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC Dried rhizome: antiulcer activity Root + stem. Flavonoids and tannins
Microgramma vacciniifolia (Lang. & Fisch.) Copel Giorgis et al. 1044 (CORD) Entire plant: antitussive, anti-asthmatic, astringent, dysentery, against diverse types of swelling, antidiarrheal, for intestinal disorders BAI, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Phlebodium areolatum (Willd.) J. Sm. Calaguala, calahuala, helecho azul Morero 108 (CORD) Rhizome: anti-hypertensive, emmenagogue, for arthritis, diarrhea, stomach-ache, skin disorders, kidney problems (sub nom. Polypodium aureum L.) Rhizome + leaf: analgesic, expectorant, febrifuge, tranquilizer, depurative, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, emmenagogue, and spasmolitic properties (sub nom. Phlebodium pseudoaureum (Cav.) Lellinger COR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Pleopeltis macrocarpa (Bory ex Willd.) Kaulf. Zuloaga 2948 (SI) Entire plant: abortive BAI, CAT, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Pleopeltis pinnatifida Gillies ex Hook. & Grev. Polypodium argentinum Masón Morero 25 (CORD) Entire plant: abortive (sub nom. P. argentinum) BAI, CAT, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Pleopeltis squalida (Vell.) de la Sota Polypodium squalidum Vell. Deginani 1674 (SI) Leaf, infusion.: contraceptive; digestive, anthelmintic (sub nom. P. squalidum) BAI, CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Pleopeltis tweediana (Hook.) A.R. Sm. Calaguala, calahuala, chuccho, chyjcho, polipodio, kalahuala Polypodium tweedianum Hook. Guaglianone 2003 (SI) Aerial parts: emmenagogue, resolutive, pectoral CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Serpocaulon gilliesii (C. Chr.) A.R. Sm. Polypodium lasiopus Klotzsch Morero 28 (CORD) Plant: abortive (sub nom. P. lasiopus) BAI, CAT, COR, JUJ, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
PTERIDACEAE
Adiantopsis chlorophylla (Sw.) Fée Culantrillo, ala e cuervo Morero 34 (CORD)
Plant: astringent, expectorant; against menstrual disorders BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Adiantum chilense Kaulf. Culantrillo, culandrilla, doradilla Hosseus 48 (CORD) Leaf: emmenagogue, expectorant, diuretic BAI, CAT, CHU, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU, SLU, TDF No biological test No data
Adiantum lorentzii Hieron. Culantrillo, culandrillo Martínez 164 (CORD) Plant: abortive, menstrual diseases, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth, post partum pains and diseases Leaf: antitussive CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Adiantum orbignyanum Mett. ex Kuhn Culantrillo Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 2119) Plant: abortive Leaf: emmenagogue, expectorant CAT, COR, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Adiantum pseudotinctum Hieron. Tressens 6469 (CTES) Part not specified: cephalalgic, for dizziness CHA, COS, MIS, SAL No biological test No data
Adiantum raddianum C. Presl Culantrillo, culandrillo Hunziker 10274 (CORD) Leaf: abortive, antitussive, emmenagogue, to dissolve the mucus and for respiratory disorders, diaphoretic, emollient BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test Spores. Spermidine, N(1)-N(10)-caffeoyl-feruloyl: alkaloids
Adiantum thalictroides var. hirsutum ( Hook. & Grev.) de la Sota Culantrillo Hunziker 8805 (CORD) Entire plant: abortive Leaf: antitussive, abortifacient, to dissolve the mucus and for respiratory disorders CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Adiantum thalictroides Willd. ex Schltdl. var. thalictroides Culantrillo Cantero et al. s.n. (R IOC 2768) Entire plant: abortive; against menstrual disorders BAI, CAT, COR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. Adiantone: triterpene; β-sitosterol: steroid; p-methyl ester coumaric acid: phenylpropanoid
Argyrochosma nivea (Poir.) Windham var. nivea Doradilla, tupasaire Stuckert 11714 (CORD) Plant: diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, laxative, respiratory disorders, for headaches and sinusitis Leaf: sternutatory BAI, CAT, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Argyrochosma nivea var. flava (Hook.) Ponce Doradilla Morero 37 (CORD) Plant: diuretic CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SJU, TUC Aerial parts: antioxidant activity No data
Cheilanthes buchtienii (Rosenst.) R. M. Tryon Doradilla blanca Galián 43 (SI) Aerial parts: abortifacient BAI, CAT, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Cheilanthes glauca (Cav.) Mett. Doradilla Chiapella 1708 (CORD) Plant: diuretic, anti-catarrhal; gynecological, obstretic CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR Dried leaf: antibacterial activity Dried entire plant. Rutin, kaempferitrin: flavonols
Cheilanthes marginata Kunth Doradilla Morero 166 (CORD) Plant: diaphoretic CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Cheilantes myriophylla Desv. Doradilla floja del monte, flor de piedra, doradillón Stuckert 21162 (CORD) Plant: diaphoretic, respiratory disorders Dried entire plant: used for cough, diarrhea BAI, CAT, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Cheilantes obducta Mett. ex Kuhn Doradilla Morero 59 (CORD) Root: for stomach-ache CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Doryopteris concolor (Langsd. & Fisch.) Kuhn Helecho macho Novara 3633 (CORD) Leaf: anthelmintic BAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Leaf. Squalene, zeorin, stigmasterol, β-sitosterol, campesterol, friedelin: steroids; flavonol, anthocyanidin, triterpenoid
Hemionitis tomentosa (Lam.) Raddi Troncoso 3302 (SI)Part not specified: for kidney pains and painful menstruation CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUCNo biological testNo data
Pityrogramma calomelanos (L.) Link var. calomelanos Hierba de la seca, helecho macho, gallito Kurtz 6540 (CORD) Aerial parts, infusion: for fever and hypertension Dried entire plant, decoction: for respiratory and kidney disorders; infusion: for stomach-ache, analgesic, astringent, expectorant, for venereal disease, pectoral, emmenagogue, febrifuge, antitussive Root: for stomach-ache Fruit: decoction, used for cuts, fever, hemorrhage, and hypertension BAI, COR, COS, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE Dried aerial parts: cytotoxic and antibacterial activity Dried leaf: antifungal activity Aerial parts. Calomelanolactone: sesquiterpene Dried leaf. Calomelanol A, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, naringenin4'-7-dimethyl ether, chalcone-dihydro-2'-6'-dihydroxy-4'methoxy, chalcone-2'-4-6'-trihydroxy-4'-methoxy, flavoneneo-dihydro 8-(phenyl-propionyl)-5-7-dihydroxy, flavone-8(2-carboxyl-1-phenyl-ethyl)-5-7-dihydroxy-δ lactone, chalcone-2'-6'-dihydroxy-4-4'-dimethoxy: flavonoids
SCHIZAEACEAE
Anemia phyllitidis var. tweediana (Hook.) Hassl. Doradilla Deginani 1133 (SI)
Entire plant: expectorant, emmenagogue BAI, CHA, COS, MIS, SAL Aerial parts essential oil: antimycobacteri al activity Part not stated. Gibberellin: diterpene; β-ecdysone, ponasterone A: steroids; zeatin riboside, zeatin: alkaloids; antheridic acid: diterpene
Anemia tomentosa var. anthriscifolia (Schrad.) Mickel Doradilla Hunziker 13557 (CORD) Leaf: antitussive, expectorant BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test Aerial parts essential oil. α-bisabolol, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, α-bisaboloxide, 14-hydroxy-9-epi-(E)caryophyllene, neral, geranial, α-pinene, camphene, 6methyl-5-hepten-2-one, 1,8-cineole, pinocarveol; isoafricanol
Anemia tomentosa var. australis Mickel Doradilla Luján 57 (CORD) Leaf: antitussive, emmenagogue, respiratory disorders CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Anemia tomentosa (Savigny) Sw. var. tomentosa Doradilla, yerba buena, yerba dorada, doradilla aromática, doradilla hembra Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 2123) Fresh entire plant: for whooping cough Dried branch + leaf, decoction: to treat urinary tract infections, antidiarrheal Leaf: antitussive, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, abortifacient, contraceptive, to sooth menstrual pains and for respiratory disorders BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
SELAGINELLACEAE Selaginella convoluta (Arn.) Spring Eyerdam 22909 (SI) Entire plant, infusion: aphrodisiac FOR, MIS, SAL Plant: antidepressant effect No data

GYMNOSPERMAE

TAXA (Family, Latin Name, Vernacular Names, Synonyms, Exiccatum)

ETHNOMEDICAL INFORMATION/ DISTRIBUTION

BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES

CHEMICAL DATA

ARAUCARIACEAE
Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol.) Kuntze var. angustifolia Pino Paraná, curi, curiy, curi-i Burkart 4944 (SI)
Resin: balsamic, antiseptic MIS Dried wood: anticercarial and antifungal activity Undifferentiated callus. E and Z isomers of octadecyl pcoumarate, octadecyl ferulate Fresh seedling. Amentoflavone,4'-4'''-di-O-methyl, amentoflavone,4'-7-7''-tri-O-methyl: flavonoids Seedling stems. Biflavones of the amentoflavone-type Seedling roots. Trans-communic acid: diterpene Bark. Agathic acid: diterpene Dried heartwood. Chalcone,4-4'-dihydroxy: flavonoid; irisolidone, isoflavone Adult stems. Vanillin, p-hydroxybenzaldehyde, coniferaldehyde: benzaldehydes; pinoresinol, eudesmin and lariciresinol: lignans; cabreuvine, irisolidone: isoflavones Dried leaf. Agathisflavone, amentoflavone, cupressuflavone, kayaflavone, ginkgetin, tetra-Omethylamentoflavone: flavonoids Resin. Abieta-7-13-dien-18-oic acid: diterpene; 5methoxylariciresinol-9-acetate, 5′-methoxylariciresinol-9acetate, 5-methoxypinoresinol dimethyl ether, 5methoxypinoresinol, lariciresinol acetates, 7′hydroxylariciresinol acetates, isolariciresinol acetate, shonanin: lignans
Araucaria araucana (Molina) K. Koch Piñon, pino de Neuquén Pedersen 14149 (CTES, SI) Resin: balsamic NEU, RNE Resin: gastroprotective activity and cytotoxic effect Wood: antifungal and antibacterial activity Resin. Imbricatolic acid, 15-hydroxyimbricatolal, 15acetoxyimbricatolic acid: diterpenes Wood. Secoisolariciresinol, pinoresinol, eudesmin, lariciresinol, lariciresinol-4-methyl ether: lignans Essential oil. Geraniolene, limonene, (+)-γ-cadinene, (−)-αcadinol, (+)-hibaene, (−)-trachylobane, (−)-kaurene, (−)atisirene, isokaurene/isoatisirene.
CUPRESSACEAE
Austrocedrus chilensis (D. Don.) Serm. & Bizzarri Ciprés de la Cordillera, ciprés Cocucci 967 (CORD)
Bark and leaf: antitussive and diaphoretic Fruits: antidiarrheal CHU, NEU, RNE Aerial part: citotoxic activity Bark: antibacterial activity Aerial part. Taxodione, taxodone, fuerstione, desoxypodophyllotoxin, pisiferol: diterpenes Bark. Sugiol: diterpene Wood. Podophyllotoxin: lignan Leaf essentials oils. α-pinene, myrcene, δ-3-carene
Fitzroya cupressoides (Molina) I. M. Johnst. Alerce, lahun, lahun Cocucci 409 (CORD) Resin: alsabmic and anti-aninflammatory CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test Dried leaf. Muurol-trans-5-en-3-α-ol, himachal-4-en-1-β-ol, α-pinene, spathulenol, (Z)-nerolidol, α-cadinol, ciscalamenene Dried branches + leaf. Cupressuflavone,7-7''-dimethyl, amentoflavone,4'''-monomethyl, cupressuflavone: flavonoid
EPHEDRACEAE
Ephedra americana Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. Tramontana, tola, frutilla del campo, pingo pingo, pincopinco, san-san, sanu-sanu, soldaque, solda que solda, suelda consuelda, suelda que suelda Cantero s.n. (RIOC 1598)
Dried aerial parts, infusion: respiratory stimulant, diaphoretic, anti-hemorrhagic, anesthetic, digestive, diuretic, antiseptic, diuretic, astringent, stomachic, antiinflammatory, for fractures CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antiviral, antiinflammatory and antimicrobial activity; immunostimulating effect Stem: cytotoxic activity Aerial parts. Ephedrine, pseudo-ephedrine, Nmethylephedrine: alkaloids; tannins; flavonoids; hesperidine, crisine, 5,7,3'-4'-tetrahydroxy-6,8'- flavone, 5,7,3'trihydroxy-6,4'-dimethoxy-flavonol, 4'-hydroxy-7-methoxy5-O-glucosyl-flavonone; proanthocyanidins
Ephedra breana Phil. Tramontana, pingo pingo, frutilla del campo, pico de loro Kurtz 3485 (CORD) Plant: respiratory disorders, cholagogue, diuretic, for kidney and stomach pains Root, infusion: antiseptic Branch, infusion: diuretic, gastrointestinal disorders; decoction: astringent CAT, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, TUC Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity Dried aerial parts. Delphinidin, apigeninidin: flavonoids; ephedrine: alkaloid Young stem. Prodelphinidin Woody stem. Proapigeninidin
Ephedra chilensis C. Presl Tramontana Ephedra andina Poepp. ex C. A. Mey. Cocucci 3537 (CORD) Aerial parts: antitussive, decongestant alternative; against asthma, liver and urinary bladder discomforts CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU Aerial parts: antibacterial activity Aerial parts. β-sitosterol; ephedrine, 2-(ethylhexanol) phthalate: alkaloids (sub nom. E. andina) Root. Propelargonidin, proapigeninidin: proanthocyanidins Dried stem. Proline,3-4-methano, (2S,3S,4S)-2(carboxycyclopropyl)glycine: proteids; kynurenic acid,6hydroxy: quinoline alkaloid; prodelphinidin: proanthocyanidin
Ephedra frustillata Miers Tramontana Barboza 1212 (CORD) Medicinal CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test Dried aerial parts. Delphinidin , apigeninidin: flavonoids; proanthocyanidins
Ephedra multiflora Phil. ex Stapf Tramontana, pingo pingoHunziker 23868 (CORD) Part not specified: antiinflammatory, cholagogue, diuretic, for kidney and stomach painsCAT, LRI, MEN, NEU, SAL, No biological test No data
Ephedra ochreata Miers Solupe, solupe frutero, frutilla del quirquincho, tramontana, quebracho flojo, fruta del pichiCantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 3221) Aerial parts: for hair care Dried branch + leaf, infusion: bradicardic; decoction: against diarrhea, and to treat respiratory tract infections BAI, CAT, CHU, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU, SLU Aerial parts: antibacterial activity Aerial parts. Ephedrine, pseudo-ephedrine: alkaloids; triterpenes; sterols; proanthocyanidins
Ephedra triandra Tul. emend. J. H. Hunz. Tramontana, pico de loro, fruta del quirquincho, pico de pajarito, pico de gallo Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 5265) Aerial parts: for hair care Dried branch + leaf: antidiarrheal, anti-diabetic, antirheumatic, vulnerary, rubefacient, to treat respiratory tract infections, blood depurative, reduces uric acid Root, infusion: abortive BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, ERI, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Stem.Ephedrine: absent
Ephedra tweedianaFisch. & C. A. Mey.emend. J. H. Hunz. Tramontana, transmontaña, pingo pingo, pico de loroHunziker 17621 (CORD) Dried entire plant: medicinal BAI, CAT, COS, ERI, TUC No biological test Dried stem. Methano-proline, (2S,3S,4S)-2(carboxycyclopropyl)glycine: proteids; kynurenic acid,6hydroxy: quinoline alkaloid
PODOCARPACEAE Podocarpus parlatorei Pilg. Pino del cerro, pino, pino deJujuy, pino tucumano, pinoblanco, pino montano, pinocriollo, pino de monte Venturi 2978 (SI) Medicinal CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test Essential oil. Terpinen-4-ol, germacrene D, α-eudesmol

ANGIOSPERMAE-MONOCOTYLEDONEAE

TAXA (Family, Latin Name, Vernacular Names, Synonyms, Exiccatum)

ETHNOMEDICAL INFORMATION/ DISTRIBUTION

BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES

CHEMICAL DATA

ALISMATACEAE
Echinodorus grandiflorus subsp. aureus (Cham. & Schltdl.) Micheli Cucharero, cucharones, cucharón Múlgura de Romero 2578 (CORD)
Plant: stimulant, diuretic, antirheumatic, laxative, cholagogue, hypocholesteremic, anti-syphifilitic and astringent, for the treatment of high blood pressure and inflammatory diseases. Leaf: bladder disease, wounds, antiinflammatory CHA, COS, MIS, SFE Rhizome: analgesic and antiinflammatory activity (sub nom. E. grandiflorus) Leaf: diuretic, hypotensive, and antibacterial activity; potent vasodilator effect Leaf essential oil. Phytol, (E)-caryophyllene, α-humulene, (E)-nerolidol, linalool, dihydroedulan, (E)-farnesene, βselinene, α-farnesene, γ-cadinene, caryophyllene oxide, humulene epoxide, bisabolone, drimenol, neocembrene, echinoic acid, cembranoid; echinodol: cembrene derivative (sub nom. E. grandiflorus)
Sagittaria montevidensis Cham. & Schltdl. Saeta, pata de loro, achira, sagitaria Hunziker 22391 (CORD) Rhizome + leaf: refrigerant, febrifuge, rubefacient BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Leaf: antitumor activity Fresh petioles. Abietenes, 7,13-abietadien-3-one, 8,11,13abietatrien-3-ol, 3b-hydroxy-9a, 13a-epidioxyabiet-8(14)ene, 3-oxo-9a, 13a-epidioxyabiet-8(14)-ene
ALLIACEAE
Tristagma patagonicum (Baker) Traub Chaleo Cocucci 3487 (CORD)
Part not specified: medicinal CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test No data
ALSTROEMERIACEAE
Alstroemeria aurea Graham Amancay, liuto, liuto amarillo, amancay, rayencachu, huta, cascabel Alstroemeria aurantiaca D. Don Cocucci 2431 (CORD)
Bulbs: hepatic affections; skin affections (sub nom. A. aurantiaca) Part not specified: emollient, obstetric gynaecological CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test Fresh flowers. Tulipalin A: lactone; tulipinoside A: alkene
Alstroemeria patagonica Phil. Liuto Cocucci 452 (CORD) Part not specified: medicinal CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
Bomarea edulis (Tussac) Herb. Salsilla Barboza 1144 (CORD) Part not specified: digestive, stimulant, antidiarrheal CAT, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test Flowers. Tuliposide A: alkene
AMARYLLIDACEAE
Habranthus chacoensis Ravenna Kermes 538 (SI)
Bulbs: narcotic CHA No biological test No data
Rhodophiala mendocina (Phil.) Ravenna Cebolleta, ajo del diablo, cebolla de zorra Rhodophiala elwessii (C. H. Wright) Traub. Cano 1732 (BAB) Part not specified: medicinal CHU, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE No biological test No data
Zephyranthes mesochloa Herb. ex Lindl. Cebolla de campo Biganzoli 1430 (CORD) Bulb: refrigerant BAI, CAT, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, TUC No biological test No data
ARACEAE Anthurium paraguayense Engl. Calaguala Lorentz 543 (CORD) Plant: abortive Leaf: cordial, abortifacient, emmenagogue CHA, COS, FOR, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Gorgonidium vermicidum (Speg.) Bogner & Nicolson Papa de víbora, gusanera, puqui, sacha col Schinini 32946 (CTES) Part not specified: medicinal CAT, CHA, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Philodendron bipinnatifidum Schott ex Endl. Guembé, iva-embé, potota Cocucci 3215 (CORD) Leaf: heal, hemostatic, for conjunctivitis COS, MIS Leaf: antiprotozoal activity Rhizome resin: antinociceptive activity No data
Philodendron tweedianum Schott Guembé, filodendro, guembetaya Pedersen 13462 (SI) Leaf: Medicinal CHA, COS, ERI No biological test No data
Philodendron undulatum Endl. Guaembé, güembé, güembé espinoso Tressens et al. 4195 (CTES) Hanging root: Ringworm, dermatitis COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Pistia stratiotes L. Lechuga cimarrón, repollito del agua, llantén del agua, lechuga del agua Hunziker 25425 (CORD) Entire plant, decoction: emmenagogue; diuretic, pectoral, emollient Leaf, infusion: to treat sterility and diabetes; anti-haemorrhoidal, ophtalmic, abluent BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Dried entire plant: calcium channel blocker; bronchodilator, anticrustacean, antileishmanial and antibacterial activity Dried entire plant. α-asarone: phenylpropanoid; linolenic acid: lipid; 24(s)-ethyl cholesta-4-22-diene-3-6-dione: steroid; lucenin, chrysanthemin, luteolin-7-glycoside, vicenin: flavones; stigmasterol stearate: steroid
Spathicarpa hastifolia Hook. Pata de loro, yuyo cure, sacha col, aguacnote, caaité, coa-ité, güembé Zardini et al. 14264 (CORD) Leaf: antineoplasic CHA, COS, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
ARECACEAE
Acrocomia aculeata (Jacq.) Lodd. ex Mart. Coco, cocotero, mbocayá o nuez del Paraguay Acrocomia totai Mart. Xifreda 1286 (SI)
Stem: febrifuge Root, infusion, decoction: abortifacient, emmenagogue (sub nom. A. totai); diuretic Seeds: tonic stimulant, vermifuge, for myopia Young plant: diuretic, for lowering blood pressure Fruit oil: analgesic Seed oil: laxative COS, FOR, MIS, SAL No biological test Leaf. Flavonoids Fruit. β-carotene Fruit kernels. Globulins, glutelins, albumin, prolamin: proteins; aspartic acid, glutamic acid, serine, , glycine, histidine, arginine, threonine, alanine, proline, valine, methionine + cisteyne, isoleucine, leucine, phenylalanine + tyrosine, lysine: amono acids; calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, iron, manganese, zinc, cooper: minerals; caprylic acid, capric acid, lauric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid: lipids
Butia paraguayensis (Barb. Rodr.) L.H. Bailey Yataí poñí Marcato 320 (SI) Seeds: vermifuge COS, MIS No biological test No data
Butia yatay (Mart.) Becc. Yataí, yatay, coco, arirí, palma yatay Zuloaga 5674 (SI) Seeds: vermifuge CHA, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE No biological test Kernel oil. Dodecanoic acid, octadecanoic acid, decanoic acid, 9-octadecenoic acid
Copernicia alba Morong Carandá , palmera carandá, caranday, palma espinillo, palma blanca Fortunato 1370 (BAB) Seeds: anthelmintic CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE No biological test No data
Syagrus romanzoffiana (Cham.) Glassman Pindó, dátil, palma del monte, chiri vá Reitz 1878 (SI) Leaf: cephalalgic Root: contraceptive Part not specified: odontalgic, cicatrizant BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MEN, MIS, SFE, SJU, SLU Dried pericarp: antihyperglyce mic activity Dried pericarp. α-myrin, betulin, cholesterol (steroids): triterpenes; βcarotene: carotenoid; caproic acid: lipid Kernel oil. Dodecanoic acid, octadecanoic acid, decanoic acid, 9-octadecenoic acid
BROMELIACEAE
Aechmea distichantha Lem. Cardo chuzo, caraguatá payo, caraguatá chuza Cocucci 3204 (CORD)
Flowers: anti-ulcer stomachic CAT, CHA, FOR, JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Bromelia balansae Mez Caraguatá Barboza 389 (CORD) Fruit: antidiarrheal Part not specified: emmenagogue COS, FOR, MIS Unripe fruit: enzymatic activity Unripe fruit. Balansain I: endopeptidase Fruit juice. Balansain: proteid Fruit gum. Galactose, arabinose, xylose: sugars
Bromelia hieronymi Mez Chaguar blanco, cardo gancho blanco Bernardello 499 (CORD) Parenchyma: stimulant CHA, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test Unripe fruit. Hieronymain I, II, III: cysteine peptidase Fruit gum. Galactose, arabinose, xylose, glucuoronic acid, galacturonic acid-xylose: sugars
Bromelia serra Griseb. Caraguatá, cardo gancho, cháguar Bernardello 418 (CORD) Fruits: antidiarrheal, anti-emetic Rhizomes: anthelmintic Fruit: anti-emetic CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test Fruit gum. Galactose, arabinose, xylose, galacturonic acidxilose: sugars
Bromelia urbaniana (Mez) L.B. Sm. Chaguar; caraguatá Deinacanthon urbanianum (Mez) Mez Hunziker 21305 (CORD) Part not specified: medicinal CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Tillandsia aëranthos (Loisel.) L.B. Sm. Clavel del aire Venturi 237 (SI) Aerial parts: analeptic (CNS stimulant), diuretic BAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SGO, SFE, TUC Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity No data
Tillandsia australis Mez Payo Lorentz 539 (CORD) Part not specified: medicinal JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Tillandsia bandensis Baker Clavel del aire Subils et al. 3315 (CORD) Entire plant: diuretic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Tillandsia bryoides Griseb. ex Baker emend. L.B. Sm. Clavel del aire Hunziker et al. 21743 (CORD) Leaf: astringent, vulnerary, tonic stimulant BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Tillandsia capillaris Ruiz & Pav. f. capillaris Clavel del aire Subils et al. 3262 (CORD) Leaf: tonic stimulant CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Tillandsia capillaris f. cordobensis (Hieron.) L.B.Sm. Clavel del aire Tillandsia recurvata (L.) L. Biurrun 4898 (CORD) Entire plant: cordial Dried aerial parts, infusion: antispasmodic, and for eye infections BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antibacterial activity Fresh entire plant. Cycloartanol, 24-methylene cycloartanol: triterpenes
Tillandsia capillaris f. virescens (Ruiz & Pav.) L.B. Sm. Clavel del aire Tillandsia pusilla Gillies ex Baker Subils 4352 (CORD) Leaf: astringent, vulnerary (sub nom. T. pusilla). BAI, COR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Tillandsia duratii var. saxatilis (Hassl.) L. B. Sm. Clavel del aire Hunziker 7777 (CORD) Entire plant: contraceptive CHA, COS, FOR, SFE No biological test No data
Tillandsia loliacea Mart. ex Schult. f. Jörgensen 3396 (SI) Leaf: kidney inflammation CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Tillandsia meridionalis Baker Clavel del aire Subils 3147 (CORD) Entire plant, decoction: contraceptive, cordial CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Tillandsia myosura Griseb. ex Baker Subils et al. 2965 (CORD) Leaf: astringent, vulnerary CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Tillandsia streptocarpa Baker Zuloaga 6472 (SI) Entire plant, decoction: contraceptive COS, MIS Dried aerial parts: antiinflammatory, antioedematoge nic, free radical scavenging and antimicrobial activity Dried entire plant. Cycloartenol: triterpene; 1-O-pcoumaroyl-3-O-feruloylglycerol; 1,3-O-dicaffeoylglycerol; 1-O-p-coumaroyl-3-O-caffeoylglycerol; 1-O-feruloyl-3-Ocaffeoylglycerol: phenylpropanoid glycerols; stigmasterol, β-sitosterol, campesterol: steroids
Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L. Barba de viejo, barba del monte, cabello de ángel, barba de tabaquillo, clavel del aire, barbón, peluca, Hunziker 18844 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: antispasmodic, diuretic, antihypertensive, anticonceptive; to treat rheumatism, anti-haemorrhoids, and symptoms of diabetes mellitus; for pulmonary and heart diseases, and eye infections Leaf: astringent, anti-haemorrhoidal, choleretic, cholagogue, antirheumatic, hypoglycemic, against toothache BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC Entire plant: estrogenic and androgenic effect; hypoglycemic, antitumor, antibacterial and antiviral activity Fresh leaf: analgesic activity Entire plant. (22E)-25,26,27-trisnor-3-oxocycloart-22-en24-al, (24E)-3-oxocycloart-24-en-26-al, 24-hydroxycycloart25-en-3-one, (23E)-25-methoxycycloart-23-en-3-one, (23E)25-hydroperoxycycloart-23-en-3-one, 25,26,27-trisnor-24hydroxycycloartan-3-one, methyl (24E)-26-carboxy-3,4seco-cycloart-4(29),24-dien-3-oate, methyl (23E)-25hydroxy-3,4-seco-cycloart-23-en-3-oate, methyl (23E)-25methoxy-3,4-seco-cycloart-23-en-3-oate, methyl 24hydroxy-3,4-seco-cycloart-25-en-3-oate: cycloartane derivatives Leaf + stem. 4'-5-7-trihydroxy-3-3'-5'-6-tetramethoxy flavone; 4'-5-7-trihydroxy-3-3'-5'-6-tetramethoxy: flavonol; myricetin-3-3'-4'-7-tetramethyl ether: flavonol; citric acid, succinic acid, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acid Dried aerial parts. Sterols, phenols and triterpenes
Tillandsia vernicosa Baker Venturi 201 (SI) Leaf: kidney inflammation CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Tillandsia xiphioides Ker Gawl. var. xiphioides Margarita, clavel del aire, flor del aire Hunziker 13706 (CORD) Flowers: cordial BAI, CAT, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Vriesea friburgensis var. tucumanensis (Mez) L. B. Sm. Payo Bernardello 940 (CORD) Part not specified: medicinal CAT, CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
CANNACEAE
Canna glauca L. var. glauca Achira, achira amarilla Hunziker 19019 (CORD)
Rhizome: diuretic, diaphoretic, antiinflammatory Leaf, rhizome and root: antirheumatic, pediluvium Seeds: against the earache BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
COMMELINACEAE
Commelina erecta var. angustifolia (Michx.) Fernald f. angustifolia Flor de Santa Lucía Hunziker 18079 (CORD)
Aerial parts: conceptive BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Commelina erecta L. var. erecta f. erecta Yerba de Santa Lucía, flor de Santa Lucía Hunziker 15383 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: fecundity-promoting Aerial parts: for treat wounds externally Flowers: ophtalmic, hemostatic, against the herpes; infusion: for eye infections and hepatic disorders Dried leaf, infusion: diuretic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Whole plant: giardicidal activity Dried flowers: antibacterial activity Aerial parts. Steroids, tannins, mucilage, oxidases
Commelina platyphylla Klotzsch ex Seub. Santa Lucía Barboza 1550 (CORD) Flowers: ophthalmic CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS No biological test No data
Dichorisandra hexandra (Aubl.) Standl. Deginani 1695 (SI) Part not specified: galactagogue COS, JUJ, MIS, SAL No biological test No data
Tradescantia fluminensis Vell. Tradescansia Santa Lucía blanca Hunziker 17655 (CORD) Flowers: ophtalmic BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Dried aerial parts: αglucosidase inhibition No data
Tripogandra diuretica (Mart.) Handlos Santa Lucía rosada Morrone 2037 (SI) Flowers, decoction: ophtalmic BAI, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Tripogandra glandulosa (Seub.) Rohweder Hunziker 10803 (CORD) Flowers: ophtalmic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
CYPERACEAE
Abildgaardia ovata (B urm. f.) Kral Pedersen 6213 (SI)
Root: cephalalgic CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Bulbostylis capillaris (L.) C.B. Clarke var. capillaris Hunziker 8325 (CORD) Aerial parts: contraceptive BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological testNo data
Cyperus aggregatus (Willd.) Endl. var. aggregatus Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 3858) Rhizome: diuretic, antinephritic, febrifuge, diaphoretic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Cyperus entrerianus Boeck. var. entrerianus Piripiri, piri piri de víbora Deginani 1394 (SI) Entire plant: abortive, refrigerant BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological testNo data
Cyperus esculentus var. leptostachyus Boeck. Chufa salvaje Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 731) Entire plant: aphrodisiac Stem and rhizome: emollient, stomachic, emmenagogue, refrigerant, carminative Dried rhizome, infusion: to treat epilepsy, and stomachache (sub nom. C. esculentus) BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC Rhizome: uterine stimulant effect Fruit: antioxidant activity (sub nom. C. esculentus). Tuber. Arginine, alanine: amionacids; 5-dehydroavenasterol: steroid; behenic acid: lipid; cycloartenol: triterpene; β-sitosterol:steroid Seed oil. Arachidic acid: lipid Essential oil. α-pinene, α-thujene and others (sub nom. C. esculentus)
Cyperus friburgensis Boeck. Yunga yunga Schinini 28274 (CTES) Leaf: against dyspepsia JUJ, MIS, SAL No biological test No data
Cyperus giganteus Vahl Papiro criollo, pirí, totora Schinini 27533 (CTES) Powdered stem: hemostatic BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE, TUC Fresh entire plant: molluscicidal activity Rhizome essential oil. Cyperotundone, cyperene, cyperenone, isopatchou-4(5)en-3-one, patchoulane, epoxy-cyperene Part not specified. Flavonoids, leucoanthocyanidins, triterpenoids
Cyperus luzulae (L.) Rottb. ex Retz. Rottb. ex Retz. Correa 5168 (BAB) Entire plant: refrigerant; infusion: antidiarrheal and for stomachaches Dried root: for ophthalmic infections CHA, FOR, SAL, TUC Dried root: molluscicidal and cytotoxic activity No data
Cyperus odoratus L. Hunziker 7588 (CORD) Rhizome: aphrodisiac, nutritive tonic Part not specified: emmenagogue BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC Entire plant: insect repellent activity Dried inflorescence. Luteolin, tricin: flavone
Cyperus redolens Maury Hunziker 12017 (CORD) Entire plant: contraceptive BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, SFE No biological test No data
Cyperus reflexus Vahl Hunziker 16616 (CORD) Rhizome: diuretic, antinephritic, febrifuge, diaphoretic BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, LPA, MIS, RNE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried inflorescence + leaf. Luteolin, tricin: flavones
Cyperus rotundus L. Cebollón, castañuela, júncea, pasto bolita, pasto bolilla, negrillo, cebollín Lallana 1899 (CORD) Dried entire plant, infusion: for all types of fever, anti-inflammatory agent; anti-emetic, astringent, analgesic, antitussive, and for indigestion Rhizome: aphrodisiac, astringent, nutritive tonic, for the treatment of dysmenorrhoea and menstrual irregularities BAI, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC Entire plant: antipyretic, antifungal, antibacterial, hypotensive, antioxidant, antihyperglyce mic, antiinflammatory, free radical scavenging, and α-amylase inhibitory activity Tuber essential oil: antibacterial, antimutagenic activity Essential oil. γ-cadinene, 1,8-cineol, α-copaene, cyperene, β-cyperone, α-cyperone; caryophyllene, cyperenone, cyperol, cyperolone, cyperotundone, β-elemene, α humulene, isocyperol, kobusone, mustakone, rotundene, rotundol, α-rotundol, β-rotundol, β-silenene: sesquiterpenes; p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid, protocatechuic acid, vanillic acid Aerial plant. Chrysoeriol: flavone; N-(1-deoxy-α-Dfructos-1-yl)-L-tryptophan and its tautomers: fructose-amino acid conjugate; n-butyl-β-D-fructopyranoside, ethyl-α-Dglucopyranoside, adenosine, (-)-(E)-caffeoylmalic acid, vitexin, isovitexin, orientin, epiorientin, myricetin 3-O-β-Dgalactopyranoside, luteolin 7-O-β-D-glucuronopyranoside-6''methyl ester, chlorogenic acid, luteolin 4'-O-β-Dglucuronopyranoside, luteolin 7-O-β-D-glucuronopyranoside, uridine, ellagic acid Tuber essential oil. Cyperene, cyperorotundene, rotundene, oc-cyperone, cyperol
Cyperus spectabilis var. jujuyensis Kük. Cuatro cantos Hunziker 1665 (SI) Leaf: against hepatic affections JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Eleocharis bonariensis Nees Junquillo Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 771) Entire plant: pectoral BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Kyllinga brevifolia Rottb. Zuloaga 1502 (SI) Leaf: digestive Dried rhizome: sedative, antispasmodic, diuretic Dried root: for liver disease BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE, TUC Dried rhizome: CNS effects; respiratory depressant; acute toxicity Dried entire plant. Vitexin: flavone Dried inflorescence. Okanin: flavonoid
Kyllinga odorata Vahl Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 3525) Leaf and rhizomes: diaphoretic, diuretic, antispasmodic, digestive, antidiarrheal BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SCR, SFE, TUC No biological test Essential oil. Dihydrokaranone, aristolochene
Kyllinga vaginata Lam. Zuloaga 6893 (SI) Leaf: digestive BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Schoenoplectus californicus (C. A. Meyer) Soják var. californicus Totora, caballitos, junco, junco de laguna Cantero et al s.n. (RIOC 3390) Ash: hemostatic BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TDF, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activity No data
DIOSCOREACEAE
Dioscorea campestris Griseb. Mecho acá Múlgura de Romero 1698 (SI)
Tubers, infusion or decoction: for rheumatism and diabetes CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Dioscorea glandulosa Klotzsch ex Kunth Zarza mandió Kurtz 12447 (CORD) Root: lynphatic disorders Leaf: antimalarial CHA, MIS No biological test Dried tuber. Flavonoids
Dioscorea furcata Griseb. Krapovickas 31389 (BAB) Tuber: diuretic COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Dioscorea sinuata Vell. Carapé, carachi Hunziker 1540 (CORD) Part not specified: medicinal BAI, CHA, COS, MIS, SAL No biological test No data
Dioscorea subhastata Vell. Mecho acá Dioscorea guaranitica Chodat et Hassl. Schulz 54 (SI) Tubers, infusion or decoction: for rheumatism and diabetes (sub nom. D. guaranitica) CHA, COS No biological test No data
HERRERIACEAE
Herreria bonplandii Lecomte Zarzaparrilla Hunziker et al. 15498 (CORD)
Root: antacid, digestive, diuretic BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Herreria montevidensis Klotzsch ex Griseb. Zarzaparrilla blanca, zarza blanca Novara et al. 9192 (CORD) Root, decotion: digestive, hepatic, diuretic, antinephritic, for venereal disease BAI, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SLU No biological test No data
IRIDACEAE
Cypella herbertii (Lindl.) Herb. subsp. herbertii Irisito amarillo, mariquita, oreja de gato, lirito amarillo Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 3306)
Entire plant: against the earache BAI, COS, ERI, SFE No biological test Fresh seed. 3-(3'-carboxy-phenyl)-alanine: proteid
Eleutherine bulbosa (Mill.) Urb. Lorentz 1163 (CORD) Bulbs: improve memory JUJ, SAL, TUC. Bulb: antibacterial, antifungal, antifertility, cicatrizant, and cytotoxic activity Bulb. Eleutherin, naphthopyran, eleutherinol: sesquiterpenoid; eleutherinone [8-methoxy-1-methyl-1,3dihydro-naphtho(2,3-c)furan-4,9 -dione]: naphthoquinone; eleutherin [9-methoxy-1(R),3(S)-dimethyl-3,4-dihydro-1Hbenzo(g)isochromene-5,10-dione], isoeleutherin [9methoxy-1(R),3(R)-dimethyl-3,4-dihydro-1Hbenzo(g)isochromene-5,10-dione], eleutherol [4-hydroxy-5methoxy-3(R)-methyl-3H-naphtho(2,3-c)furan-1 -one]: quinonoid compounds
Libertia chilensis (Molina) Gunckel Trique-trique, thekel-thekel Cocucci 883 (CORD) Part not specified: medicinal NEU No biological test No data
Olsynium junceum (E. Mey. ex C. Presl) Goldblatt Cocucci 3489 (CORD) Leaf: abortifacient BAI, CAT, CHU, JUJ, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SJU, TDF No biological test No data
Sisyrinchium arenarium Poepp. Tamascán, triqui-triqui Cocucci 2451 (CORD) Part not specified: antineoplasic CHA, CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test No data
Sisyrinchium chilense Hook. Marancel, canchalaga Cocucci 1207 (CORD) Entire plant: tonic, digestive, carminative Leaf: antitussive, pectoral, cholagogue BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, SAL, SCR, SFE, SJU, SLU, TDF, TUC No biological test No data
Sisyrinchium macrocarpum Hieron. Marancel Cocucci 64 (CORD) Part not specified: antitussive, pectoral, cholagogue CAT, CHU, LRI, MEN, RNE, SJU Dried entire plant: antibacterial activity No data
Sisyrinchium pachyrhizum Baker subsp. pachyrhizum Cocucci 71 (CORD) Entire plant: depurative BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Sisyrinchium vaginatum Spreng. subsp. vaginatum Canchalagua Cabrera 29403 (SI) Entire plant: against toothache, bitter and to aid and promote menstruation Dried branches: febrifuge Dried leaf, decoction: sedative, carminative, diuretic, eupeptic, against urinary diseases BAI, COS, ERI, MIS Dried branches: anticrustacean activity No data
JUNCACEAE
Juncus acutus subsp. leopoldii (Parl.) Snogerup Junco, hunco, junquillo, junco bravo, unquillo, unco negro Hunziker 9381 (CORD)
Fruit: antidiarrheal, hemostatic, diuretic, for insomnia Leaf, decoction: for respiratory problems (sub nom. J. acutus) BAI, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Fresh entire plant: antiphage, antieczematic activity (sub nom. J. acutus) Dried aerial parts. 5-(1-Ethoxy-ethyl)-2-hydroxy-7methoxy-1,8-dimethyl-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene, 5-(1phytoxy-ethyl)-2-hydroxy-7-methoxy-1,8-dimethyl-9,10dihydrophenanthrene, 2,7-dihydroxy-1-methyl-5vinylphenanthrene, 2,7-dimethoxy-1,6-dimethyl-5vinylphenanthrene, 2,7-dihydroxy-1,6-dimethylpyrene: phenanthrenes; oxyresveratrol 2-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, resveratrol 3′,4′-O,O′-di-β-D-glucopyranoside, markhamioside F, canthoside B, caffeic acid glucorhamnoside: phenolic glycosides (sub nom. J. acutus) Dried rhizome. Benzo [5a-8a]coumarin-6-hydroxy-methyl5-vinyl: coumarins
Juncus balticus var. mexicanus (Willd.) Balslev Cabrera 20230 (SI) Part not specified: medicinal (sub nom. J. balticus var. montanus) BAI, CAT, CHU, COS, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SFE, SJU, TDF, TUC No biological test No data
Juncus pallescens Lam. Junquillo Hunziker 9617 (CORD) Entire plant, decoction: emmenagogue BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Luzula correae Barros San Juanito Correa 2962 (SI) Part not specified: medicinal SCR No biological test No data
LIMNOCHARITACEAE
Hydrocleis nymphoides (Willd.) Buchenau Camalotillo Hunziker 5922 (CORD)
Leaf: refrigerant BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
ORCHIDACEAE
Aspidogyne kuczynskii (Porsch) Garay Hunziker 11040 (SI)
Part not specified: for injures CHA, COS, MIS No biological test No data
Brachystele camporum (Lindl.) Schltr. Zarzaparrilla de hoja Lorentz 1128 (CORD) Root: diuretic, purgative BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Brachystele unilateralis (Poir.) Schltr. Nuil Pérez-Moreau s.n. (SI) Part not specified: diuretic, carminative CHU, RNE No biological test No data
Catasetum fimbriatum (C. Morren) Lindl. & Paxton subsp. fimbriatum Casco romano Cocucci 3220 (CORD) Pseudobulb: emmenagogue, abortifacient COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL No biological test No data
Cyclopogon elatus (Sw.) Schltr. Zarzaparrilla de hoja, orquídea de talar Hunziker 6878 (CORD) Roots: refrigerant, antirheumatic, venereal diseases, cephalalgic, epilepsy, for dizziness BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Cyrtopodium palmifrons Rchb. f. & Warm. Calaguala, calaguala macho Morrone 1250 (SI) Pseudobulb: pulmonary disorders, emmenagogue, to treat urinary tract infections, antidiarrheal COS, MIS No biological test No data
Cyrtopodium pflanzii Schltr. Martínez 341 (CORD) Entire plant: for cough TUC No biological test No data
Eltroplectris schlechterana (Porto & Brade) Pabst Orquidia Correa 5965 (BAB) Root: for dizziness MI No biological test No data
Geoblasta pennicillata (Rchb. f.) Hoehne ex M.N. Correa Orquídea de las sierras Burkart 4838 (SI) Part not specified: diuretic BAI No biological test No data
Oeceoclades maculata (Lindl.) Lindl. Calaguala Arbo 7822 (CTES) Roots: depurative CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Oncidium bifolium Sims Calaguala, flor de pajarito Zuloaga 5219 (SI) Pseudobulb, decoction: analgesic, abortifacient, emmenagogue Leaf: nutritive tonic, refrigerant, galactagogue, venereal diseases and antinephritic BAI, CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Oncidium pulvinatum Lindl. Calaguala Burkart 1492 (SI) Pseudobulb: refrigerant COS, MIS No biological test No data
Trichocentrum pumilum (Lindl.) M.W. Chase & N.H. Williams Calaguala Múlgura de Romero 2716 (SI) Pseudobulb: refrigerant, cordial CHA, COS, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
POACEAE
Andropogon bicornis L. Cola de zorro, cola de caballo, rabo de zorro Pedersen 5503 (CORD)
Root: diuretic, febrifuge Rhizome: diuretic, sudorific, for beri beri and hepatitis CHA, COS, MIS No biological test No data
Anthoxanthum utriculatum (Ruiz & Pav.) Y. Schouten & Veldkamp Paja ratonera Hierochloe utriculata (Ruiz & Pav.) Kunth Boelcke 10783 (SI) Root: aperitive, diuretic, refrigerant NEU No biological test No data
Aristida mendocina Phil. Flechilla, flechilla crespa, saetilla Hunziker 19910 (CORD) Entire plant, decoction: contraceptive, oxytocic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Aristida pallens Cav. Hunziker 18941 (CORD) Root and rhizome: bitter tonic, diuretic, aphrodisiac, emollient BAI, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, MEN, MIS, RNE, SFE, SLU No biological test No data
Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv. Nudillo, zacate amargo, pasto chato, pasto jesuita, grama Hunziker 11972 (CORD) Part not specified: for whooping cough Root: diuretic, antiphlogistic BAI, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Bothriochloa exaristata (Nash) Henrard Scrivanti 143 (CORD) Part not specified: alexipharmic CHA, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Bouteloua simplex Lag. Brama Cialdella 306 (SI) Part not specified: febrifuge CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test Plant. Flavonoids
Bromus catharticus Vahl Cebadilla criolla, cebadilla australiana, cebadilla pampeana, pasto de perro, cebadilla del cerro, grama de las sierras Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 2535) Part not specified: purgative BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried seed: βglucuronidase inhibition Fresh leaf + stem. Cynaroside: flavone
Cenchrus echinatus L. Cadillo, roseta, cadillo, pasto camelo, correntino, flechilla Caro 3012 (CORD) Aerial parts: hypotensive, cardioactive Entire plant, decoction: for skin eczemas Root, infusion: antimalarial, refrigerant BAI, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Root + seed: antioxidant and antiinflammatory activity Root + seed. Palidol, carasiphenol C, nepalensinol B
Cenchrus incertus M. A. Curtis Roseta Cenchrus pauciflorus Benth. Ariza Espinar 734b (CORD) Entire plant: hypotensive, cardioactive (sub nom. C. pauciflorus) BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Cenchrus myosuroides Kunth var. myosuroides Cadillo, cadillo alto. Ariza Espinar 2342 (CORD) Root and rhizome: venereal diseases, diuretic, diaphoretic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Nodata
Chloris elata Desv. Hunziker 13361 (CORD) Rhizome: anti-anorexia, refrigerant, emmenagogue BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Chusquea coleous Desv. Caña colihue, colihue, culeu, quila Boelcke 5386 (SI) Inflorescence: contraceptive CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test No data
Chusquea ramosissima Lindm. Tacuarembó Biganzoli 968 (SI) Part not specified: to remove spines, hemostatic, antirheumatic, febrifuge, for feet edema and conjunctivitis, to reduce weight MIS No biological test No data
Cortaderia atacamensis (Phil.) Pilg. Cortadera Arenas 1880 (SI) Part not specified: febrifuge JUJ, LRI No biological test No data
Cortaderia selloana (Schult. & Schult.f.) Asch. & Graebn. Cortadera, penacho de las pampas, plumacho, paja cortadera, cola de zorro. Hunziker 18649 (CORD) Root: menstrual diseases, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth, post partum pains and diseases Rhizome: hepatic, antinephritic Leaf: capillary fragility tonic Part not specified: febrifuge, bequic, cholagogue BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, ERI, FOR, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity No data
Cortaderia speciosa (Ness & Meyen) Stapf Hunziker 1314 (CORD) Root + leaf: antifright Part not specified: febrifuge, bequic, cholagogue, capillar tonic CAT, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU No biological test No data
Digitaria horizontalis Willd. Cebadilla Zuloaga 7287 (SI) Vegetative plant: contraceptive Entire plant, infusion: for fertility regulation Part not specified: abortifacient CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Digitaria insularis (L.) Fedde Pasto bandera, pasto cabezón, camalote, pasto amargo, pasto camalote Hunziker 1116 (CORD) Part not specified: antitussive BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Eleusine tristachya (Lam.) Lam. Pata de gallo, pasto ruso Hunziker 13242 (CORD) Rhizome: antidiarrheal, antidysenteric BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried inflorescence. Triglochinin: cyanoglucoside
Elionurus muticus (Spreng.) Kuntze Pasto amargo, paja amarga, espartillo, aibe, colita peluda Ariza Espinar 465 Dried entire plant, infusion: remedy when contaminated honey has been ingested causing vomiting Root: antidiarrheal, antidysenteric, febrifuge, antitussive BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SFE, SLU, TUC Aerial part + root: free radical scavenging activity and antioxidant activity Essential oil: potential analgesic and antibacterial action Essential oil. Geranial, neral, geranyl acetate Aerial part. Phenolic compounds
Eriochloa punctata (L.) Desv. ex Ham. Guaglianone et al. 269 (CORD) Entire plant: general malaise, with fever, chills and headache BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Festuca orthophylla Pilg. Ichu, iro, iru, irucho, ischu, paja de puna Morrone 2555 (SI) Plant: febrifuge JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Guadua angustifolia Kunth Tacuara, tacuaruzú, tacuara guazú, tacuara grande Parodi 5543 (SI) Rhizome: diuretic, laxative, digestive CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Guadua chacoënsis (Rojas Acosta) Londoño & P.M. Peterson Krapovickas 28759 (SI) Rhizome: urinary antiseptic, laxative, analgesic CHA, COS, MIS, TUC No biological test No data
Gymnopogon spicatus (Spreng.) Kuntze Pasto araña Ariza Espinar 2830 (CORD) Rhizome: diuretic, nephritic, antiphlogistic Rhizome + aerial stem: abortifacient CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Gynerium sagittatum (Aubl.) P. Beauv. Tacuatí Martínez Crovetto 3408 (CORD) Plant: in snakebite treatments Leaf buds: boils, wounds, skin fungus CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL No biological test Root. (2R,3R)-2,3-trans-7,4'-dimethoxydihydroflavonol, (2R,3S,4S)-2,3-trans-3,4-cis-7,4'-dimethoxy-3,4-flavandiol, 6-hydroxy-7,4'-dimethoxyflavone, 6,7,4'-trimethoxyflavone: flavonoids; ferreirin, dihydrocajanin, dalbergioidin, dihydrobiochanin A, biochanin A: isoflavonoids
Heteropogon contortus (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem . & Schult. Hunziker 9116 (CORD) Part not specified, infusion: for asthma Root: antivenin CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Imperata brasiliensis Trin. Sapé, yajapé, yahapé, capií yoa Anton et al. 67 (CORD) Root + rhizome: diuretic, diaphoretic, teething pain Dried leaf, decoction: used for diabetes, against gonorrhoea and leucorrhoea BAI, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Lolium multiflorum Lam. Ballico, cola de zorro, pasto ray, raigrás, ray grass, ray grass criollo, vallico Nicora 1479 (SI) Part not specified: anti-diarrhea, emmenagogue BAI, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SFE, SLU, TDF, TUC, No biological test Plant. Proteins, lignin, minerals (Ca, Na, K, P, Mg, Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn)
Panicum trichanthum Nees Zuloaga et al. 2217 (SI) Entire plant: general malaise, with fever, chills and headache CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Paspalum distichum L. Gramilla blanca, chépica, gramón, gramilla dulce, pata de gallina Hunziker 13263 (CORD) Root: hepatic, diuretic, venereal diseases, abortifacient Rhizome: refrigerant, digestive, febrifuge BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC Aerial parts: toxic effect No data
Paspalum notatum Flüggé var. notatum Pasto horqueta, gramilla blanca, Paspalum notatum var. latiflorum Döll Hosseus 1140 (CORD) Root: venereal diseases, diuretic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Paspalum vaginatum Sw. Gramilla blanca, gramilla, chépica Hunziker et al. 21250 (CORD) Root: diuretic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SFE, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Rhipidocladum racemiflorum (Steud.) McClure Caña hueca Guaglianone 2730 (SI) Root: to induce abortion, contraceptive SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Schizachyrium condensatum (Kunth) Nees Pasto colorado, paja colorada, cola de liebre, cola de zorro, té pampa Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 4954) Root: anti-asthmatic, refrigerant, diuretic, febrifuge BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Schizachyrium microstachyum (Desv. ex Ham.) Roseng., B.R. Arrill. & Izag. Pasto colorado Chiapella 1927 (CORD) Root: diuretic, febrifuge COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Sorghastrum pellitum (Hack.) Parodi Pasto de vaca, paja colorada. Hunziker 9591 (CORD) Root: antidysenteric, venereal diseases, diuretic, diaphoretic BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, SAL, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br. Nido de perdiz, inambú rogá, in ambú rayti, capiiyy, cabayú ruguay Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 4616) Entire plant, infusion: for fertility regulation, contraceptive Part not specified: abortifacient BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SFE, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: diuretic activity No data
Sporobolus rigens (Trin.) E. Desv. var. rigens Junquillo, unquillo, unco, carrizo, pasqueta, paja de médano Hunziker 10501 (CORD) Part not specified: diuretic BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Stenotaphrum secundatum (Walter) Kuntze Gramillón, gramilla, pelote, pasto colchón Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 748) Rhizome: diuretic, refrigerant Fresh leaf, decoction: to treat urinary BAI, COR, ERI, SFE, TUC Dried leaf: radical scavenging effect Dried aerial parts. Orientin-2''-O-glucoside: flavone; orientin-2''-O-β-D-xyloside: flavone glycosides
PONTEDERIACEAE
Eichhornia azurea (Sw.) Kunth Camalote Arbo 7881 (CTES)
Root and leaf: antidysenteric, venereal diseases, astringent Flowers: cordial BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Leaf: antiinflammatory activity Leaf. Flavonoids
Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms Camalote, aguapey, yuapé, camalote ombligo, jacinto de agua, lirio de agua Hunziker 16319 (CORD) Entire plant: antineoplasic, diuretic, headache, antidiarrheal Root and leaf: antidysenteric venereal diseases, astringent Petiole: hepatic Flowers: cordial, analeptic, aphrodisiac, sedative; antidysenteric, febrifuge, diuretic BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Leaf, stem + root: antibacterial activity Leaf: antiparasitic activity Dried entire plant. Eichhornia dimer 4, eichhornia dimer 5, eichhornia dimer 6: polycyclics Fresh leaf. Alanine, phenyl alanine, arginine Leaf + root: 8-phenylphenalenones Flower: Delphinidin-3-gentiobiosyl (apigenin 7-glucosyl) malonate Root. Putrescine, spermidine: alkaloids; linoleic acid: lipid
Pontederia cordata L. Camalote Cocucci 3160 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: for prevention of pregnancy Part not specified: venereal diseases, antidysenteric BAI, CHA, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, MEN, MIS, SFE No biological test Dried entire plant. α-amyrin, campesterol: triterpenes; sterols
SMILACACEAE
Smilax campestris Griseb. Zarzaparrilla, zarzaparrilla negra, zarzaparrilla blanca, japicanga Martínez 458 (CORD)
Root: antisyphilitic, diaphoretic, diuretic, for infections, hernia and prolapse, menstrual diseases Rhizome: antisyphilitic, diuretic, sudorific, aperitive, refrigerant, laxative Aerial parts: anti-inflammatory, antidiarrheal, and for wounds Leaf: antisyphilitic, antirheumatic Flower: vaginal fungus BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Rhizome: antioxidant activity Plant: mutagenic, antioxidant, antiinflammatory, antimicrobial, antitumoral and hepatoprotective activity Leaf. Kaempferol, kaempferol-3-0-rutinoside, quercetin, quercetin-3-0-glucoside, quercetin-3-0rhamnogalactoglucoside, isorhamnetin, isorhamnetin-3-0rutinoside, rutin: flavonols Rhizome. Quercetin, 3-glucoside, 3-rutinoside, procyanidin, propelargonidin: flavonoids
TYPHACEAE
Typha angustifolia
L. Totora Forcone 580 (CORD)
Entire plant: stimulant, aphrodisiac Rhizome: diuretic Leaf: antidysenteric, hemostatic CHA, RNE Dried entire plant: anticoagulant and antimycobacterial activity Pollen: immunosuppres sive activity Dried entire plant. Iso rhamnetin: flavonol Dried pollen. Daucosterol: steroid; kaempferol-3-0rhamnosyl-glucoside: flavonol
Typha dominguensis Pers. Totora Subils 737 (CORD) Rhizome: nefritic Leaf and rhizome: astringent, stomachic, abluent, antidiarrheal , antitussive, venereal diseases BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Typha latifolia L. Totora, espadaña Subils 1174 bis (CORD) Rhizome: anti-ulcer Leaf: diuretic, laxative,antidysenteric, venereal diseases BAI, COS, ERI, LPA, MIS, SFE, SJU Stem: antimicrobial, antioxidant, and cytotoxic activity Stem. Flavonoids, alkaloids, sugars Part not specified. Typhasterol: steroid
Typha subulata Crespo & R. L. Pérez- Mor. Totora Hunziker 18682 (CORD) Leaf: diuretic, sudorific BAI, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MEN, RNE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
XYRIDACEAE
Xyris jupicai Rich. Jupicai Xyris jupicai var. major (Mart.) L. B. Sm. & Downs Pedersen 9079 (CORD)
Juice: to relieve the pruritis CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS No biological test No data

ANGIOSPERMAE-DICOTYLEDONEAE

TAXA
(Family, Latin Name, Vernacular Names, Synonyms, Exiccatum)

ETHNOMEDICAL INFORMATION/ DISTRIBUTION

BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES

CHEMICAL DATA

ACANTHACEAE
Justicia comata (L.) Lam . Kurtz 1546 (CORD)
Part not specified: ophtalmic CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Justicia pectoralis Jacq. Arenas 2283 (CORD) Leaf : sedative, pectoral FOR Aerial plant: antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, sedative, and bronchodilatador activity Dried leaf: anti-inflammatory activity Aerial plant. Coumarin, umbelliferone, betain, flavonoids, saponins, aminoacids
Ruellia ciliatiflora Hook.. Hunziker 7641 (CORD) Part not specified: emetic CAT, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Ruellia hygrophila Mart. Reventador Fortunato 6734 (BAB) Root: anti-inflammatory, stimulant, antidiarrheal; decoction: for swellings and stomache-ache Leaf: antidiarrheal CHA, COS, FOR, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE No biological test No data
Ruellia simplex Wright Zuloaga 3179 (SI) Leaf: antidiarrheal CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
ACHATOCARPACEAE
Achatocarpus praecox Griseb. var. praecox Palo tinta, tala negro, urajú, palo matico, palo mataco Hunziker 17508 (CORD)
Root: cicatrizant CHA, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Achatocarpus praecox var. bicornutus (Schinz & Autran) Botta Burkart 21187 (SI) Part not specified: odontalgic and for gingivitis COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL No biological test No data
ADOXACEAE
Sambucus australis Cham. & Schltdl. Sauco, saúco Hunziker 9961 (CORD)
Bark and root: cathartic, laxative, diuretic, hydrogogue Leaf: anti-inflammatory, cicatrizant, antihemorrhoidal, febrifuge.Flowers: digestive, diuretic, diaphoretic, vulnerary, for insolation and burns; infusion: antithermic Fruits: depurative, antidiarrheal, pectoralBAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Dried flowers: mutagenic activity No data
Sambucus nigra subsp. peruviana (Kunth) R. Bolli Saúco, mololo, saúco serrrano, sauco del noroeste, kiola Morrone 3806 (SI) Plant: diuretic Bark: cathartic Leaf: stimulant, anti-inflammatoryFlower + leaf: neonatal and paediatrics care Flower: diaphoretic, for infections,used in pregnancy and facilitate birth, post-partum pains CAT, JUJ, NEU, SAL, TUC Part not specified: antimicrobial activity Aerial parts. 3',4'-dihydroxylated in Bring flavonoids
AMARANTHACEAE
Alternanthera ficoidea (L.) Sm. Vanni 3603 (CTES)
Entire plant: antitussive Dried leaf: for snakebite MIS No biological test Leaf. Gentisic acid: benzenoid Entire plant. Alkaloids present
Alternanthera paronychioides A. St.-Hil. subsp. paronychoidesYerba de pollo Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 701) Dried entire plant, decoction: antidiarrheal, to treat respiratory disorders Root: diuretic, depurativeBAI, CHA, COS, ERI, SFE No biological test Dried aerial parts. α-Spinasterol: steroid
Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb.Yerba d e pollo, gu ambarusa, raíz colorada, lagunilla Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 1570) Root and leaf: diuretic, depurative, digestive, hepatic Dried leaf + stem, infusion: for viral diseases, hepatitis, epidemic parotitis, hemorrhagic fever, and influenza BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC Dried aerial part: antitumor and antiviral (HIV and anti-Hantaan) activity; reverse transcriptase inhibition Dried leaf + stem. Alternanthin: favone; glutamic acid, aspartic acid: amino acidsAerial part. phaeophytin a, pheophytin a', oleanoic acid, β-sitosterol, 3βhydroxystigmast-5-en-7-one, α-spinasterol,24-methylenecycloartanol, cycloeucalenol,phytol, alternanthin B, N-trans-feruloyl3,5-dimethoxytyramine
Alternanthera pungens Kunth Yerba d el pollo, yerba del pajarito, quisca-yuyo, pasto del pollo, aspa quiska Hunziker 14926 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: for hepatic problems and gastritis; carmintive; decoction: antidiarrheal and to treat urinary and respiratory disorders Root + aerial parts: diuretic, depurative, to relieve the stomachache BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried entire plant: diuretic activity; intestinal motility stimulation, smooth muscle stimulant activity Dried fruit: laxative effect Whole plant. Choline Flowers. Azulene, α-curcumene: sesquiterpenes; bornyl acetate, αborneol, camphene, camphor, 1-8cineol, α-terpineol: monoterpenes Dried fruit. Oleanolic acid: triterpene; rutin: flavonol
Amaranthus blitum L. Ataco Hunziker 24939 (CORD) Leaf: laxative, emollient Root + seed, infusion: antifertility agent BAI, CHA, COS, FOR, SAL, SFE, TUC Dried leaf + stem: nematocidal activity Dried leaf. Quercitrin: flavonol; vitamin K Seed oil. β-amyrin, lupeol: triterpenes; linoleic acid, myristic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid: lipids
Amaranthus deflexus L. Yuyo colorado Hunziker 18677 (CORD) Root and stem: diuretic, laxative, emollient BAI, CHU, COR, ERI, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU No biological test Dried aerial parts. Hyperoside, jacein centaurein, patuletin-3-O-β-Dglucoside: flavonol
Amaranthus hybridus L. subsp. hybridus Yuyo colorado, ataco, aroma Amaranthus qu itensis Kun th Hunziker 10934 (CORD) Aerial parts: laxative, diuretic Leaf + seed: post partum pains and diseases (sub nom. A. quitensis) BAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC Fruit: antioxidant activity Dried aerial parts. Afrormosin-7-O-βD-glucoside: isoflavone Fruit. Caffeic acid, ferulic acid, pcoumaric acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid and protocatechuic acid Dried seed. Arachidic acid: lipid Seed oil. 5-dehydro avenasterol: steroid
Amaranthus lividus L. Lanfranchi 522 (LP) Leaf: laxative, emollient BAI, COS, ERI No biological test Leaf, stem + root. Alkaloids, glycosides and/or carbohydrates, flavonoids, sterols, tannins, sulphates Plant. Aspartic acid, threonime, serine, glutamic acid, proline, glycine, alanine, valine, leucine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, histidine, lysine, arginine: aminoacids Dried seed. Agglutinin: protein.
Amaranthus muricatus (Moq.) Hieron. Yuyo colorado, ataco, yerba meona, mea mea Hunziker 20249 (CORD) Root: digestive Aerial parts: antilithic, diuretic, laxative BAI, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial part: diuretic effect Dried aerial parts. Centaurein, hyperoside: flavonol; rhein: quinone
Amaranthus spinosus L. Ataco espinudo Hunziker 2774 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: febrifuge, for eczema, emmenagogue and galactagogue Root, infusion: to treat menorrhagia, for nervous tension regulation, stomach ulcers, and venereal diseases Dried rhizome, infusion: for liver disease Leaf: emollient, anti-inflammatory CHA, COS, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL Entire plant: antispasmodic activity Dried aerial parts: antifungal activity; UV absorbent effect Dried aerial parts. Leucine: protein; nicotiflorin: flavonol Dried leaf. Alanine, phenyl alanine; oxalate oxidase, arginine: proteins
Amaranthus viridis L. Yuyo colorado, bledillo Hunziker 1800 (CORD) Aerial parts: emollient, laxative; for snakebite Entire plant, infusion: galactagogue; decoction: vermifuge and antiinflammatory Root, juice: febrifuge Leaf, powder: anti-inflammatory BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU Dried entire plant: antiinflammatory and antipyretic activity Leaf: antiviral and fungal stimulant Dried aerial parts. Afrormosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, daidzein-7-O-galactoside: isoflavone; astragalin-7-O-rhamnoside, flavone, 3-4'-dihydroxy, 7-O-β-Dglucoside, quercetin, rutin: flavonols; cholesterol, 22-dehydro, 24-ethyl, cholesterol, 24-ethyl: steroids Plant. Aspartic acid, threonime, serine, glutamic acid, proline, glycine, alanine, valine, leucine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, histidine, lysine, arginine: aminoacids Fresh inflorescence. Flavonoids present
Amaranthus vulgatissimus Speg. Ataco silvestre Botta 716 (SI) Part not specified: diuretic BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, JUJ, MEN, SFE, SJU No biological test No data
Chamissoa altissima (Jacq.) Kunth Pabellón del rey Cabrera 29232 (SI) Leaf: for weakness Root: diuretic, sedative CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Gomphrena celosioides Mart. var. celosioides Peludilla, yerba del chancho Ariza Espinar 1236 (CORD) Entire plant: hypotensive, antirheumatic, carminative; infusion: for fertility regulation; decoction: for malaria Dried leaf, infusion: contraceptive BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Dried aerial parts: antimalarial, diuretic and antimicrobial activity Dried leaf: antifungal activity Entire plant. Ecdysone: steroid
Gomphrena mendocina (Phil.) R. E. Fr. Chiapella 1910 (CORD) Part not specified: laxative CHU, LRI, MEN, RNE, SJU No biological test No data
Gomphrena perennis L. var. perennis Siempreviva Hunziker 16781 (CORD) Flowers: febrifuge, antirheumatic, antidiarrheal, stomachic Dried root, infusion: to prevent menstrual hemorrhage BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Dried entire plant: antitumor and antimycobacterial activity Part not specified: smooth muscle relaxant activity Dried entire plant. Ecdysone: steroid
Gomphrena pulchella subsp. rosea (Griseb.) Pedersen Siempreviva, siempreviva del campo Hunziker 16459 (CORD) Flowers: febrifuge, antirheumatic, antidiarrheal, stomachic Part not specified: emollient, purgative, diuretic COR, SLU Dried entire plant: antibacterial and antimycobacterial activity No data
Guilleminea densa (Willd. ex Roem.& Schult.) Moq. Hierba del pollo, yerba de pollo Hunziker 14810 (CORD) Aerial parts: diuretic, laxative, stomachic, hepatic, to alleviate insects bite CAT, COR, COS, DFE, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Hebanthe eriantha (Poir.) Pedersen Suma, para todo, Brazilian ginseng Pfaffia paniculata (Mart.) Kuntze Montes 15444 (SI) Root: for cancer and leukemia; general tonic; as an energy, rejuvenating, and sexual tonic; and as a general cure-all for many types of illnesses; aphrodisiac, calming agent, and to treat ulcers (sub P. paniculata) MIS Root: anti-cancerous activity, antisickling effect and rehydration effect of sickled cells, analgesic and antiinflammatory activity; increases sexual performance and function Root. Amino acids, iron, magnesium, zinc, vitamins A, B1, B2, E, K, pantothenic acid, saponins, pfaffic acids, glycosides, nortriterpenes, allantoin, β-ecdysterone, β-sitosterol, daucosterol, germanium, pfaffosides AF, polypodine B, silica, stigmasterol, stigmasterol-3-0-β-d-glucoside
Iresine diffusa Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. var diffusa Peludilla, paja blanca, sangrinaria Ariza Espinar 184 (CORD) Aerial part: colds, pain in bowels, colic, inflammation of the ovaries Leaf + flowers: emmenagogue BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Trigonelline: alkaloid; glycine-betaine: alkaloidmisc; iresin, 3β,14-dihydroxy-Delta(7, 8)-drimen-11,12-acetonide, 3-β,7-β,14trihidroxy-Delta(8, 9)-drimen-11,12olide, 3-β,7-α,14-trihydroxy-Delta(8, 9)-drimen-11,12-olide: terpenes
Pfaffia tuberosa (Spreng.) Hicken f. tuberosa Batatilla Arbo 8655 (CTES) Rhizome: refrigerant, anti-ulcer Root: to increase fertility BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
ANACARDIACEAE
Astronium balansae Engl. Urunday, urunday crespo, urunday pichaí, urunday rubio, urunday overo Kurtz 1570 (CORD)
Leaf: purgative, analgesic, febrifuge, in treatment of insolation, to treat cephalalgia CHA, COS, FOR, MIS, SFE Bark + branches: bactericidal activity Wood + bark. Tannin
Astronium urundeuva (Allemão) Engl. var. urundeuva Urundel, urunday del noroeste, urunday-mí Fortunato 6132 (BAB) Dried bark, decoction: for cervicitis and gastric ulcers, antiinflammatory agent Dried branches: for bronchitis and ovarian inflammation CHA, JUJ, SAL Dried stem bark: analgesic, antiulcer, analgesic, antiinflammatory, and antioxidant activity, intestinal absorption inhibition Leaf: antifungal activity Fresh fruit: dermatitis producing effect Dried heart wood. Matosine: urunde B, uvinurundeuvin B, sakuranetin: flavonoids. Essential oil leaf + fine branches. δ-3carene
Lithraea molleoides (Vell.) Engl. Molle de beber, molle, molle de Córdoba, aruera, chichita colorada Ariza Espinar 813 (CORD) Leaf: anti-arthritic, antiinflammatory, hemostatic, diuretic Twigs, decoction: for treatment of respiratory and digestive diseases, for coughs and bronchitis; hemostatic, diuretic, tonic, refreshing Fruit, decoction: for treatment of eruptive diseases CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Leaf: antiviral, antimicrobial, nematicidal, antihemolytic and cytotoxic activity; immunomodulating properties; cell proliferation inhibition Dried aerial parts. Methyl gallate, protocatechiuc acid; (Z,Z)-5-(trideca-4,7-dienyl)resorcinol, (Z,Z,Z)-5-(trideca-4,7,10trienyl)resorcinol, (Z,Z,E)-5-(trideca4,7,10-trienyl)resorcinol, and (Z)-5(trideca-4-enyl) resorcinol: alkylene resorcinols Dried leaf: 1-3-dihydroxy-5-(trideca-4'7'-dienyl) benzene: benzenoid
Schinopsis balansae Engl. Quebracho colorado, quebracho colorado chaqueño, quebracho santafesino Martínez 244 (CORD) Cortex: anti-inflammatory, cicatrizant, antiseptic Wood: astringent Fresh sap: to remove moles CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, SDE, SFE Dried bark: gonadotropin and antibacterial activity, anti pregnant mare-serum Dried bark. Condensed tannin
Schinopsis lorentzii (Griseb.) Engl. Quebracho colorado, quebracho colorado santiagueño Martínez 374 (CORD) Leaf: cicatrizant, to relieves bruises (sub nom. Schinopsis quebrachocolorado) Bark: anti-asthmatic CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test Heart wood. Condensed tannin
Schinus areira L. Aguaribay, pimentero, bálsamo, gual eguay, curanguay, árbol de la pimienta, molle Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 5295) Plant: sneezing and asthma-like reactions, abortifacient Branches: for cramps, join pains, pains in the bones Leaf: emmenagogue, laxative, antirheumatic, antiseptic, purgative, anti-inflammatory, abortive, cicatrizant, topic disinfectant, to treat anorexia, lack of appetite, anxiety and irritability Dried bark + leaf, infusion: for foot edema Trunk exudate: causes vesication and severe itching Resinous exhalation: causes skin eruptions CAT, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MIS, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC Leaf: anti-inflammatory activity; wound healing action Leaf + fruit: repellent effect on Triatoma infestants Aerial parts essential oil: fumigant and repellent activity against head lice Dried fruit. Agathisflavone, amentoflavone, husflavanone: flavonoids Essential oil. Limonene, αphellandrene, sabinene, camphene Aerial parts essential oil. Camphene, p-cymene, limonene, α-pinene, βpinene: monoterpene hydrocarbon; δcadinene, γ-cadinene, β-caryophyllene: sesquiterpene hydrocarbon; τ-cadinol: oxygenated sesquiterpene
Schinus bumelioides I. M. Johnst. Molle, molle negro, molle espinoso Hunziker 10830 (CORD) Parts not specified: febrifuge, against the influenza, stomachic, abortifacient CAT, COR, ERI, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Schinus fasciculatus var. arenicola (Hauman) F.A.Barkley Molle, molle pispito Fortunato 6279 (BAB) Aerial parts: cicatrizant, disinfectant BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Schinus fasciculatus (Griseb.) I.M.Johnst. var. fasciculatus Moradillo, molle, molle fragante, molle santiagueño, trementina, molle Pippi, moradilla, molle negro Hunziker 14955 (CORD) Leaf: antitussive, antirheumatic, purgative, analgesic, vulnerary, antidysenteric; decoction: analgesic, antitussive (sub nom. S. fasciculatus) CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activity Essential oil. Limonene, βphellandrene, α-phellandrene
Schinus johnstonii F. A. Barkley Molle Chiapella s.n. (CORD) Part not specified: medicinal BAI, CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Schinus longifolius (Lindl.) Speg. var. longifolius Molle, incienso, molle rastrero, incienso, molle negro, moradillo Cerana 1911 (CORD) Aerial parts: for hair care (dandruff and seborrhea) Leaf: expectorant, laxative BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE, SLU No biological test Essential oil. α-pinene, β-pinene, αphellandrene
Schinus meyeri F. A. Barkley Chirimolle Hilgert 1482 (CORD) Medicinal SAL No biological test No data
Schinus molle L. Aguaribay, árbol de la pimienta, curanguay, chichita sauce, molle, pimentero, chichita péndula, falso pimentero, anacahuita Hunziker 649 (CORD) Entire plant, decoction: antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, emmenagogue; antifungal, antibacterial, antirheumathic, anti-conjunctivitis, to treat skin affections, ulcer, urinary tract diseases and respiratory diseases Bark, infusion: purgative, stimulant Leaf, decoction: analgesic, antitussive, antidepressant, antiinflammatory, hypotensive, neonatal and paediatrics care, for infections, hernia and prolapse Leaf and fruits: emmenagogue, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic Fruit: diuretic, antirheumathic, anti-inflammatory, and for amenorrhea and dysmenorrhea Essential oil: for venereal diseases Oleoresin, infusion: antirheumatic, cicatrizant, purgative COS, ERI, MIS, SFE Dried entire plant: antiyeast activity Aerial parts: aldose reductase inhibition, inhibitory effect on histamine and serotonin, giardicidal, analgesic, antibacterial, and cytotoxic activity Leaf: antiviral, analgesic, hypotensive, antioxidant, and cytotoxic activity; antidepressant-like effect Leaf essential oil: antibacterial, antifungal, and antiseptic activity; disminution of the arterial blood pressure Fruit: hypotensive and antiinflammatory activity, uterine stimulant effect Entire plant. α-amyrin: triterpene Leaf essential oil. Croweacin: phenylpropanoid; limonene, phellandrene, carvacrol, cis-men-2-en1-ol, trans-piperitol: terpenes; laccase: glycoprotein Leaf. Isoquercitrin 6"-O-phydroxybenzoate, 2"-O-α-lrhamnopyranosyl-hyperin 6"-O-gallate: acylated quercetin glycosides; gallic acid, methyl gallate, chlorogenic acid, 2"-α-l-rhamnopyranosyl-hyperin, quercetin 3-O-β-d-neohesperidoside, miquelianin, quercetin, rutin, quercetin 3-O-β-d-galacturonopyranoside, isoquercitrin, hyperin; isoquercitrin 6"gallate, hyperin 6"-O-gallate, (+)catechin: polyphenolics Fruit essential oil. α-bergamont-trans, α-cadinol, γ-cadinene, bourbonene: sesquiterpenes; α and β-phellandrene, β-spathulene, D-limonene silvestrene, α-pinene, β-pinene, carvacrol, myrcene, camphene, o-ethyl-phenol, p-cymene, p-cymol, γ-cubebene, α- and γmuurolene Fruit. Isomasticadienonic-, isomasticadienonalic- masticadienonic-, 3-epi-isomasticadienolic acids: triterpenoid acids; chamaejasmin: flavonoid
Schinus odonellii F. A. Barkley Molle Ambrosetti 1423 (CORD) Aerial parts: antirheumatic, antiarthritic MEN, NEU, RNE No biological test No data
Schinus patagonicus (Phil.) I. M. Johnst. ex Cabrera Laura Cocucci 1401 (CORD) Part not specified: antirheumatic Resin: for oral hygienic CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity Aerial parts. α-phellandrene, 4terpinenol
Schinus polygamus (Cav.) Cabrera Molle, molle incienso, molle negro, trementina, huingán Kiesling 10093 (SI) Aerial parts: balsamic, antirheumatic, icteric, galactagogue, ophtalmic, purgant, vulnerary, anti-arthritic, and for cleansing of wounds and for antifertility treatment Bark: to treat arthritic and feet pains Latex bark: plaster for muscles and tendons pains, dislocations, fractures and irritation of the skin Resin: for chronic bronchitis Part not specified: emmenagogue MEN, SJU Leaf + stem: cytotoxic activity, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic activity Leaf + fruit essential oil: antimicrobial activity Resin: larvicidal activity Dried leaf. Hyperoside, kaempferol, quercetin, quercetin-3-O-galactoside: flavonoids; β-sitosterol, shikimic acid Leaf essential oil. α-thujene, α-pinene, βpinene, β-myrcene, p-cymene, limonene, 1-octanol, linalool, endo-fenchol, transpinocarveol, borneol, terpinen-4-ol, αterpineol, myrtenol, geraniol, 1-decanol, βcubebene, trans-caryophyllene, αhumulene, aromadendrene, 1-dodecanol, epibicyclosesquiphellandrene, αmuurolene, γ-cadinene, δ-cadinene, elemol, spathulenol, selina-3,11-dien-6-αol, epoxi-alloaromadendrene, α-cadinol Fruit essential oil: α-thujene, α-pinene, camphene, β-pinene, p-cymene, limonene, 1-octanol, linalool, endo-fenchol, transpinocarveol, camphor, borneol, terpinen-4ol, α-terpineol, myrtenol, 1-decanol, bornyl-acetate, α-cubebene, α-copaene, trans-caryophyllene, α-humulene, 1dodecanol, γ-cadinene, δ-cadinene, epibicyclosesquiphellandrene, αmuurolene, elemol, viridiflorol, selina3,11-dien-6-α-ol, muurolol, longifoliol
Schinus weinmannifolius Engl. Molle´i, arue'i Quiroga 7680 (LIL) Aerial parts: antitussive, antiashmatic, disinfectant, contraceptive COS, MIS No biological test No data
ANNONACEAE
Annona nutans (R. E. Fr.) R. E. Fr. Araticú Saravia Toledo 11490 (CORD)
Parts not specified: anticatarrhal CHA, FOR, SAL Dried seed: anticrustacean activity Dried root bark. Chatenaytrienin 1, chatenaytrienin 2, chatenaytrienin 3, chatenaytrienin 4: misc lactones
Rollinia emarginata Schldtl. Arachichú, araticú, aratigú, yerba mora Hunziker 6634 (CORD) Leaf: anti-inflammatory, against toothache CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SFE Dried stem bark: antileishmaniasis activity Dried stem bark. Liriodenine, (+)reticuline, (-)anonaine, (-)-asimilobine: isoquinoline alkaloids
Rollinia salicifolia Schltdl. Araticú mí Deginani 1579 (SI) Bark: astringent COS, FOR, MIS Aerial part: antitumor activity No data
Xylopia brasiliensis Spreng. Curuvú ihví Hatschbach 33666 (LP) Leaf: diuretic, diaphoretic, laxative, expectorant Seed: carminative, purgative MIS Essential oil: anti-trypanosomal and antispasmodic activity Dried leaf. Ent Kaur-16-en-19-oic acid, xylopic acid: diterpene Essential oil. α-pinene, β-pinene, camphene, limonene, caryophyllene, cadinene; kaurenoic acid: diterpene; Green fruit. 15-oxo Kaur-16-en-19-oic acid methyl ester: diterpene; spathulenol: sesquiterpene Fruit. Piperine: alkaloid Part not specified. 9methoxyliriodenine: noraporphine alkaloid
APIACEAE
Apium panul (Bertero ex DC.) Reiche Panul Kurtz 5767 (CORD)
Part not specified: cephalalgic, anti-diaphoretic, astringent, depurative MEN, NEU, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Apium prostratum Labill. Apio silvestre Apium australe Thouars Cabrera 6323 (LP) Root + leaf: depurative, antirheumatic (sub nom. A. australe) BAI, CHU, MEN, SCR, TDF Dried aerial parts: βglucuronidase inhibition, anticrustacean activity Leaf + stem: antitumor and cytotoxic activity Dried part not specified: βglucuronidase and xanthine oxidase inhibition; DNA binding effect Fresh leaf + stem. Bergapten, iso pimpinellin, xanthotoxin: coumarins; myristicin: phenylpropanoid
Apium sellowianum H. Wolff. Apio cimarrón, apio silvestre Kurtz 7767 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: emmenagogue Dried leaf, decoction: to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections, antidiarrheal Fruits: carminative, laxative, diuretic BAI, CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, LPA, LRI, MEN, SFE, SJU Dried seed: insecticide activity Dried part not specified: feeding deterrent Seed. Oleic acid, petroselinic acid: lipids
Azorella biloba (Schltdl.) Wedd. Kiesling 1601 (SI) Part not specified: bequic, expectorant, anti-gonorrhea JUJ, COR, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Azorella compacta Phil. Yareta, jareta, puna yareta Cocucci 2692 (CORD) Aerial parts: stimulant, stomachic, contraceptive Dried entire plant, decoction: to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections, antidiarrheal; infusion: for asthma, colds, diabetes, and bronchitis CAT, JUJ, SAL Dried aerial parts: antimycobacterial and antitrypanosomal activity Dried entire plant. Azorellanol, deacetyl azorellanol, mulina-11-13 dien-20-oic acid , mulinol, 11-12-epoxy mulin-13-en-20-oic acid: diterpenes
Azorella cryptantha (Clos) Reiche Pasto de vega, yerba del soldado, yareta Ulibarri 1476 (SI) Part not specified: bequic, expectorant, antigonorrheal CAT, LRI, MEN, SJU No biological test Entire plant. Azorellolide, dihydroazorellolide, yaretol,1α,10β,4β,5α-diepoxy-7α-germacran-6βol
Azorella filamentosa Lam. Pennington 376 (SI) Dried aerial parts: antimycobacterial TDF Dried aerial parts: antimycobacterial activity No data
Azorella monantha Clos Yareta, le ña de pied ra, kurá mamüll Cocucci 2179 (CORD) Root: antitussive, diuretic CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test Leaves + stem. Quercetin, isorhamnetin: flavonols.
Azorella trifurcata (Gaertn.) Pers. Llareta Cocucci 2419 (CORD) Part not specified: antitussive, antirheumatic, expectorant, antiseptic, balsamic and for venereal diseases CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU, TDF Dried aerial parts: antimycobacterial activity; effect on sperm motility and viability Fresh entire plant. 1-acetoxy pentadeca-cis-2-9-diene-4-6-diyn-8-ol,: alkenynol; isorhamnetin: flavonol; 4'methoxy flavone: flavone; mulinolic acid, mulinenic acid, azorellan-17,13β-olide: diterpenes
Bolax gummifera (Lam.) Spreng. Gomero Alboff s.n. (LP) Aerial parts: to treat external wounds Dried aerial parts, infusion: to treat wounds SCR, TDF Dried aerial parts: crown gall tumor inhibition Fresh dried aerial parts: antibacterial and anticrustacean activity Part not specified. Bornyl-parahydroxy-trans-cinnamate: bornyl pcoumarate, bornyl ferulate
Cyclospermum leptophyllum (Pers.) Sprague Apio cimarrón, apio silvestre Apium leptophyllum (Pers.) F. Muell. Hunziker 7753 (CORD) Aerial parts: abluent, antiseptic, cicatrizant Fruits: carminative, antinephritic, antirheumatic BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Aerial parts essential oil. Thymoquinol dimethyl ether, isothymol methyl ether, thymol methyl ether, carvacrol methyl ether, p-cymene, γterpinene, β-pinene, β-caryophyllene, αhumulene, germacrene-D, germacrene-B (sub nom. A. leptophyllum)
Daucus pusillus Michx. Zanahoria silvestre Subils 834 (CORD) Dried entire plant (dried and smoked): to treat paralysis caused by water on the brain; decoction: febrifuge, for snakebite Part not specified, decoction: antivenin Root: diuretic BAI, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, MIS, NEU, RNE, SDE, SFE, SLU No biological test Seed. Astragalin, iso quercitrin: flavonol; cosmosiin, cynaroside
Eryngium agavifolium Griseb. Serruchón Hunziker 9677 (CORD) Root: pectoral, stomachic COR, SDE, SLU No biological test Dried root. Falcarinolone: alkenynone C5
Eryngium coronatum Hook. & Arn. Carda, falso caraguatá Hunziker 21763 (CORD) Root: icteric BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Eryngium ebracteatum Lam. Carda Hunziker 11364 (CORD) Root: diuretic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Eryngium eburneum Decne. Falso caraguatá, falso cardo, serrucheta, carda Pedersen 9612 (CORD) Rhizome: icteric, diuretic BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SDE, SFE No biological test No data
Eryngium echinatum Urb. Hunziker 1569 (CORD) Rhizome: icteric, diuretic BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Eryngium ele gans Cham. & Schltdt. Carda Ariza Espinar 3226 (CORD) Root: icteric BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Eryngium horridum Malme Caraguatá, carda Hunziker 10650 (CORD) Dried aerial parts: diuretic Root: icteric Rhizome: purgative BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, MIS, SDE, SFE, SLU Dried aerial parts: cytotoxic activity No data
Eryngium nudicaule Lam. Ariza Espinar 618 (CORD) Root: icteric, abluent BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, LRI, MIS, SFE, SLU Dried aerial parts: antimalarial activity No data
Eryngium pandanifolium Cham. & Schltdl. Cardo, caraguatá Kurtz 2073 (CORD) Dried aerial parts: diuretic Root + leaf: aperitve, diuretic, astringent, depurative, emmenagogue, digestive BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE Aerial parts: cytotoxic activity No data
Eryngium panicula tum Cav. & Dombey ex F. Delaroche Chupalla, cardilla, cardoncillo, chupala, cupalla Barboza 1216 (CORD) Root + rhizome: hepatic/intestinal Dried leaf, infusion: antiseptic, cicatrizant, astringent BAI, CHU, LPA, NEU, RNE Dried seed: plant germination inhibition Dried seed. Cyclohexa-2-5-dienyl,2-44-trimethyl-3-formyl, angelate.
Gymnophyton polycephalum (Gillies & Hook.) Clos Ariza Espinar 2951 (CORD) Part not specified: carminative CAT, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU No biological test. Leaves + stem. Quercitin: flavonol; 6,8-di-C-glycosyl chrysoeriol, 4'methoxy flavone, 7-O-monoglycoside flavone
Hydrocotyle bonariensis Lam. Paragüita, oreja de agua, redondita de agua, cucharita, sombrilla de sapo Hunziker 11414 (CORD) Aerial parts: for treating wounds externally, diuretic, hydrogogue, vulnerary Entire plant, decoction: for urinary disorders Dried root, infusion: antiinflammatory and toothache BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC. No biological test Seed. Iso quercitrin: flavonol
Hydrocotyle callicephala Cham. Deginani 1305 (SI) Part not specified: febrifuge, for feet edema, to relieve acne MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides L. f. Redondita de agua, cucharita, piragüita, perejil de agua, redondita, sombrilla de sapo, tembladerilla, verdolaga palustre Hunziker 2326 (CORD) Juice fresh: tonic, emetic, depurative, diuretic, hepatic, hydrogogue, pectoral BAI, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried entire plant. Ranunculoside I, ranunculoside II, ranunculoside III, hederagenic acid, barringtogenol C: triterpenes; ranunculoside VII: triterpene
Laretia acaulis (Cav.) Gillies & Hook. Llareta Kurtz 14 (CORD) Aerial parts: tonic, digestive MEN, SJU No biological test Dried entire plant. Azorellanol, 7deacetyl azorellanol: diterpenes; mulinolic acid, mulinolic acid,13-epi, mulin-11-13-dien-20-oic acid: diterpenes
Mulinum crassifolium Phil. Chuchicaña Cabrera 8790 (LP) Dried aerial parts: antidiabetic, antiseptic, balsamic, antitussive, to treat intestinal disorders SAL No biological test Dried aerial parts. Mulinic acid: diterpene Essential oil. Bornyl acetate, camphor, citronellol: monoterpenes
Mulinum echinus DC. Mulinum ulicinum auct. non Gillies & Hook. Hosseus 603 (CORD) Part not specified: antiseptic, balsamic, expectorant Dried leaf, infusion: emmenagogue, antidiabetic (sub nom. M. ulicinum) CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU No biological test No data
Mulinum famatinense H. Wolff Chuchicaña, chuquicaya Hieronymus 360 (CORD) Part not specified: venereal disease, depurative, antitussive, antidiabetic, antiseptic, balsamic JUJ, LRI, SAL No biological test No data
Mulinum spinosum (Cav.) Pers. Neneo, yerba negra, palo negro, hierba de la culebra Cocucci 2362 (CORD) Root: urinary, against toothache BAI, CHU, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU Aerial parts: trypanocidal activity; effect on sperm motility and viability Aerial part. Mulinolic acid, mulinenic acid, azorellan-17,13- β-olide: diterpenes
Osmorhiza chilensis Hook. & Arn. Cacho cabra, anís de campo, ñukin Bernardello et al. 563 (CORD) Part not specified: hepatic, digestive Root: for eye diseases Aerial parts: aromatic CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
Osmorhiza depauperata Phil. Hunziker 8206 (CORD) Part not specified: aromatic CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
Sanicula cr assicaulis Poepp. ex DC. Pata de león, cilantro del cerro Bernardello 564 (CORD) Part not specified: hemostatic CHU, MEN, NEU No biological test No data
Sanicula graveolens Poepp. ex DC. Cilantro silvestre, cilantro del cerro, perejil del monte, asta de cabra Barboza 212 (CORD) Part not specified: medicinal CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE Aerial parts: radical scavenging activity Aerial part. Caffeic acid derivatives; quercitin
APOCYNACEAE
Amblyopetalum coccineum (Griseb.) Malme Palo leche Tur 1115 (SI)
Latex: for the treatments of warts BAI, CAT, CHA. COR, ERI, JUJ,LRI, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Araujia angustifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Decne. Tasi Burkart 21341 (SI) Root + fruit: galactagogue Latex: fungicidal, against toothache BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, SDE, SFE No biological test Fruit latex: Araujiain aI, aII, aIII: cysteine proteases
Araujia sericifera Brot. Tasi Araujia hortorum E. Fourn. Hunziker 16325 (CORD) Fruits: galactogogue (sub nom. A. hortorum) BAI, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE Fruit latex: proteolytic activity Dried root. Caudatin glycoside, incisagenin glycoside: steroids (sub nom. A. hortorum) Fruit latex. Araujiain h I, h II, h III: cysteine endopeptidases (sub nom. A. hortorum)
Asclepias flava Lillo Leche tres Aquino 223 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Asclepias mellodora A. St.-Hil. Yerba de la víbora Hunziker 11561 (CORD) Aerial parts: alexipharmic Root + leaf: emetic BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test Leaf + stem. Bufadienolides, flavonoids, phenols, triterpenes
Aspidosperma polyneuron Müll. Arg. Peroba rosa, sobro, peroba amargosa Lillo 10562 (LIL) Part not specified: expectorant, anticarrhal Bark: febrifuge, antimalarial, astringent MIS Bark: antimalarial activity Leaf essential oil. Kaurene: diterpene; linalool, [α]-copaene, [β]caryophyllene; pentadecanal, hexenol and hexadecanone: fatty acid derivatives Leaf + bark. Polyneuridine, aspidospermine, quebrachamine: indole alkaloids Bark. Normacusine-B: indole alkaloid
Aspidosperma quebracho blanco Schltdl. Quebracho blanco, quebracho blanco llorón, guarirobá Bernardello 422 (CORD) Root: abortifacient, depurative Bark: antidysneic, anti-asthmatic, antitussive, cephalalgic, febrifuge, oxytocic; decoction: antisyphilitic, antidysenteric, pectoral, abortive and for stomach-ache; liver disorders, analgesic; infusion: for fertility regulation, antifebrile, emetic, anticolic, hallucinogen, cicatrizant, contraceptive, emmenagogue CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Bark: spasmolytic and antimalarial activity; adrenergic receptor blocker (α-1 and α-2) Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Bark. Aspidosamin, aspidospermine, quebrachamine, yohimbine: indole alkaloids Leaf + bark. Akuammidine: indole alkaloid; α-amyrin: triterpene Leaf. Flavonoids
Forsteronia glabrescens Müll. Arg. Isipó, isipó de San Vicente, isipó cambüí, enredadera leche Morrone 1637 (SI) Aerial parts: febrifuge CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Funastrum clausum (Jacq.) Schltr. Funastrum bonariense (Hook. & Arn.) Schltr. Barboza 1689 (CORD) Part not specified: tonic, stimulant (sub nom. F. bonariense) BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE Latex: proteolytic activity Aerial parts: weak antimicrobial activity Latex. Funastrain CII: cysteine endopeptidase
Funastrum flavum (Decne.) Malme Burkart 8962 (SI) Part not specified: tonic, stimulant BAI, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Funastrum gracile (Decne.) Schltdl. Tramontana Hunziker 6513 (CORD) Stem: anti-peristaltic, stomachic, hepatic CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Macrosiphonia pe traea (A. St.-Hil.) K. Schum. Flor de piedra, nocturno Ariza Espinar 692 (CORD) Root: digestive Leaf : hypoglucemic BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, LPA, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU No biological test No data
Mandevilla laxa (Ruiz & Pav.) Woodson Jazmín del campo, jazmín de Chile, jazmín de Jujuy, sacha huasca blanca Cocucci 175 (CORD) Entire plant: drastic CAT, COR, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test Seed oil. Linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid: lipid
Mandevilla pentlandiana (A. DC.) Woodson Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 834) Entire plant: drastic CAT, COR, COS, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SFE, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Dried root. β-amyrenone, β-amyrin, lupenone, ursolic acid: triterpenes; 5-α-3-β-hydroxy-24-epsilon-ethyl cholest22-en-6-one, 24-epsilon-ethy cholest-5en-3-β-ol: steroids; β-curcumene: sesquiterpene; digitoxigenin, echujin: cardenolides Seed oil. Palmitic acid: lipid
Morrenia brachystephana Griseb. Tasi, doca Hunziker 16174 (CORD) Aerial parts: galactogogue Root: galactagogue, antiwarty, against toothache Latex: emollient, for warts BAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Latex: proteolytic activity Fresh fruit latex. Morrenia protease: protein; alkaloids, flavonoids Latex. Morrenain BI, BII: papain-like endopeptidases Dried aerial parts. Alkaloids present
Morrenia odorata (Hook. & Arn.) Lindl. Tasi, doca Cocucci 16456 (CORD) Root: galactagogue, anti-warty, against toothache BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC Stem latex: proteolytic activity Leaf. Alkaloids Petiole + stem. Protelytic enzymes Latex. Morrenain OII: proteinase
Morrenia stuc kertiana (Kurtz ex Heger) Malme Tasi crespo, tasi del zorro, tasillo Ariza Espinar 2849 (CORD) Latex: abluent COR, SFE No biological test No data
Philibertia gilliesii Hook. & Arn. Farol, sombrilla, capanilla, cortachina, farolito, sombrilla Ariza Espinar 1698 (CORD) Latex fruit: proteolytic activity BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC Latex fruit: proteolytic activity Latex fruit. Philibertain GI: cysteine endopeptidase
Rauvolfia schuelii Speg. Lecherón del monte, lecherón negro, lecherón amarillo, leche-leche, tinajero Morrone 3004 (SI) Root cortex: emetic, purgant, sedative, hypotensive CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Rauvolfia sellowii Müll. Arg. Klein 9119 (SI) Root: antihypertensive Cortex: hypotensor, antimalarial MI Root: hypotensive activity Leaf. Sellowiine (N1-demethyl-20deethyl suaveoline), perakine, raucaffrinoline, vomilenine, 19α,20αepoxy-akuammicine, picrinine,12demethoxytabernulosine: alkaloids
Tabernaemontana catharinensis A. DC. Casca de cobra, sapirangui, jazmín, palo-víbora, horquetero, sapiranguí, zapiranguí-guazú Tabernaemontana australis Müll. Arg. Peschiera australis (Müll. Arg.) Miers Barboza 1676 (CORD) Plant: antidote for snakebites, to relieve toothache and earache, to cure warts, vermifuge, abortive Leaf: for treating tumors and healing wounds (snakebite) Bark: anthelmintic (sub nom. T. australis, P. australis) Latex: for cutaneous affections CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Stem bark: analgesic, antiinflammatory activity and toxic Root bark, stem bark, pericarp + seed: trypanocidal activity Stem: antileishmanial activity Leaf: anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and proteolytic activity Leaf + seed: antineoplasic activity Leaf, seed + root. Coronaridine, tabersonine, olivacine, hydroindolenine, catharinensine, decarbomethoxyvoacamine, tabernamine, voacamine: alkaloids; vanillic acid, syringic acid, gentisic acid, salicylic acid: phenolic acids Root: 12-methoxy-4methylvoachalotine, coronaridine, coronaridine hydroxyindolenine, voacangine, hydroxyindolenine, heyneanine, vobasine: indole alkaloids Seed. Oleic acid (sub nom. P. australis)
Vallesia glabra (Cav.) Link Ancoche, teta de gata, ancuchi, engorda, ancochi Hunziker 10796 (CORD) Root + stem: drastic, febrifuge Cortex: laxant, febrifuge Dried branches: for rheumatism Leaf: to cure warts CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SJU, TUC Bark: antimalarial activity Leaf + stem. Vallesine, aspidospermine, 11-methoxydichotine, apparicine, tubotaiwine, vincadifformine, (minus)-rhazinilam, aspidospermatine, condylocarpine, haplocidine, 18oxohaplocidine: alkaloids
AQUIFOLIACEAE
Ilex argentina Lillo Roble tucumano, palo de yerba, naranjillo, roble, árbol de la yerba, roblina, roble de Tucumán Zuloaga 7488 (SI)
Leaf, infusion: excitant, digestive, diuretic, choleretic, hypocholesteremic, hepatoprotective and bitter taste CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC Dried leaf: antioxidant activity, radical scavenging effect. Dried stem. Theobromine: alkaloid Leaf. Caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, 3,4dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid and 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid: caffeoyl derivatives; quercetin, rutin and kaempferol: flavonoids; rotundic acid: triterpene
Ilex brevicuspis Reissek Caona, cauna, siete sangrías Schinini 10632 (CTES, SI) Leaf, infusion: choleretic, hypocholesteremic, hepatoprotective COS, MIS Leaf: increase in bile flow and intestinal transit; antioxidant activity Leaf. Caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,5 dicaffeoylquinic acid and 4,5dicaffeoylquinic acid: caffeoyl derivatives; quercetin, rutin, kaempferol: flavonoids
Ilex dumosa var. guaranina Loes. Yerba señorita, caá-berá, caáchirí, caá-miní, caá-verá, cauna Schinini 27066 (CTES) Leaf, infusion: choleretic, hypocholesteremic, hepatoprotective COS, MIS No biological test Leaf. Caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,5dicaffeoylquinic acid, 4,5dicaffeoylquinic acid: caffeoyl derivatives; quercetin, rutin, kaempferol: flavonoids
Ilex paraguariensis A.St.-Hil. Yerba mate, caá, árbol del mate Cocucci 418 (CORD) Aerial parts: galactogogue, cicatrizant Leaf, infusion: against the influenza and the scurf, tonic, refrigerant, diuretic, digestive, stimulant, choleretic, eupeptic, hypocholesteremic, hepatoprotective COS, MIS Leaf: increase in bile flow; antioxidant and anticancer effect; LDL oxidation inhibition; potential therapeutic and/or prophylactic use in cardiovascular disorders Leaf. Caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, 3,4dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 5caffeoylquinic acid: caffeoyl derivatives; caffeine (= 1,3,7-trimethylxanthine), theobromine (= 3,7-dimethylxanthine), theophylline (= 1,3-dimethylxanthine): purine alkaloids; quercetin, rutin, kaempferol: flavonoids; matesaponin 1; ursolic acid 3-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→3)-[α-L-rhamnopyranosyl- (1→2)]]-αL-arabinopyranosyl]-(28→1)-β-Dglucopyranosyl ester = matesaponin 2, ursolic acid 3-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→3)-α-L-arabinopyranosyl]-(28→1)- [β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-Dglucopyranosyl]ester = matesaponin 3, ursolic acid 3-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→3)-[α-L- rhamnopyranosyl-(1→2)]]-αL-arabinopyranosyl]-(28→1)-[β -D- glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-Dglucopyranosyl]ester = matesaponin 4; matesaponin 5; guaicin B, nudicaucin C: saponins; vitamins; polyphenolic compounds
Ilex theazans Mart. ex Reissek Giberti 261 (BACP, SI) Leaf, infusion: choleretic, hypocholesteremic, hepatoprotective MIS Dried leaf: antioxidant activity, radical scavenging effect. Leaf. Caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,5dicaffeoylquinic acid, 4,5dicaffeoylquinic acid: caffeoyl derivatives; quercetin, rutin, kaempferol: flavonoids; arbutin,2'sulfonyl: benzenoid; caffeine: alkaloid; rotundic acid: triterpene.
ARALIACEAE
Oreopanax kuntzei Harms Higuerilla Novara 11284 (CORD)
Bark: for hernia and prolapse JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Raukaua laetevirens (Gay) Frodin Sauco del diablo Burkart 26508 (SI) Cortex: diaphoretic CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test No data
Schefflera morototoni (Aubl.) Maguire, Steyerm. & Frodin Zuloaga 7023 (SI) Part not specified: to treat respiratory affections CHA, COS, FOR, MIS No biological test No data
ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
Aristolochia angustifolia Cham. Alumbre del campo Cristóbal 260 (LIL)
Entire plant, infusion: emmenagogue; decoction: to treat urinary tract infections and antidiarrheal COS, MIS No biological test No data
Aristolochia argentina Griseb. Charrúa, charruga, mil hombres, patito, buche de pavo Di Fulvio 138 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: diuretic, diaphoretic, antidiarrheal Root: antiseptic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, antirheumatic, for treating poisoning and pruritus CAT, CHA, COR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: insecticide, antioxidant, antibacterial, and antifungal activity Root: anti-ulcerogenic effect Root. Allantoin: alkaloid; argentinine: isoquinoline alkaloid Dried rhizome. Aristolactams Ia, II, III, IIIa, AIa, AIIIa, CII, DII : alkaloids Dried underground parts. Aristolochic acid; methyl ester of aristolochic acid, Aristolochic acid I methyl ester, aristolochic acid Ia, 6-methoxyaristolochic acid C, aristolochic acid C, aristolochic acid IV (6-methoxyaristolochic acid), 6,7 Dimethoxy-3,4-methylenedioxy-10-nitro 1-phenanthroic acid (aristolochic acid V), 6-Hydroxy-7-methoxy-3,4 methylenedioxy-10-nitro-1-phenanthroic acid (aristolochic acid Va), 2-Hydroxy-8 methoxy-3,4-methylenedioxy-10-nitro-1 phenanthroic acid (aristolochic acid VIa), 7-Hydroxy-8-methoxy-3,4 methylenedioxy-10-nitro-1-phenanthroic acid (aristolochic acid VIIa), Aristolochin (aristoloside) Plant essential oil. Argentilactone, undecatriene isomers; (S)-linalool, trans ocimene, myrcene, limonene, ?-terpenyl acetate, ?-phellandrene, ?-phellandrene, 1,8-cineole, ?-cyclocitral, isobornyl formate, camphene, ?-pinene, ?-pinene: monoterpenoids; ?-farnesene, ?-elemene, ?-elemene, germacrene D, cyperene, bicyclogermacrene, ?-humulene, ? caryophyllene, isocaryophyllene, selina 3,7(11)-diene, ?-gurjunene, spathulenol, ? trans-bergamotene, (?)-?-copaene, ishwarane, ?-bourbonene: sesquiterpenoids; (?)-kaur-16-ene: diterpenoids
Aristolochia elegans Mast. Mil hombres hembra, patito, flor de patito Galera 641 (CORD) Aerial parts: antirheumatic COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SFE Whole plant: uterus contraction stimulating activity; antimitotic and antiviral activity Plant essential oil. (S)-linalool, limonene, 1,8-cineole, borneol, bornanol, camphene, α-pinene, β-pinene: monoterpenoids; β-farnesene, farnesol, (Z)-(R)-nerolidol, (E)-(R) nerolidol, α-bisabolene, α-curcumene, β-elemene, δ-elemene, γ-elemene, germacrene B, germacrene D, hedycaryol, mollislactone, α-humulene, bicyclogermacrene, β-caryophyllene, isocaryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide, caryophyllenol I, Δ1(10) –aristolene, γ cadinene, δ-cadinene, γ-muurolene, T-muurolol, epi-cubenol, T-cadinol, α-cadinol, cubenol, guaiol, calamenene, α-calacorene, 6,9-guaiadiene, guaiazulene, spathulenol, viridiflorol, globulol, α-cubebene, β-cubebene, α-himachalene, longifolene, isolongifolene, (−)-α-copaene, β-bourbonene, bourbonol, aristololide, caparrapidiol: sesquiterpenoids; (E) phytol, ent-16 β(H)-kaurane, kauranal, kauranoic acid, 16α,17-epoxykaurane, ent-kauran-16α,17-diol, (−)-kaur-15-en 17-ol, ent-15β,(16β)-epoxykauran-17-ol, aristolin, aristoloin I, sodium aristolochate I (aristolochate I), pontevedrine: diterpenoids Root essential oil. α-pinene, β-pinene, camphene, 1,8-cineole, borneol, bornyl acetate: monoterpenoids; α-copaene, isocaryophyllene, β-elemene, βcaryophyllene, 6,9-guaiadiene, alloaromadendrene, α-humulene, γmuurolene, α-bisabolene, δ-cadinene, γcadinene, calamenene, calacorene, guaiazulene, (Z)-nerolidol, (E)nerolidol, cubenol, epi-cubenol, hedycaryol, guaiol, T-cadinol: sesquiterpenoids; aristolene, ylangene, longicyclene, p-Mentha-1(7),8(10)dien-9-ol, methyl citronellate, limonene Stem essential oil. Linalool, cyclocitral: monoterpenoids; αcubebene, α-copaene, β-bourbonene, isocaryophyllene, β-elemene, βgurjunene, β-caryophyllene, longifolene, α-humulene, γ-muurolene, germacrene D, bicyclogermacrene, δcadinene, trans-β-farnesene, (E)nerolidol, β-caryophyllene oxide, spathulenol, T-muurolol, α-cadinol: sesquiterpenoids; 1-octen-3-yl acetate, 1-octen-3-ol, 3-octanol; aristolin: diterpene ester of aristolochic acid
Aristolochia esperanzae Kuntze Patito, contrayerba Novara 11092 (CORD) Aerial parts: stimulant Dried root, infusion: emmenagogue Dried leaf + stem, infusion: antirheumatic Part not specified: emmenagogue CHA, FOR, JUJ, SAL No biological test Dried root. Kolavenic acid methyl ester, (2S,5R,8R,9S,10R)-2hydroperoxy-ent-3-cleroden-3,13diene-15-oic acid methyl ester, 2oxokolavenic acid methyl ester, populifolic acid methyl ester, (2S,5R,8R,9S,10R)-2-hydroperoxy-ent 3-cleroden-15-oic acid methyl ester, 2oxopopulifolic acid methyl ester: diterpenoids; β-patchoulene, αaromadendrene; methyl (5R,8R,9S,10R)-ent-3-cleroden-15-oate [methyl populifoloate]: clerodane diterpenoids; (5R,9S,10S)-ent-Labd8(17),13-dien-15-oic acid [copalic acid], (5R,9S,10S)-ent-Labd-6βhydroxy-8(17),13-dien-15-oic acid, methyl (5R,8R,9S,10S)-ent-labd8(17),13-dien-15-oate [methyl copalate], methyl (5R,9S,10S)-ent-labd6β-hydroxy-8(17),13-dien-15-oate: labdane diterpenoids Dried leaf. Cubebin, cubenin,3-4dimethoxy-3-4-demethylenedioxy, epi eudesmin: lignan; copalic acid, entlabd-6β-ol-8(17),13-dien-15-oic acid: labdane diterpenes Foliar epicuticular waxes of leaves. βamyrin, lupeol, epifriedelinol, ursolic acid: triterpenoids Part not specified. Aristolochic acid: polycyclic
Aristolochia fimbriata Cham. Mil hombres, patito, flor de patito, pajarito Doering s. n. (SI) Leaf: abortifacient, against toothache Part not specified: emmenagogue BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test Part not specified. Aristolochic acid: polycyclic
Aristolochia gibertii Hook. Mil hombres, ipepú, flor de pitito, patito, mil hombre hembra Barboza 392 (CORD) Root and leaf: anti-inflammatory, digestive Part not specified: emmenagogue CHA, COS, FOR No biological test Stem + leaf essential oil. trans-ocimene, myrcene, limonene, β-phellandrene, 1,8cineole, isobornyl formate, camphene, αpinene, β-pinene, carvone, Δ-2-carene, Δ3-carene, sabinene, tricyclene: monoterpenoids; (E)-(R)-nerolidol, βelemene, δ-elemene, germacrene D, aristolactone, bicyclogermacrene, αhumulene, β-caryophyllene, β-selinene, δcadinene, β-calacorene, α-calacorene, αaromadendrene, allo-aromadendrene, spathulenol, (−)-α-copaene, β-bourbonene: sesquiterpenoids
Aristolochia macroura Gómes. Milhombres, patito coludo, flor del patito, contrahierba, jarro, isipomilhombres Martínez 516 (CORD) Root: emmenagogue, abortifacient, antirheumatic. Leaf: alexipharmic, aphrodisiac BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE Plant: cytotoxic activity Plant essential oil. β-farnesene, (E)-(R)-nerolidol, γ-elemene, δ-elemene, α-humulene, (−)-α-copaene: sesquiterpenoids
Aristolochia stuckertii Speg. Charrúa, mil hombres Subils 322 (CORD) Root: antiseptic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, antirheumatic BAI, COR, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Aristolochia triangularis Cham. Mil hombres, cipó, patito Sehnem 2130 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: abortifacient, emmenagogue, for heart pains, for lumbago, tonic Root: alexipharmic, hydrogogue, antirheumatic, anti-syphilitics, disease venereal, stimulant, digestive, contraceptive, diuretic, diaphoretic, astringent Dried bark, infusion: antirheumatic, abortive, emmenagogue, diaphoretic, diuretic, antiseptic, antidote; treatment of wounds and skin diseases Leaf, infusion: abortifacient, emmenagogue BAI, COS, ERI, MIS Bark: antimitotic activity Dried bark: insecticide activity Dried root: anti-inflammatory activity Whole plant: cytotoxic activity Entire plant. Cubebin,3-4-dimethoxy3-4-demethylenedioxy: lignan Dried root. 10-Amino-2,4-dimethoxyphenanthrene-1-carboxylic acid lactam, 6 aristolactam AII, aristolactam CII, aristolactam A Ia, A IIIa: alkaloids; aristolochic acid: polycyclic; asimilobine, dehydro: 4-5-dioxo, cepharadione a: isoquinoline alkaloid; kaur-16-en-19-ol, (-): diterpene; triangularine A, triangularine B, aristolochic acid Iva, 4,5dioxodehydroasimilobin Fresh root. β-bisabolene, germacrene A: sesquiterpene Fresh leaf essential oil. Linalool: monoterpene Root + stem. β-sitosterol: steroid Root + stem essential oil: (E)-(R)nerolidol, β-elemene, δ-elemene, (−)-αcopaene: sesquiterpenoids; ent16ββ(H)-kaurane, 16α,17epoxykaurane, ent-kauran-16α,17-diol, (−)-kaur-15-en-17-ol, ent-15β,(16β)epoxykauran-17-ol (−)-kaur-16-ene, (−)-kaur-16-ene-18-ol, (−)-kaur-16-en-18-al, (−)-kaur-16-en18-oic acid, ent-16β,17-epoxykaurane, ent-16β(H)-kauran-17-oic acid, (−)kauran-16α-ol-18-al: diterpenoids
ASTERACEAE
Acanthospermum australe (Loefl.) Kuntze Torito, tapecué, abrojillo, yerba de la oveja, tapekué, tirirati Subils & Moscone 3276 (CORD)
Entire plant: antineoplasic, diuretic, astringent, vulnerary, antimalarial, contraceptive, febrifuge; to treat cancer and malignant tumors, for fertility regulation diaphoretic, abortifacient, anti-inflammatory, antirheumatic, antiseptic Dried aerial parts, infusion: diuretic; febrifuge and antidiarrheal BAI, COR, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE, SLU Dried entire plant: antimalarial and antimicrobial activity; fertilization inhibition Aerial parts: cytotoxic activity Part not specified: lipoxygenase inhibition Dried aerial parts. Acanthamolide, acanthospermal, spathulenol: sesquiterpenes; acanthoaustralide, iso acanthoaustralide: 1-O-acetate: diterpenes; acanthospermal A, germacrene C: sesquiterpenes; axillarin, 5-7-4'-trihydroxy-3-6-dimethoxy flavone: flavonol
Acanthospermum hispidum DC. Cuajilla, obecha-caá, cuajrilla, yerba de la oveja, roseta, huajclilla Caro 3422 (CORD) Aerial parts: diuretic, astringent, vulnerary, antimalaria, diaphoretic, abortifacient, febrifuge, anti-gonorrhea, sudorific Fresh entire plant, decoction: to produce abortion Leaf, infusion: anti-gonorrhea and for dysmenorrheal BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: sweetening effect, antileishmaniasis and antitrypanosomal activity Leaf: antibacterial activity Aerial parts. Acanthospermal B: sesquiterpene Dried aerial parts. Hispidunolide A, 15-hydroxy-14-oxo-8-β-(2-methylbuteryl-oxy) acanthospermolide, 15acetoxy-8-β-(iso-valeryl-oxy)-14-oxo 4cis-5 acanthospermolide: sesquiterpenes Dried leaf. Caffeic acid: phenylpropanoid; nevadensin: flavone Dried root. 2-iso-propyl-4-methyl phenol
Achyrocline alata (Kunth) DC. Güira-güira, marcela brasileira, yateí caá Di Fulvio 193 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: digestive, sedative, stomachic, against respiratory affections Dried flowers: anti-inflammatory, digestive, emmenagogue BAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SLU, TUC Dried entire plant: molluscicidal activity Flower + stem: antiviral activity Dried aerial parts. Apigenin, quercetin, rhamnazin: flavones; caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, iso chlorogenic acid, 3, 4-dicaffeoyl quinic, 3, 5- dicaffeoyl quinic, 4, 5-dicaffeoyl quinic acids; caryophyllene: sesquiterpene Inflorescence essential oil. βcaryophyllene, sesquiterpene; 1,8cineol, trans β ocimene: monoterpene; caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid
Achyrocline flaccida (Weinm.) DC. Amaicha, marcela amarilla, marcela, marcela macho Pedersen 6982 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: stimulant and excitant, febrifuge, anthelimintic, antispasmodic, emmenagogue, anti-inflammatory Flowers, infusion: to treat asthma, and to regulate menstruation CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SJU, TUC Aerial parts: antiviral, antiherpetic, antihemolytic, antileishmanial, and antioxidant activity; lipid peroxide formation inhibition, and radical scavenging effect; immunomodulating properties; inhibitor of DNA-polymerase (wild and Y181C types) and RNase H activities Dried aerial parts. Caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid, 3, 4-dicaffeoyl quinic, 3, 5-dicaffeoyl quinic, 4 , 5 -dicaffeoyl quinic acids; 2' -4-4'-trihydroxy-6'-methoxy chalcone: flavonoid; 3-methoxy galangin; uronic acids, glucuronic acids, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine
Achyrocline hyperchlora S. F. Blake Amaicha Hunziker 19207 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. α-selinene, α-eudesmol: sesquiterpenes; butyrophenone; eugenol, sesamol, 2-phenylacetaldehyde, 6-methyl5-hepten-2-ona, 1,8-cineol; 3-methoxy galangin
Achyrocline satureioides (Lam.) DC. Marcela hembra, marcela, yateí caá, vira-vira, marcela del campo, marcelita Ariza Espinar 2280 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: antidiabetic, digestive, antibacterial, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antidiarrheal, to treat asthenia, tonic and stimulant Dried inflorescence + stem: sedative, antiseptic, antispasmodic, for inflammation, and to aid and promote menstruation Leaf, infusion: antitussive in bronchitis Leaf + flowers: digestive, carminative, antispasmodic, sedative, anti-ashmatic, antitussive, hypoglycemic Flowers, infusion: to treat asthma, analgesic, antispasmodic, antiinflammatory BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: hepatoprotective, immunostimulant, cytotoxic, vasodilatory, antiherpetic, antispasmodic, anti-ulcerative, antimicrobial, antioxidant, molluscicidal, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and mutagenic activity; relaxant effect Dried inflorescence: Immunosuppressant, antioxidant, and antiinflammatory activity Dried entire plant. Achyrofuran: oxygen heterocycle; delta cadinene,: sesquiterpene; quercetin: flavonoid; caffeic, chlorogenic and isochlorogenic acids: phenolic acids; galangin, 3-methoxy galangin-; quercetin-3methylether, 2,4'-4-tri-hydroxy-6methoxychalcone, 7,4'- di-hydroxy-5methoxyflavone Dried inflorescence. Quercetin, luteolin, 3-0methyl quercetin, 3,7-dimethoxy-5,8dihydroxyflavone: flavonoids
Achyrocline tomentosa Rusby. Marcela, uira, uira-ira, vira-vira Ariza Espinar 2821 (CORD) Plant: digestive, anti-emetic, anti-catharral, antitussive, expectorant Flowers: digestive CAT, COR, COS, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SJU, TUCNo biological test Dried aerial parts. 3,5-dihydroxy-7,8-dimethoxyflavone, 5,7,4'-trihydroxy-8,3'-dimethoxyflavone: flavonoids; β-sitosterol: steroid; caryatin: flavonol; caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, iso chlorogenic acid, 3, 4dicaffeoyl quinic, 3, 5- dicaffeoyl quinic, 4, 5dicaffeoyl quinic acids
Acmella decumbensvar. affinis (Hook. & Arn.) R. K. Jansen Ñil-ñil Hunziker 7128 (CORD) Root: against toothache, pectoral BAI, CAT, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, RNE, SDE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Acmella decumbens (Sm.) R. K. Jansen var. decumbens Zuma Spilanthes decumbens (Sm.) A. H. Moore Stuckert 11663 (CORD) Root: against toothache, pectoral Part not specified: sialogogue, analgesic, pectoral BAI, COR, COS, ERI, MIS Aerial parts: antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic activity Root: anti-inflammatory activity Root. Alkamides
Ageratum conyzoides L. Borraja del campo Chiarini 478 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: emmenagogue, tonic in diarrhea, for flatulent colic, tumors, rheumatism leprosy, skin diseases and body swelling; to treat stomachache, abortifacient, in case of dysmenorrhea, and menorrhagia Aerial parts: against cough, tonic, emmenagogue, diuretic, febrifuge, and for cold Leaf, infusion: analgesic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, purgative; to treat cut sores, gonorrhea, and intestinal worms BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Dried aerial parts: analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antimalarial activity Essential oil: antibacterial activity Dried leaf: anti-inflammatory activity Dried entire plant. Ageconyflavone A, B, C: flavone; friedelin: triterpene B, C: flavone; friedelin: triterpene Leaf. Stigmasterol, stigmast-7-en-3-βol: steroids Essential oil. 2-2-dimethyl-7-methoxy Ageratochromene, 6-demethoxy ageratochromene: bornyl acetate, bornyl formate, borneol: monoterpenes; β-cadinene, γ-cadinene,: sesquiterpenes; coumarin
Ambrosia elatior L. Altamisa Ariza Espinar 1827 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: for fertility regulation, abortifacient Aerial parts: anthelmintic, purgative, emmenagogue, cephalalgic, antitussive, febrifuge Leaf + twigs, infusion: fertility regulation Pollen: allergenic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU Dried entire plant: antibacterial activity Dried aerial parts. 4-β-10-α-allo aromadendrene, damsinic acid, dihydro parthenolide: sesquiterpenes; chlorogenic acid, iso chlorogenic acid: phenylpropanoids Dried pollen. Cholest-7-en-3-β-ol, lophenone: steroid
Ambrosia scabra Hook. & Arn. Ajenjo del campo, altamisa, artemisa Hunziker 7317 (CORD) Aerial parts and root: against fevers and worms BAI Aerial parts: trypanocidal activity No data
Ambrosia tenuifolia Spreng. Altamisa Ariza Espinar 3035 (CORD) Aerial parts: stimulant, digestive, hepatic, carminative, anthelmintic, cephalalgic, anti-neuralgic, febrifuge Dried aerial parts, decoction: to treat urinary tract infections, antidiarrheal; infusion: febrifuge, anthelmintic, carminative, antitussive, contraceptive, abortive, for neuralgia and rheumatism, antipyretic Pollen: allergenic BAI, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: cytotoxic, antiinflammatory, trypanocidal, leishmanicidal, antibacterial, and antiviral activity Dried aerial parts. Altamisin: sesquiterpene; ambrosic acid, βbisabolene, trans β-bergamotene: sesquiterpenes Essential oil. 1-8-Cineol, , geranial, neral, limonene: monoterpenes Dried root. Stigmasterol: steroid
Aphyllocladus spartioides Wedd. Pular, pulare Hunziker 24737 (CORD) Leaf: digestive Dried branches + leaf, infusion: for digestive disorders JUJ, SAL Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Aerial parts. α-and β-pinene, spathulenol, α-cadinol, δ and γ cadinene, trans-pinocarveol, α-copaene, E-caryophyllene, bicyclogermacrene, caryophyllene oxide, muurole-4,10(14)dien-1β-ol, epi-α-cadinol, shyobonol
Artemisia copa Phil. Copa-copa, copa, coa, copal, copa tola, copal tola Cabrera 8894 (LP) Aerial parts: antitussive, carminative; for hypertension, head and stomach-ache, rheumatism, fever, respiratory diseases, for treatment of influenza, and digestive disorders; decoction: to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections CAT, JUJ, SAL, SJU Dried aerial parts: antioxidant, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, antinociceptive, analgesic, anxiolytic and anticonvulsant activity Dried aerial parts. Achillin; sesquiterpene; jaceidin, 7methyljaceidin : flavonoids; 3,5 dihydroxy 6,7,3',4' tetramethoxyflavone Leaf. Jaceidin, jaceidin-7-methylether, luteolin, kaempferol 6-methyl ether 3O-rhamnoglucoside Essential oil. Jaceidin: flavonol; linalool: monoterpene; deacetyl matricarin: sesquiterpenes
Artemisia echegarayi Hieron. Ajenjo blanco, ajenjo Hunziker 23706 (CORD) Aerial parts: carminative, stomachic LRI, MEN, SJU No biological test Dried leaf. Chrysoeriol: flavone; quercetagetin: flavonol
Artemisia mendozana DC. var. mendozana Ajenjo blanco chico, ajenjo Barboza 944 (CORD) Aerial parts: carminative, stomachic, cholagogue, hepatic CAT, LRI, MEN, SJU No biological test Dried leaf. Cynaroside, chrysoeriol, luteolin: flavone Essential oil. Azulene: sesquiterpene; thujone: monoterpene
Artemisia mendozana var. paramilloënsis F. A. Roig & Ambrosetti Ajenjo Kurtz 10925 (CORD) Aerial parts: hepatic, stomachic, digestive MEN No biological test No data
Baccharis artemisioides Hook. & Arn. Romerillo blanco, pichana blanca, romerillo malo, romerillo, mío-mío blanco Hunziker 8150 (CORD) Aerial parts: antirheumatic BAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, RNE, SFE, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: cytotoxic effect Dried aerial parts. Bartemidiolide: diterpene Essential oil. Borneol, farnesol: monoterpenes Part not specified. Roridin D: sesquiterpene
Baccharis articulata (Lam.) Pers. Carquejilla, carqueja, carqueja blanca, carqueja crespa Ariza Espinar 1706 (CORD) Aerial parts: hepatic, digestive, antiseptic, cholagogue, hepatotonic, antiulcer, antidiabetic, febrifuge, anthelmintic, antidiarrheal, diuretic, for treatment of wounds externally, impotence and female sterility, sexual stimulant, and to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections, for humoral and blood diseases; to treat male impotence BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MIS, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: bitter tasting effect; antiviral, antiinflammatory and antioxidant activity Aerial parts. Articulin, articulin acetate: diterpenes; aromadendrene: sesquiterpene; luteolin, quercetin, cirsimaritin, salvigenin: flavonoids; genkwanin, acacetin: flavone; 7-4´dimetilapigenin; 4'-O-β-Dglucopyranosyl-3',5'-dimethoxybenzylcaffeate: phenolic acid derivative; caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,5dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,4dicaffeoylquinic acid Aerial parts essential oil. Camphene, Δ3–carene, trans-β-ocimene, γcadinene, α-gurjunene, α-cadinol, αcalacorene, trans-calamenene, βcaryophyllene, α-cubebene, βcubebene, cubenol, β-elemene, cis- βfarnesene, germacrene D, γ-gurjunene, α-humulene, limonene, α-copaene, globulol, epiglobulol, linalool, βsesquiphellandrene, α-muurolene, γmuurolene, T-muurolol, trans-nerolidol, β-pinene, spathulenol, terpinen-4-ol, terpinolene, α-terpineol, valencene, neral, caryophyllene oxide, δ-cadinene, α-pinene, myrcene, T-cadinol, βguaiene aromadendrene, bicyclogermacrene; α-caryophyllene, epi-α-bisbaolol, γ-elemene Female plants essential oils. β-pinene, spathulenol, (E) nerolidol Male plants essential oil: spathulenol, β-caryophyllene, bicyclogermacrene, (E) nerolidol Flowers. Barticulidiol, bacchotricuneatin A: diterpenes
Baccharis boliviensis (Wedd.) Cabrera var. boliviensis Romero, chijua, chajhura, chicha, chisqua, cosco, pesco tola, sacha tola, tola, tola chijua Ariza Espinar 2723 (CORD) Aerial parts: vulnerary CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC Dried aerial parts: alelopatic activity; trypanocidal effect Aerial parts. 4,5-hydroxy-3,3,6,7,8pentamethoxyflavone, terprenes; bolivianol: ent-clerodane furanoditerpenoid
Baccharis coridifolia DC. Mío-mío, romerillo, ajenjo del campo, mío, niyo Ariza Espinar 2268 (CORD) Aerial parts: to induce abortion, for treating wounds externally; disease in livestock, hepatoprotective, antiinflammatory BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antioxidant, antifungal, antiviral and cytotoxic activity; toxicity to the brine shrimp Flower + fruit + leaf: anticrustacean activity Leaf + stem: cytotoxic activity Aerial parts essential oil. β-caryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide: sesquiterpenes Dried inflorescence + seeds. Miophytocen b, miotoxin a, miotoxin b: misc lactone Aerial parts (male plants). Miotoxin C, roridin A, E: sesquiterpenoids Seed coat. Roridin A, E: sesquiterpenoid Aerial parts. Verrucarins, roridin, satratoxins, baccharinoids: macrocyclic trichothecenes
Baccharis crispa Spreng. Carqueja Ariza Espinar 2358 (CORD) Aerial parts: diuretic, hepatic, digestive, cholagogue, tonic, antiulcer, antiseptic, anthelmintic, febrifuge, aphrodisiac, for treating wounds externally and impotence and female sterility; for hair care (dandruff and seborrhoea) BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antiinflammatory, antioxidant, and antibacterial, and antifungal activity Dried root: antiviral activity Aerial parts. Apigenin,7-4'dimethylapigenin, 3´-4´-7-tri-O-methylluteolin: flavonoids; genkwanin, 3'-5dihydroxy-4'-7-dimethoxy flavone: flavones; bacrispine, 1-desoxy-bacrispine, hautriwaic acid: diterpenes; caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,4dicaffeoylquinic acid Dried aerial parts essential oil. α-pinene, β-pinene, α-thujene, camphene, sabinene, myrcene, α-phellandrene, p-cymene, limonene, trans-β-ocimene, γ-terpinolene, linalol, terpinen-4-ol, α-cubebene, βcubenene, α-copaene, α-gurjunene, α and β-caryophyllene, aromadendrene, αhumulene, γ-muurolene, germacrene-D, bicyclogermacrene, α-elemene, γ-elemene, α-selinene, α-muurolene, germacrene-A, γcadinene, δ-cadinene, βsesquiphellandrene, caryophyllene oxide, ledol, globulol, epiglobulol, humulene oxide II, spathulenol, trans-nerolidol, 1-epicubenol, cedr-8(15)-en-9-α-ol, cubenol, αcadinol, calamenenol
Baccharis darwinii Hook. & Arn. Ariza Espinar 1920 (CORD) Aerial parts: antimicrobial BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Auraptene, 5'-oxo auraptene: coumarin; β farnesene: sesquiterpene
Baccharis flabellata Hook. & Arn. Carqueja, charrúa, chilquilla, clavillo, romerillo Ariza Espinar 2356 (CORD) Essential oil: antimicrobial COR, LPA, LRI, SDE, SJU, SLU Plant essential oil: antibacterial activity Dried aerial parts. Baccharis diterpene 1-A: diterpene; cirsiliol, hispidulin: flavone; 2,19;15,16-diepoxy-neoclerodan-3,13(16),14-trien-18-oic acid, 15,16-epoxy-5,10-seco-clerodan1(10),2,4,13(16),14-pentaen-18,19olide, 15,16-epoxy-neo-clerodan1,3,13(16),14-tetraen-18,19-olide: diterpenoid derivatives
Baccharis gaudichaudiana DC. Carqueja, chilca melosa Arbo 2308 (CORD) Aerial parts: digestive, hepatic, antidiabetic, antidiarrheal, to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections CHA, COS, MIS, SDE Dried aerial parts: sweetening effect; antioxidant, antileishmanial and cytotoxic activity Dried aerial parts. Apigenin, quercetin-3-O-L-α-rhamnoside, rutin, eupafolin: flavonoids; articulin acetate; gaudichaudioside A, gaudichaudioside B, gaudichaudioside C to F: clerodane diterpenoids; bacchariol, 15,16.epoxy15α-methoxy-ent-clerod-3-en-18-oic acid, 13-epi-15,16-epoxy-15α-methoxyent-clerod-3-en-18-oic acid and 7-oxo16-hydroxy-ent-clerod-3-en-15-oic acid methyl ester-18,19-olide: ent-clerodane diterpenes; 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid: phenolic acid derivative
Baccharis genistifolia DC. Hunziker 2298 (CORD) Entire plant: antispamodic BAI, CHU, COR, LPA, SFE No biological test No data
Baccharis gilliesii A. Gray Mata trigo, mata pulga Hunziker 4115 (CORD) Flowers + leaf: antispamodic BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. 3,6,3' Me Quercetagenin: flavonoid
Baccharis grisebachii Hieron. Tola alta, quinchamal, kinchamiel, lancha, quinchamali, romerillo, tancha Hunziker 1867 (CORD) Aerial parts: digestive and torelieve gastric ulcers,antirheumatic, antiseptic, cicatrizant, Leaf: for wound healing CAT, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, TUC Aerial parts: antimicrobial, antidiarrheal and antiulcer activity; free radical scavengers and lipoperoxidation inhibitionin erythrocytes; toxicity to the brine shrimp Aerial parts. Pectolinaringenin:flavone; nevadensin, 5,7,4'-trihydroxy6-methoxyflavone, quercetin, 5,7,4'trihydroxy-6,3'-dimethoxyflavone,5,7,4'-trihydroxy-6,8dimethoxyflavone: flavonoids; labda7,13E-dien-2β,15-diol: labdane diterpene; drupanin, 4-acetyl-3,5diprenylcinnamic acid and trans-ferulic acid O-hexan-3-onyl-ether, 4-acetyl-3prenyl-ethoxycinnamate, 3-prenyl-4-(4'hydroxydihydrocinnamoyloxy)cinnamate: p-coumaric acid derivatives
Baccharis latifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.Chilca, niquitao Baccharis floribunda Kunth Zardini 1418 (LP) Leaf: for wound healing; for skin infections and diabetes (sub nom.B. floribunda)Leaf + stem, decoction: for rheumatism, liver disease, wounds and ulcers CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC Plant essential oil: antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activity Aerial parts essential oil. Germacrone-D, α-thujene, α-pinene, limonene, ledolAerial parts. 5-hydroxy-7,4´dimethoxyflavone, 3,5,4´-trihydroxy7,3´dimethoxyflavone, 3,5-dihydroxy5,7,3´,4´trimethoxyflavone, 3-hydroxy5,7,3',4'tetramethoxyflavone, 5-hydroxy7.3',4' trimethoxyflavone: flavonoids
Baccharis linearis (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers.Romerillo Bernardello 584 (CORD) Ash: antirheumatic Plant: mountain sickness CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE Aerial parts: alelopatic andcytotoxic activity Stem + leaf. Lachnophyllum ester, spathulenol; werneriachromene, acetylated dihydrobenzofuran;erythrodiol; oleanolic acid, drupanine;maslinic acid, 3-O- methylkaempferol, 3-O-methylquercetin, 3,3'-Odimethylquercetin, jewenol A, diterpene acids; stigmasta-7,22-dien-3β-ol,stigmasta-7,22-dien-3β-ol-β-Dglucopyranoside, nepetin, quercetin 3methyl ether, lachnophyllum ester, werneria chromene, portulide B, neoclerodane type diterpenes and oneperhydroazulene derivativeAerial parts essential oil. α- and βpinene, myrcene, limonene, δ-cadinene, bicyclogermacrene, caryophyllene oxide, cubenol and α-cadinol
Baccharis microcephala(Less.) DC. Carqueja, carqueijaSchinini 19359 (CORD) Aerial plant: hepatic, antidiarrheal, cardioactive, diuretic, febrifuge, BAI, CHA, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test Dried aerial parts essential oil. αcopaene, β-elemene, α-humulene, βcaryophyllene, allo-aromadendrene, γgujunene, α-himachalene, α-muurolene,δ-cadinene, ledol, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, globulol, epiglobulol, tau-cadinol, α-cadinol
Baccharis notosergila Griseb. CarquejaAriza Espinar 1931 (CORD) Entire plant: antimicrobial, antibiotic, antirheumatic, hepatic, diuretic, digestive, cholagogue, febrifuge, antiseptic, antispasmodicBAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, SDE, SFE Dried aerial parts: antifungal and antibacterial activity Dried root: antiviral activity Dried stem: antitrypanosomal activity Dried aerial parts. Apigenin, genkwanin: flavone; caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,4dicaffeoylquinic acid
Baccharis obovata Hook. & Arn. Huautro, chilca, romerillo, guantro, vatrúCocucci 2138 (CORD) Aerial plant: antispamodic, against the alopecia CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test Aerial parts essential oil. α-thujene, αand β-pinene, sabinene, myrcene, limonene, terpinen-4-ol
Baccharis oxyodonta DC. Tressens 6359 (CTES) Part not specified: cicatrizant, maturating, for acne, hernia,chilblain, and against the scabies MIS No biological test Dried aerial parts essential oil . Sabinene, β-pinene, myrcene, limonene, α-gurjunene, β-caryophyllene, germacrene-D, bicyclogermacrene, spathulenol, β- phellandrene, α-terpinolene, p-cymene, cissabinene hydrate Root. Pinocembrin, pinobanksin: flavanones
Baccharis pingraea var. angustissima DC. Biurrun 5361 (CORD) Aerial parts: antimicrobial, antirheumatic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, astringentBAI, COR, ERI, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SFE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Baccharis pingraea DC. var. pingraeaChilca, suncho Ariza Espinar 2269 (CORD) Entire plant: antimicrobial, antirheumatic, anti-inflammatory, astringentBAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity Aerial parts. Angeloyl-gutierrezianolic acid: furolabdane; furolabda-6,8-dien17-oic acid, furolabda-7-en-17-oic acid: diterpenes; (10E) centipedic acid: diterpenoid
Baccharis punctulata DC. Chilca Nicora 5896 (LP) Part not specified: for heart pains BAI, CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SFE, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Bicyclogermacrene, epi cubenol, germacrene D, αhumulene: sesquiterpenes
Baccharis racemosa (Ruiz & Pav.) DC. Huautro, guodicoy Diem 1793 (SI) Aerial parts: medicinal CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test Aerial parts essential oil. Sabinene, βpinene, myrcene, limonene, δ-cadinene, nerolidol, viridiflorol, α-muurolol, αcadinol
Baccharis rhomboidalis J. Rémy Cocucci 3480 (CORD) Ash: antirheumatic NEU, RNE Dried aerial parts:βglucuronidase inhibition Dried aerial parts. Baccharis diterpene 3, baccharis diterpene 4: diterpenes; oleanolic acid: triterpene; 5-OH-7,4'OMe-flavone Dried leaf. Acacetin: flavone; brein: triterpene
Baccharis rufescens Spreng. var. rufescens Chilca roja Barboza 1228 (CORD) Leaf: vaginal mycosis, anuria, urin with blood BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU Dried aerial parts: antiinflammatory activity Dried leaf: antiamebic activity Aerial parts essential oil. α-thujene, αpinene, camphene, sabinene, myrcene, Δ3– carene, α-terpinene, limonene, γ-terpinene, terpinolene, linalool, terpinen-4-ol, αterpineol, neral, α-cubebene, trans-βocimene, α-copaene, β-cubebene, βelemene, α-gurjunene, β-caryophyllene, aromadendrene, α-humulene, cis- βfarnesene, γ-muurolene, germacrene D, valencene, bicyclogermacrene, αmuurolene, γ-cadinene, δ-cadinene, βsesquiphellandrene, trans-calamenene, αcalacorene, trans-nerolidol, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, T-cadinol, Tmuurolol, cubenol, α-cadinol, epi-αbisbaolol Aerial parts. Ent-3,19-disuccinyloxykaur-16-ene: diterpene; oleanolic acid: triterpenoid; cirsimaritin (5,4'dihydroxy-6,7-dimethoxyflavone), cirsiliol (5,3',4'-trihydroxy-6,7dimethoxyflavone): flavonoids
Baccharis sagittalis (Less.) DC. Carqueja Giraldez 145 (CORD) Aerial parts: digestive, hepatic, tonic, cicatrizant, diuretic, antidiarrheal, cardioactive CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity Aerial parts. Marrubiagenin, ciscleroda-15,16-dihydroxy-3,13 (Z)-dien18-(β-D-galactopyranosil)peracetylester; cis-cleroda-3,13 (14)dien-15,16-olid-18-(β-Dgalactopyranosil)-peracetylester: diterpenes
Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. Chilca amarga, chilca, chilca blanca, junco, t'ola alta, chilca dulce, jarilla, jarilla del río, junco, romerillo, suncho, vara dulce, chillca, chirca, Baccharis glutinosa Pers. Hunziker 15929 (CORD) Aerial parts: antirheumatic, antiinflammatory, antiseptic, astringent, febrifuge, diuretic, vermifuge; for stomachache, dysentery, and diarrhea; gynecological and digestive disorders, for skin diseases (sub nom. B. glutinosa) BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts essential oil: insecticide activity Fresh plant juice: antimycobacterial activity Aerial parts: antileishmanial activity Dried aerial parts. Baccharis diterpene 10 , baccharis diterpene 11, bacchasalicylic acid: diterpenes; friedoolean-3β-ol, stigmasterol, baccharis oxide Resin. Acacetin, apigenin: flavones Dried aerial parts essential oil. α-pinene, β-pinene, α-thujene, camphene, sabinene, myrcene, α-phellandrene, p-cymene, limonene, trans-β-ocimene, γ-terpinolene, linalool, terpinen-4-ol, δ-elemene, βelemene, α-cubebene, β-cubenene, αcopaene, α-gurjunene, α and βcaryophyllene, aromadendrene, αhumulene, γ-muurolene, germacrene-D, bicyclogermacrene, α-selinene, γ-cadinene, δ-cadinene, β-sesquiphellandrene, αcalacorene, calamenene, caryophyllene oxide, T-cadinol, spathulenol, transnerolidol, cubenol, α-cadinol, verboccidentafuran
Baccharis scandens (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. Chilca dulce, chascoma, chilca, fia m ate, palo blanco, suncho blanco Baccharis calliprinos Griseb. Hunziker et al. 14246 (CORD) Aerial parts: calmative (sub nom. B. calliprinos) CAT, LRI, MEN, SJU, TUC Aerial parts: anti-inflammatory activity (sub nom. B. calliprinos) Aerial parts. Bacchascandone: norsesquiterpenoid; bacchalineol malonate: diterpenoid
Baccharis sculpta Griseb. Chilca hoja larga, chilca troja Hunziker 20413 (CORD) Leaf: vaginal mycosis, anuria, urin with blood, diuretic CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Baccharis sessiliflora Vahl Baccharis cordobensis Heering Hunziker 15933 (CORD) Aerial parts: antiinflammatory BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, SFE Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Aerial parts essential oil. α-thujene, α-pinene, camphene, sabinene, α-phellandrene, limonene, terpinolene, linalool, terpinen-4-ol, α-terpineol, neral, α-cubebene, α-copaene, β-pinene, myrcene, β-elemene, α-gurjunene, αhumulene, α-cadinol, β-caryophyllene, aromadendrene, γ-muurolene, germacrene D, bicyclogermacrene, γcadinene, γ-cadinol, δ-cadinene, sesquiphellandrene, trans-nerolidol, Tcadinol, cubenol, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, (sub nom. B. cordobensis)
Baccharis spartioides (Hook.. & Arn. ex DC.) J. Rémy Pichana, pichana amarga, escoba, pichona Hunziker 9172 (CORD) Entire plant: aromatic, to treat wounds, anti-inflammatory, vermifuge, BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SJU, SLU, TUC Entire plant: antipyretic and anti-inflammatory activity Dried aerial parts. Spartidienedione: sesquiterpene
Baccharis spicata (Lam.) Baill. Carqueja, chilca blanca Hunziker 3637 (CORD) Aerial parts + root: medicinal BAI, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, LPA, SDE, SFE Aerial parts: trypanocidal activity Dried aerial parts. Bacchotricuneatin A: diterpene
Baccharis tola Phil. Lejía, legía fina, ligia, ñaca tola, pampa tola, tola, tola lejía, tola léjia, tola ñaca, tola yoque Baccharis incarum Wedd. Hunziker 23928 (CORD) Leaf: for wound healing Part not specified: antirheumatic CAT, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, TUC Aerial parts: antileishmanial and antioxidant activity Aerial parts. 5,4'-dihydroxy3,6,7,8,3'-pentamethoxyflavone, 5,4'dihydroxy-6,7,8,3'tetramethoxyflavone: flavonoids; bincantriol, ent-beyerene-18,19-diol, ent-beyeren-18-ol, 8,13-epoxy-14labden-19-ol, neohibaenol: diterpenoids; oleanolic acid, β-amyrin, spathunelol; bacchalineol, barticulidiol, bicantriol
Baccharis triangularis Hauman Carqueja Anderson 4067 (CORD) Aerial parts: hepatic, diuretic, cholagogue BAI, CHU, LPA, RNE, SLU No biological test Aerial parts. Luteolin, 7-O-metil luteolin: flavones; ent-cleroda-3-em15,16,18,19-diolid: diterpene.
Baccharis trimera (Less.) DC. Carqueja, carqueja crespa, carqueja amargosa Hunziker 748 (CORD) Aerial parts: gastrointestinal disorders, digestive, cholagogue, hepatic, analgesic, antiseptic, antirheumatic, tonic, febrifuge, anti-ulcer, anti-diabetic, diuretic, for male impotence and female sterility, anthelmintic, antiinflammatory, abortive, emmenagogue, neonatal and paediatrics care, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth, post partum pains and diseases BAI, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SFE Aerial parts + seeds: antimicrobial, antiviral, analgesic, bactericidal, anti-leishmanial, diuretic, antioxidant, anti-mutagenic, hypoglycemic, anti-ulcer, antirheumatic, relaxant, antiinflammatory, gastro-protective, antidiarrheal, and hepatoprotective activity; embryotoxic and fetotoxic activity in rats Aerial parts. Hautriwaic acid, 1-desoxybacrispine, bacrispine, 7-4´-di-O-methylapigenin: diterpenes; apigenin, cirsimaritin, genkwanin, eupatorin, escoparol; luteolin, nepetin; quercetin, hispidulin, rutin, dilactone A, B, and C: flavonoids Dried aerial parts essential oil. Carquejol, α-pinene, sabinene, β-pinene, myrcene, limonene, trans-β-ocimene,γ-terpinene, naphtalen, α-terpinol, carquejil acetate, αcubebene, α-copaene, β-cubebene, α- elemene, β-elemene, γ-elemene, α- gurjunene, β-caryophyllene, β-gurjunene, α-guaien,α-humulene, allo-aromadendrene, γ-gurjunene, γ-muurolene, γ-himachelene, β-selinene, valencene, viridiflorene, α-selinene, α-longipinene, α-muurolene, α-farnesene, germacrene-D, bicyclogermacrene, germacrene-B, aromadendrene, α-bisabolene, γ-cadinene, δ-cadinene, α-calacorene, γ-elemene, elemol, ledol, globulol, epiglobulol, humulene oxide I, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, guaien-4-ol, 1-epi- cubenol, γ-eudesmol, τ-cadinol, τ-muurolol, torreiol, β-eudesmol, α-eudesmol, α-cadinol, op lopanone, ph ytol, β-phellandrene, terpinolene, palustrol
Baccharis trinervis Pers. Carqueja, chilca Novara 8015 (CORD) Leaf + shoot, infusion: digestive, diuretic, lactogen, for vertigo, gastrointestinal disorders and fever Dried leaf + stem, decoction: digestive; for high fever, edema, sores, muscle cramps, dental, and urinary tract problems CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE Dried entire plant: superoxide scavenging activity increase; antiviral activity; cytotoxic effect Dried shoots: molluscicidal activity Plant essential oil: antifungal and antibacterial activity Dried aerial parts. Acacetin, apigenin: flavone; β-amyrin, lupeol: triterpenes; methyltrineracetal, epimethyltrineracetal, deoxy articulin: diterpenoids; 2'-4'-6'-trihydroxy chalcone: flavonoid Dried leaf . 3'-5-dihydroxy-4'-7dimethoxy flavone. Dried branches. Pectolinaringenin, salvigenin: flavones; pedunletin: flavonol Aerial parts essential oil. α-thujene, α- and β-pinene, sabinene, β-phellandrene, (E)-lachnophyllum acid methyl ester, (Z)-lachnophyllum acid methyl ester
Baccharis tucumanensis Hook. & Arn. var. tucumanensis Suncho blanco, chilca Cabrera 3128 (LP) Aerial parts: abortive CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC Aerial part: toxicity to the brine shrimp Aerial part. Batudioic acid: labdane type diterpene; xanthomicrol, scutellarein-7,4′-dimethyl ether
Baccharis vulneraria Baker Hunziker 6526 (CORD) Baccharidastrum triplinervium (Less.) Cabrera Part not specified: antiseptic, for wounds BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Bidens andicola var. cosmantha (Griseb.) Sherff Saetilla, amor seco, michay, pante amarillo Solís Neffa 855 (CTES) Root: for hepatic affections, antiemetic, stomachic CAT, JUJ, SAL Aerial parts: antioxidant activity (sub nom. B. andicola) Aerial parts. 7-O-glycosides flavonols, β-D-glucopyranose, α-Lrhamnopyranose, β-D-xylopyranose, chalcone ester glycoside, chalcone ester glycosides (sub nom. B. andicola)
Bidens pilosa L. var. pilosa Amor seco, saetilla, picón Ariza Espinar 1855 (CORD)Entire plant: hypoglycemic, against toothache, icteric, febrifuge, cicatrizant, antiinflammatory, diuretic, and against cough, blennorrhea, hepatic and urinary ailments Leaf: anti-ulcer, anti-emetic, hepatic, digestive, anti-ashmatic, abortifacient Dried flowers: antidiarrheal . BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, TUC Dried aerial parts: radioprotective effect, antimalarial, antibacterial, antimycotic, antihyperglycemic and antihypertensive activity; T cell modulator Dried leaf: antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activity Dried entire plant. Aesculetin:coumarin; β-amyrin, phytosterin-β,esculetin,β-sitosterol glucoside, lupeol,lupeol acetate; astragalin: flavonol; β-Dglucopyranosyloxy-3-hydroxy-6(E)tetradecen-8,10,12-triyne; cytopiloyne (2β-d-glucopyranosyloxy-1hydroxytrideca-5,7,9,11-tetrayne), 5-Omethylhoslundin; tridecapentyn-1ene,trideca-2,12-diene-4,6,8,10tetrayne-1-ol, trideca-3,11-diene-5,7,9triyne-1,2-diol and trideca-5-ene7,9,11-triyne-3-ol Fresh leaf. 3'-4'-6-7-tetrahydroxy -cis 7-O-β-D- glucopyranoside aurone: flavonoid Leaf essential oil. α- and β-pinene, limonene, β-phellandrene, thymol, βcopaene, β-guaien, β-humulene, cadinene, β-bisabolene, α-farnesene, β caryophyllene: terpenoids; 1-phenyl- hepta-1-3-5-triyne: benzenoid
Bidens subalternans var. simulans Sherff Amor seco, saetilla Cantino 699 (CORD) Aerial parts: ophtalmic, digestive BAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried entire plant: anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activity Dried entire plant. Maslinic acid: triterpene; stigmasterol: steroid
Chaetanthera pulvinata (Phil.) Hauman Escarapela, flor de la puna Hunziker 20852 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: for altitude sickness CAT, MEN, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Chaetanthera sphaeroidalis (Reiche) Hicken Flor de puna, poposa Bustos s.n. (CORD) Dried aerial parts: antitussive, for altitude sickness LRI, SJU No biological test No data
Chaptalia integerrima (Vell.) Burkart Lengua de vaca, pilosilla Ariza Espinar 2239 (CORD) Part not specified: astringent, vulnerary BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MIS, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. 7-hydroxy coumarin,8-0-β-D-glucoside: coumarin
Chaptalia nutans (L.) Pol. Cerraja, pelusa Ariza Espinar 1977 (CORD) Entire plant: pectoral, against catarrh, antifebril, astringent, vulnerary, decongestant, ophthalmic, anti-depressive Dried root, infusion: for fever, skin disease, and syphilis Leaf, infusion: for amenorrhea, laxant, bequic, for skin infections BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried leaf: anti-inflammatory, anti-edematogenic (edema induced by snakebit), and antibacterial activity Root: antibacterial activity Dried root. Nutanocoumarin; 7-O-b-Dglucopyranosyl-nutanocoumarin; prunasin: benzenoid
Chaptalia piloselloides (Vahl) Baker Meyer 2287 (LP) Part not specified: astringent, vulnerary BAI, COS, ERI, LPA, MIS No biological test No data
Chaptalia sinuata (Less.) Baker Yerba de San Juan Ariza Espinar 1693 (CORD) Entire plant: pectoral, against catarrh, febrifuge, astringent, vulnerary, decongestant, ophtalmic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Chersodoma argentina Cabrera Tola gris, salvia de la puna, salvia blanca, tola blanca, quinchamal, tola de burro Hunziker 19217 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: for nervous diseases Leaf: vulnerary CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC No biological test Essential oil. Iso valeric acid
Chersodoma jodopappa (Sch. Bip. ex Wedd.) Cabrera . Salvia de la lu na, salvia de la puna, tola, tola de burro Núñez 556 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC Dried leaf + stem: antitrypanosomal and antileishmanial activity Dried aerial parts. Senkirkine: secopyrrolizidine alkaloid; 6β -hydroxy-8β[H)-eremophila-7 (11)-en-8,12-olide (6β-hydroxyeremophilanolide),6β, 8β-dihydroxy- 10 β [H]-eremophila-7 (11)-en8,12-olide (6β, 8βdihydroxyeremophilanolide): sesquiterpene lactones of the eremophilanolide type
Chiliophyllum densifolium Phil. Romero pichi, romero del piche, romero chico, piche Hunziker 23678 (CORD) Aerial parts: diuretic, hepatic, for sandstone in kidneys and liver MEN No biological test No data
Chiliotrichum diffusum (G. Forst.) Kuntze Mata negra, Ko'or, Kóor, incienso, fachine, margarita, romerillo Grondona 7119 (BAA) Flowers: eyes disease MEN, NEU, RNE Leaf + flowers: antioxidant activity Flowers: antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity Flowers. Anthocyanin; 3,7,4'trihydroxy-flavylium, apigeninidin: tannin
Chuquiraga acanthophylla Wedd. Espina amarilla, planta de San Pedro Novara 8251 (CORD) Leaf + spines: antitussive JUJ No biological test No data
Chuquiraga avellanedae Lorentz Mataquerosén, quilembay, calembay, trayao lahuén Cocucci 2530 (CORD) Aerial parts: antitussive CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test Dried aerial parts. Lupeol, 6-βhydroxy taraxast-20-ene: triterpene
Chrysanthellum indicum subsp. afroamericanum B.L. Turner Crisalina Hunziker 12165 (CORD) Aerial parts: antiseptic, antispasmodic, topical agent for the treatment of moderate rosacea (sub nom. C. indicum) CAT, COR, COS, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antioxidant activity; effective antiinflammatory agent (sub nom. C. indicum) Aerial parts. Flavonoids, saponnins, phenylpropenoic acids (sub nom. C. indicum)
Cnicothamnus lorentzii Griseb. Azafrán Cabrera 22576 (LP) Medicinal JUJ, SAL, TUC Leaf + stem: antileishmanial activity No data
Conyza bonariensis (L.) Cronquist Hierba carnicera, yerba carnicera, rama negra, vira vira, mata negra, melena de viejo Hunziker 8095 (CORD) Aerial parts: antiulcer, hepatic, abluent, anthelmintic, cicatrizant; infusion: antipyretic, antirheumatic, for stomach ulcers, diuretic, antiseptic, urinary, antidiarrheal, cicatrizant, for acne and gastritis BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC Aerial parts essential oil : anti-inflammatory activity, xanthine oxidase inhibition, inotropic effect positive, CNS depressant and cardiotonic activity Dried aerial parts. Acacetin, takakin8-O-glucoronide: flavones; β-pinene, myrcene, dl- limonene, (Z)-β – ocimene, (E)-β – ocimene, p- Mentha-1,5,8-triene, p- Mentha-1,3,8-triene: monoterpenes; amyrin: triterpene; ambrosin, coronopilin, bicyclogermacrene, trans β farnesene, α-humulene, β-farnese, germacrene D, δ-cadinene, trans-nerolidol, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, humulene epoxide, epi-α-muurolol, α-cadinol: sesquiterpenes; chlorogenic acid: phenylpropanoid; iso quercitrin: flavonol
Conyza sumatrensis (Retz.) E. Walker var. sumatrensis Ariza Espinar 1857 (CORD) Aerial parts: antitussive, pectoral Dried leaf, decoction: for malaria BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MIS, SAL, SFE, SLU, TUC Dried entire plant: insecticide activity Stem: antibacterial activity Flowers + fruits: antibacterial and antifungal activity Dried aerial parts. Caryophyllene oxide, β-farnesene: sesquiterpenes Aerial parts essential oil. α and βpinene, myrcene, sabinene, dl-limonene, (Z)-β – ocimene, (E)-β – ocimene, p- Mentha- 1,5,8-triene, p-Mentha- 1,3,8-triene: monoterpenes; (E)-caryophyllene, α-humulene, βfarnese, germacrene D, bicyclogermacrene, δ-cadinene, transnerolidol, germacrene D-4-ol, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, epiα-muurolol, α-cadinol: sesquiterpenes
Conyza sumatrensis var. leiotheca (S.F. Blake) Pruski & G. Sancho Conyza floribunda Kunth Conyza sumatrensis var. floribunda (Kunth) J. B. Marshall Hunziker 8704 (CORD) Part not specified: cicatrizant, to relieve the lumbago (sub nom. C. floribunda) BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SFE, TUC Part not specified: antiviral and anti-inflammatory activity (sub nom. C. floribunda) Leaf. Decahydro-1, 1,7-trimethyl-4methylene 1 H-cycloprop(e) azule-7-ol, 24-Ethyl chrolesta-5,22-diene-3-ol (sub nom. C. floribunda) Aerial parts essential oil. α and βpinene, myrcene, dl- limonene, (Z)-β – ocimene, (E)-β – ocimene: monoterpenes; (E)-caryophyllene, αhumulene, β-farnese, germacrene D, bicyclogermacrene, trans-nerolidol, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, epiα-muurolol, α-cadinol: sesquiterpenes (sub nom. C. sumatrensis var. floribunda)
Cosmos peucedanifolius Wedd. Barboza 310 (CORD) Leaf + stem, infusion: antipyretic, antitussive Leaf: diaphoretic JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Cyclolepis genistoides D. Don Palo azu l, m atorro, azu squi, matorro negro, monte azul Hunziker 17484 (CORD) Aerial parts, decoction: diuretic, antirheumatic, antitussive, for treatment of renal and hepatic colics BAI, CAT, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: diuretic effect; anti-inflammatroy activity Flower + leaf. β-amyrin: triterpene; deacyl cynaropicrin,: sesquiterpene Aerial parts. 12 α,13 α-epoxyoleanolic acid, 3 β,30-dihydroxylup-20(29)-ene, 28-dihydroxylup 20(29)-en-30-al, deacylcynaropicrin, dihydroeleganin, isolippidiol
Dasyphyllum diacanthoides (Less.) Cabrera Palo santo, palo blanco, tayú, palo santo del sur, trevo, arrayán Belgrano 138 (SI) Aerial parts: antitussive, antiseptic, vulnerary, antifeverish CHU, NEU, RNE Aerial parts: antibacterial activity Dried aerial parts. Lupeol, lupeol acetate: triterpenes
Dinoseris salicifolia Griseb. Hunziker 19465 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, CHA, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. Heptadeca-trans-2-trans-8-trans-10-16-tetraene-3-6-diyn-1-ol: alkenyne C5 or more; ivangustin,5-6dehydro: sesquiterpene Root. Ivangustin,5-6-dehydro: sesquiterpene; trideca-1-trans-11-diene3-5-7-9-tetrayne: alkenyne C5 or more
Dolichlasium lagascae D. Don Yerba del ciervo Chiarini (CORD) Part not specified: diuretic, antitussive, against the influenza, emmenagogue, pectoral LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, SJU Dried entire plant: antibacterial activity Dried root. Caffeic acid: phenylpropanoid; dolichlasin: sesquiterpene; pereflorin,3-4-8trimethoxy: coumarin; iso sakuranetin: flavanone
Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk. Hunziker 11026 (CORD) Part not specified: astringent, cicatrizant, hemostatic, for arthritis rheumatoid, anti-hepatotoxic, antihipertensive, antitumoral and antiophidic effects BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC Plant: antioxidant, antihemorrhagic, anti-inflammatory, anti-hepatotoxic activity and in the hepatic infections (sub nom. E. alba); giardicidal activity Aerial parts. Nicotine: pyridine alkaloid; flavonoids, triterpenes, phytosteroids; wedelolactone: coumestans (sub nom. E. alba) Root. Demethylwedelolactone: coumestans
Egletes viscosa (L.) Less. Hunziker 6664 (CORD) Leaf: digestive, anti-disentery CHA, COS, FOR, SAL Flower essential oil: analgesic activity Dried flower buds. Centipedic acid, 12-acetoxy hautriwaic acid lactone: diterpenes; ternatin: flavonol
Elephantopus mollis Kunth Lengua de vaca Hunziker 18730 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: febrifuge, diuretic; decoction: antibacterial agent, antiviral, antipyretic, and for rheumatism Fresh leaf + root, decoction: febrifuge Part not specified: astringent, bitter tonic CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Entire plant: cytotoxic and anti-inflammatory activity Dried entire plant. β-amyrin acetate: triterpene; molephantinin, deoxy elephantopin: sesquiterpenes; epi friedelinol, lupeol: triterpene
Erechtites hieracifolius var. cacalioides (Fisch. ex Spreng.) Griseb. Ariza Espinar 790 (CORD) Part not specified: antimicrobial ; for catarrhal states and passive hemorrhages and swelling of the feet BAI, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test Part not specified. Hieracifoline: pyrrolizidine alkaloid Aerial parts essential oil. α-pinene, myrcene, (E)-β -ocimene, (E)caryophyllene, germacrene D, sabinene, β-pinene, limonene, linalool (sub nom. E. hieracifolia)
Eupatorium argentinum Ariza Ariza Espinar 2353 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, CHA, COR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test Leaf essential oil. p-cimene, α-pinene: monoterpenes
Eupatorium arnottianum Griseb. Clavel, tují Ariza Espinar 2230 (CORD) Aerial parts: antispamodic, expectorant, to relieve the stomach-ache, for asthm, colds, bronchitis, gastrointestinal pain, and topically in plasters for bone fractures CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial activity; cell proliferation inhibition; immunomodulating properties Plant. Nepetin, jaceosidin, hispidulin, eriodictyol, hyperoside, rutin, caffeic and chlorogenic acids
Eupatorium artemisiifolium Griseb. Ariza Espinar 1552 (CORD) Aerial parts: bitter tonic BAI, COR, ERI No biological test No data
Eupatorium buniifolium Hook. & Arn. var. buniifolium Chilca, mio-mio, romerillo, romero Ariza Espinar 1356 (CORD) Aerial parts: bitter tonic, disinfectant, hepatoprotective BAI, CAT, COR, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antiviral, trypanocidal, leishmanicidal, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activity; immunomodulating properties; DNA polymerase and cell proliferation inhibition Dried aerial parts. Acacetin, centaureidin, jaceidin: flavones; β amyrin: triterpene; hispidulin, santin: flavonoids; 5,7,5'-trihydroxy-3,6,2',4'tetramethoxyflavone, scopoletin, centaureidin; methyl-ent-labd-8(17)-en18-oic acid-15-oate, 15-hydroxy-ent-labd8(17)-en-18-oic acid, 15,16-epoxy-15methoxy-ent-labd-8(17)-en-18-oic acid, 15-methoxy-ent-labd-8(17)-13-dien-18oic acid methyl ester-16,15-olide, polyalthic acid, nivenolide: ent-labdanes
Eupatorium bupleurifolium DC. Prementina Hunziker 21625 (CORD) Aerial parts: menstrual diseases, to expel the placenta and as protective post partum BAI, CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. Limonene, α-pinene, βpinene: monoterpenes
Eupatorium candolleanum Hook. & Arn. Tabaco del monte Hunziker 16823 (CORD) Aerial parts: laxative BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Dried entire plant: antibacterial activity No data
Eupatorium catarium Veldkamp Eupatorium clematideum Griseb. Ariza Espinar 1849 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test Fresh root. Heliotridine,7-angeloyl, intermedine, trachelanthamine, rinderine, supinine: pyrrolizidine alkaloids (sub nom. E. clematideum)
Eupatorium ceratophyllum Hook. & Arn. Caro 3437 (CORD) Aerial parts: digestive, febrifuge, hepatic CHA, COR, ERI, SFE No biological test No data
Eupatorium christieanum Baker Doctorcito, hoja de la virgen Hunziker 5490 (CORD) Aerial parts: analgesic, febrifuge, anticephalalgic, for pains and renal affections, colds, and for the treatment of gastrointestinal and viral diseases Root: antinephritic CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE Dried aerial parts: analgesic and antibacterial activity; cell proliferation inhibition No data
Eupatorium hecatanthum (DC.) Baker Hunziker 917 (CORD) Aerial parts: antitussive, digestive, gastrointestinal diseases, analgesic, antidiarrheal BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Dried aerial parts: antibacterial and cytotoxic activity; toxicity to the brine shrimp Leaf essential oil. α-Pinene, p-thymyl acetate, p-cymene,
Eupatorium hookerianum Griseb. Hediondilla negra Ariza Espinar 3648 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, COR, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. Acacetin, apigenin 7rhamnoside, kaempferitrin, kaempferol 3-glucoside-7-rhamnoside, kaempferol 7-rhamnoside: flavonoids.
Eupatorium inulifolium Kunth Dotorcito Barboza 918 (CORD) Aerial parts: contraceptive, emmenagogue, abortive BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity Leaf: antioxidant activity Aerial parts. Diterpenes Leaf. Guajaverin (3-O-Larabinosylquercetin): flavonoid
Eupatorium laevigatum Lam. Dotorcito, sanatodo Ariza Espinar 256 (CORD) Aerial parts: emmenagogue, analgesic, anticefelalgic, cathartic, purgative, abortifacient Entire plant, infusion: abortifacient; decoction: for aches BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SFE, TUC Dried aerial parts: analgesic, antioxidant, antifungal, antibacterial, nematicidal, and cytotoxic activity Aerial parts. Laevigatin: norsesquiterpenoid; germacrene D, bicyclogermacrene
Eupatorium macrocephalum Less. Teyú caá, teyú-igsipó, illa ka'ik, lankú kachú Ariza Espinar 2166 (CORD) Aerial parts: digestive, hepatic, emmenagogue, abortifacient, antitussive and for sore throat Flowers: for sore throat BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Aerial plant essential oil: antibacterial and antioxidant activity Aerial parts. 7-methoxy Aromadendrin: flavonoid; coumarin; rhamnocitrin: flavonol; triterpenes, diterpene glycoside ester, steroids, cinnamic acids derivatives; cirsilol: flavonoid Leaf essential oil. β-caryophyllene, germacrene D Leaf + inflorescence essential oil. Hexadecanoic acid, β-caryophyllene, germacrene D, geranyl acetate
Eupatorium odoratum L. Saravia Toledo 2124 (CORD) Part not specified: tonic COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test Leaf. 2',3',4,4',6'-pentahydroxychalcone: chalcone; epoxylupeol: triterpenoid; salvigenin; p-anisic acid
Eupatorium patens D. Don ex Hook. & Arn. var. patens Acacia del campo, crucecilla, acancio, bejuco, clavel Hunziker 23663 (CORD) Whole plant (burnt over charcoal): for fever BAI, CAT, CHU, ERI, JUJ, LPA,LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC Leaf: antimicrobial activity Leaf. (E)-caryophyllene, α-muurolene, α and β-pinene, sabinene, β-myrcene, Δ-2 carene, α-thujene, Δ-2- ortho-cimene, limonene, (Z)-β-ocimene, terpinene, perylene, terpinen-4-ol , β-elemene, (Z)-αbergamotene, α-santalene, elemene, Epi-βsantalene, α-humulene, bicyclogermacrene, cadinene, (E,E)-α-farnesene, α-cadinene, (E)-nerolidol , spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, epi-α-muurolol, cubenol, αmuurolol, α-cadinol
Eupatorium polyanthum Sch. Bip. ex Baker Lorentz 1770 (CORD) Part not specified: emmenagogue Shoots, infusion: for delayed menstruation COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Eupatorium squarrulosum Hook. & Arn. Rodríguez 246a (SI) Part not specified: digestive, diaphoretic BAI, ERI, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Eupatorium subhastatum Hook. & Arn. Pilarcito Ariza Espinar 2047 (CORD) Aerial parts: contraceptive, emmenagogue, vulnerary, to relieve pruritis BAI, COR, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE Aerial parts: analgesic activity Aerial parts. 5,7,3',4-tetrahydroxy-6methoxyflavanone
Eupatorium tanacetifolium Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. Fabris 4754 (LP) Part not specified: digestive, diaphoretic BAI, COR, COS, ERI, MIS, SGO No biological test No data
Flaveria bidentis (L.) Kuntze Fique, contrayerba, balda, dandá, valda, chasca, chasca yuyo, dauda, flor amarilla, ñancuñán, sunchillo, solo, quejatulpino flor amarillo Ariza Espinar 2813 (CORD) Aerial parts: stimulant, digestive, emmenagogue, antiseptic, for treating wounds externally, abluent, vermifuge, alexipharmic, febrifuge; decoction: for cough BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: insecticide, antiparasitic, antiviral, and antibacterial activity; βglucuronidase and aldose-reductase inhibition; anticoagulant effect Root + aerial parts. α-terthienyl and 5(3-buten-1-ynyl)- 2,2′-bithienyl Leaf. Quercetin, 3, 7, 3', 4'tetrasulphate, quercetin-3-acetyl-7, 3', 4'-trisulphate, quercetin 3, 7, 3'trisulphate: sulphated flavonoids Dried flowers. Astragalin, kaempferol, quercetin-3-acetyl-7, 3', 4'-trisulphate: flavonoids
Flaveria haumanii Dimitri & Orfila Flaveria bidentis var. angustifolia Kuntze Ariza Espinar 2768 (CORD) Leaf + flowers: stimulant digestive, emmenagogue, antiseptic, for treating wounds externally, abluent, vermifuge, alexipharmic, febrifuge BAI, CAT, COR, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Leaf. Quercetin 3, 7, 4'-trisulphate, quercetin 3, 4'-disulphate, quercetin 3sulphate, isorhamnetin 3, 7 disulphate, isorhamnetin 3-sulphate Root. α-terthienyl Flowers. Isorhamnetin 3, 7 disulphate, isorhamnetin 3-sulphate (sub nom. F. bidentis var. angustifolia)
Flourensia oolepis S. F. Blake Chilca Ariza Espinar 2801 (CORD) Leaf + flowers: digestive, expectorant CAT, COR, SLU Aerial parts essentials oil: repellent and toxic effect Leaf + stem. 2'-4'-dihydroxy chalcone: flavonoid; euparin: oxygen heterocycle; ilicic acid: sesquiterpene Aerial parts essentials oil. τmuurolene, santolinetriene, 2methylene-4,8,8-trimethyl-4-vinylbicyclo[5.2.0]nonane, δ-cadinene, γgurjunene
Gaillardia cabrerae Covas Margarita pampeana, margarita de la sierra, botón de oro Cabrera 19438 (LP) Aerial parts, infusion: analgesic, antiseptic, for skin affections (alopecia and scurf) LPA Aerial parts: antiparasitic activity (antiplasmodial, anti-trypanosomal) Aerial parts: Helenalin
Gaillardia megapotamica(Spreng.) Baker var.megapotamicaTopasaire, botón de oro, topasadre, topa-sangre, bullénHunziker & Di Fu lvio 21375 (CORD) Leaf + flowers: anti-neuralgic, against the alopecia and the scurf, to relieve the seborrhoea, hypotensive BAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SFE, SLU Inflorescence: gastroprotective effect Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Dried aerial parts. Helenalin, 11-13dihydro 11-β-13-epoxy aromatin;nepetin; linifolin B: sesquiterpenes
Gaillardia megapotamica var. radiata (Griseb.) Baker TopasaireAriza Espinar 2820 (CORD) Leaf + flowers: anti-neuralgic, against the alopecia and the scurf, to relieve the seborrhoea BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, ERI, LPA, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Helenalin, nepetin, mexicanin I: sesquiterpenes; nepetin: flavone; 2β-hydroxy-2,3dihydrohelenalin: pseudoguaianolide
Gaillardia megapotamica var. scabiosoides (Arn. ex DC.) Baker Topasaire, choique-la wen,botón de oro, manzanilla Hunziker 9900 (CORD) Aerial parts: analgesic, antiseptic, anti-neuralgic, against the alopecia and the scurf, to relieve the seborrhoea BAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antiulcerogenic activity; antiparasitic activity (antiplasmodial, antitrypanosomal and anti-leishmanial) Aerial parts. Mexicanin, helenalin: pseudoguaianolides, acetylenic sulfoxide; desacetyl linifolin B, linifolinB, 11β-Hydroxy-13-chloro-11,13, dihydroaromatin, 11 β, 13-Epoxy-11,13-dihydroaromatin, 8,10-bis-epimikanokryptin: guaianolides
Galinsoga parviflora Cav. Albahaca silvestre Subils 2252 (CORD) Aerial parts: antiscorbutic, vulnerary Dried aerial parts, infusion: febrifuge; decoction: againsthepatic diseasesBAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Entire plant: hypotensive and hypothermic activity Dried flowers: allergenic activity Aerial parts. Caffeic acid: phenylpropanoid; cosmosiin: flavone
Gamochaeta americana (Mill.) Wedd. Plateadita, platitaAriza Espinar 1679 p.p.(CORD) Aerial parts: abluent Dried entire plant, decoction: to treat urinary tract infections; infusion: antitussive, against pox, measles and varicella; for pimples Root, infusion: for lumbagoBAI, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, NEU, RNE, SCR, SFE, SLU, TDF Dried aerial parts: antibacterial activity No data
Gamochaeta calviceps (Fernald) Cabrera Ariza Espinar 2993 (CORD) Aerial parts: abluent BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MIS, SFE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Gamochaeta coarctata (Willd.) Kerguélen Diuca, leguén, quito-quito, uira-uira, vira-vira, peludillo Ariza Espinar 1702 (CORD) Aerial plant: digestive, bequic, pectoral, vulnerary Leaf: cicatrizant BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, SAL, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Gamochaeta falcata (Lam.) Cabrera Ariza Espinar 3074 (CORD) Aerial parts: antiviral, against the herpes, abluent, for treating wounds externally BAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Gamochaeta filaginea (DC.) Cabrera Kurtz 309a (CORD) Aerial plant: digestive BAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, RNE, SFE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Gamochaeta pensylvanica (Willd.) Cabrera Borrajilla Ariza Espinar 1671 (CORD) Aerial parts: antiviral, against the herpes, abluent, for treating wounds externally Dried entire plant, infusion: antitussive BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SFE, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Gamochaeta platensis (Cabrera) Cabrera Cabrera 6582 (LP) Part not specified: vulnerary, antiinflammatory (pleuritis) BAI, CORD, CHA, ERI, FOR No biological test No data
Gamochaeta simplicicaulis (Willd. ex Spreng.) Cabrera Ariza Espinar 3072 (CORD) Aerial parts: antiviral, against the herpes, abluent, for treating wounds externally BAI, COR, DFE, JUJ, SAL Dried aerial parts: antioxidant activity; lipid peroxide formation inhibition; DNA polymerase inhibition Aerial parts. Isorhamnetin, quercetin, isorhamnetin-3-glucoside, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid, ferulic acid: polyphenolic compounds.
Gnaphalium andicola Phil. Vira-vira Chiapella 1851 (CORD) Medicinal CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE No biological test No data
Gnaphalium cheiranthifolium Lam. Marcela macho, vira-vira, marcela, marcelita Di Fulvio 572 (CORD) Flowers + leaf: digestive, hepatic, antispamodic, antitussive, febrifugeFlower + leaf + stem, infusion: emmenagogue, abortiveBAI, COR, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SFE, SLU Dried aerial parts: tyrosinase inhibition Dried aerial parts. Flavone,5-7dihydroxy-3-8-dimethoxy: flavonol;luteolin-4'-0-β-D-glucoside: flavone
Gnaphalium gaudichaudianum DC. Marcelita, vira-vira, caaguazúHunziker 9057 (CORD) Flowers + leaf: digestive, against the influenza, anti-inflammatory Dried aerial parts, infusion: emmenagogue, carminative, antiemetic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried entire plant: anticrustacean activity Leaves, young stem + seeds: antifungal activity Dried aerial parts. 5-8-dihydroxy-3-67-trimethoxy flavone: flavonol; 5-8dihydroxy-6-7-dimethoxy flavone:flavone; ent pimara-8(14)-15-dien-19oic acid, ent pimara-8(14)-15-dien-3-αol: diterpenes
Gnaphalium moelleri Phil. Santa María Cabrera 4986 (LP) Medicinal CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test No data
Gnaphalium tarapacanum Phil. Vira-vira, huira-huira, uirauira Anderson 2391 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: antitussive Part not specified: respiratory disorders CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Gochnatia argentina (Cabrera) CabreraSalvia blanca, guira-guira, vira-vira Hunziker 17573 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Capensin, fraxetin,fraxidin: coumarin; hispidulin: flavone
Gochnatia glutinosa (D. Don) Hook. & Arn.Jarillilla, sacanza, acancio, jarililla Hunziker 13933 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial and antifungal activities Dried aerial parts. 8-hydroxy-3-7-11trimethy dodeca-cis-2-trans-6-10-trien13,1-olide: sesquiterpene; 3'-4'-5'trihydroxy-3-7-dimethoxy flavone:flavonol; ent pimara-8(14)-15-diene-3-β18-diol: diterpene
Gochnatia palosanto Cabrera Palo santo Hunziker 11394 (CORD) Bark: for hernia and prolapse JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. 2-methylbutyrate elephantopin, deacyl-deoxy, germacra1(10)-4-11(13)-trien-2-14-6-12diolide,8-(3-methyl-butanoyl-oxy): (2R-6R-7R-8S): sesquiterpenes
Gochnatia polymorpha subsp. ceanothifolia (Less.) Cabrera Cambará Tressens 5785 (CTES) Dried aerial parts, infusion: in lung affections, for respiratory illnesses; decoction: antiinflammatory Leaf and flowers: against catarrh, pectoral COS, MIS Dried aerial parts: antitrypanosomal and bactericide activity Dried leaf: anti-inflammatory and antiedematogenic activity Dried aerial parts. Oleanolic acid, ursolic acids, α-amyrin Dried leaf. Proline, 4-hydroxy-nmethyl proline: aminoacid Dried root. 1-2-dehydro-1-14-dihydro bisabolene: 15-oxo costunolide: sesquiterpenes
Grindelia chiloensis (Cornel.) Cabrera Botón de oro, melosa, melosilla, mata amarilla, virreina Bernardello 239 (CORD) Leaf: antirheumatic, antinephritic, analgesic CHU, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR Aerial parts: Proteolytic, molluscicidal, and antibacterial activity Resin: antimicrobial activity Dried aerial parts. Caryophyllene, germacrene D: sesquiterpenes; grindela6-8(17)-dienoic acid, grindelic acid, oxo grindelic acid,: diterpenes; quercetin, kaempferol 3-methy ether, kaempferol 3,4'-dimethy ether: flavonoids
Grindelia pulchella var. discoidea (Hook. & Arn.) A. Bartoli & Tortosa Quilcha amarilla, botoncillo, pichana amarilla Grindelia discoidea Hook. & Arn. Ariza Espinar 1607(CORD) Aerial parts: alexipharmic, febrifuge, antirheumatic (sub nom. G. discoidea) BAI, CHU, COR, DFE, ERI, LRI, MEN, SDE, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Aerial parts essential oil. Aromadendrene, α-bisabolene, γcadinene: sesquiterpenes; bornyl acetate, camphene, carvone: monoterpenes; cordobic acid: diterpene; pachypodol: flavonol (sub nom. G. discoidea)
Grindelia pulchella Dunal var. pulchella Quilcha amarilla, botoncillo, pichana amarilla Ariza Espinar 1304 (CORD) Aerial parts: alexipharmic, febrifuge, antirheumatic BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, JUJ, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Kaempferol, quercetin, quercetin-3-methyl ether, quercetin-3,3'-dimethyl ether, quercetin-3,3',7-trimethyl ether, kaempferol, 3-methy ether, kaempferol, 3,4'-dimethy ether: flavonoids; grindelic acid, 18-hydroxy grindelic acid: diterpenes
Grindelia scorzonerifolia Hook. & Arn. Hunziker 7262 (CORD) Part not specified: expectorant and hypotensive effects BAI, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, LPA, MIS, SFE Aerial parts: antibacterial activity Plant. 4-β-hydroxy-19-normanoyl oxide, 4-α-hydroxy-18-normanoyl oxide: norditerpenoids; 18-O-α-larabinopyranosylmanoyl oxide, jhanol, 18-hydroxy-13-epi-manoyl oxide (5): diterpenoids Dried aerial parts. Caryophyllene oxide, spathulenol: sesquiterpenes; jhanol: diterpene
Gutierrezia gilliesii Griseb. Canchalagua Ariza Espinar 2937 (CORD) Aerial parts: against the influeza, antirheumatic, febrifuge, stomachic BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Bisabolen-1-one: sesquiterpene; labdane 2: diterpene
Gutierrezia mandonii (Sch. Bip.) Solbrig Amaicha chica, canchalagua, canchalahua, chillauva Barboza 701 (CORD) Part not specified: for the liver and vesicle pains CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. Gutierrezianolic acid [2methylbutyrate], methyl isobutyrate
Haplopappus baylahuen J. Rémy Baila bien Kiesling 7508 (SI) Aerial parts: digestive, aphrodisiac, emmenagogue, antitussive, antidiarrheal, antidysenteric, antiseptic, choleretic, cholagogue properties SJU Dried entire plant: kidney stone dissolution effect, alanine aminotransferase inhibition Dried leaf + stem: antihepatotoxic activity Leaf: antioxidant activity Part not specified: uterine relaxation effect Dried leaf + stem. Kaempferol, rhamnetin, rhamnocitrin, quercetin, quercetin 3-O-methyl ether: flavonoids; persicogenin, sakuranetin, velutin: flavones; coumarins
Haplopappus glutinosus Cass. Baylahuen, buchú, huenutrol Barboza 1209 (CORD) Medicinal CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test Dried aerial parts. 4-hydroxy Acetophenone: benzenoid Dried leaf + stem. 4-hydroxy Benzoic acid: benzenoid caffeic acid: phenylpropanoid; β-farnesene: sesquiterpene; 3'-4'-7-trihydroxy-5-0galactosy flavone: flavone
Haplopappus rigidus Phil. Baila buena, baila bien, vailahuén, baylahuén Charpin 20795 (SI) Aerial parts: digestive, aphrodisiac, emmenagogue, antitussive, antidiarrheal, antidysenteric; infusion: to treat chills, for stomach pains Dried branches, decoction: to treat urinary tract infections, and against diarrhea CAT, SAL Dried aerial parts: anticrustacean, antibacterial, and cytotoxic activity; leishmanicidal effect Dried entire plant. Betuletol: flavonol; rigiduside, rigidusol, deacetyl igidusol: diterpenes Aerial parts. Rigiduside (13-O-βxylopiranosylmanool): glycoditerpenoid, rigidusol [13-hydroxy-18acetoxy-cis-cleroda-3,14-diene (8βH, 10βH, 19β, 20α form)], deacetylrigidusol [13,18-dihydroxy-ciscleroda-3,14-diene (8βH, 10βH, 19β, 20α form)]: diterpenoids; 3,5,7trihydroxy -6,4' -dimetoxyflavone: flavonoids; 18 acetoxy cis clerode 3,13 Z dien 15 oic acid, 5, 4' dihydroxy 7 methoxyflavonone, 3,5,7 trihydroxy 6,4' dimethoxyflavone
Helenium argentinum Ariza Botón de oro Ariza Espinar 2235 (CORD) Part not specified: digestive COR, SDE, SLU No biological test No data
Helenium donianum ( Hook. & Arn.) Seckt Yerba del ciervo, topasaire Ariza Espinar 3082 (CORD) Aerial parts: against the influenza, antirheumatic, febrifuge, stomachic CAT, COR, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried entire plant: antibacterial activity Dried aerial parts. 2-deoxy florilenalin,: 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, linifolin A, alternilin, linifolin A, 6(S)angeloyl-oxy: (1S,5R,7R,8S,10R) guaia-2-11(13)-dien-8-12-olide: sesquiterpenes
Heterosperma ovatifolium Cav. Ariza Espinar 2815 (CORD) Aerial parts: vulnerary, abluent CAT, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Heterosperma tenuisectum (Griseb.) Cabrera Roquecito Hunziker 9165 (CORD) Aerial parts: digestive, stomachic CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Heterothalamus alienus (Spreng.) Kuntze Romerillo, romerillo dulce, pichana Bernardello 396 (CORD) Aerial parts: febrifuge, tonic stomachic, antinephritic Branches: to treat amnesia, asthenia; brain tonic and stimulant Dried leaf, decoction: antipyretic COR, LRI, SLU Aerial parts + root: antifungal activity Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Aerial parts essential oil: virucidal activity Aerial parts. Rutin, spathulenol, (1R,7S)germacra-4(15),5,10(14)-trien-1β-ol, padmatin 3-acetate, sakuranetin, (2R,3R)3-acetoxy-5,7,4'-trihydroxyflavanone, (2R,3R)-dihydroquercetin-7,3',4'-trimethyl ether; (2R,3R)-dihydroquercetin-7,4'dimethyl ether, (2R,3R)-3-acetoxy-5,7,4′trihydroxyflavanone; docosanoic cinnamate, 7-hydroperoxy-5,6-E-dehydro6,7-dihydronerol and 2-(3-methylbut-3enyl)-3-methyl-2,5-dihydrofuran Dried leaf. Bisabolene-1-4endoperoxide, α eudesmol: sesquiterpene; dolosanoic-cinnamate: phenylpropanoid; neryl acetate: monoterpenes; ent labdan-15-oic acid 8-β-hydroxy 8-O-d-xylopyranosyl: diterpene
Hieracium tandilense Sleumer Hunziker 11552 (CORD, SI) Part not specified: astringent BAI No biological test No data
Hymenoxys anthemoides (Juss.) Cass. Botón de oro, cassini, topasaire Di Fulvio 349 (CORD) Aerial parts: alexipharmic, antitussive; infusion: for cephalalgia, and to induce sneezing BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, LPA, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Part not specified. Anthemoidin, themoidin: sesquiterpenoids
Hypochaeris chillensis (Kunth) Hieron. Ariza Espinar 2758 (CORD) Flowers: purgative, emmenagogue, aperitive BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Hypochaeris elata (Wedd.) Griseb. Achicoria Ariza Espinar 3068 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Hypochaeris microcephala (Sch. Bip.) Cabrera Bonzani 9 (CORD) Aerial parts: contraceptive Flowers: purgative, emmenagogue, aperitive BAI, CAT, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, LPA, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Hypochaeris pampasica Cabrera Ariza Espinar 1793 (CORD) Root: tonic stimulant BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Hysterionica jasionoides Willd. Ariza Espinar 2755 (CORD) Aerial parts: antiseptic, abluent, for treating wounds externally BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Jungia floribunda Less. Higo del bosque, yaguaretípí, yaguaretí-pó Pedersen 1669 (LP) Aerial parts: for warts COS, MIS Aerial parts: larvicidal activity No data
Jungia polita Griseb. Zarzaparrilla, viña Hunziker 12375 (CORD) Aerial parts: diuretic, anti-sclerotic, hypotensive, for skin affections; anti-hyperlipidemic and bradicardic Leaf: for humoral and blood diseases CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antitrypanosomal activity Dried aerial parts. β-amyrin, lupeol: triterpene; 8-α-hydroxy cyperotundone, 6-β-hydroxy guaia-4-11-dien-3-one: sesquiterpenes; pectolinarigenin: flavone; salvigenin, pectotinarngenin, pinoresinol
Laennecia sophiifolia (Kunth) G.L.Nesom Hierba de la víbora, yerba de la araña, yerba del zorro Hunziker 9777 (CORD) Part not specified: alexipharmic, antirheumatic, diuretic CAT, CHA, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antiinflammatory activity Dried aerial parts. Apigenin: flavone; hawtriwaic acid: diterpene; βsitosterol: sterol
Madia sativa Molina Yuyo aceite, mady, gomosa Barboza 1242 (CORD) Seed: hydrogogue, cathartic, digestive CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, TDF Dried entire plant: reverse transcriptase inhibition Dried root. 2-(h): 6-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-2-2-domethyl-7-hydroxy benzopyran,: oxygen heterocycle; 6acetyl-2-2-dimethyl chroman-4-one,: chromone; 13-(r)-14-(r)-15-trihydroxy labd-7-ene: diterpene; 6-acetyl-2-isopentenyl-1-hydroxy benzene: benzenoid
Microliabum candidum (Griseb.) H. Rob. Liabum candidum Griseb. var. candidum Ariza Espinar 2149 (CORD) Medicinal (sub nom. L. candidum)CAT, COR, LRI, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Dried flower + leaf. Patuletin, quercetin, scoparol: flavonol; tatridin A: sesquiterpene(sub nom. L. candidum)
Mikania cordifolia (L. f.) Willd. Guaco, guáko, matacampo, pompero kocho, nakoló letaá,palotr'óikHunziker 19454 (CORD) Aerial parts: emmenagogue, alexipharmic, antirheumatic, and for respiratory and intestinal disorders Root: purgantBAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Stem: antitrypanocidal and moulting inhibitionLeaf: antitrypanosomal activity Aerial parts. β-Farnesene, mikania melampolide 3-A: sesquiterpenes; campesterol, stigmasterol, β-sitosterol, βamyrin, lupenone, lupeol, friedelin,pseudotaraxasterol, taraxasterol,taraxasteryl acetate, β-amyrin acetate, epitaraxerol, β-amyrin acetate, lupeoyl acetate: triterpenoidsDried leaf. 3-5-di-o Caffeoylquinic acid: phenylpropanoid Flowers essential oils. Myrcene, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, germacrene D, α-selinene, limonene, αmuurolol, α-humulene, γ-cadinene
Mikania glomerata Spreng.Guaco Vervoorst & Cuezzo 7590 C (LP) Plant: expectorant, Leaf: for asthma and bronchitis, to treat cold, flu, fever, and rheumatism MI Plant: antimicrobial, antialergic, antivenin, and antiinflammatory activityLeaf: antispasmodic and broncodilatador activity; effects on allergic pneumonitis; antidiarrhoeal effect Roots, stems + leaf: antiophidian activity Aerial parts. 2-H-1-benzopyran-2-one, o-coumaric acid: coumarins; 15βhydroxy-ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid, 17-hydroxy-ent-isok:en -19-oic acid; kauran-type diterpenes; kauranes;cinnamic acid derivatives; triterpenesLeaf explants. Campesterol, stigmasterol and β-sitosterol: steroids; coumarin
Mikania hirsutissima DC. Ferrucci et al. 576 (CTES) Plant: expectorant, antirheumatic, antinephritic, and against diarrhea and neuralgiaCOS, MIS Aerial part: antimicrobial activity; proliferative activity toward peripheral blood mononuclear cells; strongcytotoxic activity Aerial parts. 2β,16α,17-trihydroxy-ent-kauran-19-oic acid, 3β,16α,17trihydroxy-ent-kauran-19-oic acid, 11α,15β-dihydroxy-7-O-β-dglucopyranosyl-ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid, 1α,15β-dihydroxy-7-O-β-dglucopyranosyl-ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid: ent-kaurenoic acid derivatives; 1,5-dicaffeoyl-quinic acid, 2-Oglucosyloxy-4-methoxy-cinnamic acid, phenethyl alcohol glucoside, phenethyl-1-O-β-d-apiofuranosyl (1→2) β-dglucopyranoside (sayaendoside), 3,6dihydroxy-β-ion-9-ol; mikanialactone: bisnorkaurenic acid-type diterpenelactone; mikaniahumulene I and II: norhumulene-type sesquiterpenes; coumarin; flavone
Mikania mendocina Phil. Del Vitto 4900 (CORD) Part not specified: alexipharmic, antirheumatic, antispamodic, venereal disease MEN, NEU, RNE No biological test Dried flower + leaf. 8-epi Inunolide; 15-acetoxy-1-β-10-α-epoxy, quadrangolide,14-O-acetyl: sesquiterpenes Aerial parts. Quadrangolide, 15norguaianolides, guaianolides, germacranolides
Mikania micrantha Kunth Guaco, charrúa, bejuco, isipó Cerana 1390 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: as an antidote, vulnerary, for diabetes Leaf, decoction: antivenin, against malaria, to treat urinary tract infections; infusion: febrifuge Stem: alexipharmic, cicatrizant, febrifuge, for conjunctivitis BAI, CHA, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Aerial part: antibacterial and trypanosomal activity Dried aerial parts. α-amyrin: triterpene; coumarin; alpinetin: flavanone; mikamicranolide: sesquiterpene; mikanin3-O-sulfate: flavonol; mikanolide (1,10:2,3-diepoxy-6,8-dihydroxy-11vinylgermacr-4-ene 12,14-di-γ-lactone and 7,10a-dimethyl-1a,1b,2a,6a,7,9a,10,10aoctahydro-4H-6,3-methenofuro[3,2c]bisoxireno[f,h]oxacycloundecin-4,8(6H)dione); mikanin, eupalitin, eupafolin, 3,4′,5,7-tetrahydroxy-6-methoxyflavone 3O-β-glucopyranoside, luteolin, 3,5-di-Ocaffeoylquinic acid n-butyl ester, 3,4-di-Ocaffeoylquinic acid n-butyl ester Whole plant essential oil. α-thujene, βterpinene, α-pinene, β-myrcene, β-pinene, t-butylbenzene, α-terpinene, β-ocimene, linanyl oxide, linalool, carveol, menthol, pcymene-2-ol, terpinene-4-ol, myrthenal, verbenone, geraniol, geranial, thymol, eugenol, geranyl-acetate, α-cubebene, γelemene, α-copaene, β-caryophyllene, Dgermacrene, δ-cadinene
Mikania periplocifoliaHook. & Arn. Guaco, guacho chico, mikania guaco, enredadera del campo, guaco del río, loconte, na koló, tapa cercoSubils 2231 (CORD) Aerial parts: alexipharmic, antirheumatic, sedativeDried leaf: against rheumatism,and for intestinal disorders BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried leaf: cytotoxic activity Aerial parts: antifungal activity; anti-gout Dried aerial parts. Germacrene D, γ-cadinene, globulol: sesquiterpenes;monoacetoxy triol: diterpene; mikanolide, miscandenin; 3β-hydroxy-11βH,13dihydroisabelin, 11βH,13dihydrodeoxymikanolide and mikaperiplocolide: dilactones;geranylneryl derivatives
Mutisia acuminata var. paucijuga (Griseb.) CabreraChincercoma, chinchircoma, chinchiricoma, chinchiricoma amarilla, chinchirconca, puscayoCabrera 13894 (LP) Leaves: vulnerary, antiulcer, purgative, diuretic, antibiotic, cholagogue, cardioactive, emollient JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Mutisia decurrens Cav. Mutisia Bernardello 596 (CORD) Root: against the alopeciaCHU, NEU, RNE No biological test Dried aerial parts. Lupeol, lupeol acetate: triterpenes
Mutisia friesiana Cabrera Chinchircoma colorada, romero, chincharcuma, romerillo Morrone 2618 (SI) Leaf: antitussive, expectorant,antispasmodic JUJ, SAL Aerial parts: bactericidal, antifungal and radical scavenging activity Aerial parts. Mutisicoumaranones A, B, C, D: methylcoumaranones; caffeic acid derivatives; quercetin; 1-(2-Hydroxy-6methylphenyl)-5,9-dimethyl-4,8-decadien1-one, 5,9,13-Trimethyl-10-hydroxy-1-(2hydroxy-6-methylphenyl)-4,8,12tetradecatrien-1-one, 5,9,13-Trimethyl-11hydroxy-1-(2-hydroxy-6-methylphenyl)4,8,12-tetradecatrien-1,10-dione, 5,9,13Trimethyl-13-hydroxy-1-(2-hydroxy-6methylphenyl)-4,8-tetradecadien-1,10dione, 5,9,13-Trimethyl-13-hydroperoxy1-(2-hydroxy-6-methylphenyl)-4,8tetradecadien-1,10-dione, 2,10-Dimethyl2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2H,5Hpyran [3,2c] [1] benzopyran-5-one, 2,10-Dimethyl-2(5-hydroxy-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadienyl)2H,5H-pyran [3,2-c] [1]benzopyran-5-one, 3,4-Dihydro-3-hydroxy-2,6-dimethyl-2-(5methyl-4-hexenyl)-2H,5H-pyran [2,3-b][1] benzopyran-5-one
Mutisia hamata Reiche Chinchircuma, chinchircoma blanca, chinchircuma blanca, flor de tormenta Cabrera 8756 (LP) Aerial parts: hemostatic, antitussive, expectorant, antispasmodic, digestive, help with childbirth JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Mutisia retrorsa Cav. Granadilla, virreina Cocucci 2479 (CORD) Medicinal CHU, MEN, NEU, SCR No biological test Dried aerial parts. Lupeoyl acetate: triterpene; germacrene D: sesquiterpene
Mutisia saltensis Cabrera Chinchircoma Carmelich 190 (LP) Leaf: antitussive JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Mutisia sinuata Cav. Granadilla Cocucci 567 (CORD) Part not specified: digestive MEN, SJU No biological test No data
Mutisia spinosa Ruiz & Pav. Granadilla Cocucci 2421 (CORD) Root: against the alopecia CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test Aerial part. 3,7-dimethyl-3-acetoxy-6hydroxy-octa-1,7-diene Roots. Piloselloidan
Mutisia subspinosa Cav. Granadilla Barboza 580 (CORD) Part not specified: diuretic, astringent, depurative LRI, MEN, SJU Dried entire plant: antibacterial activity No data
Nardophyllum armatum (Wedd.) Reiche Suruyanta, suri llanta, suri, surianta, suriante, surincho, suriyampa, suriyante Kurtz 11296 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: for epidermal ailments, digestive, antitussive, febrifuge, stomachic Leaf : antirheumatic CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SJU, TUC Aerial parts: antioxidant and antibacterial activity Aerial parts. Flavonoids, phenolic compounds
Nassauvia axillaris (Lag. ex Lindl.) D. Don Uña de gato, chuchicaña, choque chuquicauguia, churcocauguia, chuquicaña, chochecanga, calla, matanegra, canguilla, choque canlla, choque caya, cola de león Hunziker 19805 (CORD) Part not specified: antitussive, febrifuge, digestive CAT, CHU, JUJ, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. 29-nor-20-oxolupeol, 3βHydroxylupan-29-oic acid, 3βHydroxy-20α,21α-epoxyursane, E-Ferulic acid eicosyl ester, E-Ferulic acid eicosyl ester, E-Ferulic acid docosyl ester
Nassauvia revoluta D. Don Cola de quirquincho, calahuala Chiapella 1710 (CORD) Part not specified: stomachic, styptic CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test Dried aerial parts. Coniferyl-alcohol4-O-farnesyl ether: phenylpropanoid; benzoic acid, vanillyl alcohol: benzenoid; dithiophene,2-(3-4dihydroxy-but-1-inyl): sulfur compound; nassauvirevolutin B: coumarin
Ophryosporus axilliflorus (Griseb.) Hieron. Charrúa Ariza Espinar 1614 (CORD) Leaf: anti-syphilitic, astringent, against to treat wounds externally CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SLU, TUC Dried rhizome + leaf: analgesic activity Dried rhizome + leaf. Benzofuran,2-3dihydro: 2-˜-(1'-formyl-vinyl)-6acetyl-7-hydroxy: oxygen heterocycle; chroman-4-one,2-2-dimethyl-6-acetyl: chromone
Ophryosporus charua (Griseb.) Hieron. Charrua Hunziker 24422 (CORD) Dried leaf + flowers: antisyphilitic, astringent, against to treat wounds externally CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. 5-acetyl-2-[l'hydroxyisopropyl]-benzofuran, 5-acetyl-2(2-[1,2-dihydroxyisopropyl)]-benzofuran, (2S*,3S*)-5-acetyl-2-(2-[l-acetoxy-2propenyl])-3- acetoxybenzofuran, toxol: benzofurans; prenylated chromanone, prenylated p-hydroxyacetophenone; benzofuran "dimers' Leaf + flowers essential oil. α-thujene, α-pinene, sabinene, β-pinene, Δ 3carene, p-cymene, limonene, lavandulol, lavandulyl acetate, βelemene, humulene, δ-cadinene, dehydrotremetone
Ophryosporus piquerioides (DC.) Benth. ex Baker China wari chilka Cabrera 22661 (LP) Entire plant: expectorant, migraine JUJ, SAL, TUC Entire plant: antileishmanial activity Aerial parts. 3,4-dihydroxy-2,2dimethyl-6-7dimethoxychromona, 1β, 5α-dihydroxy-10(14)eudesmene; scopoletin: benzofuran; syringaresinol: lignan
Orthopappus angustifolius (Sw.) Gleason Lengua de vaca Hunziker 5454 (CORD) Leaf: against toothache, astringent, tonic CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Pachylaena atriplicifolia D. Don ex Hook. & Arn. Hierba santa, oreja de chancho Barboza 965 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, LRI, MEN, NEU, SAL, SJU No biological test Dried aerial parts. α-myrin, lupeoyl acetate: triterpene; βsitosterol: steroid; 4-hydroxy-5-methylcoumarin-4-O-Dglucopyranoside
Parastrephia quadrangularis (Meyen) Cabrera Tola-tola, pupusa de agua, qóa, tola común, tola huaca, tola vaca, vaca tola, chacha, coba, tola sebosa Parastrephia lepidophylla (Wedd.) Cabrera Ariza Espinar 2726 (CORD) Entire plant: to speed up parturition Dried aerial parts, infusion: for headache Dried branches + leaf, infusion: for headache (sub nom. Parastrephia lepidophylla)CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SJU, TUC Aerial parts essential oil: insecticide activity (sub nom. P. lepidophylla) Dried aerial parts. 5-7-dihydroxy-3-3'-4'-8-tetramethoxy Flavone: flavonol; scopoletin: coumarin; para-coumaroyloxy tremetone: oxygen heterocycle (sub nom. P. quadrangularis)Aerial parts. 4-hydroxy Acetophenone:benzenoid; ,(1'-cinnamoyl-oxyethyl)benzene: phenylpropanoid; iso fraxidin: coumarin; tremetone: oxygenheterocycle(sub nom. P. lepidophylla)
Parthenium hysterophorus L. Altamisa, alta misa d el ca mpo,yerba de la oveja, falsa altamisa, altamisa a marga, altamisa del bordo, chu purujume, yerba de la víbora, altamesa Di Fulvio 433 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: hypotensive, antimalarial, abortive and for hepatic disorders, emollient, febrifuge, for dysentery, to treat diabetes; decoction: antidiarrheal, to treat urinary and respiratory tract infectionsFresh root, infusion: febrifuge andfor epilepsyDried leaf: vermifuge, febrifuge and to treat anemia Flowers + leaf : bitter tonic, febrifuge, analgesic, antineuralgic for welts herpesBAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: dermatitis producing effect, insecticide and allergenic activity; Dried flowers: hypotensive and antifungal activity; gastroprotective effect Dried leaf. 11-13-dihydro ambrosin coronopilin: sesquiterpenes; anisic acid: benzenoid; casticin, astragalin: flavonols; betulin: triterpene
Pascalia glauca OrtegaChiquilla, sunchillo, seca tierraWedelia glauca (Ortega) O. Hoffm. ex Hicken Ariza Espinar 2763 (CORD) Entire plant: for the sinusitis BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA , LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried entire plant: antibacterial activity (sub nom. W. glauca) Dried aerial parts. Atractyloside, kaur16-en-19-oic acid: diterpenes; limonene, sabinene, α-pinene; stigmasterol: steroid(sub nom. W. glauca)
Pectis odorata Griseb. Manzanilla del monte, comino del campo, guazúcaá, tomillo, manzanilla del campo, limonillo, yerba del venado, chinchilla Caro 3481 (CORD) Aerial parts: antituberculosis, antidysenteric, digestive, carminative CAT, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Perilla aldehyde, citral, limonene: monoterpenes Dried root. Stigmasterol: steroid
Pectis sessiliflora (Less.) Sch. Bip. Hunziker 9166 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test Plant. 6-hydroxy-kaempferol 7-0xylosylglucoside, quercetagetin 7-0galactoside, patuletin, patuletin 3-0glucoside, patuletin 3-0rhamnosylglucoside
Perezia ciliaris D. Don ex Hook. & Arn. Raíz de marancel, marancel Hunziker 20937 (CORD) Rhizome: anti-inflammatory CAT, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Perezia multiflora (Bonpl.) Less. subsp. multiflora Escorzonera Cerana 1813 (CORD) Dried entire plant, infusion: antimalarial, abortive, for hepatic disorders, febrifuge, emollient Root: diuretic, diaphoretic, abortifacient Leaf, infusion: antipyretic CAT, COR, JUJ, MEN, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried entire plant: antitrypanosomal activity Leaf: antileishmanial activity Dried aerial parts. Pereflorin: coumarin; perezia sesquiterpene 1-A: sesquiterpene
Perezia purpurata Wedd. Marancel, marancela, merenzel, escorzonera, maranzel macho Rodríguez 1376 (LP) Leaf: against altitude sickness; against inflammation, sprains and waist pain CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SJU, TUC Aerial parts: antiviral, carminative, sedative, good against nervous migraine No data
Picrosia longifolia D. Don Achicoria silvestre Ariza Espinar 2863 (CORD) Aerial parts: diaphoretic, refrigerant, diuretic, laxative Dried aerial parts, infusion: diuretic antimalarial, refrigerant, demulcent BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Plazia daphnoides Weed. Toqui, yara tola, tola de canasta Hunziker 6154 (LP) Part not specified: antidiarrheal and for vesicle pains JUJ, MEN, SAL No biological test Aerial parts. Kolavenol, naringerin, sakuranetin, isokuranetin, acacetin, genkwanin, lupeyl acetate, α- and γcurcumene, (-)-9-acetoxycapric acid, lycoserone and its 1'-epimer, cyclolycoserone and its dehydroderivative; isobutyl-3,4dihydroxycinnamate, 2-methyl-2butenyl-3,4-dihydroxycinnamate Essential oil. Phenols and volatile fatty acids
Pluchea microcephala R. K. Godfrey Cuatro cantos Ariza Espinar 1912 (CORD) Aerial parts: antidysenteric, stomachic CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Pluchea sagittalis (Lam.) Cabrera Lucera, hierba lucera, quitoc, quitoco, lusera, cuatro cantos Pluchea quitoc DC. Bocco 318 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: stomachic Aerial parts: bitter tonic, hepatic, coleretic, antispamodic, digestive, carminative, cholagogue; decoction: antipyretic, antidysenteric, antitussive, antiseptic, for stomachache, febrifuge, venereal diseases, antidiarrheal, anti-alcoholic Root: against the phlebitis Dried leaf: digestive BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, carminative, tonic, antipyretic, and antioxidant activity; protein synthesis inhibition, reactive oxygen species generation inhibition Dried aerial parts. Caffeic acid: phenylpropanoid; chrysosplenol D: flavonol; polyphenols Essential oil. Borneol, borneyl acetate: monoterpenes Leaf. Alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, triterpenes
Porophyllum lanceolatum DC. Hierba del ciervo, clavelina Burkart 23875 (SI) Part not specified: venereal disease, antispamodic, diaphoretic Fresh leaf: to cause boils to suppurate CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test Flowers. Quercetin 7-0-glucoside, quercetin 3'-0-glucoside, quercetin 3-0arabinosylrhamnoside, 5, 7, 7, 3'tetrahydroxy-4'-methoxy 3'0-glucoside: flavonoids Aerial parts essential oil. Linalool, 1,8-cineole, Δ3 –carene-10-al: monoterpenes Root. Bithienyl,2-2': 5-(4-acetoxy-but1-ynyl): sulfur compound
Porophyllum obscurum (Spreng.) DC. Yerba del venado, cominillo, yerba de la gama, ruda blanca, kilkina, curupaimi, quirquina, yerba del ciervo Ariza Espinar 1597 (CORD) Aerial parts: antispamodic, diaphoretic; infusion: for venereal disease, antispasmodic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Quercimeritrin, avicularin, 3-0-rhamnoside, 7-0arabinoside, isorhamnetin, quercetagetin: flavonoids Leaf essential oil. Hexanal, α- and βpinene, sabinene, myrcene, Δ3-carene, , p-cymene, (E)-β-ocimene, γ-terpinene, terpinolene, octa-2,4-dienal, terpinen-4ol, decanal, trans-carveol, methyl thymol, deca-2,4-dienal, dodecenal, βelemene, β-gurjunene, β-humulene, αhimachalene, δ-cadinene, βcaryophyllene, trans-sabinene hydrate, undec-1-ene, spathulenol
Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. Mboi-morotí Ariza Espinar 2155 (CORD) Aerial parts: diaphoretic, hemostatic, cicatrizant, ophtalmic CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC Aerial parts essential oil: insecticide and antiinflammatory activity Aerial parts: antibacterial activity Flower. Quercetin 3'0-arabinoside, quercetin 7-0-glucoside, gossypetin 4'methyl ether 3-0-arabinoside, quercetin 7-0-glucoside, gossypetin 4'-methyl ether 3-0-glucoside: flavonoids Root. Bithienyl,2-2' 5-(but-3-en-1ynyl): sulfur compound Plant essential oil. Sabinene, αterpinene, p-cymene, β-ocimene, cisthujone, 1,3,8 p-mentatriene, spathulenol Leaf essential oil. 1-8: 2-3-dihydro cineol, limonene: monoterpenes
Proustia cuneifolia var. mendocina (Phil.) Ariza Alpete, charcoma, sacha durazno, palo huso, chilca, altepe, fia-mate Hunziker 8857 (CORD) Root + leaf: antirheumatic, hydrogogue CAT, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, SJU, SLU Dried leaf: antibacterial activity (sub nom. P. cuneifolia) Dried aerial parts. Cedren-14-β-15-olide, 9-β-acetoxy-14-α-hydroxy-3-α-senecioyl-oxy: sesquiterpenes; sakuranetin: flavanone (sub nom. P. cuneifolia)
Pterocaulon alopecuroides (Lam.) DC. Toro-caa morotí Hunziker 18240 (CORD) Aerial parts: hepatic, cephalalgic, abluent CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, SLU, TUC Entire plant: antileishmanial activity Aerial parts. 5-methoxy-6,7methylenedioxycoumarin, 7-(2′,3′epoxy-3′-methylbutyloxy)-6methoxycoumarin, 6,7methylenedioxycoumarin (ayapin), along with a mixture of 6-hydroxy-7(3′-methylbutyl-2′-en-oxy)-coumarin (prenyletin) and 6-methoxy-7-(3′methylbutyl-2′-en-oxy)-coumarin (prenyletin-methyl-ether): coumarins Root. Tridec-1-ene-3,5,7,9,11-pentayne I; 2-(buta-3-en-1-ynyI)-5-(pent-1,3- diynyI)thiophene IV; 2-(hexa-5-en-1,3-diynyl)-5(prop-1-ynyI)-thiophene V; 2-(3,4dihydroxybuta-1-ynyI)-5-(pent-1,3diynyI)-thiophene VI; 2-(5,6dihydroxyhexa-1,3-diynyl)-5-(prop-1ynyl)-thiophene VII; 2-(4-chloro-3hydroxybuta-1-ynyl)-5-(pent-1,3-diynyl)thiophene VIII; 2-(6-chloro-5hydroxyhexa-1,3-diynyI)-5-(prop-1-ynyl)thiophene IX; 2-(3,4-dihydroxybuta-1ynyI)-5-(methyl)-dithiophene IX; 2-(3,4dihydroxybuta-1-ynyiI)-5-(but-1,3-diynyI)thiophene XI; 2-(4-chIoro-3-hydroxybuta1-ynyI)-5-(but-1,4-diynyl)-thiophene XII: C13- polyacetylenes; pentayne II and triyndiene III chromophores; methoxylated thymol derivatives XIII and XIV; humuIene XV
Pterocaulon cordobense Kuntze Ariza Espinar 1868 (CORD) Aerial parts: emmenagogueBAI, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, LPA, SFE, SLU Aerial parts: antioxidant activity No data
Pterocaulon lorentzii Malme Tuyá-canilla, frezadilla negra Chiapella 1469 (CORD) Aerial parts: hepatic, cephalalgic, abluent BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE, TUC Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity No data
Pterocaulon polystachyum DC. Hunziker 6530 (CORD)Yerba del toro, toroca á Aerial plants: depurative; against flies and fleas; against sunstrokeCHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Dried aerial parts: antioxidant, amebicidal, and antifungal activity; radical scavenging effect; larvicidal activity against Aëdes aegypti Dried aerial parts. Chlorogenic acid: phenylpropanoid; ayapin, isoscopoletin, prenyletin, prenyletin methyl ether, virgatenol, obtusinin, 5-methoxy-6,7methylenedioxy coumarin, 5-(3,3dimethylallyloxy)-6,7-methylenedioxycoumarin, 5-(2',3'-dihydroxy-3methylbutanoxy)-6,7-methylenedioxycoumarin, haplopinol methyl ether, 6-(1,1dimethyl-2-propenyl)-7-hydroxy coumarin and demethylnieshoutin, isovirgatenol, 3'-deoxyobtusinin, 6-methoxy-7-(2'hydroxyethoxy)-coumarin, 5-(2'hydroxyethoxy)-6,7-methylenedioxycoumarin, 5-hydroxy-6,7-methylenedioxy8-(3,3-dimethylallyl)-coumarin: coumarins
Pterocaulon purpurascensMalme Subils 4228 (CORD) Aerial parts: fungicidal Root: alexipharmicCHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Dried leaf: antibacterial activity Dried aerial parts. Purpurasol:coumarin; quercetagetin,3,7,4'-trimethyl ether: flavonol
Pterocaulon rugosum (Vahl) Malme Hunziker 18240 (CORD) Aerial plants: depurative CHA, COR, COS, ERI, MIS No biological test Root. Tridec-1-ene-3,5,7,9,11-pentayne I; 2-(buta-3-en-1-ynyI)-5-(pent-1,3- diynyI)thiophene IV; 2-(hexa-5-en-1,3-diynyl)-5(prop-1-ynyI)-thiophene V; 2-(3,4dihydroxybuta-1-ynyI)-5-(pent-1,3diynyI)-thiophene VI; 2-(5,6dihydroxyhexa-1,3-diynyl)-5-(prop-1ynyl)-thiophene VII; 2-(4-chloro-3hydroxybuta-1-ynyl)-5-(pent-1,3-diynyl)thiophene VIII;2-(6-chloro-5hydroxyhexa-1,3-diynyI)-5-(prop-1-ynyl)thiophene IX; 2-(3,4-dihydroxybuta-1ynyI)-5-(methyl)-dithiophene IX; 2-(3,4dihydroxybuta-1-ynyiI)-5-(but-1,3-diynyI)thiophene XI; 2-(4-chIoro-3-hydroxybuta1-ynyI)-5-(but-1,4-diynyl)-thiophene XII:C13- polyacetylenes; pentayne II and triyndiene III chromophores; methoxylatedthymol derivatives XIII and XIV
Pterocaulon virgatum (L.) DC. Yacaraté-caá, tuya-cazo, yerba infiel, yerba de gato montes Ruiz de Huidobro 127 (LIL) Aerial parts: hepatic, emmenagogue, abluent, fungicidal BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Aromadendrin,7-O(2-2-dimethyl-allyl): flavonoids; ayapin: coumarin; β-bisabolene: sesquiterpene; iso chlorogenic acid B: phenylpropanoid; 5-(3-methyl-2butenyl-oxy)-6-7-methylenedioxy coumarin, purpurasol,iso: coumarins Dried root. Thymohydroquinone dimethyl ether: monoterpene
Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) Kuntze ex Thell. Canchalagua, matapulgas, yerba de la pulga, canchalagua, manzanilla silvestre Ariza Espinar 3181 (CORD) Dried entire plant, decoction: antibiotic; for stomach-ache; for malaria, antidiabetic, antiinflammatory, diuretic, hepatic Dried branch + leaf, decoction: to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections, for acne Leaf : depurative, to reduce weight, antimicrobial, hypoglycemic Leaf + root: antiseptic, resolutive BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antifungal, antibacterial, and antimalarial activity Leaf: anti-inflammatory activity Fresh entire plant. 20-hydroxy chromolaenide, β-hydroxy-8-β-(4'-5'-dihydroxy-tigloyl-oxy) costunolide,3: sesquiterpenes; dithiin,3-(hex-1-3-diyn5-enyl)-6-(prop-1-ynyl): sulfur compound Dried aerial parts. Schkuhripinnatolide A, B, C, chromolaenolide, eucannabinolide: sesquiterpenes; heliangolides, pectolarigenin, germacranolide, schkuhrin II, santhemoidin A; sitosterol, stigmasterol, α-amyrin, taraxasterol.
Senecio bomanii R. E. Fr. Cosillo Ariza Espinar 2649 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Senecio bonariensis Hook. & Arn. Lengua de ciervo, lampago, margarita del bañado, margarita de agua Hunziker 11164 (CORD) Root: cicatrizant, abluent BAI, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, SFE Dried entire plant: antimycobacterial activity Dried root. Campesterol; daucosterol, sitosterol-3-O-β-Dglucuronopyranoside: steroids; 10-α(h): 6-β-iso-butyryl-oxy-9-oxo furanoeremophilane: sesquiterpene
Senecio bracteolatus Hook. & Arn. Charcao Forcone 481 (CORD) Part not specified: aromatic CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test Dried aerial parts. 4-hydroxy Acetophenone: benzenoid; ascaridol: monoterpene; 1-β-hydroxy eudesma-411-dien-3-one: sesquiterpene
Senecio brasiliensis(Spreng.) Less. Primavera del campo, yerba de la primavera Pedersen 9214 (CORD) Leaf: rubefacient Dried entire plant, decoction: febrifuge and for malaria CHA, COS, MIS, SFE Inflorescence: antiulcer activity Dried leaf: antimalarial activity Dried aerial parts. Icyclogermacrene, 1-2-dehydro cacalol: sesquiterpenes;brasilinecin: pyrrolizidine alkaloid Essential oil. o-Cymene: monoterpene Fresh stem. Integerrimine:pyrrolizidine alkaloid
Senecio clivicola Wedd. Amaicha, maicha, chilca, huaychaAriza Espinar 2724 (CORD) Entire plant: against muscular cramps Leaf + stem: antidiarrheal JUJ, SAL Leaf + stem: antileishmanial activity No data
Senecio cremeiflorus Mattf. Lampazo Ariza Espinar 2624 (CORD) Leaf: for infections CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Senecio crepidifolius DC. Árnica Novara 9081 (CORD) Aerial parts: for hernia and prolapseSAL No biological test No data
Senecio deferens Griseb. Calzón roto Hunziker 17034 (CORD) Leaf: rheumatic pain, paye´s useCAT, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Retrorsine, senkirkine, usaramine: pyrrolizidine alkaloids
Senecio eriophyton J. Rémy Chachacoma, chacha-comafina Bustos 38 (CORD) Plant: for montain sickness Dried leaf: emmenagogue. LRI, MEN, SJU Aerial parts: antimicrobial and relaxant activity Essential oil. Isovaleric acid
Senecio filaginoides DC. Mata mora, charcao, mata negra, mata rosa, romerillo, altamisa, blanquillo, cosco,mata moro, mocoraca blanca, vida-vida Hunziker 23889 (CORD) Medicinal BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SJU, SLU, TDF, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. 4-hydroxy Acetophenone: benzenoid; ascaridol:monoterpene; 1-β-hydroxy eudesma-411-dien-3-one: sesquiterpeneDried flower + leaf + stem. Furanoeremophil-1-one,10-β-(h): 6-αacetyl-oxy: sesquiterpene
Senecio fistulosus Poepp. ex Less. var. fistulosus Hualtata, lampazo, lengua de vaca Hollermayer 90 (CORD) Part not specified: antiinflammatory, emollient, cardiotonic, diuretic, for mountainsickness MEN No biological test Dried entire plant. 10-β-h: 3-αangeloxy-9-β-hydroxy-8-oxo eremophilan-11-ene: sesquiterpene; senecionine: pyrrolizidine alkaloidDried leaf. Flavonol-3-7-Odiglycoside: flavonol
Senecio fistulosus var. ochroleucus (Hook. & Arn.) Cabrera Hualtata Cabrera 6123 (LP) Part not specified: emollient, cardiotonic, diureticCHU, MEN, NEU No biological test Dried aerial parts. Senecionine: pyrrolizidine alkaloid Dried leaf. Flavonol-3-7-o-diglycoside: flavonol
Senecio leucostachys Baker Hunziker 4931 (CORD) Medicinal BAI, CAT, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU Aerial parts: molluscicidal effects Dried root. Integerrimine, senecionine, uspallatine: pyrrolizidine alkaloids
Senecio nutans Sch. Bip.Chachacoma, chachacoma del campo, chachacoma delcerro, tola, tola hembra, chachacoma de la Puna, chachacoma del burro, chachacoma hembra, choque caña Senecio graveolens Wedd. Hunziker 20884 (CORD) Part not specified: to treat respiratory disorders, hypotensive, cicatrizant, digestive, against bone pain, and for mountain sickness CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC Leaf + flowers + fruit: bacteriostatic effect; antimicrobial and antihypertensive activity(sub nom. S. graveolens)Essential oil: antimicrobial and anti-trypanosomal activity Aerial parts essential oil. α-terpinene, p-cymene, α- and β-pinene, neo-allo- ocimene, α- and β-phellandrene, sabinene, α-terpinene, β-terpinene and γ-terpinene, 4-isopropylbencene, terpinolene, terpinen-4-ol, piperitenone, α- and β-eudesmol, cis-ascaridol, tricyclene, β-elemene, myrcene Dried aerial parts. 4-hydroxyacetophenone: 3-(3'-hydroxy-iso-pentyl) acetophenone, 4-hydroxy-3-prenyl acetophenone: benzenoids; dihydroeuparin (sub nom. S. graveolens)
Senecio oreophyton J. RémyChachacoma, sacha coma, yerba del incordio Luján 66 (CORD) Part not specified: aromatic, cardiotonic, emmenagogue, stimulant, stomachic LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity No data
Senecio pinnatus Poir. var. pinnatusSubils 626 (CORD) Leaf : cephalalgic, analgesic, alexipharmic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity Dried leaf + stem. 10-α-(H) Furanoeremophil-9-one: 1-α-hydroxy6-α-angeloyl-oxy: sesquiterpene
Senecio pogonias Cabrera Chachacoma blanca Beorchia 26 (CORD) Part not specified: anti-ashmatic, emmenagogue, cardio-active MEN, SJU No biological test No data
Senecio pseudotites Griseb. Venturi 4801 (LIL) Leaf: diuretic, antiashmatic, vermifugal Part not specified: vulneraryCAT, LRI, SAL, TUC No biological test Leaf. 2α, 3β, 23-trihydroxy-urs-12,19(29)-dien-28-oic-acid; 2α, 3β, 23trihydroxy-urs-12,19(29)-dien-28-oicacid-23-acetyl ester; 23-(trans-pcoumaroyloxy)-2α,3β trihydroxy-urs12,19(29)-dien-28-oic-acid: polyhydroxylated triterpenes; okanin 4methyl ether 3'-O-β-D-(6"acetyl)glucopyranoside, okanin 4'-O-βD-(3",4",6"-riacetyl)glucopyranoside, okanin 4-methyl ether 3'-O-β-Dglucopyranoside: chalcones
Senecio puchii Phil. Cabrera 8380 (LP) Parts not specified: stomachic, hypotensive CAT, JUJ, SAL Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Aerial parts essential oil. Sabinene, αterpinene, γ-terpinene, p-cymene,terpinen-4-ol and β-pinene
Senecio santelicis Phil. Chacha-coma Hieronymus 305 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SJU Aerial parts: molluscicidal effects; very toxic No data
Senecio uspallatensis Hook. & Arn. Chachacoma Hunziker 11132 (CORD) Part not specified: digestive Dried root, infusion: substitute for “mate” infusion MEN, SJU No biological test Dried root. Retrorsine: pyrrolizidine alkaloid
Senecio vira-vira Hieron. Vira-vira Ariza Espinar 1956 (CORD) Part not specified: diaphoretic, febrifuge, pectoral, emmenagogue,vulneraryBAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, LPA, RNE, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU No biological test Dried entire plant. α-amyrin: triterpene; anacrotine: pyrrolizidine alkaloid; eremophil-7(11)-en-12-8-αolide,10-β-(H): 1-α-angeloyl-oxy:sesquiterpene
Senecio volckmannii Phil. Barboza 263 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: to treat shock Part not specified: expectorant, febrifugeCAT, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Siegesbeckia serrata DC. Ariza Espinar 3443 (CORD) Part not specified: treatment wounds and burns, rheumatism, renal colic, syphilis, leprosy and various skin diseases CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Smallanthus macroscyphus(Baker) A. GrauYacón del campo Novara 7846 (CORD) Root: urinary and hepatic disordersJUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. (6R*, 7S*, 8S*, 9S*)-8Hydroxy-9-methacryloxy-10carbomethoxymelampo-1(10),4,11(13)trien-6,12-olide, (6R*, 7S*, 8S*, 9S*)8-Hydroxy-9-angeloxy-10carbomethoxymelampo-1(10),4,11(13)trien-6,12-olide, (4S*, 5S*, 6R*, 7R*, 8S*, 9S*)-4,5-Epoxy-8-hydroxy-9angeloxy-10-carbomethoxy-melampo1(10),11(13)-dien-6,12-olide:melampolides
Solidago chilensis Meyen var. chilensis Romerillo amarillo, virga áurea, vara amarilla, vara de oro, mbiug, cola de zorro, yuyo de San Juan, Yerba deSanta María Ariza Espinar 2808 (CORD) Dried aerial parts: digestive, anti-gonorrhea Root + flowers: cephalalgic, sedative Leaf: diaphretic, anti-lithic Dried flowers, infusion: diuretic BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Essential oil: antimicrobial and antioxidant activityRhizome: anti-inflammatory activity Dried rhizome. Caryophyllene-1-10epoxide: sesquiterpene; matricaria ester: alkenyne C5 or more; caffeic acid and 5-O-caffeoylquinic acidDried root. Junceic acid: diterpene; quercetin-3-O-α-l-galactoside: flavonolEssential oil. Pumiloxide: labdane diterpene; limonene, γ-cadinene:sesquiterpenes
Symphyotrichum squamatum (Spreng.) G.L.Nesom Rama negraAster squamatus (Spreng.) Hieron. var. squamatusSubils 615 (CORD) Aerial parts: antidiarrheal, stomachic, anti-ulcer, cicatrizant, antineoplasicDried entire plant, decoction: against enteritis (sub nom. A. squamatus var. squamatus)BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SCR, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts (stem + leaf +fruit): antiulcer and gastric acidantisecretory activity (sub nom. A. squamatus var. squamatus) Dried flowers. α-Amyrin: triterpene; βsitosterol: steroid; flavonoids, phenols, aminogroups, saponins, tannins (sub nom. A. squamatus var. squamatus)
Tagetes argentina Cabrera Burkart 20425 (CORD) Aerial parts: diuretic, digestiveCOR, MEN, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Flower. Myricetin derivatives
Tagetes campanulataGriseb. Rosa amarilla, suico vaca, suico, suiquilloHunziker 19875 (CORD) Dried entire plant, infusion: for stomach pains, cardiotonic, stimulant CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC Leaf + flower: antioxidant activity Seedling. Bithienyl,2-2': 5-(4-acetoxy1-butynyl), terthienyl, α: sulfurcompoundLeaf. Quercetin 3-O-diglucoside, quercetin 3-O-glucoside, luteolin, luteolin 7-O-glucoside, quercetagetin3,5,6,7,3'-pentamethyl ether, quercetagetin 3,6,3',4'-tetramethylether: flavonoids Flower. Quercetagetin, quercetagetin 7O-glucoside, quercetagetin 3-Og1ucoside, quercetin, quercetin 3-Odiglucoside, patuletin and patuletin 7O-glucoside: flavonoids
Tagetes filifolia Lag. Anís del campo, anís de la sierra, anisillo, suico vaca, anicillo, anís, anís anís, anís del cerro, chincoco, anís silvestre, cominillo, roco, pampanis Tagetes multifida DC. Tagetes pusilla Kunth Subils et al. 3901 (CORD) Aerial parts: carminative, digestive, antispamodic, for infectons, neonatal and paediatrics care, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth, post partum pains and diseases; decoction: febrifuge and for cough CAT, COR, JUJ, SAL, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: sweetening effect; antibacterial, antiviral, antispasmodic, and anti-tumor activity Fresh entire plant. Estragole: phenylpropanoid Root. Bithienyl,2-2': 5-(4-acetoxy-1-butenyl): sulfur compound Leaf. Quercetagetin, quercetagetin 7-Gl, quercetagetin 7-Ar-Gal, quercetagetin 3-Ar-Gal, patuletin 7-Gl, isorhamnetin (sub nom. T. multifida) Essential oil. Anethole: phenylpropanoid; trans anethole: phenylpropanoid; limonene, citral, tagetone: monoterpenes
Tagetes mendocina Phil. Quinchihue, chil-chil de la sierra Ariza Espinar 1750 (CORD) Part not specified: stimulant stomachic, aphrodisiac CAT, LRI, MEN, SJU, SLU Dried entire plant: antibacterial and antioxidant activity Aerial parts. 4'-hydroxyacetophenone, protocatechuic acid, syringic acid, patuletin, quercetagetin 7-O-β-Dglucoside, patuletin 7-O-β-D-glucoside, axillarin 7-O-β-D-glucoside
Tagetes minuta L. Chinchilla, suico, suique, chil chil, margarita, floramar Subils 3889 (CORD) Entire plant, decoction: antiabortive Aerial parts: carminative, digestive, antispamodic, diuretic, antimicrobial, antifungal, anthelmintic, antiseptic, antitussive, pectoral, against the pediculosis and the alopecia, abluent; infusion: anthelmintic, disinfectant, fungicide, for infections, neonatal and paediatrics care, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth, post partum pains and diseases Dried branch + leaf, decoction: to treat urinary tract infections Leaf + flowers: infusion: antihysteric, diaphoretic, aphrodisiac, bitter beverages, against venereal disease BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Leaf + flowers: antitumor, antiviral, and antimicrobial activity Root: pheromone Aerial parts essential oil: hypotensive, bronchodilatory, spasmolytic, anti-inflammatory, and antidepressant activity Flowering tops. β-myrcene, p-cymene, limonene, (Z) ocimene, (E) ocimene, dihydro-tagetone, γ-terpinene, cis-linalool oxide, dimethyl styrene, transpara-Menth-2-en-1-ol, linalool, αthujone, cis-sabinene hydrate, camphor, trans-tagetone, cis-tagetone, cispinanone, 4-terpinenol, cis-dihydro carvone, Eschscholtzia ketone, verbenone, citronellol, cis-carveol, cisocimenone, trans-ocimenone, para-Anisadldehyde, linalyl acetate, methyl citronellate, trans-anethole, dehydro Eschscholtzia ketone, tridecane, δelemene, neryl acetate, trans-isosafrole, β-patchoulene, geranyl acetate, tetradecane, methyl eugenol, caryophyllene, aromandrene, α-humulene, γ-ionone 6 methyl, valencene, α-muurolene, n-pentadecane, β-bisabolene, γ-cadinene, δ-cadinene, wugenyl acetate, γ-elemene, ledol, spathulenol, guaiol, alchenenotiol, methyl linoleate, methyl stearate, docosan-7-9-dione, pentacosane, heptacosane, methyl heptacosane, octacosane, methyl nonacosane, triacontane, hentriacontane, dotriacontane, tritriacontane, pentatriacontane, heptatriacontane Leaf. Quercetagetrin, patuletrin, quercetagetrin-7-arabinosyl galactoside: flavonoids Leaf essential oil. p-cymene, limonene, (Z) ocimene, (E) ocimene, dihydro tagetone, artemisia ketone, chrysantenone, (E) tagetone, myrcenone, (Z) tagetone, borneol, p Mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol, santalone, (Z) ocimenone, (E) ocimenone, carvone, thymol, isopiperitenone, piperitenone, (E-E) α-farnesene, spathulenol Root. 2-2' 5-(4-acetoxy-1-butenyl) bithienyl : sulfur compound Fresh fruit essential oil. Nor Bornane: 2-iso-butyl, carvone, jasmolin I, p-cymene, (Z) ocimene, dihydro-tagetone, nopinone, (E) tagetone, myrcenone, (Z) tagetone, borneol, p-Mentha-1,5-dien-8-ol, santalone, (Z) ocimenone, (E) ocimenone, carvone, piperitenone, spathulenol Oil seed. Sterols, phospholipids, proteins, lysine, sugars (glucose), P, Ca
Tagetes multiflora Kunth Suico, suico-vaca Negritto 391 (CORD) Aerial parts: cardiotonic, stimulant CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Tagetes terniflora Kunth Suico, margarita, suico-suico Hunziker 19109 (CORD) Branches, leaf and flowers: against cough, colds, fever, diarrhea, dyspepsia, and partutition hemorrhage CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC Aerial parts essential oil: toxicity activity Leaf: antibacterial activity Aerial parts essential oil. Trans-tagetone, (E)-β-ocimene; ocimenones; limonene, isomenthone, spathulenol: sequiterpenoids; cis- and trans-Anethole: phenylpropanoids
Tessaria absinthioides (Hook. & Arn.) DC. Pájaro bobo, chilca, suncho rosado, brea, suncho negro Ariza Espinar 1598 (CORD) Leaf: hypocholesterolemiant, balsamic, expectorant Dried aerial parts, infusion: to lower cholesterol BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: anti-inflammatory activity Leaf: antitumor activity Aerial parts essential oil: virucidal activity Dried aerial parts. 3-β-5-α-dihydroxy costic acid , eremophilane (tessaric acid): sesquiterpene; thiophene,2-(but 3-en-1-ynyl)-5-(penta-1-3-diynyl): sulfur compound; casticine, artemisine, chrysosplenetine: flavonoids
Tessaria ambigua DC. Pájaro bovo Ariza Espinar 1595 (CORD) Part not specified: antitussive, hepatic, tonic, depurative, laxative BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. α-amyrine, penduletin, 3,6,7-O-trimethyl quercetagetin, artemisine
Tessaria dodoneifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Cabrera Chilca dulce, suncho, chilca, chilca negra, suncho Ariza Espinar 2343 (CORD) Leaf: abortifacient, vaginal mycosis, anuria, urin with blood, emmenagogue BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried leaf+ stem. Tedonodiol: sesquiterpene; eriodyctiol, sakuranetin, luteolin, 7-O-methyleriodyctiol, 4',7-O-dimethylnaringenin, dihydroquercetin-3-acetate, 3-O-methyl-quercetin, 3,6-Odimethylquercetagetin: flavonoids
Tessaria integrifolia Ruiz & Pav. Aliso del río, aliso, aliso bobo, bobo, buibé, pájaro bobo, palo bobo Hosseus 91 (CORD) Dried entire plant, infusion: diuretic and for asthma Leaf, decoction: febrifuge; infusion: for asthma, astringent, cicatrizant Leaf + flowers: antigonorrheal, antiallergic, antiasthmatic, antiinflammatory, diuretic BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Dried aerial parts: radical scavenging effect; antiinflammatory and antimicrobial activity Aerial parts. α-amyrin: acetate: triterpene; artemisine, casticine: flavonoids; 3-4-di-O caffeoyl-quinic acid, iso chlorogenic acid a,: methyl ester: phenylpropanoid; 3,5-O-dicaffeoyl-quinic acid. 4,5-O-di- caffeoylquinic acid Dried leaf. Iso chlorogenic acid b: phenylpropanoid; cuauthemone-3-O-(3methyl-valerate): sesquiterpene
Thelesperma megapotamicum (Spreng.) Kuntze Té pampa, té indio Ariza Espinar 3353 (CORD) Leaf: digestive, antispamodic, against kidney diseases. BAI, COR, ERI, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SDE, SFE, SLU Aerial parts: antibacterial and antioxidant activity Entire plant. Cynaroside, luteolin: flavone Dried aerial parts. Thymohydroquinone dimethyl ether: monoterpene Dried root. 4-0-iso-butyryl-3-0-methyl7-8-epoxy coniferyl acetate: phenylpropanoid
Thymophylla pentachaeta var. belenidum (DC.) Strother Yerba amarilla Saravia Toledo 973 (MCNS) Aerial parts: digestive, diuretic BAI, CAT, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU Aerial parts: antioxidant and antifungal activity No data
Trichocline auriculata (Wedd.) Hieron. Achicoria, café del campo, contrayerba, negro-ampe, papaballa Cialdella 479 (SI) Part not specified: stomachic, othalgic JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Trichocline boecheri Cabrera Contrayerba Bustos et al. (CORD 165) Part not specified: alexipharmic MEN, SJU No biological test No data
Trichocline cineraria (D. Don) Hook. & Arn. Contrayerba macho Biurrun et al. 5761 (CORD) Part not specified: stomachic MEN, SJU No biological test No data
Trichocline dealbata (Hook. & Arn.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex Griseb. Contrayerba, yerba corro, yerba del corro Kuntze 103 (CORD) Part not specified: stomachic MEN, NEU No biological test No data
Trichocline macrocephala Less. Cravo do campo Maruñak 116 (LP) Part not specified: antinephritic MIS Aerial part: antinociceptive activity Root: antioxidant activity No data
Trichocline plicata D. Don ex Hook. & Arn. Topasaire plateado, contrahierba, yerba del corro Cocucci 320 (CORD) Root: to relieve the stomachache COR, SLU No biological test No data
Trichocline reptans (Wedd.) Hieron. Arnica, contrahierba, coro, yerba china, yerba del ciervo Ariza Espinar 2843 (CORD) Root: stomachic, to relieve gastrointestinal disorders, diaphoretic BAI, CAT , CHA, COR , JUJ, LPA , LRI, MEN, RNE , SAL, SDE , SFE, SJU, TUC Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Dried aerial parts. 6-acetyl-5hydroxy-2-iso-propenyl 2-3-dihydro benzofuran oxygen heterocycle; imperatorin: coumarin
Trichocline sinuata (D. Don) CabreraÁrnica del cam po, maravilla, yerba china Hunziker 18951 (CORD) Root: stomachic, diaphoretic BAI, COR, ERI, LPA, RNE, SFE, SLU No biological test Dried aerial parts. 6-acetyl-5hydroxy-2-iso-propenyl 2-3-dihydro benzofuran: oxygen heterocycle; bergapten, phellopterin: coumarin
Trixis cacaloides (Kunth) D. Don Coca, inga-inga Kurtz 2635 (CORD) Part not specified: diaphoretic CAT, CHA, COR, COS, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. α-amyrin, taraxasteryl acetate: triterpene; β-sitosterol: steroid; trixis sesquiterpene 4: sesquiterpene; isocedrene derivatives
Trixis divaricata subsp. discolor (D. Don) Katinas Contrayerba Ariza Espinar 3350 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: for amenorrhea, to treat diabetes; for humoral and blood diseases; decoction: emmenagogue; against insects, spiders and snakebites, abortifacient Root: against cough, colds Leaf: vulnerary, abluent, rubesfacient, diaphoretic, diuretic, antirheumatic Flowers: anti-inflammatory CAT, CHA, COR, ERI, FOR, LRI, SFE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Trixis pallida Less. Contrayerba, urusú catí Cocucci 3042 (CORD) Root: anthelmintic CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS No biological test

Aerial parts. (2S,3S,4S,6R,7R,9R,10R,11R,14S)-3 Acetyloxy-9-hydroxy14-(erythro-2-methyl-3 acetyloxybutanoyloxy)-14,15 epoxytrix-5(15)-en-4,12-olide, 3-Acetyloxy-9hydroxy-14-(erythro-2-methyl-3-hydroxybutanoyloxy)-14,15-epoxytrix 5(15)-en-4,12-olide, 3-Acetyloxy-9hydroxy-14-(threo-2-methyl-3-hydroxybutanoyloxy)-14,15-epoxytrix 5(15)-en-4,12-olide, 3-Acetyloxy-9-hydroxy-14-(3-hydroxy-3-methylbutanoyloxy)- 14,15-epoxytrix-5(15)-en-4,12-olide, 3-(3-Methylbutanoyloxy)-9-hydroxy-14(threo-2-methyl-3-hydroxybutanoyloxy)-14,15-epoxytrix-5(15)-en-4,12-olide, 3-(2-Methylbutanoyloxy)-9hydroxy-14-(threo-2-methyl-3-hydroxybutanoyloxy)-14,15-epoxytrix-5(15)-en-4,12-olide, 3-(3-Methylbutanoyloxy)-9-hydroxy-14(erythro-2-methyl-3-hydroxybutanoyloxy)-14,15epoxytrix-5(15)-en-4,12-olide, 3-(threo-2-Methyl-3-acetyloxybutanoyloxy)-9hydroxy-14-(erythro-2-methyl-3-acetyloxybutanoyloxy)-14,15-epoxytrix-5(15)-en-4,12-olide, 3-(3-Methyl-3-acetyloxybutanoyloxy)-9hydroxy-14-(erythro-2-methyl-3-acetyloxybutanoyloxy)-14,15epoxytrix-5(15)-en-4,12-olide, 3-(3-Hydroxy-3-methylbutanoyloxy)-9-hydroxy-14-(erythro-2-methyl-3acetyloxybutanoyloxy)-14,15epoxytrix-5(15)-en-4,12-olide, 3-(2Methylbutanoyloxy)-9-hydroxy-14(erythro-2-methyl-3acetyloxybutanoyloxy)-14,15epoxytrix-5(15)-en-4,-12-olide, 3-(3Methylbutanoyloxy)-9-hydroxy-14(erythro-2-methyl- 3-acetyloxybutanoyloxy)-14,15epoxytrix-5(15)-en-4,-12-olide, 3-(3Hydroxy-3-methylbutanoyloxy)-9-(2methylbutanoyloxy)-14-(erythro-2methyl-3-hydroxybutanoyloxy)-14,15epoxytrix-5(15)-en-4,12-olide, 3-(3Hydroxy-3-methylbutanoyloxy)-9-(2methylbutanoyloxy)-14-(threo-2methyl-3-hydroxybutanoyloxy)-14,15epoxytrix-5(15)-en-4,12-olide, 3,14Bis(3-hydroxy-3-methylbutanoyloxy)9-(2-methylbutanoyloxy)-14,15epoxytrix-5(15)-en-4,12-olide: trixanolides

Urmenetea atacamensis Phil. Cotaro, coquilla, cótar Cabrera & Schwabe 80 (LP) Part not specified: hypertension, mountain sickness CAT, JUJ, SAL No biological test Dried aerial parts. Lupeoyl acetate, lupeol: triterpenes
Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) Benth.& Hook. f. ex A. Gray Santa María, suncho, mirasolcito Ariza Espinar 2760 (CORD) Aerial parts, infusion: cicatrizant Leaf: hemostatic, to relieve bruises, vulnerary, for skin disorders BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: toxic effect; antibacterial activity Dried entire plant. α-amyrin: triterpene; campesterol: steroid; daucosterol: steroid; galegine: alkaloidmisc; linoleic acid: lipid
Vernonia chamaedrys Less. Escoba dura, pichana, pugno, quiebra arado Hunziker 5326 (CORD) Root: emmenagogue CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test Plant. Apigenin, luteolin 7-methyl ether, luteolin 3'-methyl ether, luteolin 7, 3'-dimethyl ether: flavonoids
Vernonia cincta Griseb. Dematteis 522 (CTES) Leaf: for scabies Flower/sap: eye infection CAT, FOR, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Vernonia cognata Less. Cocucci 2990 (CORD) Medicinal CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test Dried aerial parts. α amyrin, β amyrin: triterpene; glaucolide B, piptocarphol diesters Dried leaf. Germacrene D: sesquiterpene; taraxasterol: triterpene
Vernonia flexuosa Sims var. flexuosa Quiebra arado Hunziker 2192 (CORD) Medicinal BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SDE, SFE No biological test Aerial parts. Apigenin 7-methyl ether, luteolin 7, 3'-dimethyl ether: flavonoids Root. Vernoflexin: sesquiterpene
Vernonia mo llisima D. Don ex Hook. & Arn. Hunziker 7245 (CORD) Leaf: diaphoretic BAI, COR, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE No biological test Aerial parts. Sesquiterpene, triterpene
Vernonia niederleinii Hieron. Planta del fuego Cabrera 29054 (SI) Aerial parts: for burns COS, MIS No biological test No data
Vernonia scorpioides (Lam.) Pers. Ariza Espinar 2300 (CORD) Plant: treatment of allergies, skin parasites, skin injures and itching, antiseptic Part not specified, infusion: stimulant, aphrodisiac BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Aerial parts: immunomodulatory and cytotoxic activity Leaf: cicatrizant activity Dried aerial parts. Germacra-1(10)trans-4-trans-dien-15-oic acid-12-8-αolide, glaucolide A: sesquiterpene Essential oil. δ-cadinene: sesquiterpene
Vernonia squamulosa Hook. & Arn. Santa Rosa, suncho negro, guadalupe Hunziker 5175 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC Dried leaf + stem: antileishmanial activity Dried aerial parts. α amyrin, β amyrin: triterpene; glaucolide A, piptocarphin A: sesquiterpene
Vernonia tweedieana Baker Mata campo Tressens 6172 (CTES) Leaf: expectorant COS, FOR, MIS Leaf: antioxidant activity Root: antibacterial and cytotoxic activity Aerial parts. α-and β-amyrin, lupeol, palmitic acid Leaf. α- and β-amyrin, lupeol: triterpenes; β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, spinasterol: steroids; eriodictyol: flavanone Root. Lupenyl palmitate and a mixture of α-and β-amyrin palmitate
Wedelia subvaginata N.E. Br. Pire 6773 (CORD) Medicinal CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, SFE Aerial parts: molluscicidal effects No data
Werneria heteroloba Wedd. Pupusa de vega Cabrera 9049 (LP) Part not specified: antiinflammatory, antispasmodic CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Xanthium ambrosioides Hook. & Arn. Abrijo de vizcachera, cadillo, roseta, abrojo chico Hunziker 8836 (CORD) Aerial parts: allergenic, respiratoy disorders, antinephritic, hepatic, vulnerary, antispamodic, abluent, astringent,stomachic, for treating wounds externally, hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, ophtalmic, for vaginal infections BAI, CAT, COR, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SLU No biological test No data
Xanthium catharticum Kunth Espinillo Burkart 6403 (BA) Dried entire plant, infusion: for stomach pains Dried root, infusion: stimulant CAT, CHU, JUJ, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU Dried aerial parts: antibacterial and antitrypanosomal activity Root + stem: antileishmanial activity Dried root. Lasidiol para-methoxybenzoate: sesquiterpene
Xanthium cavanillesii Schouw Abrojo, abrojo grande, abrojo macho Hunziker 11556 (CORD) Aerial parts: antispamodic, purgative, abluent, against disorders respiratory, nephritic, hepatic, antispamodic, vulnerary Fruit: oxitoxic, to ease birth Seed + root: antidysenteric, diuretic Dried seed, decoction: to treat urinary tract infections BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, LPA, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SFE, SJU Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity; antiulcer and gastroprotection agent Aerial parts essential oil. Camphene: monoterpene; δ-cadinene: sesquiterpene; para cresol: benzenoid Aerial parts. Xanthatin, 24mehylenecycloartanol, lupeol, βamyrin, stigmasterol, campesterol, sitosterol, loliolide and several xanthanolides.
Xanthium spinosum L. var. spinosum Cepa caballo, abrojo chico, abrojito, abrojillo, abrojo, abrepuño, abrojo duro, jadillo, tepaia, Ariza Espinar 2809 (CORD) Entire plant: choleretic, hepatic, laxative, diuretic, antidysenteric, antispamodic, antiseptic, cephalalgic, antimicrobial, contraceptive, calmative, depurative Aerial parts, infusion: decongestive, antiseptic, antispasmodic and for malaria; against diarrhea; decoction: maturating Leaf + flowers: cholagogue, laxative, antigonorreea Dried leaf, infusion: diuretic Root: digestive, hepatic BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried leaf: insulin degradation inhibition; antimicrobial and antitumor activity Leaf + stem: antitumor activity Dried aerial parts. 3'-4'-didesulfated atractyloside: diterpene; caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, coniferyl alcohol: phenylpropanoids; douglanin: sesquiterpene; quercetin, 8-(γγdimethylallyl) apigenin: flavonoids; xanthanol,deacety l: 2-acetoxy-4hydroxy: sesquiterpene; xanthatin, xanthinine, stizalicine, solsititialin: sesquiterpene lactones
Xenophyllum incisum (Phil.) V.A. Funk var. incisum Pupusa de río, pupusa de agua, pupusa del cerro Cabrera 8623 (LP) Aerial parts: hepatic, antirheumatic, altitude sickness JUJ, SAL No biological test Aerial parts essential oil. α-and βpinene, myrcene, α- and βphellandrene, p-cymene, limonene, nopinone, trans-pinocarveol, pinocarvone, cryptone, myrtenol, myrtenal, α-copaene, α-humulene, α- and γ-muurolene, α- and β-selinene, γcadinene, cis-calamenene, α-calacorene, α-cyperone, β-dihydroagarofurane; 2,2dimethyl-6-acetyl-3-chromene, 6hydroxytremetone, euparin: phydroxyacetophenone derivatives; incisol (incisa-3 (E), 6(14), 11-trien-9αol)
Xenophyllum poposum (Phil.) V. A. Funk Pupusa, poposa, llareta, pupusa de la ciénaga Werneria poposa Phil. Cabrera 9093 (LP) Branches + leaf: against diarrhea and gastrointestinal bloating, for mountain sickness Part not specified: against abdominal pain, flu, indigestion, intestinal inflammation, rheumatism, soroche (altitude sickness) and to stabilize arterial pressure JUJ, SAL, TUC Aerial parts: anti-hypertensive activity (sub nom. W. poposa) Aerial parts essential oil. α- and βpinene, β-phellandrene, terpinen-4-ol, α-terpinene, citronelal, isopulegone, Δ 3-carene, 1,8-cineol, nerolidol, other sesquiterpenes Plant. 2R-(-)-6-hydroxytremetone (sub nom. W. poposa)
Zexmenia brachylepis (Griseb.) Cabrera Pante amarillo, saitilla Krapovickas 46814 (CTES) Aerial parts: against aphtha, hepatic affections, to avoid vomiting CHA, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Zinnia peruviana (L.) L. Flor de papel, yerba de San Jacinto, clavelillo, chinita del campo, clavel del campo, chinita Ariza Espinar 2943 (CORD) Leaf: antimalarial, febrifuge CAT, CHA, COR, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antifungal and antibacterial activity Aerial parts. 6-β-acetoxy-9-α-angeloyl-oxy-15-oxo elemanolide , germacrene D, zinaflorine II, III: sesquiterpenes
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BALANOPHORACEAE
Lophophytum leandri Eichl. Flor de piedra Grondona 1709 (SI)
Rhizome: hepatic, diuretic COS, MIS No biological test Rhizome. Naringenin, eriodyctiol, quercetin: flavonoids
Ombrophytum subterraneum (Aspl.) B. Hansen Ancañoca, ankañoca, aspaloro, hichar, hicharejo, ichar Barboza 1340 (CORD) Rhizome: digestive, urinary disorders CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
BASELLACEAE
Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis Brotal, papa santa, hierba santa, Santa Lucía, Santa María, Santa Rita, enredadera de papa, enredadera del mosquito, papa del diablo, zarza, suelda, papilla Subils 2378 (CORD)
Entire plant, infusion: antidiarrheal, for arthritis, for burns Aerial parts: pectoral, ophtalmic Dried leaf: antineuralgic, eye washes, neonatal and paediatrics care; for skin affections (mycosis, warts, insects bite, itching, irritation) BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Dried leaf: antibacterial activity Dried entire plant. Steroids
Ullucus tuberosus subsp. aborigineus (Brücher) Sperling Ulluco, papa lisa, papa chola, melloca, ulluma, papa verde, ruba Brücher 3015 (VEN) Tuber: medicinal Dried tuber, infusion: for headache Fresh tuber: antidiabetic JUJ Fresh tuber: antihyperglycemic activity Entire plant. Tuberoside A, tuberoside B, tuberoside C: triterpenes
BEGONIACEAE
Begonia cucullata Willd. var. cucullata Agrial Arbo 7874 (CTES)
Aerial parts: refrigerant, antitussive, antiscorbutic, diuretic, purgative, antisyphilitic, astringent, vulnerary, for conjunctivitis, febrifuge Fresh root: for toothache pain COS, MIS No biological test No data
Begonia cucullata var. spatulata (Lodd.) Golding Zuloaga 6664 (SI) Leaves: rubefacient, vulnerary, antitussive, diuretic, antiscorbutic, anti-inflammatoryBAI, CHA, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS No biological test No data
BERBERIDACEAE
Berberis darwinii Hook. Calafate Chiapella 1800 (CORD)
Entire plant: anti-inflammatory, tonic CHU, NEU, RNE, TDF No biological test Dried stem. Andesine: indole alkaloid; berberine, 1-O-methyl chitraline: isoquinoline alkaloid; isoindolinonederivatives; nuevamine: isoindoloisoquilinone alkaloid;lennoxamine: isoindolobenzazepineDried fruit. Delphinidin-3-glucoside: flavonoid
Berberis empetrifolia Lam. Calafatillo, calafate chico, michay, calafate enano, zarcilla, uva de la cordillera, monte negroBarboza 1211 (CORD) Plant: mountain sickness Root: digestive, antidiarrhealCAT, CHU, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU, TDF No biological test Plant. (±)-chilenine, lennoxamine, coyhaiquinine, natalimine, puntarenine: isoquinoline alkaloids; berberine: protoberberine alkaloid; benzyl- and bisbenzyl-isoquinoline alkaloids
Berberis grevilleana Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. Guaglianone 1553 (SI) Root: for dyspepsia, anorexia,decongestant, hepatic, antipyretic COR, MEN, SJU No biological test No data
Berberis lilloana Job Sacha uva Cocucci 2079 (CORD) Root: fegrifuge, cholalogue, antidiarrheal, for heart treatments and tumours CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Berberis microphylla G. Forst. Calafate Berberis buxifolia Lam. Berberis heterophylla Juss. ex Poir. Bernardello 593 (CORD) Part not specified: antipyretic, for cold, toxic Dried bark, decoction: for urinary and respiratory tract infections Leaf + stem, decoction: forstomachache and other intestinal irritations (sub nom. B. buxifolia Lam.) Fruit: astringent, digestive, antidiarrheal Root: antidiarrheal, astringent, febrifuge, digestive, hepatic, antiinflammatory, tonic (sub nom. B. buxifolia Lam.) CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF Shoots: antimicrobial activity (sub nom. B. buxifolia)Leaf + stem : an tifungal activity (sub nom. B. heterophylla)Part not specified: antiviral activity Dried entire plant. Chillanamine: isoquinoline alkaloid; chiloenamine, chiloenamine A, B, chiloenine: amine alkaloids; calafatamine, calafatine, calafatine 2-α-Noxide, calafatine 2-β-Noxide, curacutine, (-)-osornine, (-)talcamine: bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids. Fruit. Berberine, berberidine, oxycanthine: alkaloids; tannins, anthocyanins, resins, starch, malic acid (sub nom. B. buxifolia)Dried root. Argemonine, berberine:isoquinoline alkaloid (sub nom. B. buxifolia)
Berberis montana Gay Palo amarillo Cabrera 21913 (SI) Bark + root: for digestive disorders NEU, RNE No biological test No data
Berberis ruscifolia Lam. Calafate, quebrachillo, palo amarillo, sacha uva, uvilla Hunziker 11292 (CORD) Entire plant: eupeptic, hepatic, anti-inflammatory, febrifuge Root: antimalarial, hypotensive Leaf + stem: hepatic, antiinflammatory, antimalarial BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, LRI, NEU, SDE, SFE, SLU Root: antimalarial activity Dried leaf. Hyperoside: flavonol; luteolin: flavone; hydrocarbons, alcohols, sterols, anthocyanins
Berberis trigona Kunze ex Poepp. & Endl. Berberis linearifolia Phil. Michay Hosseus 1045 (CORD) Entire plant: anti-inflammatory, tonic NEU, RNE Leaf + stem: cytotoxic activity (sub nom. B. linearifolia) No data
BETULACEA
E Alnus acuminata Kunth Aliso blanco, aliso colorado Cialdella 98 (SI)
Bark: for sealing wounds, rashes, skin irritations, bone and arthritic pains, cold, stomach and intestine colics CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activity Leaf: abortive effect; antiinflammatory Leaf. Sterols, triterpenes, flavonoids, tannins, phenolic compounds; δamyrone (Olean-13-(18)-en-3-one), apigenin-4'7-dimethylether (5-hidroxyc'7-dimethyoxyflavone)
BIGNONIACEAE
Adenocalymma marginatum (Cham.) DC. Isipó morotí Mroginski 334 (CTES)
Part not specified: aphrodisiac, digestive COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Amphilophium cynanchoides (DC.) L. G. Lohmann Sacha esponja Pithecoctenium cynanchoides DC. Hunziker 15358 (CORD) Leaf: antiseptic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE,SJU, SLU,TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activity No data
Dolichandra cynanchoides Cham. Sacha huasca, pata de gallo, clarín, bignonia colorada, clarín, teyú, trompeta de Venus, mil hombres, falso mil hombres, sanalotodo Macfadyenia cynanchoides (Cham.) Morong Hunziker 15398 (CORD) Aerial parts: for headaches and migraines Leaf: antidiarrheal, anti-emetic, contraceptive, for humoral and blood diseases BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Leaf. Cynanchoside, macfadienoside, 5,7- bisdeoxycynanchoside: iridoids (sub nom. M. cynanchoides)
Dolichandra unguis-cati (L.) L.G. Lohmann Uña de gato, garra de gato Macfadyena unguis-cati (L.) A. H. Gentry Ariza Espinar 1871 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion & decoction: for snakebite, for infections Aerial parts: against gastrointestinal, bloating, vaginal mycosis, anuria, urin with blood Root: galactogene Leaf, infusion: analgesic, diuretic, febrifuge Fruit, infusion: to treat arthritis and rheumatism BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Dried leaf: antitrypanosomal activity Dried aerial parts. β-amyrin : triterpene; pectolinarigenin-7-O-β-Dglucoside: flavone Dried vine. Chlorogenic acid: phenylpropanoid; corymboside: flavone Dried root. Quinovic acid: triterpene
Fridericia truncata (Sprague) L.G. Lohmann Cabrera 21106 (CORD) Sap: for dermatosis CHA, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Jacaranda micrantha Cham. Caroba, caroba blanca Deginani 1220 (CTES, SI) Part not specified: antitussive, maturating, febrifuge, for puerperal baths COS, MIS No biological test Dried leaf. Cyclohexa-2-5-dien-1-ol,1hydroxy-4-oxo: ethyl acetate Fruit. Cyanogenic glycosides
Jacaranda mimosifolia D. Don Jacarandá, Mazaré, palo mármol, tarcol, tarco Kurtz 16286 (CORD) Root: sudorific, emetic, cathartic Bark, infusion: for fertility regulation Dried leaf: for liver disorders, antisyphilitic, for infections (compresses) Part not specified: abortifacient ERI, JUJ, SAL, TUC Dried leaf: cytotoxic activity Dried twig: hypotensive activity Fresh flowers. Cyanidin-3-O-β-Drutinoside: flavonoid M14652; jacaranone: quinoid Dried fruit. Acetate ethyl-2-(1hydroxy-4-oxo-2-5-cyclohexadienyl): benzenoid; apigenin, apigenin-7-O-βD-glucuronopyranoside: flavone
Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) MiersMorrone 2143 (SI) Stem + leaf: tonic, for treatingdiarrhea and dysentery COS, MIS Leaf: antioxidant activity Root. Allantoin, β-sitosterol, hesperidine, 3β-0-β-DglupyranosylsitosterolLeaf: flavonoids, phenolicsFlower. β-sitosterol, n-hentriacontan, 70-β-D-glycopyranosilacacetin, mesoinositol
Tabebuia aurea (Silvia Manso) Benth. et Hook. f. exS. Moore Lapacho amarillo, paratodo, quiraiTabebuia caraiba (Mart.) Bureau Arbo 8877 (CTES) Bark: digestive, antiinflammatory; for skin eruptions;decoction: febrifuge, anti-emeticStem bark, infusion: abortifacient (sub nom. T. caraiba)COS, FOR, SAL Stem bark: uterine stimulant effect (sub nom. T. caraiba) Dried leaf. Cynaroside, luteolin,6hydroxy, luteolin,6-hydroxy: 7-Oglucoside: flavone(sub nom. T. caraiba)
Tabebuia heptaphylla(Vell.) ToledoLapacho, lapacho morado, lapacho negro, lapacho crespoTecoma ipe Mart. ex K. Schum. Martínez 514 (CORD) Wood: antirheumatic, diuretic, abortive Bark + leaf: diuretic, astringent, antiseptic Dried bark, decoction: to treat urinary tract infections, against diarrhea, to treat injure of the skin Flowers: expectorant (sub nom. T. ipe).CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Bark + leaf: antimicrobial activity (sub nom. T. ipe)Dried bark: antibacterial activityLeaf: antioxidant activity Bark + leaf. Furanonaphtoquinones (sub nom. T. ipe)Leaf: flavonoids
Tabebuia impetiginosa(Mart. ex DC.) Standl. Lapacho Tabebuia avellanedae Lorentz ex Griseb. Bodenberger 12958 (CORD) Dried bark, decoction: for urinary tract infections, diuretic; infusion: laxative, anti-hypoglycemic, hypotensive, stimulant, anti-emetic, abortifacient, Leaf: astringent, vulnerary, antiseptic, for psoriasis, anti- haemorrhoidal; decoction: against cancer Flowers: antitussive, expectorant. CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activityStem bark: antinociceptive, antiedematogenic, antiviral, antitrypanosomicidal, antifungal, antibacterial, and anti-tumor activity Dried bark. Ajugol,6-0-(4-hydroxybenzoyl): iridoid monoterpene;anisaldehyde: benzenoid; naphtho(2,3b)-furan-4-9-dione,2-acetyl: quinoid Stem bark. Lapachol, α- and βlapachone; cycloolivile, aryltetraline: lignans; furanonaphtoquinones (sub nom. T. avellanedae)Dried heartwood. 1-hydroxyanthraquinone: quinoid; 2-methyl anthraquinone: quinoid; lapachol
Tabebuia nodosa (Griseb.) Griseb. Palo cruz, toroguatay, palo sinvergüenza, huiñajHunziker 17143 (CORD) Bark and flowers: to loose weightCAT, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth Guarán guarán, guaránamarillo, fresnillo, fresno, garrocha, garrocha amarilla, sauco amarillo, trompetilla, tronador Rivera 96 (CORD) Entire plant: antipyretic, for gastritis, cathartic, diuretic, analgesic, heart and skin problems, gastrointestinal, urinary, gynecological/obstetric and respiratory disordersRoot: diuretic, hypoglycemicBark, infusion & decoction: for hypoglycemicDried branches, infusion: antihypertensive Dried leaf + stem, decoction: hypoglycemicCAT, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Dried leaf + stem: hyperlipidemic activity; antidiabetic effect Leaf: antifungal activity Callus tissue, leaf. Actinidine: monoterpene alkaloid; α-amyrin: triterpene Dried seed. Arabinose: carbohydrate Leaf. 4-hydroxy benzoic acid: benzenoid; caffeic acid: phenylpropanoid; anthranilic acid:alkaloid-misc.; plantarenaloside:iridoid monoterpene.Fungus infected leaf. Quercetin: flavonol
BIXACEAE
Bixa orellana
L. Urucú, bija, bixa, a nnatto, orellana, achiote, achote, bija, urucum, otta, otto Tolaba 2134 (CORD)
Root: diuretic, vermifuge, antisyphiliticBark: refrigerant, emmenagogue, antitoxic, stomachic, antidote Branch + leaf, decoction: for snakebite as a drink Leaf, infusion: for agitation, astringent, diuretic, stomachic; for blooddisorders, dysentery (amebiasis), for leucorrhea and vaginitis (trichomoniasis), tonic, calmative Dried leaf + seed, decoction: for diarrhea, diuretic Seed: to treat dizziness, antidiarrheal, febrifuge, digestive, cardiotonic,laxative, emmenagogue, cicatrizant, for sun-burns, bleeding, dysentery, gonorrhea, constipation CHA, COR, FOR, SAL Dried root: hypotensive activity Dried branch + leaf: antivenin effect Dried leaf: anticonvulsant, analgesic, antidiarrheal, antioxidant, antimalarial, antiinflammatory, antifungal andantibacterial activity; effect ongastrointestinal motility; aldolase inhibition; increases the production of gastric mucusDried fruit: antiviral and antibacterial activity Seed: hypoglycaemic activity Leaf. Apigenin-7-bisulfate, hipoaletine, cosmosiine; geraniol, geranyl formiatefarnesyl acetone; gallic acid; ishwaraneSeed., β-bixin, β-carotene, cryptoxanthin, lutein, zeaxanthin,methyl bixin, norbixin, orelline, 6geranylgeranyl 8'-methyl-6,8'diapocaroten-6,8'-dioate, 6geranylgeranyl 6'-methyl (9'Z)-6,6'diapocaroten-6,6'-dioate and 6geranylgeranyl 6'-methyl-6,6'diapocaroten-6,6'-dioate, methyl (9Z)8 -oxo-6,8 -diapocaroten-6-oate, methyl (9Z)-10 -oxo-6,10 -diapocaroten-6-oate, methyl (9Z)-14 -oxo-6,14 -diapocaroten-6-oate: carotenoids; oleic acid, linoleic acid, δtocotrienol: lipids; ishwarane
BOMBACACEAE
Ceiba chodatii (Hassl.) Ravenna Yuchán, barrigudo Chorisia insignis auct. non Kunth Martínez 279 (CORD)
Spines: hepatic, to relieve the lumbago and kidneys pains (sub nom. Ch. insignis) CAT, CHA, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test Leaf. Mucilages
Ceiba speciosa (A. St.-Hil., A. Juss. & Cambess.) Ravenna Palo borracho Chorisia speciosa A. St.-Hil., A. Juss. & Cambess. Venturi 852 (SI) Flowers + thorns: analgesic, diuretic Cortex sap: to treat hernia Thorns: analgesic, antiasthmatic, to treat alcoholism CHA, COS, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test Gum exudate. L-arabinose, L-rhamnose, D-mannose,; D-galactose, D-glucuronic acid; trace of D-xylose Leaf. Mucilages Seed coat. Rhamnose, galactose and uronic acid: saccharides (sub nom. Chorisia speciosa)
BORAGINACEAE
Amsinckia calycina (Moris) Chater Hosseus 104 (CORD)
Leaf: cicatrizant BAI, CHU, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test Plant. Intermedine, lycopsamine, echiumine: pyrrolizidine alkaloids
Cordia ecalyculata Vell. Colita, gomita, porangaba, chá do bugre, café do mato Cordia salicifolia Cham. Tressens et al. 3082 (CTES) Dried entire plant: appetite suppressant, diuretic Leaf: cardiotonic, stimulant, to heal lesions of leishmaniasis COS, MIS Whole plant: antiviral activity Leaf: antibacterial activity Branches + leaf: cytotoxic activity against cancer cells; cardiotonic properties, hypolipidemic effects (sub nom. C. salicifolia) Fresh + dried entire plant. Allantoin: alkaloid; allantoic acid; potassium Leaf. (+)-spathulenol, β-sitosterol, palmitic acid, myristic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid Fruit. Caffeine, potassium, allantoin, allantoic acid (sub nom. C. salicifolia)
Cryptantha albida (Kunth) I. M. Johnst. Borrajilla, borrajilla del campo, borraja, borrajita del campo Kurtz 15429 (CORD) Part not specified: stomachic CAT, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL No biological test No data
Ehretia cortesia GottschlingCortesia cuneifolia Cav. Hunziker 13269 (SI) Medicinal COR, LRI, MEN, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Heliotropium amplexicauleVahl Heliotropo cimarrón , Heliotropo d el camp o, heliotropo silvestre, borraja del campo Hunziker 298 (CORD) Aerial parts: sudorific, diuretic, anti-gout, antitussive, antiseptic, hypocholesteremic, disinfectant, for cold BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Plant: toxic effect general Plant. 1,2-dehydropyrrolizidine alkaloid
Heliotropium curassavicum var. argentinum I. M. Johnst. Cola de gama, heliotropo,yerba meona, jaboncillo, pata de gallo.Ariza Espinar 3188 (CORD) Aerial parts: gout, rheumatism, neuralgias, arteriosclerotic disorders, muscular algias, phlebitis, varix BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antiviral and genotoxic activity Dried root. Retronecine: pyrrolizidine alkaloid
Heliotropium elongatum Hoffm. ex Roem. & Schult. Borraja del campo Barboza 385 (CORD) Aerial parts: hepatic CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Heliotropium indicum L. Hunziker 5679 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: for ulcers, externally for urticaria; abortifacient; decoction: for herpes Leaf: emollient, for treating wounds externelly.Dried aerial parts, decoction: antidiarrheal, for bites and stingsFlowers, infusion: abortifacient, emmenagogueCHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Entire plant: hepatotoxic and antitumor activity Dried entire plant. Lupeol: triterpene Dried leaf. Acacic acid lactone: triterpene; β-amyrin, daucosterol: triterpene Seed. Heliotridine-n-oxide, heliotrine: pyrrolizidine alkaloids
Heliotropium procumbensMill. Barboza et al. 366 (CORD) Leaf: feverish child CHA, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Heliotropium veronicifolium Griseb. Chiarini 243 (CORD) Aerial parts: diuretic CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Patagonula americana L. Guayaibí blanco, guayaibí-rá, saucillo, guayaibí-morotí Martínez 176 (CORD) Bark: cicatrizant, anti-syphilitic Leaf: vulnerary CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE No biological test Bark. Quinones Part not specified. Cordiachrome G, H, peuchdiachrome H: sesquiterpenoids
Phacelia cumingii (Benth.) A. Gray Kiesling 9025 (SI) Part not specified: analgesic, diuretic, sedative, aromatic CAT, CHU, LRI, MEN, NEU, SAL, SCR, SJU No biological test No data
Phacelia secunda J. F. Gmel. var. secunda Yerba de la vída, té de la vida, oreja de ratón, yerba de San Blas Hieronymus 756 (CORD) Leaf: hemostatic, cicatrizant, for burns Part not specified: analgesic, antiinflammatory, diuretic, sedative CAT, CHU, COR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SJU, TDF, TUC No biological test No data
Tournefortia lilloi I. M. Johnst. Venturi 316 (SI) Part not specified: medicinal JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Tournefortia paniculata Cham. var. paniculata Hunziker et al. 15451 (CORD) Part not specified: medicinal COS, MIS No biological test No data
Varronia curassavica Jacq. Cordia curassavica (Jacq.) Roem. & Schult. Cordia verbenacea DC. Cabrera 33892 (SI) Leaf + leafy stem: vermifuge, antispasmodic, digestive, antitoxic, to cure cough, anti-inflammatory, bladder diseases (sub nom. C. curassavica) Aerial parts: antirheumatic, antiinflammatory, analgesic (sub nom. C. verbenacea) CAT, COS, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, TUC Leaf + stem: antiedematogenic and antinociceptive, antiinflammatoriy and antiulcer activity (sub nom. C. curassavica) Leaf + stem: antimicrobial activity (sub nom. C. verbenacea) Aerial parts essential oil. α-pinene, trans-caryophyllene, alloaromadendrene (sub nom. C. verbenacea) Leaf + stem. Artemetin: flavonoid (sub nom. C. curassavica)
BRASSICACEAE
Lepidium aletes J. F. Macbr. Mastuerzo Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 2041)
Root: hepatic, digestive BAI, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Lepidium argentinum Thell. Hunziker 19664 (CORD) Root: hepatic LRI No biological test No data
Lepidium bonariense L. Yerba de la pastora, bolsa de pastor, mastuercito, mastuerzo loco Hunziker 14510 (CORD) Root: hepatic Leaf: digestive, for anemia and tuberculosis Part not specified: astringent, antidiarrheal, stomachic BAI, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Plant: antimicrobial activity Plant. p-methoxybenzylisothiocyanate Seed. p-hydroxybenzyl glucosinolate, sinigrin, glucotropaeolin, glucoaubrietin: glucosinolates; alkaloids
Lepidium didymum L. Mastuerzo, quimpe Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm. Hunziker 12728 (CORD Entire plant: antimalarial, antiscorbutic, expectorant, for hernia and prolapse, menstrual diseases, neonatal and paediatrics care, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth Aerial parts: antiscorbutic, vulnerary, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, to prevent the pyorrhoea, hemostatic, astringent, for humoral and blood diseases; infusion: used for intermittent fever, against cancer Flowers: for vaginal fungus Fruit juice, against cancer (sub nom. C. didymus) BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SCR, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TDF, TUC Dried entire plant: diuretic, antiviral, and antioxidant activity Leaf, flower + fruit: antibacterial activity (sub nom. C. didymus) Dried entire plant. Benzyl cyanide: benzenoid; chrysoeriol, cynaroside: flavones; chrysazin: quinoid Aerial parts essential oil. Benzylmercaptan, benceneacetonitrile, benzylbisufide, benzyltrisulfide and hydrocarbons of high molecular weigh Dried seed. Glucosinolate: sulfur compound (sub nom. C. didymus)
Lepidium meyenii Walp.Papa macaia, macaia, maca, chilqueHunziker 20966 (CORD) Tuber: to treat infertility in menand women, frigidity, sexual impotence and mental deficiency; anticarcinogenic effect, to regulate changes in menstruation and the menopause, to alleviate insomniaand the loss of hearing and vision, to treat malnutrition, aid convalescence, and restore physical and mental capacity CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC Dried tuber: antifatigueactivity; testosterone level increased; reduce prostate size; antiosteoporosis activity; progesterone secretion inhibition; estrogenic effect Aerial parts. Benzylmercaptan, benceneacetonitrile Dried tuber. Alanine: aminoacid; campesterol βsitosterol,: sterols Dried root. Lepidiline A, B: alkaloids; benzyl-isothiocyanate, p-metoxybenzylisothiocyanate: isothiocyanates Hypocotyls-roots. Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids; essential amino acids, iron, calcium; linolenic, palmitic and oleic acids; sterols, alkaloids, vitamins, steroidal saponines, triterpenes, phenol compounds, flavonoids and/or coumarins, tannins,glycosides, secondary aliphatic amines and tertiary amines, prostaglandines, amides ofpolyunsaturated fatty acids
Lepidium tandilense Boelcke Correa s.n. (SI 28561) Plant: antiscorbutic, tonic, diuretic BAI, RNE No biological test No data
BUDDLEJACEAE
Buddleja araucana Phil. Matico, panil Kurtz 6090 (CORD)
Part not specified: vulnerary,balsamic, digestive, hepaticMEN, NEU, RNE No biological test No data
Buddleja cordobensis Griseb. Palo blanco, salvialora, salvia de la hora, pulmonaria, salviablanca, yerba del águila, sanalotodo Di Fulvio 664 (CORD) Aerial plant: astringent, vulnerary, for bronchitis; to treat anorexia and lack of appetite Leaf, decoction: for skin affections (insects bite, gazes)Part not specified: emmenagogue COR, LRI, SJU, SLU Aerial parts essential oil: virucidal activity Aerial part: strong inhibition against taq DNA polymerase Dried aerial parts. Catalpol: iridoid glucoside
Buddleja globosa HopePañil, panguil, matica, palquín, matico, pallín, ballín Bernardello 569 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: digestive, hepatic; decoction: to treaturinary and respiratory tract infections Dried leaf, infusion: urogenital, antiseptic; to treat chronic dysentery, for stomach ulcers, hemostatic, antirheumatic, spasmolytic, antidiarrheal, antibacterial, antiinflammatory, anti-haemorrhoidal, for treating wounds externallyCHU, NEU, RNE Leaf: cytotoxic and antiplasmodial activity; βglucuronidase inhibition Bark: antifungal activity Dried leaf. Coumaric acid,para methylester: phenylpropanoidFresh leaf. Echinacoside: phenylpropanoid Root. Buddledin A and B: sesquiterpenes; dehydrobuddledin A,zerumbone, buddledones A and B
Buddleja mendozensis Benth. Salvialora, salvia de la hora, salvilora, salvia blanca Ariza Espinar 3412 (CORD) Leaf: uterine tonic CAT, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts. Radical scavenging effect Aerial parts. Iridoids
Buddleja stachyoides Cham. & Schltdl. Barbasco, palo blanco, peludilla, san juan c'ora, cambará, cambará chico, cambará del campo, palo blanco, salvia blanca, verbasco, Yerba de San Juan, matico de la puna, cenicienta, basea china, hoja trapo, yerba del cuerno Buddleja brasiliensis Jacq. ex Spreng. Subils et al. 3501 (CORD) Leaf + flowers: emollient, astringent, antihemorrhoidal, antitussive, sudorific, anticatarrhal Dried leaf, infusion: analgesic, for arthritis; emollient, sedative, to treat hemorrhoids, antiasthmatic, anticatarrhal Root: against snakebite venom (sub nom. B. brasiliensis) BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test Part not specified. Iridoids (sub nom. B. brasiliensis)
Buddleja thyrsoides Lam. var. thyrsoides Barbasco Arechavaleta s.n. (CORD) Leaf: antiasthmatic, anticatarrhal BAI, COS, MIS No biological test Flower + leaf + stem. Alkaloids Leaf. Alkaloids, flavonoids, coumarins, anthocyanins, saponins, volatile oils
Buddleja tubiflora Benth. Cambará chico Ariza Espinar 2510 (CORD) Aerial parts: antitussive CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, SDE, SFE No biological test No data
Buddleja tucumanensis Griseb. Salvia, matico de la puna, yerba de salvia, San Juan Cocucci 655 (CORD) Aerial parts: for infections Dried twig, infusion: astringent, stimulant Leaf: antiasthmatic, for muscle pains CAT, CHA, JUJ, SAL, SDE, TUC Aerial parts essential oil: insecticide activity Aerial parts essential oil. α-thujene, βpinene, α-pinene, p-cymene, α -transbergamotene, β-caryophyllene, sabinene, limonene, terpinen-4-ol
CABOMBACEAE
Cabomba caroliniana A. Gray var. caroliniana Arbo 8692 (CTES)
Leaf: astringent BAI, COR, COS, ERI, RNE, SFE No biological test Plant. Tannins
CACTACEAE
Austrocactus patagonicus (F.A.C. Weber) Hosseus Tuna Villamil et al. 1182 (CORD)
Part not specified: medicinal LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test No data
Brasiliopuntia brasiliensis (Willd.) A. Berger Opuntia brasiliensis (Willd.) Haw. Krapovickas 31530 (CTES) Part not specified: emollient, febrifuge SAL No biological test Nodes. Mucilage, carbohydrate (sub nom. O. brasiliensis)
Cereus aethiops Haw. Hachón, quisco, cardoncito Subils s.n. (CORD) Part not specified: purgative, to remove spines, hemostic, for internal injures and feet edema, cephalalgic, for epilepsy BAI, CAT, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Cleistocactus baumannii (Lem.) Lem. Penca, cogote de suri, cola de gato, uvilinhe Chiarini s.n. (CORD 1032) Fruits: hemostatic CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Harrisia bonplandii (Pfeiff.) Britton & Rose Martínez 487 (CORD) Part not specified: hemostatic CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Harrisia p omanensis (F. A. C. Weberex K. Schum.) Britton & Rose subsp. pomanensis Ulua Luti s.n. (CORD 425) Part not specified: febrifuge CAT, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Maihueniopsis darwinii var. hickenii (Britton & Rose) R. Kiesling Chupa sangre Cocucci 2301 (CORD) Part not specified: medicinal BAI, CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test No data
Monvillea cavendischii (Monv.) Britton & Rose Martínez 32 (CORD) Fruits: hemostatic CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Opuntia elata var. cardiosperma (K. Schum.) R. Kiesling Tuna de perro Tressens 6882 (SI) Fruit: against influenza, for diarrhea CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Plant: cardiac inhibitory effect; hypotensive and asphyxia on the respiratory motility effect; sustained augmentation of contractility in excised duodenum and augmentation of contractility in excised pregnant uterus (sub nom. O. elata) No data
Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. Chumbera, tuna, penca, nopal, chumbera, higuera chumbera. Opuntia paraguayensis K. Schum. Subils s.n. (CORD 3336) Stem: antirheumatic, antitussive, for gastric ulcers, hepatic, respiratory and kidney disorders Flowers: diuretic Fruit: astringent; infusion: to cicatrize ulcers, antidiabetic, antiscorbutic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: diuretic, anti-allergic, anti-inflammatory activity Stem: antidiabetic activity Dried leaf + dried seed: hypoglycemic activity Dried flowers: diuretic and antioxidant activity Fresh stem. αamyrin: triterpene Seed oil. 5-dehydro Avenasterol: steroid; oleic acid: lipid Fresh fruit. Betanin: betaxanthin Plant. Neobetanin, piscidic acid, piscidic acid methyl ester: phenolics.
Opuntia quimilo K. Schum. Quimilo, quimil, quimilí Hunziker s.n. (CORD f. 426) Stem: hepatic, anti-lithic CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Opuntia salmiana Parm. Lágrima d el tig re, u turungo huackachina Hunziker 17421 (CORD) Part not specified: astringent vaginal CAT, COR, ERI, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU No biological test No data
Opuntia sulphurea var. pampeana (Speg.) Backeb. Hunziker 17715 (CORD) Fruits: antirheumatic, antitussive BAI, COR, LPA, SDE, SFE No biological test No data
Pereskia sacharosa Griseb. Saravia Toledo 734 (CORD) Part not specified: emollient CAT, CHA, FOR, JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Quiabentia verticillata (Vaupel) Borg Fortunato et al. 1406 (BAB) Leaf: for infected purulent spots CHA, FOR, JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Rhipsalis baccifera (J.S. Muell.) Stearn subsp. baccifera Morrone et al. 1883 (SI) Aerial parts: for snakebites Stem + fruit: antidiabetic CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL No biological test No data
Rhipsalis floccosa subsp. tucumanensis (F. A. C. Weber) Barthlott & N. P. Taylor Kuntze 7329 (CORD) Entire plant: against skin diseases JUJ, SAL, TUC Fruit: free radical scavenging effect (sub nom. R. floccosa) No data
Rhipsalis lorentziana Griseb. Huasca huasca, peinquillita Barboza 1102 (CORD) Plant: neonatal and paediatrics care JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Rhipsalis lumbricoides (Lem.) Lem. ex Salm-Dyck Martínez 38 (CORD) Part not specified: cardiotonic, hypotensive BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Stetsonia coryne (Salm-Dyck) Britton & Rose Cardón, tuna Hosseus 130 (CORD) Fruit: hepatic, refrigerant CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE No biological test Part not specified. Coryneine, mescaline: alkaloids
Trichocereus arboricola Kimnach Hilgert 1510 (SI) Part not specified: medicinal SAL No biological test No data
Tunilla soehrensii (Britton & Rose) D.R. Hunt & Iliff Airampo, airampu, lamparillo, tunilla Opuntia soehrensii Britton & Rose Las Peñas 338 (CORD) Seed: febrifuge, for general body pains Dried fruit: hemostatic Part not specified: febrifuge, against measles, ophtalmic (sub nom. O. soehrensii) CAT, JUJ, SAL No biological test Dried fruit. (+) Balanophonin: lignan (sub nom. O. soehrensii)
CALCEOLARIACEAE Calceolaria filicaulis Clos var. filicaulis Cohete Cocucci 2158 (CORD) Medicinal CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test No data
Calceolaria pinifolia Cav. Yerba del ciervo Kurtz 3436 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, MEN, SJU Dried aerial parts: antimycobacterial activity Dried aerial parts. 19malonyloxydehydroabietinol and 19methylmalonyloxy- ent-isopimara8(9),15-diene, 4-Epi-dehydroabietinol:diterpenes; 3-epi-ursolic acid and 3-epioleanolic acid, ent-isopimara-9(11),15diene-19-ol: triterpenes
Calceolaria santolinoides Kraenzl. Cialdella 418 (SI) Aerial parts: to stimulate parturition, abortive CAT, COR, JUJ, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Calceolaria teucrioides Griseb. Kurtz 6864 (CORD) Aerial parts: diuretic, purgative, febrifuge, antiseptic, vulnerary CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
CALLITRICHACEAE Callitriche lechleri (Hegelm.) Fasset Illin 113 (CORD) Part not specified: medicinal BAI, CHU, COS, ERI, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
Callitriche terrestris subsp. subsessilis (Fassett) BacigalupoMartínez 461 (CORD) Part not specified: for wounds and bruises BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
CALYCERACEAE
Acicarpha tribuloides Juss. Rosetilla, cardo torito, tororati, roseta Chiarini 179 (CORD)
Root: for treating woundsexternally, abluent Dried aerial parts, infusion: expectorant, in hepatic infections;decoction: to treat urinary tract infections. BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: analgesic, antispasmodic activity Dried aerial parts. Astragalin: flavonol; loganin: secoiridoid monoterpene
Calycera herbacea Cav. var. herbacea Reinbach s.n. (SI) Part not specified: for bruises MEN, NEU, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Astragalin, rutin: flavonol
Gamocarpha sellianaReiche Bernardello 650 (CORD) Aerial parts: stomachic, hepaticCHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
Nastanthus caespitosus (Phil.) Reiche Cocucci 2218 (CORD) Part not specified: stomachic LRI, MEN, RNE, SJU No biological test No data
CAMPANULACEAE
Wahlenbergia linarioides (Lam.) A. DC. Uño perquén Ariza Espinar 439 (CORD)
Part not specified: carminative, antispamodic BAI, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
CAPPARACEAE
Capparis atamisquea Kuntze Atamisque, matagusanos, leña hedionda, matanegra Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 1955)
Fruit and leaf: antirheumatic, digestive, antacid, anthelmintic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Leaf. Flavonoids
Capparis retusa Griseb. var. retusa Sacha poroto, cocol, poroto, guaicurú, poroto del monte Cocucci 1206 (CORD) Bark: for skin eruptions Seed, juice: purgative CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test Dried leaf. Kaempferol, quercetin: flavonol
Capparis salicifolia Griseb. Sacha sandía, sandía hedionda, palo verde, sandía de cabra Martínez 387 (CORD) Entire plant: purgative Root, decoction: anti-syphilitic CHA, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE No biological test Plant. Glucocapparin and/or other glucosinolates Dried leaf. Iso Rhamnetin: flavonol Dried seed. Glucocappasalin: sulfur compound
Capparis speciosa Griseb. Sacha limón, amarguillo, palo verde, naranjo del monte, bola verde Cocucci 1305 (CORD) Dried bark: to cause embedded thorns to come out of skin Leaf: antidysenteric CAT, CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test Dried leaf. Kaempferol, quercetin: flavonol
Capparis tweediana Eichler Sacha membrillo, cayampa, mbuycuré-caá, hoja redonda, mata burro, meloncillo, comida de burro Subils 2027 (CORD) Leaf, decoction: antitussive, sedative, antidysenteric, to cause furuncles to come to a head BAI, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC No biological test Dried leaf. Kaempferol, quercetin: flavonol Plant. Glucocapparin and/or other glucosinolates
Cleome hassleriana Chodat Burkart 21197 (SI) Entire plant: rubefacient, digestive, antiscorbutic BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Cleome parviflora Kunth Zuloaga 2146 (SI) Leaf: eye infection BAI, COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Cleome trachycarpa Klotzsch ex Eichler Hunziker 972 (CORD) Part not specified: antihemorroidal BAI, CHA, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
CARDIOPTERIDACEAE
Citronella gongonha (Mart.) R. A. Howard Arbo 6860 (CTES)
Leaf: diuretic COS, FOR, MIS No biological test Aerial parts. Kingisidic acid, 8-epikingisidic acid
CARICACEAE
Carica glandulosa Pav. ex A. DC. Higuera del monteBarboza 1095 (CORD)
Latex: anthelmintic JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Carica papaya L. Mamón, papaya, lechosa,ababa, papayero, mamón macho Pedersen 5065 (LP) Leaf: digestive, antiparasiticLeaf latex: antihemintic and for treatments of infections of bacterial originFlowers: antitussive, antiasthmatic Fruit + seed: antiparasitic CHA, COS, FOR, MIS, SAL, TUC Root: antibacterial activity Leaf: hypoglycemic effectFruit latex: activity inmammalian wound healing, digestive conditions,immunomodulation, and neoplastic alterations; antiulcerogenic, antihelmintic, antitumoral, and debridement activitySeeds: antiamoebic, giardicidal, immunostimulatory and antiinflammatory actionsLatex: fungicidal and bacteriolytic activity Plant. (R)-2-(β-DGlucopyranosyloxy)-2phenylacetonitrile (prunasin)Shoot. Kaempferol, quercetin Leaf. 5,7-dimethoxycoumarin,protocatechuic acid, p-coumaric acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, kaempferol, quercetin; carpaine, pseudocarpaine, dehydrocarpaine I and II: alkaloids; cyanogenic compoundsFruit latex. Papain, caricain, chymopapainA and B, papaya peptidase A, glycyl-endopeptidase; proteinase A and B;chitinase; lipases; glucosidases; flavonoids; flavanol; alkaloids; benzyglucosinolate;carotene; lycopeneFruit pulp. Linalool Root. Saponins, alkaloids, tannins, phenols, glycosides; cyanogeniccompounds
Carica quercifolia (A. St.-Hil.) Hieron. Higuera del monte, higuera salvaje, higuerita, sacha higo, jacaratiá, higuerón Biganzoli 584 (SI) Leaf: vermifuge, proteolytic Latex: vermifuge, digestive CAT, CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test Plant. (R)-2-( β-DGlucopyranosyloxy)-2phenylacetonitrile (prunasin)
Jacaratia corumbensis Kuntze Jacón Fortunato 288 (BAB) Roots: stomachic, laxative, diuretic, for skin eruptions Fresh root, juice: anti-emetic CHA, FOR, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Jacaratia spinosa (Aubl.) A. DC. Jacaratía, jacaratí-í Jacaratia dodecaphylla (Vell.) A. DC. Zuloaga 6805 (SI) Plant: to control gastrointestinal worms Latex: cathartic, vermifuge, for stomach disorders Fruit: laxative COS, MIS Fruit: proteolytic activity Aerial parts. Amentoflavone, saponins Fruit. Proteolytic enzymes
CARYOPHYLLACEAE
Arenaria lanuginosa (Michx.) Rohrb. var. lanuginosa Hunziker 6467 (CORD)
Aerial parts: astringent CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Cardionema kurtzii Subils Hunziker 7839 (CORD) Leaf: emmenagogue COR, MEN No biological test No data
Cardionema ramosissima (Weinm.) A. Nelson & J.F. Macbr. Yerba de la perdiz, dicha, perlilla rosada Subils et al. 3218 (CORD) Leaf: emmenagogue BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SCR, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Drymaria glandulosa Bartl. Hunziker 9005 (CORD) Leaf: sedative cardiotonic CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Paronychia brasiliana DC. var. brasiliana Paico, yerba tontita Subils et al. 1559 (CORD) Leaf: diuretic, astringent BAI, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, MIS, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Paronychia chilensis DC. subsp. chilensis Burkart 4463 (SI) Branch: against skin diseases and wounds, urinary affections, against influenza, colds and cough, hepatic affections, to avoid vomiting BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, ERI, LPA, LRI, RNE, SCR, TUC No biological test No data
Paronychia communis Cambess. var. communis Subils 2459 (CORD) Leaf: stomachic, diuretic, astringent CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Polycarpon suffruticosum Griseb. Chiflón, ruda del campo Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 1214) Aerial parts: antidysenteric BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Pycnophyllum convexum Griseb. Hunziker 20896 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Spergula ramosa (Cambess.) D. Dietr. subsp. ramosa Arenaria roja Hunziker 11410 (CORD) Leaf and root: stomachic, antispamodic, diuretic BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Spergula villosa Pers. Spergularia villosa (Pers.) Cambess. Cabrera 33366 (SI) Plant: diuretic BAI, CAT, CHU, COR,, ERI, JUJ, LRI, RNE, SCR, SFE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
CECROPIACEAE
Cecropia pachystachya Trécul Ambay, ambaí, amba-í, amba-hú, ambaiba, ambay guazú, palo lija, palo de lija, umbaúba, embaúva Cecropia adenopus Mart. ex Miq. Cecropia catharinensis Cuatrec. Barboza 364 (CORD)
Leaf: respiratory disorders, antitussive, expectorant, anti-asthmatic, tonic, cardiac, hypoglycaemic, diuretic, sedative, against eye infections Trunk juice: against cutaneous bores Twig juice: antidiarrheal CHA, COS, FOR, MIS, SFE Leaf: diuretic, cardiotonic, sedative, broncodilatador, cardiotonic, hypotensive effects; antioxidant, antimicrobial, antimalarial and antiinflammatory activity Aerial part. Orientin, isoorientin, rutin, chlorogenic acid; pomolic acid Dried leaf. Luteolin-C-glycosides, isoorientin, catechin,(+): flavonoids; protocatechuic acid: benzenoid; iso quercitrin: flavonol; β-sitosterine, stigmast4-en-3-one, α- and β-amyrin, β-sitosterol; alanine, glycine, serine, valine, isoleucine, asparagine, proline, aspartic acid, phenylalanine, glutamic acid, arginine: aminoacids; glucose, fructose, galactose: sugars; ambain, ambainin: glucosides; cecropine, cecropinine, arachidonic acid; oxidases, mucilages, saponins (sub nom. C. adenopus and sub nom. C. pachystachya) Cortex. Cecropine: alkaloid; tannic acid Root. β-sitosterol: steroid; tormentic acid: triterpenes Leaf. Vitexin, isovitexin, orientin and isoorientin: flavonoid glucosides (sub nom. C. catharinensis) Root + stem. 2α-acetoxy-3β,19αdihydroxy-11α,12α-epoxy-ursan28,13β-olide, 3β-acetoxy-2α,19αdihydroxy-11α,12α-epoxy-ursan28,13β-olide and 2-O-acetyl-euscaphic acid: triterpenes (sub nom. C. catharinensis)
CELASTRACEAE
Maytenus boaria Molina Maitén, Maitén grande, horco molle, naranjita, yukirá Hunziker 9943 (CORD)
Leaf: cathartic, febrifuge, antiseptic, antibiotic, for treating wouds externally, detergent CHU, COR, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU, SLU, TDF Leaf, flower + fruit: cytotoxic, anti-tumoral and anti-inflammatory activity Aerial parts. β-amyrin; lupeol; betulin lup-20(29)-ene-3β,30-diol, oleanolic acid: triterpenoids; betulonic acid; epicatechol; 5'-O-methylgallocatechol; 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde; 4,C4-dihydroβ-agarofuran sesquiterpenoids 1-8 Seed. β-agarofurans
Maytenus cuezzoi Legname LloqueNovara 7102 (SI) Leaf: for infections, hernia and prolapseJUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reissek Pus pus, congorosa, concorosa, quebrachillo, molle morotí, cangorosa, capororoca, molle espinoso,cancerosa, sombra de toro Lorentz 1226 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: for fertility regulation, antiasthmatic Aerial parts: vulnerary, contraceptive, hypotensive, cardiotonic, antidiarrheal , decongestant, odontalgic, for lumbago, kidney disorders, gastric ulcers and gastritis, and articular painsFlowers, decoction: antiinflammatory Leaf, antiasthmatic, antiseptic; infusion: emmenagogue, sialogogue , astringent, antispasmodic, contraceptive, Root: diuretic, contraceptive, emmenagogueBAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SFE Dried leaf: barbiturate potentiation, antiulcer, antimicrobial, antitumoral, antioxidant, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, and relaxantactivity; toxic in rats during pregnancyRoot bark: antioxidant activity;myeloperoxidase inhibition;cytotoxic activity against V-79, KB, L1210, VJ300, KU 19-20 and P 388 cells Dried leaf. α-amyrin, cangorosin A and B: terpenoids; maytefolins A, B, C, uvaol-3-caffeate, erythrodiol, betulin, betulin-3-caffeate, moradiol, erythrodiol-3-caffeate, 20αhydroxymaytenin, 22βhydroxymaytenin, maytenin, celastrol, pristimerin: triterpenoids; afzelechin, epiafzelechin, catechin, epicatechin, gallocatechin and epigallocatechin, (epi)afzelechin-(epi)afzelechin, (epi)afzelechin-(epi)catechin, 4-Omethyl-(epi)catechin, 4'-Omethyl(epi)catechin, (epi)afzelechin(epi)gallocatechin: tannins; quercetin, kaempferol; friedelin, friedelan-3-ol, αtocopherol, simiarenol, lupeol, lupenone, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, ergosterol, brassicasterol, squalene, hexadecanoic acid, T1 and T2–tocopherols; maytansine, maytanprine, maytanbutine: maytansinoids (alkaloids); cangorin F, G, H, I, J; phytol, vitamin E, dodecanoic acid, geranyl acetate; Fe, K, Mg, S, Na, Ca. Dried root bark. Cangorin A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J: sesquiterpenes; friedoolean-24-al-3-en-3-ol-2-on-29-oic acid (cangoronine), friedoolean-1-en29-ol-3-one (ilicifoline), maytenoic acid, D:B-friedoolean-5-en-3β,29-diol, D:A-fredoolean-29-ol-3-one, pristimerin, salasperimic acid,isopristimerin, isotingenone, 6oxotingenol: triterpenes Root. milicifolines A-D: triterpenoids
Maytenus vitis-idaea Griseb. Carne gorda, sal de indio, colkiyuyo, Ivá-yeguí, cosquiyuyo, tala salado, yerba del tapir, chaplán Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 1465) Leaf: astringent, stomachic, ophtalmic, cicatrizant, for insects, spiders and snakes bites; decoction: to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Fresh + dry leaf. Delphinidin: condensed tannin
Moya scutioides Griseb. Abriboca Maytenus scutioides (Griseb.) Lourteig & O'Donell Lorentz & Hieronymus 608 (CORD) Aerial parts: antidiarrheal, for stomachache (sub nom. M. scutioides) JUJ, SAL No biological test Dried root bark. β-amyrin: triterpene; netzahualcoyene: triterpene; 15-αhydroxy pristimerin: triterpene; triscutin B: triterpene (sub nom. M. scutioides)
Moya spinosa Griseb. Abriboca Maytenus spinosa (Griseb.) Lourteig & O' Donell Hunziker 22625 (CORD) Leaf: antidiarrheal, stomachic (sub nom. Maytenus spinosa) BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
CELTIDACEAE
Celtis chichape (Wedd.) Miq. Tala pispita Hunziker 22939 (CORD)
Leaf: antidiarrheal, antidysenteric, digestive, for stomachache CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Celtis iguanaea (Jacq.) Sarg. Talita, tala gateadora, horco tala Celtis pubescens (Kunth) Spreng. Cocucci 3205 (CORD) Aerial parts: for hernia and prolapse Leaf: astringent, antidiarrheal, menstrual disease BAI, CAT, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Fruit: free radical scavenging effect Leaf. Glycoflavones Fruit. Proteins
Celtis pallida Torr. var. pallida Talilla, churqui tala, tala de los alambrados, tala chiquito, tala churqui, tala, tala mogote, tala pispo Hunziker 17654 (CORD) Bark: aperitive Leaf: disinfectant, antidiarrheal CAT, CHA, COR, ERI, FOR, LPA, LRI, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Leaf. Glycoflavones
Celtis tala Gillies ex Planch. Tala, tala blanco, tala amarillo, yoasí Hunziker 18125 (CORD) Bark: aperitive Leaf: disinfectant, astringent, digestive, antidiarrheal; decoction: to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC Leaf: antibacterial activity Leaf. Flavonoids
CHENOPODIACEAE
Atriplex cordobensis Gand. & Stuck. subsp. cordobensis Cachiyuyo Hunziker 7646 (CORD)
Leaf: disinfectant CAT, COR, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Atriplex crenatifolia Chodat & Wilczek Múlgura 1185 (CORD) Part not specified: astringent, digestive, to relieve bruises COR, MEN, NEU, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Atriplex lampa (Moq.) D. Dietr. Lampa o zampa Cocucci 3547 (CORD) Part not specified: astringent, digestive, to relieve bruises BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Atriplex montevidense Spreng. Cachiyuyo Schinini 16030 (SI) Aerial parts: emollient, to relieve bruises BAI, CHA, CHU, COR, ERI, LPA, MEN, RNE, SDE, SFE No biological test No data
Atriplex undulata (Moq.) D. Dietr. Cachiyuyo, zampa crespa, zampa blanca Hosseus 394 (CORD) Aerial parts: astringent, to relieve bruises BAI, CHU, COR, LPA, MEN, RNE, SFE No biological test No data
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. Paico, paico macho, té de los jesuitas, pichim tirao, paico hembra, yerba de Santa María Caro & Cocucci 3404 (CORD) Leaf + fruits: emmenagogue, digestive, diuretic, antispamodic, hypotensive, diaphoretic, anthelmintic Aerial parts, infusion: antitussive, antiarthritic, antipyretic, hemostatic, for stomach-ache, anthelmintic, emmenagogue, for asthma and tumors, appetitive; decoction: febrifuge Leaf, decoction: for intestinal parasites BAI, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts essential oil: antiparasitic, antimalarial, antileishmanial, cardiotonic, hypotensive, and spasmogenic activity; fumigant and repellent activity against head lice Aerial parts: carcinogenic, giardicidal, anti-ulcerous, antimalarial, antileishmanial, and antibacterial activity; cyto- and genotoxic effect Leaf: antimicrobial, analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity Leaf + flower: antispasmodic activity Aerial parts. (-)(1R',4S')-1,4Dihydroxy-p-menth-2-ene, (-)(1R', 2S', 3S', 4S')-1,2,3,4-Tetrahydroxy-pmenthane, chenopanone Aerial parts essential oil. Aritasone, limonene; cis-ascaridol, α-terpinene, camphor, trans-ascaridol, p–cymene, pinocarvone, α- and β-pinene, geraniol, α- and γ-terpineol, thymol, βcaryophyllene, γ-gurjunene, myrcene, phellandrene, safrol, n-docosane, nhentriacontane, n-heptacosane, noctacosane, p-cymol, spinasterol, terpinyl-acetate, terpinyl-salicylate, triacontyl-alcohol Entire plant. Saponins, trimethylamine, citric acid, salicylic acid, tartaric acid, succinic acid, butyric-acid, ferulic-acid, malic-acid, methylsalicylate, urease, vanillic-acid Fruit. Quercetin, kaempferol rhamnoside, anethole, santonin Root. Heterosides, betain
Chenopodium chilense Schrad. Paico Hunziker 6497 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: for stomach-ache, appetitive Leaf: antispamodic, diuretic, anthelmintic BAI, CAT, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU, SLU Dried aerial parts: spasmolytic activity Essential oil. Ascaridol
Chenopodium haumanii Ulbr. Paico Lorentz 887 (CORD) Part not specified: digestive, sudorific, carminative, emmenagogue COS, ERI No biological test No data
Chenopodium hircinum Schrad. subsp. hircinum Quinoa blanca, quinoa criolla, ajara, yuyo blanco Novara et al. 8653 (CORD) Leaf: digestive, to relieve bruises BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried leaf. Quercetin-3-rhamnoglucoside: flavonol
Chenopodium mandonii (S. Watson) AellenArca yuyo, yerba larca Chenopodium graveolens var. bangii (Murr) AellenHunziker 20099 (CORD) Aerial parts: stomach-ache, rubefacient, nervine, for allergy;infusion: to treat parasites, for gastro-intestinal ailments, sedative; decoction: antidiarrheal (sub nom. Ch. graveolens)CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SJU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antifungal and antioxidant activity (sub nom. Ch. graveolens) Dried aerial parts. Pinostrobin: flavanone; daucosterol: sterol; geranyl acetate: monoterpene; 8-hydroxy elemol: sesquiterpene; flavonoids(sub nom. Ch. graveolens)
Chenopodium multifidumL. Paico, paico hembra Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 281) Leaf: digestive, antispamodic, diuretic, hypotensive, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, anthelminticBAI, CHA, CHU, COR, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MEN, RNE, SFE, SJU Aerial parts: antibacterial activity; cyto- and genotoxic effect Aerial parts essential oil. Cis-endoperoxide, trans-endoperoxide, hydroxyketones, p-cymene, 7-acetoxyp-menthane, p- menth-5-en-cis-1,2,4triol, p-menth-5-trans-1,2,4-triol, p-menth-5-en-cis-1,3,4-triol, ascaridole, limonene, carveol; flavonoids
Chenopodium quinoa Willd. var. quinoaQuinoa, quinoa negra, ajaraKrapovickas 44412 (CTES) Part not specified: sudorific, stimulant, anticatarrhal Dried seed, infusion: for dislocations COR Dried seed: antiyeast andantioxidant activity; adjuvants action; hypocholesterolemic effect Leaf. Kaempferol: flavonol; oleanolic acid, quinoasaponin 7: triterpenes; camphene, βpinene, p-Mentha-1(7),8-diene, αterpinene, p-cymene, trans-p-Menth-2-enl-ol, γ-terpinene, camphor, pinocarvone, terpin-l-ol, trans-carveol, cis-ascaridole, cis-isoascaridole, α-terpinyl acetate, Ecaryophyllene; nitrates, vitamin E, vitaminC, Na, carotenoids, proteinsDried seed. Androseptoside A; 28-O-βglucopyranosyl-(1→3)-α-arabinopyranoside, 3-O-β-glucopyranosyl-(1→3)- β-galacto pyranoside, 28-O- βglucopyranosyl-(1→3) esters ofphytolaccagenic acid 3-O-α-arabinopyranoside, glycosides of oleonolic acid, 3O-[(β-D20-xylopyranosyl)(1→3)-β-Dglucorono pyranosyl-6-OMe ester]oleanoic acid, 3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1→3)-α-L-arabinopyranosylphytolaccagenic acid, phyto laccagenic acid, hederagenin, monodesmosidic and bidesmosidic triterpene saponins ofoleanolic acid, serjanic acid, 3β-hydroxy23-oxo-olean-12-en-28-oic acid, 3βhydroxy-27-oxo-olean-12-en-28-oic acid, and 3β, 23α, 30β-trihydroxy-olean-12-en28-oic acid: saponins; calcium, phosphorus, iron, sodium magnesium,zinc, potassium, copper, mercury, cadmium; isoleucine, threonine, glycine, thiamine, folic acid, lysine, histidine, niacin, methionine + cystine, riboflavin, βcarotene, biotin, vitamin A, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin C, vitamin E, pantothenic acid, γ-tocopherol, αtocopherol; oleic acid, linoleic acid, palmitic acid, squalene; free fatty acids, conjugated diene hydroperoxides, hexanal;triglycerides, 1,2-diglycerides, monoglycerides, waxes; phosphatic acid, phosphatyl serine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidyl inositol, lysophosphatidyl ethanolamine, phosphatidyl choline, lysophosphatidyl choline, monogalactosyl diglyceride, digalactosyl diglyceride lysophosphatidylethanolamine, 7-stigmasterol, cholesterol, 5-campesterol, 5, 22-stigmasterol, 7-campesterol, 5, 24 (28)-avenasterol, βsitosterol; proteic tryptophan, free tryptophan; starch, crude fibre, pentosans, dietary fibre; phytic acid; kaempferol 3-O[β-D-apiofuranosyl(1″ ′-2″)]-β-Dgalactopyranoside, kaempferol 3-O-[α-Lrhamnopyranosyl(1″ ″-2″)]-β-Dgalactopyranoside, kaempferol 3-O-[β-Dapiofuranosyl(1″ ′-2″)-α-Lrhamnopyranosyl(1″ ″-6″)]-β-Dgalactopyranoside, kaempferol 3-O-(2,6di-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl)-β-Dgalactopyranoside, quercetin 3-O-[β-Dapiofuranosyl (1″ ′-2″)-α-Lrhamnopyranosyl(1″ ″-6″)]-β-Dgalactopyranoside, quercetin 3-O-(2,6-diα-L-rhamnopyranosyl)-β-Dgalactopyranoside: flavonol glycosides;trypsin inhibitor units
Chenopodium retusum (Moq.) Moq. Burkart 23321 (CORD) Leaf + fruits: digestive, anthelmintic, antispamodic, diuretic, hypotensive, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, BAI, COS, ERI, LPA No biological test No data
Suaeda divaricata Moq. Vidriera, jume blanco, jume, fume Hunziker 13488 (CORD) Entire plant: alexipharmic BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
CLUSIACEAE
Rheedia brasiliensis (Mart.) Planch.& Triana Pacuri Burkart 15339 (SI)
Bark: medicinal Seed: to cure mange Part not specified: for urinary tract diseases, arthritis and to relieve pain CHA, COS, FOR, MIS Leaf: antioxidant activity Leaf. Epiclusianone, fukugetin
COMBRETACEAE
Terminalia australis Cambess. Amarillo del río, palo amarillo, tanimbú Correa 5382 (BAB)
Bark: astringent Leaf and stem: bactericidal activity BAI, COS, ERI, MIS Dried aerial parts: antifungal activity Root bark. Alkaloids Leaf. Saponin, flavonoids, glycosides
Terminalia triflora (Griseb.) Lillo Amarillo del río, guayaibí amarillo, lanza, lanza amarilla, palo amarillo Hunziker 10012 (CORD) Part not specified: antiseptic agent CAT, CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Dried leaf: anti-HIV, antinociceptive, and antifungal activity Leaf. Gallicin: sesquiterpene; quercitrin: flavonol; ellagic acid: punicalin, 2-O-galloylpunicalin: ellagitannins
CONVOLVULACEAE
Convolvulus hermanniae L' Hér. Campanilla Cocucci 2910 (CORD)
Root: laxative Leaf: vulnerary, anti-asthmatic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SFE, SLU, TUC Dried fruit + leaf + stem: antibacterial activity Aerial parts. Hygrine, cuscohygrine, propylhygrine, phygrine, Nmethylpyrrolidinylhygrine, Nmethylpyrrolidinylcuscohygrine: pyrrolidine alkaloids; nicotine: nicotinoid; tropinone, tropine, pseudotropine, 6βhydroxytropan-3-one: tropane alkaloids; acylated 3α, 6β-/3α,7β-dihydroxytropanes: 3α-acyloxytropane alkaloids; phenylpropanoids esters: 3βacyloxytropane alkaloid
Convolvulus laciniatus Desr. var. laciniatus Campanilla Barboza 316 (CORD) Root: laxative Aerial parts: anti-asthmatic BAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, RNE, SAL, SFE, SLU, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Dichondra microcalyx (Hallier f.) Fabris Oreja de ratón, oreja de gato, orejita Dichondra sericea var. micro-calyx (Hallier f.) H. T. Buck Hunziker 18232 (CORD) Aerial parts: vulnerary, digestive Leaf: emmenagogue Part not specified: cicatrizant, astringent BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, FOR, JUJ, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Dichondra sericea var. holoserica (O' Donell) Fabris Oreja de gato Hunziker 15325 (CORD) Aerial parts: vulnerary, astringent, antiseptic, digestive, anthelmintic, cicatrizant BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, ERI, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SDE, SLU No biological test No data
Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet Campanilla, bejuco, mechoacán Chiarini 336 (CORD) Root: diuretic, laxative Leaf: vulnerary Flowers: pectoral BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: cytotoxic activity Aerial parts. Trachelogenin, (-)arctigenin: lignans; (+)-(8R,8'S)thujaplicatin methyl ether, arctigenin, matairesinol, trans-2,3dibenzylbutyrolactone, vanillic acid, phydroxybenzoic acid, methoxybenzoic acid, methylparaben, stearic acid, palmitic acid, olenic acid, friedelinol, βsitosterol, stigmasterol
Ipomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (Mart. ex Choisy) D. F. Austin Mandiyú-ra Negritto et al. 504 (CORD) Stem: for bites, injures, and burns, drastic Dried leaf, infusion: to cause hallucinations; for swollen testicles. COS, ERI Aerial parts: hypothermic activity Shoots: antifungal activity Leaf: tachycardia activity, βgalactosidase inhibition Fresh leaf + stem: smooth muscle relaxant activity Dried entire plant. Ipomose: carbohydrate Dried aerial parts. Calystegine B-1, calystegine B-2, calystegine C-1: tropane alkaloids; swainsonine: indolizidine alkaloid Dried petals. Petunidin-3-βgalactoside: flavonoid Latex. Carnein: serine protease
Ipomoea descolei O´Donell Chiarini 525 (CORD) Part not specified: aphrodisiac COS, MIS No biological test Dried root. Flavonoids present
Ipomoea dumetorum Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. Barboza et al. 603 (CORD) Sap: dermatosis CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test Seed. Ergine, ergometrine : lysergic acid amides
Ipomoea grandifolia (Dammer) O´Donell Campanilla, bejuco Barboza et al. 450 (CORD) Part not specified: laxative BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Ipomoea hieronymi (Kuntze)O'Donell var. hieronymiMecho Chiarini 270 (CORD) Root and leaf: laxative, drastic CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Ipomoea indica (Burm. f.) Merr. Campanilla Chiarini 384 (CORD) Entire plant, decoction: for carbuncles and injuresRoot + leaf: purgative, febrifuge, vulneraryBAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, TUC No biological test Whole plant. Ipolearoside, ipolearicacid: glycosidic acidsAerial parts. Hygrine, cuscohygrine, N-methylpyrrolidinylhygrine, Nmethylpyrrolidinylcuscohygrine: pyrrolidine alkaloids; nicotine: nicotinoid; tropane alkaloids; aliphatic esters: 3α-acyloxytropane alkaloid
Ipomoea nil (L.) Roth CampanillaChiarini 110 (CORD) Leaf: alexipharmic, vulnerary Seed, decoction: expectorant; infusion: purgative, to induce abortion CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, SJU, TUC Dried entire plant: antitumor activity Seed: antifungal, nematocidal and antiviral activity Plant. Hygrine, 2,6-dehydrohygrine: pyrrolidine alkaloids; nicotine; tropane alkaloids; harman, nor harman: βcarbolines Stem, fruit + seed. N1, N10-ditigloylspermidineFlowers. Cernuoside; chlorogenic acid:phenylpropanoid; differentanthocyanins according to the flower colour (pelargonidin-, peonidin-, cyanidin glycosides); chalcononaringenin: flavanoneDried seed. Hevein homolog PN-AMP1 protein; β-ecdysone: sterol; “pharbitic acid”, ipurolic acid, ipolearic acid: glycosidic acidsCotyledons. Pinor-esinol 4-0-β-Dglucoside: furfuran-type lignan;sisymbrifolin: neolignan; gibberellinA26, A27, gibberellin glucosides
Ipomoea nitida Griseb. Batata purgante, batatilla, caá-parí Chiarini 520 (CORD) Part not specified: drastic COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Ipomoea platensis Ker Gawl. Tressens et al. 3744 (CTES) Root: drastic, purgative BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Ipomoea purpurea (L.) Roth Campanitas, suspiros, campanilla, carregüela, campanilla azul. Chiarini 111 (CORD) Root: laxative Leaf: alexipharmic, vulnerary, antimicrobial BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, SJU, TUC Seed: mutagenic activity Plant. Hygrine, cuscohygrine: pyrrolidine alkaloids; tropane alkaloids Fresh leaf + stem. Marubajalapins I- XI: misc lactone; operculinic acid, jalapinolic acid; N-transferuloyltyramine and its cis isomer; chlorogenic acid, 3,4- and 3,5dicaffeoylquinic acids Fresh petals. Mono-caffeyl cyanidin-3sophoroside-5-glucoside: flavonoid Corollas. Triglucosyl-caffeoyl cyanidin-3-sophoroside: flavonoid Dried seed. Agroclavine: indole alkaloid; castasterone, 28norcastasterone: steroids; eriodictyol-7O-β-D-xylopyranosyl-(1→4)-β-Darabinopyranoside: flavanone; lupeol: triterpene; ipopurpuroside; ricinoleic acid Immature seed. Gibberellin A-17: diterpene
CORIARIACEAE
Coriaria ruscifolia L. Deu, güisque, beu, huique, huiquehuiqui Fortunato 5261 (BAB)
Part not specified: dermatologic CHU, NEU, RNE Stem: pheromone Leaf + stem: cytotoxic activity Flower + leaf + twig: pheromone Fruit: antibacterial activity Dried aerial parts. Coriamyrtin: sesquiterpene Fruit. Corianin: sesquiterpene
CUCURBITACEAE
Cayaponia bonariensis (Mill.) Mart. Crov. Sandía purgativa, papa imperial, tayuyá, tayurá Subils 3326 (CORD)
Plant: for snakebite Leaf: antitussive Root, fruit + seed: purgative BAI, COR, DFE, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Root: antimitotic activity Part not specified. Alkaloids and bitter principles
Cayaponia citrullifolia (Griseb.) Cogn. ex Griseb. Ariza Espinar 755 (CORD) Root, infusion and decoction: for fertility regulation, diaphoretic Part not specified: contraceptive CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Cayaponia podantha Cogn.Barboza 1570 (CORD) Root: purgantBAR, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SFE Leaf: anti-inflammatory, antiprotozoal, and antimicrobial activity No data
Cucurbita maxima subsp. andreana (Naudin) FilovZapallo del diablo, chancar, zapallito amargoHunziker 11563 (CORD) Fruit, vapor: expectorant; toalleviate chilblains Seed, infusion and decoction: anthelmintic, purgative, vermifuge; to treat urinary tract infections, toxic BAI, COR, ERI, LRI, MEN, SDE, SLU Dried aerial parts: diuretic activity Flowers: toxic effect; anticlastogenic activity Dried leaf: antibacterial activity Seed: cardiac depressant; and anthelmintic activity Leaf. Gentisic acid: benzenoid; gibberellin a-12,12-α-hydroxy: diterpene Flower essential oil. 1-4-dimethoxy Benzene: benzenoid Dried fruit pulp. β-carotene: carotenoid Seed. Alanine, meta-carboxy-phenyl, arginine, lysine: aminoacids; β-amyrin:triterpene; trans-trans abietic acid:diterpene
Cucurbitella asperata (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Walp. Sandía del campo Ariza Espinar 2215 (CORD) Leaf: purgative, drasticBAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Cyclanthera pedata (L.) Schrad. Achojcha Kiesling 1641 (SI) Part not specified: antiinflammatory, hypoglycaemic and hypocholesterolaemic propertiesDried fruit, infusion: hypoglycemicSeed, infusion: for high blood pressureJUJ, SAL Fruit: antioxidant activity Leaf. 6-C-fucopyranosyl-(3-malonyl)chrysin and 6-C-fucopyranosyl-(4malonyl)-chrysin: flavonoidsFruit. chrysin 7-O-â-Dglucopyranosyl-6-Cfucopyranoside, chrysin-6-C-fucopyranoside, apigenin-6-C-fucopyranoside, chrysin 7-O-â-Dglucopyranosyl-(1f4)-R-L-rhamnopyranoside: flavoneglycosides
Momordica charantia L. Balsamina, momordica, tomacó Schinini 31811 (CTES) Root + fruit: abortifacient, aphrodisiac Leaf + fruit: anthelmintic, purgative, and for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders Fruits: anti-haemorrhoidal, febrifuge, purgative Juice fruit: to treat diabetes and its complications Seed: for the treatment of bilousness and jaundice BAI, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL Plant: hypoglycaemic and weak anti-HIV-1 activity Root: anti-HIV activity Fruit + seed: antidiabetic agent Immature fruit: antitumor agent Juice fruit: Lipid lowering effects in HIV-1-protease inhibitor-treated human hepatoma cells; potent inhibitor of apoB secretion and TAG synthesis and secretion in human hepatoma cells (HepG2); plasma apolipoprotein B-100 reduction, hepatic insulin receptor substrate and phosphoinositide-3 kinase interactions increase Seed: protein synthesis inhibition Root. Kuguacins A-E, 3β, 7β,25trihydrocycucurbita-5,(23E)-diene-19-al, 3β, 25-dihydroxy-5β, 19-epoxycucurbita-6, (23E)-diene, momordicine I Stem. Cucurbita-5,23(E)-diene3β,7β,25-triol, 3β-acetoxy-7βmethoxycucurbita-5,23(E)-dien-25-ol, cucurbita-5(10),6,23(E)-triene-3β,25-diol, and cucurbita-5,24-diene-3,7,23 trione, (23E)-25-methoxycucurbit-23 ene-3β,7β-diol, (23E)-cucurbita-5,23,25-triene-3β,7β-diol, (23E)-25 hydroxycucurbita-5,23-diene-3,7-dione, (23E)-cucurbita-5,23,25-triene-3,7 dione, and (23E)-5,19-epoxycucurbita 6,23-diene-3,25-diol: cucurbitane-type triterpenes; 3,25-dihydroxy-7 methoxycucurbita-5,23(E)-diene, 3 hydroxy-7,25-dimethoxycucurbita 5,23(E)-diene, 3,7,25 trihydroxycucurbita-5,23(E)-dien-19-al, and 25-methoxy-3,7 dihydroxycucurbita-5,23(E)-dien-19-al, (23E)-5,19-epoxy-25 methoxycucurbita-6,23-dien-3-ol: triterpenes Dried vines + leaf. Kuguacins FS, momordicine I, kuguacin E, , 5b,19 epoxycucurbita-6,23-diene-3b,19,25 triol, karavilagenin D, 3b,7b,25 trihydroxycucurbita-5,(23E)-dien-19-al, 3b,7b-dihydroxy-25 methoxycucurbita-5,(23E)-dien-19-al Fruit. Karavilagenins A, B, and C: cucurbitane-type triterpene, 19(R)methoxy-5,19-epoxycucurbita-6,23dien-3,25-diol and 5,19 epoxycucurbita-6,23-diene-3,25-diol; karavilosides I, II, III, IV, and V, goyaglycosides a, b, -c, -d, -e, -f, -g, -h, momordicosides F1, F2, A, C, G, I, K, L: cucurbitane-type triterpene glycosides; goyasaponins I, II, III: oleanane-type triterpene saponins; arabinose, rhamnose, xylose, galactose, glucose, galacturonic Seed. Momordin, agglutinin, trichosanthin; aspartic, threonine, serine, glutamic, glycine, alanine, valine, cysteine, methionine, leucine, tyrosine, phenylalanine, lysine, arginine: aminoacids
CUNONIACEA
E Caldcluvia paniculata (Cav.) D. Don Tiaca, triaca, quiaca Soriano 1359 (SI)
Leaf: anticatarrhal and against urinary disorders CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test No data
Weinmannia trichosperma Cav. Tineo, teniú, teñiu, tiñeo, tinel Cabrera 21212 (LP) Leaf and bark: astringent, balsamic, antidiarrheal, vulnerary CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR Leaf + stem: cytotoxic activity No data
CUSCUTACEAE
Cuscuta campestris Yunck. Cuscuta chica, cuscuta chilena, yuyo tumbador Cuscuta pentagona var. calycina Engelm. Hunziker 5690 (CORD)
Stem and leaf: diuretic, purgative, antitussive (sub nom. C. pentagona var. calycina) BAI, CHU, COR, DFE, ERI, JUJ, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR Whole plant: analgesic, hypothermic, antiinflammatory, and CNS-depressant activity Tissue. Polygalacturonase
Cuscuta chilensis Ker-Gawl. Fresh entire plant: to treat Dried entire plant: anti-Entire plant. Sophoranol, matrine, n-
Boelcke 13816 (BAA) tumors; infusion: diuretic, abortifacient. Part not specified, infusion: emmenagogueMEN, NEU inflammatory and antipyretic activity, toxic effect (general) methyl cytisine: quinolizidine alkaloids
Cuscuta grandiflora Kunth Barboza 1283 (CORD) Aerial parts: general pain, againstsnakebites, to abort CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC Dried aerial parts: antimalarial activity No data
Cuscuta obtusiflora Kunth Cipó chumbo Stuckert 20043 (CORD) Stem: diuretic Flowers, infusion: emmenagogue BAI, COR, COS, ERI, MEN, MIS, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
DESFONTAINIACEAE
Desfontainia fulgens D. Don TaiqueDesfontainia spinosa Ruiz & Pav. Cabrera 6024 (LP)
Leaf: sedative NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
ELAEOCARPACEAE
Aristotelia chilensis (Molina) Stuntz Maqui, maquel, queldrón, queldón, clon, codón Cocucci 2133 (CORD)
Fruit + leaf: respiratory disorders, kidney disorders, antidiarrheal, antidysenteric, vulnerary, astringent, to relieve fever and to treat mouth ulcers and intestinal tumours, dermatologic CAT, CHU, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU, SLU Stem + leaf: antimicrobial, and cytotoxic activity Leaf: antioxidant activity Stem + leaf. Aristoteline, aristotelone, aristotelinine, aristone, aristotelinone, makonine, 8-oxo-9-dehydrohobartine, 8-oxo-9-dehydromakomakine, aristoquinoline, makomakine, hobartine, serratoline: alkaloids
EMPETRACEAE
Empetrum rubrum Vahl ex Willd. Brecillo, murtilla Cocucci 2505 (CORD)
Part not specified: medicinal CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test Leaf. Quercetin 3-arabinoside, quercetin 3-galactoside, quercetin 3rutinoside, gossypetin 3-galactoside: flavonoids; p-coumaroylquinic acid, chlorogenic acid Fruit. Cyanidin and peonidin glycosides
ERICACEAE
Gaultheria erecta Vent. Huevito de gallina, mullaca Morrone 3865 (SI)
Whole plant: for bronchitis and asthma JUJ, SAL Aerial parts: antibacterial activity No data
Gaultheria insana (Molina) D. J. Middleton Looser 1198 (SI) Fruits: narcotic CHU No biological test Leaf. Quercetin, myricetin
Gaultheria mucronata (L. f.) Hook. & Arn. var. mucronata Pernettya mucronata (L. f.) Gaudich. ex Spreng. Cocucci 463 (CORD) Fruit: medicinal CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF Aerial parts: antischistosomal effect Leaf. Quercetin, kaempferol, myricetin, hydroquinone Aerial part essential oil. Ocimine, cadinen, farnesen, germacren, germacrol, bisabolol, apiol, estragol, carveol, thymol, menthofuran
Gaultheria phillyreifolia (Pers.) Sleumer Chaura, murtilla Hosseus 1492 (CORD) Entire plant: febrifuge, antiseptic, vulnerary BAI, CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test No data
ESCALLONIACEAE
Escallonia megapotamica var. spiraeifolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) Sleumer Chachacoma Fortunato 8039 (BAB, SI)
Medicinal BAI, COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Escallonia myrtoidea Bertero ex DC. Luma Araque 1287 (LIL) Part not specified: cathartic, tonic, vulnerary MEN Aerial parts: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition Dried aerial parts. Asperuloside, daphylloside: iridoid monoterpene
Escallonia rubra (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. var. rubra Siete camisas colorada, siete camisas Bernardello 597 (CORD) Flowers + leaf: tonic, emmenagogue, vulnerary Part not specified: hepatic disorders CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR Leaf + stem: cytotoxic and antitumor activity No data
Escallonia tucumanensis Hosseus Lillo 5454 (LIL) Flowers + leaf: tonic, emmenagogue, vulnerary CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Escallonia virgata (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. Meki Barboza 1206 (CORD) Part not specified: hepatic CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
EUPHORBIACEAE
Acalypha communis Müll. Arg. Albahaquilla, albahaquilla del campo Bernardello 361 (CORD)
Leaf: detergent, for treating wounds externally, cicatrizant BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Dried aerial parts: antibacterial and antioxidant activity Dried aerial parts. 16 αhydroxymollic, 15 α-hydroxymollic, 7 β-,16 β-dihydroxy-1,23-dideoxyjessic acids: cycloartane-type triterpenes
Acalypha poiretii Spreng. Hunziker 12282 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, CHA, COR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Astraea lobata (L.) Klotzsch Croton lobatus L. Hunziker 9102 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: to sterilize females; to cure malaria, pregnancy troubles, and dysentery Seed: purgative (sub nom. C. lobatus) COR, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, TUC Root + aerial parts: antiplasmodial and cytotoxic activity (sub nom. C. lobatus) Leaf + stem. Vomifoliol: sesquiterpene; lobaceride (3[(6Z,9Z)dodeca-6,9-dienoyloxy]-2octanoyloxypropyl (6Z,9Z)dodeca-6,9dienoate): triglyceride; (Z,Z,Z)-9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid methyl ester, 8,11,17,21-tetramethyl(E,E,E,E)-8,10,17,21tetraentetracosanoic acid, geranylgeraniol, cholestan-3-one, betulinic acid, (E)-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2-phenyl-acrylic acid (sub nom. C. lobatus)
Cnidoscolus albomaculatus (Pax) I. M. Johnst. Ortiga brava Múlgura 2028(SI) Aerial parts: anti-inflammatory CHA, COS, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Cnidoscolus loasoides (Pax) I.M. Johnst. Cocucci 3079 (CORD) Medicinal CHA, COS, MIS No biological test No data
Cnidoscolus tubulosus var. trilobus (Müll. Arg.) Lourteig & O´Donell Ahumada 4485 (SI) Sap: bruises, boils, tooth pain, paye´s use CAT, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Cnidoscolus vitifolius var. cnicodendrum (Griseb.) Lourteig & O´Donell Zuloaga 7665 (SI) Leaf: anesthesic JUJ, LRI, SAL No biological test Stem. 3-acetyl aleuritolic acid, 3β-acetyl-, cinnamoyl- and dihydrocinnamoyl-lupeol, 3β-hexanoyl-lupeol
Colliguaja integerrimaGillies & Hook. Duraznillo, colihuai, colihui, colihuasi, coliguay Cocucci 3569 (CORD) Bark: against toothacheCHU, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU Leaf + stem: antibacterial, anticancer and cytotoxic activity Aerial parts. Lupeol, β-sitosterol, ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, Seed oil. Arachidic acid, palmitic acid, oleic acid: lipids
Croton argentinus Müll. Arg.Ahumada 7011 (CTES) Aerial parts: digestiveBAI, COR, SLU Aerial parts: antioxidant activity No data
Croton bonplandianus Baill. Nogal del zorro, palomayuyo, piñoncito, escoba negra Hunziker 12336 (CORD) Part not specified: cephalalgic Entire plant, infusion: antiseptic Dried aerial parts: vermifuge, antidiarrheal, hepatic, stomachacheFresh leaf + stem: as a poultice for inflammed jointsCAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Entire plant: antispasmodic activity Dried flower, leaf, seed + stem: larvicidal activity Fresh latex: antifungal activity Seed: antibacterial activity Leaf. Crotosparine, crotosparine:isoquinoline alkaloids
Croton hieronymi Griseb. Poleo del monte Hunziker 1063 (CORD) Aerial parts: digestive, stomachicCAT, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Dried aerial parts: cytotoxic activity Shoot: anticancer activity Leaf + root essential oil: antimicrobial activity Dried aerial parts. α-and β-amyrin:triterpenes; C-25 analog of trans-phytol, squalene derivative all-trans2,6,15,19,23-pentamethyltetracosa2,6,10(28),14,22,28-hexaene-11-ol, alltrans-10-methylene-2,6,10,14,18,22pentamethyltetracosa-1,6,10,14,18,22hexaen-3-ol; epicubenol, τ-cadinol: sesquiterpenes; xanthoxylin:acetophenone derivative; aurentiamide acetate, N-benzoylphenylalanyl-Nbenzoylphenylalaninate: peptide derivatives Shoots essential oil. τ-cadinol, epicubenol: sesquiterpenes; xanthoxylin: acetophenone Shoots. α- and β-amyrin, lupeol, hop22(29)-en-3β-ol, squalene derivatives all-trans-10-methylene-2,6,10,14,18,22hexaen-3-ol and 2,6,15,19,23pentamethyltetracosa2,6,10(28),14,22,28-hexaene-11-ol, cholesterol, cholest-8(14)-en-3β-ol, stigmasterol, gramisterol, sitosterol, campesterol, 22-dihydrobrassicasterol, lophenol, isofucosterol, stigmasterol, cholest-4-en-3-one, ergosta-4-22-dien3-one, sitostenone Leaf essential oil. Camphor, borneol Root essential oil. Euasarone, asarone, borneol, camphor
Croton lachnostachyus Baill. Croton sarcopetalus Müll. Arg. Bernardello 370 (CORD) Dried stem bark: to treat cancer Seed: purgative Dried resin, decoction: to treat urinary tract infections, antidiarrheal (sub nom. C. sarcopetalus) CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Dried bark: analgesic activity Dried sap: antidiarrheal activity (sub nom. C. sarcopetalus) Root. Junceic acid; yucalexins B-6 and P-4, sarcopetaloic acid, sarcopetal-15en-3-one-12,13-olide, sarcopetal-15-en3b-ol-12,13-olide (sub nom. C. sarcopetalus) Dried stem bark. Aleuritolic acid acetyl: triterpene; barbascoatic acid,12-epi: methyl ester, cleroda-3-13(16)-trien-2-one,15-16epoxy: diterpenes (sub nom. C. sarcopetalus) Root essential oil. Transmethylisoeugenol, with 22 further compounds
Croton parvifolius Müll. Arg. Siete estrellas, yerba de la gama Hunziker 6238 (CORD) Part not specified: digestive BAI, CHA, COR, ERI, SDE, SFE, SLU No biological test Essential oil. Elemicin: phenylpropanoid; humulene: sesquiterpene
Croton saltensis Griseb. Renvoize 3461 (SI) Seed: purgative JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Croton subpannosus Müll. Arg. ex Griseb. Bálsamo, bálsamo del campo, turuví Hunziker 13418 (CORD) Leaf: expectorant CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Croton urucurana Baill. Sangre de drago, urucurá, ivirá-caá-berá Hunziker 5433 (CORD) Bark: cicatrizant, analgesic, stomachic, anti-ulcer, antidiarrheal, anti-inflammatory Leaf: astringent, resolutive, for treatment of cancer Seeds and bark: curative mouth ulcers in infants CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SF Stem bark essential oil: cytotoxicity, antioxidant, and good antimicrobial activity Red latex: antidiarrheal, antioxidant, antibacterial, and antifungal activity Plant. Acetyl aleuritolic acid: triterpene; stigmasterol, β-sitosterol, campesterol, β-sitosterol-O-glucoside Stem bark. Sonderianin, 15,16-epoxy3,13(16)-clerodatriene-2-one and 12epi-methyl-barbascoate: furane clerodanes Stem bark essential oil. Borneol, bornyl acetate, cadina-4,10(14)-dien1a-ol, sesquicineole, γ-gurjunene epoxide Leaf essential oil. Germacrene-D, bicyclogermacrene Latex. Proanthocyanidins, catechins Gum exsudate. Furanoarabinogalactan: polysaccharide
Euphorbia caespitosa Lam. var. caespitosa Hunziker 3836 (CORD) Stem: drastic, diuretic, anti-asthmatic, expectorant BAI No biological test No data
Euphorbia collina var. andina (Phil.) Subils Kurtz 5571 (CORD) Latex: toxic, caustic, against the cutaneous warts MEN, NEU, SCR Plant: proteolytic activity (sub nom. E. collina) Plant. Serine-type peptidases (sub nom. E. collina); quercetin: flavonol; tannic acid
Euphorbia helioscopia L. Lechetrés Subils 991 (CORD) Entire plant: for cancer Dried aerial part, infusion: for chronic bronchitis Dried root: laxative Fresh latex: used for eczema, emollient, toxic, caustic, against the cutaneous warts BAI, COR, DFE, LPA, MIS Aerial parts: hypothermic and irritant activity Dried leaf: molluscicidal activity Dried resin: irritant activity Latex: proteolytic activity Fresh entire plant. Carpinusin: tannin Aerial parts. Astragalin: flavonol; chlorogenic acid: phenylpropanoid; glucogallin: benzenoid Fresh leaf + root. Euphohelin Latex. Proteases
Euphorbia heterophylla L. Hunziker 1865 (CORD) Dried entire plant, infusion: hemostatic, purgative Root: emetic Leaf: to induce lactation Flowers + leaf: pectoral, antimicrobial; infusion: purgative COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Entire plant: laxative effect Leaf. Alanine, aspartic acid, cysteine, glutamic acid, methionine, proline, serine: aminoacids; amyrin: triterpene Leaf + stem. Alkaloids, tannins, terpenoid, flavonoids, phlobatannin, cardiac glycoside
Euphorbia hirta var. ophthalmica (Pers.) Allem & Irgang Golondrina, leche de golondrina Subils 169 (CORD) Part not specified: diuretic, cicatrizant Aerial parts: for wound healing; infusion: for asthma, laxative, for gonorrhea Root, infusion: for general fatigue Leaf, infusion: for diarrhea, as a cholagogue, febrifuge; decoction: for asthma Latex: for conjunctivitis, to remove skin warts, for arthritis and rheumatism (sub nom. E. hirta). BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Aerial parts: immunostimulant activity, smooth muscle stimulant; spasmogenic, hypotensive antitumor, antimalarial and antibacterial activity Latex: proteolytic activity (sub nom. E. hirta). Aerial parts. Inositol; linoleic acid: lipid; ˜ sitosterol: steroid Dried latex. Amyrin: triterpene; proteases Dried flowers. Ellagic acid: Part not specified. Kaempferol: flavonol (sub nom. E. hirta).
Euphorbia klotzschii Oudejans var. klotzschii Tupasú cambú, potrillo cimarrón. Euphorbia ovalifolia (Klotzsch & Garcke) Boiss. var. ovalifolia Hunziker 293 (CORD) Leaf + stem: diuretic, antilithic (sub nom. E. ovalifolia) Latex: to remove skin warts BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Euphorbia lasiocarpa Klotzsch Hunziker 13461 (CORD) Entire plant: contraceptive Fresh latex: for circinate herpes CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Fresh leaf + stem: hypotensive activity No data
Euphorbia papillosa A. St.-Hil. var. papillosa Lechosa, lecherón, mercurio, lechetré Quarín et al. 2257 (CORD) Root: galactogogue COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Euphorbia portulacoides L. var. portulacoides Pichoa, lechetrezma, pichoga Subils 871 (CORD) Root: antiemetic Leaf: vulnerary, dermatologic Latex + root: purgative BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MEN, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test Dried entire plant. Caudicifolin, jolkinolide A: diterpene; phloracetophenone,2-4-6-tri-o-methyl ether: benzenoid; kauranes, abietane lactones, phloroacetophenones, latthyranes and abietane acids
Euphorbia portulacoides var. acutifolia Boiss. Palo de leche Hunziker 15791 (CORD) Root: contraceptive Latex: for warts treatment BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MEN, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Euphorbia prostrata Aiton Hunziker 21986 (CORD) Entire plant, decoction: for delayed periods; infusion: for bronchial asthma, hypoglycemic and kidney inflammation; as a snakebite remedy. Fresh aerial parts, infusion: to purify blood; diuretic, against the cutaneous warts Dried leaf, infusion: for rheumatism BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, SFE, TUC Dried aerial parts: antiyeast activity Fresh aerial parts: hypoglycemic and antiinflammatory activity Leaf: antiviral activity; protease (hepatitis C virus) inhibition Dried entire plant. Alanine: aminoacid; campesterol: steroid Dried leaf. Corilagin, geraniin: tannin; alkaloids absent; stigmasterol: sterol
Euphorbia sciadophila Boiss. Hunziker & Cocucci 15894 (CORD) Part not specified: for earache CAT, COR, COS, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Euphorbia schickendantzii Hieron. Di Fulvio & Subils 263 (CORD) Part not specified: against the cutaneous warts, caustic CAT, CHU, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU No biological test Aerial parts. Quercetin: flavonol; tannic acid
Euphorbia serpens var. microphylla Müll. Arg. Yerba meona, tupasú cambú. Subils et al. 478 (CORD) Aerial parts: diuretic, antilithic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. Quercetin: flavonol; tannic acid
Euphorbia serpens Kunth var. serpens Yerba meona, rompepiedras, lechetrés, meona, yerba de la golondrina Subils 4598 (CORD) Aerial parts: diuretic Dried leaf + stem, infusion: for eye diseases Latex: caustic, against the cutaneous warts, for circinate herpes Part not specified: for skin diseases (sub nom. E. serpens) BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activity Leaf. Alkaloids absent
Jatropha curcas L. Piñón, piñón del diablo Venturi 10772 (SI) Dried entire plant: purgative Bark: for pyorrhea Dried bark + stem, decoction: for inflammation Leaf, decoction: febrifuge; infusion: for urinary tract infections, dysentery (amebiasis), chronic ulcers Capsule, latex: to treat athletes foot. Seed + entire plant: drastic purgative, anti-haemorrhoidal COS, JUJ, MIS, SAL Dried aerial parts: antifungal activity, toxic effect; wound-healing activity Dried fruit: anti-implantation effect, antibacterial activity Latex: antimicrobial and proteolytic activity Leaf + twigs. α-amyrin: triterpene; apigenin: flavone; caniojane: diterpene Leaf + bark. Glycosides, tannins, phytosterols, flavonoids, steroidal sapogenins Dried root. Curcusone a: diterpene Seed. Curcin: protein; oleic acid: lipid Latex. Jatrophidin I, pohlianin A, cyclogossine A
Jatropha excisa Griseb. Higuerilla, sacha higuera Hunziker 13497 (CORD) Seed: drastic, emetic CAT, COR, COS, FOR, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Jatropha flavovirens Pax & K. Hoffm. Hunziker 11684 (SI) Sap: Medicinal COR, LRI, SAL No biological test No data
Jatropha grossidentata Pax & K. Hoffm. Jwetósek, kadýohãTolaba 2774 (CORD) Entire plant: allergenic Bark: anthelmintic CHA, FOR, SAL Root: antiprotozoal activity Dried root bark. Caniojane,jatrogrossidione: diterpene
Jatropha hieronymi Kuntze Cabrera et al. 32265 (SI) Sap: tooth pain CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SJU No biological test No data
Jatropha isabelliae Müll. Arg. Yagua rovaJatropha isabelliae var. antisyphilitica (Speg.) Pax Burkart 18740 (SI) Root, infusion: for fertility regulation antisyphilitic, abortifacient, antisdysenteric; against malaria COS, MIS Rhizome: gastroprotective effect Rhizome. Jatrophone, jatropholone A,jatropholone B, acetyl aleuritolic acid, cyperenoic acid, 9β,13dihydroxyisabellione
Jatropha macrocarpaGriseb. Higuera del zorro, ortigónbravo macho Kiesling 4307 (SI) Seed: purgative, emeticCAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Jatropha pederseniiLourteigCocucci 3096 (CORD) Medicinal COS No biological test No data
Manihot anisophylla Müll. Arg.Hunziker 24678 (CORD) Seed: drastic, emetic CAT, COR, LRI, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Manihot grahamii Hook.. Falso café, cafeto Di Fulvio 167 (CORD) Plant: drastic Seed: toxic Part not specified: for skin eruptionsBAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Sapium haematospermumMüll. Arg. Lecherón, curupí, blanquillo, palo de leche, árbol de leche, curupí-caíHunziker 10494 (CORD) Bark: vulnerary Leaf, decoction: for gastrointestinal pains, febrifuge Fresh latex: for toothache BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Dried aerial parts: antimycobacterial and antimalarial activity Latex: proteolytic activity Dried aerial parts. Astragalin: flavonol; lecheronol: diterpene; 1olean-12-ene,3-α-hydroxy: triterpene; lecheronol A and B: pimaranes; 3-O-βlauroyl-cycloart-(23E)-en-25-ol (10):acylated cycloartane; α,β,3,4,5,2',4',6'octahydroxydihydrochalcone (12):chalconoid; triterpene derivatives; flavonol glucosides
Sebastiania brasiliensis Spreng. Lecherón, blanquillo, ibirá camby, ibirá-cambú, lecheleche Sebastiania anisandra (Griseb.) Lillo Novara 10952 bis (CORD) Aerial part: galactogene (sub nom. S. anisandra) Bark, leaf + twigs: antiseptic for wounds, analgesic for dental caries Latex: against the cutaneous warts, for toothache Part not specified: for spider bites BAI, CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Leaf: antimicrobial and antiviral activity Leaf + stem. Methyl gallate, protocatechuic acid, quercetin, kaempferol, quercitrin, gallic acid
Sebastiania commersoniana (Baill.) L. B. Sm. & Downs Blanquillo, lecherón Sebastiania klotszchiana (Müll. Arg.) Müll. Arg. Subils 2776 (CORD) Aerial parts: antiseptic, analgesic for dental caries, antimicrobial BAI, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Leaf: antimicrobial and antiviral activity (sub nom. S. klotszchiana) Aerial parts. Quercetin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin, isoquercitrin: flavonoids; gallicin, gallic, syringic, caffeic acids: phenolic derivatives; scopoletin: coumarin
Stillingia patagonica (Speg.) Pax & K. Hoffm. Mata torcida, mata crespa, retamillo Steibel 4535 (CORD) Entire plant: proteolytic activity CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR Plant: proteolytic activity Plant. Cysteine-type peptidases
Tragia geraniifolia Klotzsch ex Baill. Ortiga, ortiga brava, ortiga del campo, ortiga quemadora Subils 4037 (CORD) Root: emollient, rubefacient Part not specified: diuretic, antirheumatic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Tragia volubilis L. Barboza 750 (CORD) Root: diuretic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
FABACEAE
Acacia albicorticata Burkart Espinillo blanco, espino blanco, tusca blanca Legname 7579 (CTES)
Bark: for wounds, cuts Flower: for cough, bronchitis JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Acacia aroma Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. Tusca, espinillo, espinillo, aromita, paaic, aromo, aromo negro, bais Hunziker 22833 (CORD) Aerial parts: for haemorrhages; cicatrizant, disinfectant, and for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders Dried branches, decoction: to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections Root, decoction: antiseptic Bark: abortive, diuretic, cicatrizant, for hernia and prolapse, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth, post partum pains and diseases, anti-inflammatory Leaf + fruit: antiseptic for venereal disease, antacid, cicatrizant Flowers + leaf: antitussive, against influenza Seed, bark + leaf: astringent, antiseptic CAT, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Stem, leaf + flower: antibacterial and antioxidant activity Dried leaf. Apigenin, rhamnetin, cynaroside: flavone; linamarin: alkanol to C4
Acacia atramentaria Benth. Espinillo bravo, espinillo negro, espinillo fuerte, hurquillo, garabato negro, tusca Hunziker 15826 (CORD) Leaf + bark: detergent, vulnerary, antirheumatic Seed + leaf: astringent, antiseptic, antitussive BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Whole plant: antimicrobial activity Dried leaf. Acacipetalin: alkane to C4
Acacia bonariensis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. Ñapinday, ña pindá, ñapindá blanco, garabato, uña de gato Stuckert 21488 (CORD) Bark: cicatrizant Stem + root: depurative, antisiphylitic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SFE, SJU, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. Heterosides, tannins
Acacia caven (Molina) Molina var. caven Espinillo, aromo, churqui, aromito, aromita, cavén, espino Hunziker 17446 (CORD) Root: purgtive Bark: detergent, cicatrizant, antidiarrheal Dried leaf + stem: antiseptic; to treat hypertension, diabetes, skin mycosis and irritations, cicatrizant Leaf, decoction: antidiarrheal, diuretic Flower: sedative Seed + leaf: astringent, antiseptic, anti-asthmatic, antitussive BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Leaf + stem: cytotoxic, antimicrobial, and antifungal activity Dried seed: β-glucuronidase inhibition Dried leaf. Quercetin, quercitrin: flavonol Essential oil. Anisaldehyde: benzenoid; bornyl acetate, linalool: monoterpenes; eugenol: phenylpropanoid
Acacia caven var. microcarpa (Speg.) Burkart ex Ciald. Aromita Krapovickas 94 3 (SI) Leaf: for treating wounds externally CHA, FOR No biological test No data
Acacia caven var. stenocarpa (Speg.) Burkart ex Ciald. Hunziker 5749 (CORD) Leaf, decoction: antidiarrheal and for whooping cough CHA, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. Espinillo Lahitte s.n. (BAB 60295) Bark, infusion: febrifuge, astringent Dried bark + root, infusion: for dermato-mucosal lesions Leaf, infusion: for gonorrhea Flowers, infusion: aphrodisiac Dried fruit, infusion: for diabetes mellitus CHA, COR, FOR, MIS Dried leaf: antibacterial activity Fresh flower, fruit, leaf + stem: antiphage activity Dried flowers: uterine stimulant effect Essential oil: hypotensive activity Essential oil. Anisaldehyde, benzaldehyde: benzenoid, cumin alcohol, cuminaldehyde; geraniol, geranial, neral Dried leaf. Tannin Fruit. Cystine: quinolizidine alkaloid Dried seed. Daucosterol: steroid; diosmetin: flavone
Acacia macracantha Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. Tusca, cují hediondo Fabris 3490 (LP) Bark: for hernia and prolapse CHA, COR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC  Leaf. Phenols; condensed tannins; saponins; alkaloids Gum. Hydroxyproline, serine, lysine; rhamnose, arabinose, galactose, glucuronic acid and its 4-O-methyl analogue
Acacia martii Benth. Muello s.n. (LP) Leaf: antirheumatic FOR No biological test No data
Acacia praecox Griseb. Garabato, espinillo de Santa Fé, espinillo macho, ñapindá, añapindá, garabato negro Hunziker 17729 (CORD) Part not specified: central nervous system stimulant CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test Leaf. Flavonoids Flowers essential oil. Linalol, undecane, eugenol, decane, oct-1-en-3ol
Adesmia boronioides Hook. f. Paramela, yagneu, lonckotrevo, té pampa, té silvestre, yerba carmelita, éter Cocucci 2528 (CORD) Aerial parts: for kidney and respiratory disorders, ulcers, digestive, febrifuge, against the influenza, antitussive, antirheumatic, for allopecy, burns and bruises, stomachic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory aphrodisiac CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF Aerial parts essential oil: leukotriene B-4 inhibition Dried aerial parts: prostaglandin E2 inhibition; antibacterial activity Aerial parts essential oil. Esquel-6-en-9-one,1(R)-4(S)-5(R), esquel-7-en-9one: bisnorsesquiterpenes; α-copaen11-ol, δ-cadinene, 10-epi-γ-eudesmol, 4α-hydroxydihydroagarofuran, 1-epicubenol, α-pinene
Adesmia emarginata Clos Paramela Kurtz 6209 (CORD) Part not specified: stomachic NEU No biological test No data
Adesmia inflexa Griseb. Añaguá Cocucci 2004 (CORD) Root: cough, parturition pains CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Adesmia subterranea Clos Cuernos de cabra, cuerno Kurtz 9673 (CORD) Part not specified: ophtalmic LRI, MEN, SJU No biological test No data
Aeschynomene rudis Benth. Pedersen 12788 (CTES) Part not specified: anaphrodisiac BAI, CHA, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Albizia inundata (Mart.) Barneby & J.W Grimes Visco, pacará, timbó blanco, palo flojo, timbó atá, timboí, timbó y, timboí atá, timbó morotí, ngehñú Troncoso 1364 (SI) Leaf: for treating wounds BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE Leaf: fungicidal activity No data
Amburana cearensis (Allemão) A. C. Sm. Roble del país, roble paraguayo, palo de trébo lZabala 111 (SI) Part not specified: for respiratory ailments JUJ, SAL Dried stem bark: relaxant action; antimalarial activity; neuroprotective properties Dried trunk bark: toxic effect (general) Dried stem bark. Amburoside A: benzenoid; α-amyrin: triterpene; coumarin; kaempferol, isokaempferide, protocatechuic acid
Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil (Griseb.) AltschulCebil, cebil colorado, yopo, cebil moro, vilca, cohoba, curupay, cebil moro, cebil colorado verrucoso, cebil blanco Piptadenia macrocarpaBenth. Anadenanthera macrocarpa(Benth.) BrenanHunziker 21469 (CORD) Dried branches: for leg inflammation Bark: abortive, astringent, depurative, antittusive, expectorant, and for infectionsPart not specified, infusion: emmenagogue, hallucinogenousGum: for respiratory problems Seed: abortive, for heart problems(sub nom. A. colubrina)CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, TUC Dried branches: radical scavenging effect; lipoxygenase inhibition (sub nom. A. colubrina)Bark: anti-inflammatory activity Gum: immunological activity Dried aerial parts. Alnusenol: triterpene; anadanthoflavone, alnusenol, lupenone, lupeol, betulinic acid, αamyrin, β-amyrin, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, apigenin, 4hydroxybenzoic acid, cinnamic acid Heart wood. Dalbergine, 3,4,5dimethoxy-3-dalbergione, 5-methoxyN-methyl-tryptamine Dried bark. Anadanthoside: flavonoid; cinnamic acid: phenylpropanoidGum: galactose, arabinose: acidic heteropolysaccharidesSeed. Bufotenine, N-N-dimethyltryptamine: indole alkaloids
Anarthrophyllumdesideratum (DC.) Benth.Neneo macho, mata fuego,bola de fuegoIllin 108 (SI) Plant, infusion and juice:expectorant, for gastritis CHU, SCR Aerial parts: cytotoxic activity No data
Astragalus garbancillo Cav. Garbancillo, porotillo, purko Barboza 1324 (CORD) Dried entire plant, infusion: for acariasis and dandruff Leaf + stem: for fractures Dried seed, infusion: for urticaria Part not specified: to cure smashed bones and sprains CAT, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, TUC No biological test Seed. Swainsonine: alkaloid
Ateleia glazioveana Baill. Spegazzini 12015 (SI) Part not specified: insecticide, toxic MIS No biological test No data
Bauhinia argentinensis Bur-kart var. argentinensisPata 'e buey, pata de vaca Horovitz 111 (SI) Leaf: hepatic, kidney disordersFOR, SAL No biological test No data
Bauhinia bauhinioides (Mart.) J. F. Macbr. Pata de vaca Fortunato 2509 (BAB) Leaf: refrigerant, diuretic FOR Seed. Inhibitory activity of cruzipain, a cysteine proteinase from Trypanosoma cruzi Seed. Protein with 164 amino acid residues
Bauhinia forficata subsp. pruinosa (Vogel) Fortunato & Wunderlin Pezuña de vaca, pata de vaca, caobá, mahogani, pata de buey, pata de chivo, pata de toro, falsa caoba, palo buey, toro-p B. candicans Benth. Ariza Espinar 3378 (CORD) Leaf: antidiabetic, astringent, diuretic, expectorant, antinephritic, antitussive, antihemorrhoidal, abluent, blood depurative Flowers: antihemorrhoidal, digestive, external use against dandruff BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, SAL, SFE, SJU, TUC Dried leaf: hypoglycemic, antioxidant, hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol), diuretic, and antimicrobial activity; cardiovascular effect (tachycardia) Stem, fruit + seed: antibacterial activity Dried leaf. 3,7-di-O-arhamnopyranosylquercetin and 3,7-diO-a-rhamnopyranosylkaempferol (kaempferitrin): flavonoids; astragalin, bauhinoside, guanidine, heteroglycosides, kaempferitrin, organic acids, quercitrosides, rhamnose, saponins, alkaloids, glycosides Leaf + flowers. Sitosterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, cholesterol, stigmast-3,5dien-7-one, choline, trigonelline, sitosterol 3-O-β-glucoside, sitosterol 3O-β-D –xylopyranoside, sitosterol 3-Oα-D -xyluronofuranoside (sub nom. B. candicans)
Bauhinia microstachya (Raddi) J. F. Macbr. Escalera de mono, caiescalera, tuiá-pihuá, cipó escalera, pata de mono Meyer 6749 (LIL) Part not specified: for spleenache, to relieve the lumbago, analgesic COS, MIS Leaf: analgesic, antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity; antinociceptive action Leaf. Methyl gallate, kaempferol 3-Orhamnosyl, quercitrin, myricitrin, trolox, ascorbic acid, ellagic acid, tannic acid, rutin
Caesalpinia gilliesii (Wall. ex Hook.) D. Dietr. Lagaña de perro, algarrobillo, piscala, barbón, barba de viejo, mal de ojos Ariza Espinar 3025 (CORD) Dried flower + leaf, infusion: febrifuge, purgative, against toothache Dried seed: anthelminthic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Fruit: antitumor activity Dried seed: respiratory stimulant effect, smooth muscle relaxant activity Dried flowers. phenyl alanine: aminoacid; arabinose: carbohydrate Seed. Cesalin, glutamic acid, pipecolic acid, proline,3-hydroxy: aminoacid
Caesalpinia paraguariensis (D. Parodi) Burkart Guayacán, ibirá-verá, alagamia, guayacán negroibirá-berá Hunziker 24344 (CORD) Bark, decoction: antitussive, digestive, hepatic, antidysenteric; infusion: antiphlogistic Fruit: emollient, contraceptive, antitussive, anticephallic CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antibacterial and antioxidant activity Dried aerial parts. Caesalpinol: benzoxecin derivative; bilobetin, stigma-5-en-3-O-β-6'stearoylglucopyranoside, stigma-5-en3-β-6'-palmitoylglucopyranoside, stigma-5-en-3-β-glucopyranoside, oleanolic acid, 3-O-(E)hydroxycinnamoyl oleanolic acid, betulinic acid, 3-O-(E)- hydroxycinnamoyl betulinic acid, lupeol Heart wood. Tannin Seed. Pipecolic acid: aminoacid
Caesalpinia pluviosa DC. var. pluviosa Taperiba, morochillo Morrone et al. 4597 (SI) Bark: antidiarrheal SAL Stem bark: antiplasmodial activity No data
Caesalpinia stuckerti Hassl. Guaycurú Novara 11160 (CORD) Root: for intestinal disorders CHA, FOR, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Calliandra parvifolia (Hook. & Arn.) Speg. Plumerillo rosado, flor de seda, flor del cielo, borla de obispo, chicote de niño Cabrera19339 (LP) Medicinal BAI, COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Camptosema rubicundum Hook. & Arn. Picardía, isipó, capricho, pititos, picardía colorada Cocucci 2917 (CORD) Seed: to relieve the vulval pruritis BAI, COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Canavalia bonariensis Lindl. Habas del aire, habas de las víboras, cumandá-guazú Pedersen 9840 (CORD) Leaf: digestive BAI, CHA, ERI, JUJ, MIS No biological test Dried root. Betulin: triterpene Dried seed. Lectin: protein
Cascaronia astragalina Griseb. Tipa amarilla, cascarón Juárez 2228 (CORD) Resin: medicinal JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Centrosema virginianum (L.) Benth. Hunziker 9751 (CORD) Root: emmenagogue, for amenorrhea CAT, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Cercidium praecox (Ruiz & Pav. ex Hook.) Harms subsp. praecox Brea, brea del bordo, palo ver Hunziker 7804 (CORD) Bark: antitussive, stomachic, anti-acid Dried branches: for cough with vomiting Root bark, infusion: to aid in expulsion of placenta CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test Gum exudate. β-D-glucuronic acid, arabinose, α-L-furanose, β-L-pyranose
Chloroleucon tenuiflorum (Benth.) Barneby & J. W. Grimes Tatané Martínez 599 (CORD) Bark: anthelmintic, cough, respiratory ailments CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Copaifera langsdorffii Desf. var. langsdorffii Cupay Rodríguez 795 (SI) Part not specified: antivenereus, balsamic, cicatrizant, antimicrobial, expectorant, diuretic, and antiphlogistic MIS Dried trunk bark: molluscicidal and antibacterial activity Fruit peel essential oil: antiinflammatory activity Dried resin. Kaur-16-en-19-oic acid,ent: diterpene Dried leaf essential oil. β-selinene, γcadinene, caryophyllene, copalic acid Fruit peel essential oil. δ- and β– elemene, α-copaene, 1-gurjuneno, (Z)caryophyllene, (E)-caryophyllene, aromadendrene, α-humulene, (E)-9-epicaryophyllene, β-selinene, nerolidol, γcadinene, germacrene B, 1,5epoxisalvial-4(14)-ene, caryophyllene oxide, cis-β-elemenone, humulene oxide, iso spathulenol, farnesol
Crotalaria incana L. Schinini 5115 (CTES) Leaf: antiseptic CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Aerial parts: Hypotensive activity; hepatotoxic, pnemotoxic Aerial parts. Mucronatine, usuramine, anacrotine: pyrrolizidine alkaloids
Crotalaria pilosa Mill. Morel 575 (LIL) Flowers: emollient CHA, FOR No biological test No data
Dalea elegans Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. var. elegans Hunziker 7288 (CORD) Part not specified: antimicrobial COR, JUJ, SAL, SLU Root: antimicrobial, antioxidant, and cytotoxic activity Dried aerial parts. 6-prenyl pinocembrin: flavanone Dried root. 2'-4'-dihydroxy-5'-(1'''-dimethyl-allyl)-6-prenyl pinocembrin,: prenylated flavanone
Desmanthus virgatus (L.) Willd. Rompepiedras Hunziker 13338 (CORD) Aerial parts: hepatic, antilithic Root: emetic BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SDE No biological test No data
Desmodium barbatum (L.) Benth. Cocucci 3105 (CORD) Leaf: laxative Dried leaf + root, decoction: for infections and malaria CHA, COS, MIS Dried leaf: antibacterial activity No data
Desmodium incanum DC. Ochoa 1035 (CORD) Part not specified: antitussive Leaf: for the kidneys and wounds. Dried leaf + stem, decoction: diuretic, anti-inflammatory CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Dioclea violacea Mart. ex Benth. Curuguay Dioclea paraguariensis Hassl. Venturi 26 (BAB) Part not specified: hemostatic (sub nom. D. paraguariensis) CHA, COS, MIS No biological test Dried seed. Lectin: protein.
Enterolobium contortisiliquum (Vell.) Morong Timbó c olorado, pacará, t imbó cedro, timbó negro, timbó-puitá, oreja de negro, timbó-cedro Cocucci 1373 (CORD) Bark: analgesic, cicatrizant Leaf: astringent, vulnerary Root, fruit + bark: tonic, against the scurf, expectorant antivenereous BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Seed: pro-inflammatory activity Seed essential oil: antibacterial activity Dried pericarp. Enterolosaponin A, lupeol: triterpenes Dried seed. Enterolobin: protein Seed essential oil. Furfural, limonene, linalool, estragole, carvone, apiole, carvone
Erythrina crista-galli L. var. crista-galli Seibo, ceibo, ceibo macho, seibo entrerriano, choipo Arbo 6829 (CTES) Stem bark: for dermatosis, anti-asthmatic, antiseptic, antihemorrhoidal, astringent; decoction: to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections Leaf: hypnotic, sedative, antihemorrhoidal, cicatrizant Flowers: expectorant, cicatrizant BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Dried aerial parts: antibacterial, analgesic, antiinflammatory activity Dried leaf: antibacterial activity, psychotropic agent, CNS depressor activity Seed. Arginine, alanine, aspartic acid: aminoacids; erythramine: isoquinoline alkaloid Leaf. Cristadine, crystamidine: isoquinolin; oleanolic acid: triterpene
Erythryna dominguenzii Hassl. Seibo chaqueño, seibo formoseño, seibo rosado Fortunato et al. 2030 (BAB) Bark: cicatrizant, for injures CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, SAL No biological test Seed. Alanine, aspartic acid: aminoacids; erysopine: isoquinoline alkaloid
Erythryna falcata Benth. Seibo salteño, seibo de Jujuy, ceibo, seibito de la selva, seibo del monte, ceiba Fortunato 6874 (BAB) Leaf + bark: galactogene JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Aerial parts: contraceptive properties Seed. Alanine, aspartic acid: aminoacids; erysopine: isoquinoline alkaloid
Geoffraea decorticans (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Burkart var. decorticans Chañar Cocucci 74 (CORD) Sprouts: for fractures Bark + fruits: emollient, to relieve bruises, anti-asthmatic, antitussive, to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections, antidiarrheal Dried bark + flower, infusion: emollient, expectorant BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Bark + branches: bactericidal activity Dried stem bark. Flavanone, iso: 2'-3'5-7-tetrahydroxy-4'-methoxy-5'-prenyl: flavonoid; lupeol: triterpene Dried flowers. Apigenin: flavone; baicalin: flavone
Geoffraea spinosa Jacq. Maní guaycurú, mandubíguaicurú, mandubí-rá, maní de los indios, mandubirá Geoffraea striata (Willd.) Morong Meyer s.n. (SI) Leaf: anthelmintic (sub nom. G. striata) CHA, COS, FOR, SAL, SFE Branches: bactericidal activity No data
Gleditsia amorphoides(Griseb.) Taub. var. amorphoidesEspina corona, algarroba,caranchi, coronillo, cambánambí Hunziker 5806 (CORD) Leaf + root: astringent Cortex: to reduce cholesterol Fruit: for sores in mouth and throat, anti-asthmatic Part not specified: for lumbago and kidney painCHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE Leaf: cytotoxic activity Seed. Glutamic acid, pipecolic acid: aminoacids; triterpene saponins
Glycyrrhiza astragalina Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. Regaliz silvestre, orozuz Cabrera 32825 (SI) Plant: medicinal BAI, CHU, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Hoffmannseggia glauca(Ortega) EifertPorotillo, algarrobilla fina, papa-cuchi, camincha, cina enana, porotillo silvestre Subils 3258 (CORD) Leaf: astringentBAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Indigofera suffruticosa Mill. Añil, amaretá, anilcillo, caáhobí Stuckert 6216 (CORD) Entire plant, decoction: for syphilis, against lice, analgesic; infusion: to treat convulsions, for dizziness Aerial parts: anti-epileptic, emollient, to relieve bruises, antiphlogistic, for treating wounds externally, emmenagogueRoot: odontalgic, icteric; decoction: for epilepsy, for syphilis Dried stem, decoction: to treat hepatitis. Leaf, decoction: febrifuge BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Dried entire plant: anticonvulsant and antiulcer activity; antifungicide activityLeaf: antitumor activity Fresh seed: molluscicidal activity Entire plant. β-sitosterol: sterol; louisfieserone: flavonoid; quercetin 3O-[4"'-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-β-Dxylopyranosyl(1→2)β-Dgalactopyranoside], indigo 3-O-β-glucopyranoside and 6'methoxy-2,5,6-trihydroxyisoindirubin,and quercetin 3-O-[β-Dapiofuranosyl(1→6)β-Dglucopyranoside], quercetin 3-O-[α-Lrhamnopyranosyl(1→6)β-Dglucopyranoside], quercetin 3-O-[β-Dglucopyranosyl (1→2)β-Dgalactopyranoside], quercetin 7-O-β-Dglucopyranoside, indican, indigo, indirubin, allantoin, gallic acid, pinitol, sitosteryl 3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside Dried root. Coronarian: alkanol to C4 Dried leaf + stem. Indigo, indirubin: indole alkaloid
Inga affinis DC. Ingá, ingá negro Inga verna subsp. affinis (DC.) T. D. Penn. Tressens 3112 (CTES) Leaf + bark: astringent, expectorant, antineuralgic, antiseptic Fruits resin: analgesic COS, MIS Aerial parts: xanthine-oxidase inhibitors; antioxidant activity (sub nom. I. verna subsp. affinis) Aerial parts. Ellagic and gallic acids (sub nom. I. verna subsp. affinis)
Lathyrus magellanicus Lam. var. magellanicus Fortunato 4933 (BAB) Part not specified: diuretic CHU, LPA, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
Lathyrus pubescens Hook. & Arn. var. pubescens Arvejilla silvestre, alverjilla Hunziker 6433 (CORD) Leaf: astringent BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, RNE, SAL, SCR, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Lathyrus subulatus Lam. Arvejilla chica, arvejilla enana Hunziker 8650 (CORD) Leaf: astringent BAI, COR, ERI, LPA, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Lupinus tomentosus DC. West 6331 (GH, MO, UC) Seed: diuretic, emmenagogue Part not specified: emmenagogue JUJ No biological test No data
Macroptilium bracteatum (Nees & C. Mart.) Maréchal & Baudet Poroto del campo Hunziker 9150 (CORD) Root, decoction: to arrest hemorrhage after childbirth, hemostatic CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Macroptilium prostratum (Benth.) Urb. Porotillo, porotillo del campo Phaseolus prostratus Benth. Stuckert 14457 (CORD) Aerial parts: alexipharmic BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test Leaf + stem. Daidzein-7-O-β-Dglucopyranoside, irigenin: isoflavone; 3-hydroxy-4'-methoxy flavone, nicotiflorin, hyperoside: flavonol
Mimosa debilis Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. Celosita grande, celosita hoja ancha Mimosa argentinensis Burkart Barboza 1685 (CORD) Root: for infections, hernia and prolapse COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Mimosa diplotricha C. Wright ex Sauvalle Arbo 8423 (CTES) Leaf: diuretic Root: against amigdalitis and faringitis CHA, COS, FOR, MIS No biological test No data
Mimosa pigra L. var. pigra Carpinchera, mata de carpincho, yuquerí Cocucci 3217 (CORD) Root + leaf : vulnerary, purgative Leaf, infusion: to treat a weak heart or weak pulse, febrifuge, antidiarrheal BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Leaf: molluscicidal activity Dried stem bark. Triterpene
Mimosa polycarpa var. subandina Barneby Sensitiva, celosita de hoja menudita, celosita chica, celosita Ahumada 8969 (SI) Root: for infections, hernia and prolapse JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Mimosa rocae Lorentz & Niederl. Zarzaparilla Cabrera 4710 (SI) Plant: diuretic BAI No biological test No data
Mimosa tandilensis L. Zarzaparilla Martínez Corvetto 1786 (SI) Plant: diuretic BAI No biological test No data
Myrocarpus frondosus Allemão Incienso, cabreuva, incienso blanco, incienso amarillo, incienso negro Zuloaga 6431 (SI) Bark and resin: cicatrizant, disinfectant, to heal wounds, ulcers, to obviate scars, and to control respiratory and urinary infections COS, MIS. No biological test Plant essential oil. Benzyl cinnamate, benzyl benzoate, methyl cinnamate, nerolidol, vanillin, benzoic acid, farnesol, derivatives of benzoic acid and cinnamic acid
Myroxylon peruiferum L. f. Quina, quina quina, palo trébol, incienso colorado, quina del campo, kina morada Tolaba 2155 (CORD) Dried bark: to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections, antidiarrheal, for hernia and prolapse, neonatal and paediatrics care, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth Resin: anticatarrhal JUJ, SAL Dried bark: antibacterial activity Dried trunk wood. Cabreuvin: isoflavone; nerolidol: sesquiterpene
Otholobium higuerilla (Gillies ex Hook.) J. W. Grimes Higuerilla Psoralea higuerilla Gillies ex Hook. Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 544) Leaf: digestive, vulnerary COR, JUJ, SAL, TUC Aerial parts: antioxidant activity No data
Parapiptadenia rigida (Benth.) Brenan Anchico colorado, anchico, angico colorado, angico, curupay-rá Morrone 657 (SI) Cortex: anti-inflammatory, to wash ulcers Leaf + bark: astringent COS, FOR, MIS Bark: antibacterial activity No data
Parkinsonia aculeata L. Cina-cina, retamo rojo, garabato Hunziker 9362 (CORD) Aerial parts: febrifuge, diaphoretic, antirheumatic, emmenagogue, abortifacient, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory Leaf, infusion: abortifacient Dried flowers, infusion: antipyretic, diaphoretic, abortifacient. Part not specified, infusion: febrifuge, epilepsy, diaphoretic BAI, CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, LPA, SAL, SDE, SFE Aerial parts: hypothermic activity, barbiturate potentiation; CNS depressant, sympathomimetic and antiyeast activity Dried seed: hemagglutinin activity Dried aerial parts. β-amyrin: triterpene Fresh aerial parts. Parkintin: flavanone Dried leaf. Apigenin, orientin: flavones Flower + leaf + stem. Alkaloids Seed. Azetidine-2-carboxylic acid: aminoacid
Phaseolus vulgaris var. aborigineus (Burkart) Baudet Poroto, poroto común Fortunato 3518 (BAB) Seed: fractures CAT, COR, JUJ, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried leaf + stem. Cacticin, garbanzol nicotiflorin: flavonol
Poiretia tetraphylla (Poir.) Burkart Té del campo, té pampa Hunziker 23569 (CORD) Leaf: antiphlogistic, stomachic, tonic, antihelminthic, vulnerary, diaphoretic BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. Tannins, flavonoids, saponins Leaf essential oil. E-Nerolidol, βcaryophyllene, germacrene D, limonene, β-pinene, trans-β-ocimene
Prosopis affinis Spreng.Ñandubay, ñandubey, espinillo,algarrobillo, ibopé-morotí, algarrobo ñandubay, piguiñik Hunziker 3380 (CORD) Root: contraceptive Bark: detergent, astringent BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, SDE, SFE No biological test No data
Prosopis alba Griseb. var. alba Algarrobo blanco, algarrobo colorado, árbol blanco, ibopé, malumpe, maapik, igopépará. Hunziker 13814 (CORD) Root: antilithic, stomachic Leaf: for stomach-ache Fruit: anti-asthmatic, astringent, abluent, ophtalmic Fruit + leaf: astringent, antilithic, tonic BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU Dried fruit: ˜ -glucuronidase inhibition Leaf. β-phenethylamine: isoquinoline alkaloid; tyramine, tryptamine, 2-βmethyl-3-β-hidroxy-6-βpiperidinedodecanol: alkaloids; quercetin: flavonol Bark. Tannins
Prosopis alpataco Phil. var. alpataco fo. alpataco Alpataco Roig 3004 (MERL) Fruit: anti-inflammatory BAI, CHU, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU Dried aerial parts: radical scavenging effect; DNA binding effect Aerial parts. Phenethylamine, tryptamine: alkaloids Dried bark. tetrahydro harman: indole alkaloid; cassine, N-methyl cassine, eleagnine Leaf. Rutin: flavonol Seed. β-sitosterol: sterol
Prosopis caldenia Burkart Caldén, tusca, guitrú, witrú Hunziker 9369 (CORD) Bark: astringent BAI, COR, LPA, MEN, RNE, SLU No biological test Entire plant. Vitexin: flavone Leaf. Pipecolic acid,4-hydroxyproline, proline: proteid
Prosopis chilensis (Molina) Stuntz emend. Burkart var. chilensis Algarrobo, algarrobo blanco, algarrobo panta, panta, árbol blanco, huelte, capesi Sayago 2624 (CORD) Fruit: astringent, stomachic, for pharyngitis, anti-inflammatory Unripe-fresh fruit: astringent, galactagogue Seed: diuretic CAT, COR, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC Fresh entire plant: antibacterial activity Dried aerial parts: glucosidase inhibition; DNA binding effect Seed: antibacterial activity Entire plant. Luteolin, vitexin, isovitexin, rutin, quercetrin-3-methyl ether; phenethylamine, tryptamine: alkaloids Leaf. Pipecolic acid: proteid Dried seed. Protein; dopa
Prosopis ferox Griseb. Quiscataco, churqui jujeño, cholonea, algarrobilla Krapovickas 1521 (CORD) Flowers: antirheumatic JUJ, SAL No biological test Leaf. Pipecolic acid, proline: proteids
Prosopis flexuosa DC. var. flexuosa f. flexuosa Algarrobo, algarrobo dulce, algarrobo negro, algarrobo amarillo, lámar, monte criollo, patay Roig 5396 (SI) Leaf: ophtalmic Fruit: astringent, anticatarrhal BAI, CAT, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: glucosidase inhibition; DNA binding effect; free radical scavenging activity Entire plant. Juliprosine, phenethylamine, 2-β-methyl-3-βhydroxy-6-β-piperidinedodecanol, juliprosopine, juliprosine: alkaloids; luteolin-7-glucoside, isorhamnetin-3rutinoside; catechin Leaf. Pipecolic acid: proteid
Prosopis kuntzei Harms Itín, palo mataco, carandánegro, barba de tigre, kirébos, bun Hunziker 12052 (CORD) Root: astringentBark: laxative Fruit: odontalgic Fruit + seed: cholalogue, laxative CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE Aerial parts: bactericidal activity Dried entire plant. Rutin, vitexin, isovitexin Heart wood: 3,4dimethoxydalbergione: benzoquinoneLeaf. Pipecolic acid: proteid
Prosopis nigra (Griseb.) Hieron. var. nigraAlgarrobo negro, algarrobo chico, igopé guazú, ibope-hú,mapik, nabisé, oik, paatáikCantero s.n. (RIOC 2233) Root: for infections Bark: hypocholesteremicFruit: ophtalmic, antivenereal, digestive, eupepticBAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Bark. Cassine, N-methyl cassine: alkaloids Leaf. Cacticin, naroside: flavonol; pipecolic acid: proteid; tryptamine, Nacetyl-tryptamine, tyramine, harman: alkaloids
Prosopis reptans Benth. Mastuerzo, retortuño Hunziker 6122 (CORD) Leaf: ophtalmic COR, LRI, RNE, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC No biological test Dried entire plant. Cynaroside, petunidin: flavone
Prosopis ruscifolia Griseb. Vinal, visnal, viñal, mata paso, ibope-morotí, ñiraso, crasék Ragonese 76 (SI) Bark: astringent, antimicrobial Leaf: antiophtalmic, hepatic, stomach-ache; decoction: for sore eyesLeaf + twigs, infusion: abortifacient CHA, COR, FOR, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Dried leaf: antibacterial activity Dried bark. Cassine, N-methyl cassine,vinaline, eleagnine: alkaloids; pipecolicacid: proteid; vitexin
Prosopis sericantha Gillies ex Hook & Arn. Temoj, ba rba de t igre, al garrobilla, h uaschilla, retama, esp ina de Dios, albardón, matorra Ruiz Leal 9575 (SI) Pith, decoction: diuretic CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried bark. Cassine, N-methyl cassine, eleagnineLeaf. Luteolin: flavone; pipecolic acid: proteid
Prosopis strombulifera(Lam.) Benth. var. strombulifera Retortuño, retortina, mastuerzo, pata de loro,secatrapo, espinilla Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 3191) Dried bark, decoction: to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections, antidiarrheal Fruit: antidiarrheal, astringent, anti-inflammatory, odontalgicBAI, CAT, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried fruit: antibacterial activity Aerial part. Luteolin, luteolin-7glucoside, quercitrin, rhamnosylvitexinDried stem pith. Cynaroside, luteolin: flavone
Prosopis vinalillo Stuck. Vinalillo, algarrobo santiagueño, quilin Sayago 2898 (SI) Leaf: hepatic disorders CHA, COR, FOR, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test Dried entire plant. Luteolin, vitexin: flavone Dried bark. N-methyl cassine: alkaloid
Pterogyne nitens Tul. Viraró, tipa, tipa colorada, tipilla, palo mortero, bálsamo Martínez 157 (CORD) Stem bark: vermifuge CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC Aerial parts: antifungal activity Leaf: antimalarial activity Leaf + fruit: cytotoxic and antioxidant activity; myeloperoxidase inhibitory activity Aerial parts. Kaempferol, afzelin, kaempferitrin, pteroginoside, quercetin, isoquercitrin, rutin, quercetin 3-O-soforoside, sorbifolin, sorbifolin 3-Oglycoside, pedalin, pedalitin, nitensoside A, B: flavonoids Dried leaf. Apigenin, pedalin: flavone; guanidine alkaloids; flavonoids Leaf + fruit. Flavonols; pterogynoside-A (3”-O-4”'-methylgalloyl-afzelin), pterogynoside-B (6”-O-rhamnosyl-3'deoxypedaliin), and other flavones Fruit. Pterogynoside: kaempferol derivative; kaempferol, afzelin, kaempferitrin, quercetin, isoquercetrin, rutin: flavonols
Rhynchosia diversifolia Micheli var. diversifolia Porotillo, sanalotodo Hunziker 9418 (CORD) Leaf: hepatic, drastic, purgative, emollient CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Rhynchosia senna Gillies ex Hook. var. senna Porotillo, sen del campo, sen del zorro Hunziker 6184 (CORD) Leaf : digestive, hepatic, purgative, emollient Dried entire plant: medicinal BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activity Dried entire plant. Phenolic glycosides
Senna aphylla (Cav.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby Pichanilla, pichana Hunziker 6220 (CORD) Aerial part: antiseptic Leaf: laxative, cathartic, emollient BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activity No data
Senna arnottiana (Gillies ex Hook.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby Sen, tara Barboza 1229 (CORD) Part not specified: emetic, emollient, drastic MEN, NEU, RNE No biological test No data
Senna birostris var. hookeriana (Hook.) H. S. Irwin & BarnebyAcacio del campo, tabaquillo, chosno, chosmo, tacayo, cafédel campo Bernardello 400 (CORD) Leaf: emollient Seed: laxative, emetic CAT, COR, LRI, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Part not specified. Sucrose: carbohydrate; physcion: quinoid (sub nom. S. birostris)
Senna chloroclada (Harms)H. S. Irwin & BarnebyFortunato 1398 (BAB) Leaf: for skin eruptionsCHA, FOR, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Senna corymbosa (Lam.) H.S. Irwin & Barneby Caña fí stula, s en del cam po, rama negra, senHunziker 11960 (CORD) Root: abortifacient Leaf: emollient, analgesic, laxative Leaf, fruit, seed: purgative, drastic, to relieve the pruritis BAI, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, MIS, SFE, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. 4-hydroxy benzaldehyde: benzenoid; linoleic acid:lipid; β-sitosterol: sterol
Senna crassiramea (Benth.) H.S. Irwin & Barneby Sumalagua Cocucci 2644 (CORD) Aerial part: for infections Flowers: kidney disordersCAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Senna hirsuta var. puberula H. S. Irwin & BarnebyPito canuto Biganzoli et al. 1630 (SI) Leaf: skin itchingCHA, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Stigmasterol: sterol
Senna kurtzii (Harms) H. S . Irwin & Barn. Cacho carnero Fortunato 4314 (BAB) Part not specified: drastic, emollient MEN, NEU No biological test No data
Senna morongii (Briton)H.S.Irwin & BarnebySen, pito canuto, algarrobo delos caranchos, sen del burro, pito, sen del burro, sen del campo, mala taco Hunziker 11014 (CORD) Aerial parts: detergent, disinfectant, hepatic, cicatrizant, antilithic; decoction: antiseptic Leaf, fruit + seed: purgative, drastic, emollient CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU No biological test No data
Senna occidentalis (L.) Link Café de Bonpland, café del monte, café cimarrón, taperibá, fedegoso Cassia occidentalis L. Martínez 302 (CORD) Plant: resolutive, astringent, tonic, anthelmintic, antispamodic, febrifuge, purgative, emmenagogue, for headache, cold, anaemia and spleen diseases COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, TUC Leaf: anti-pyretic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimutagenic, and anti-platelet aggregation activity; protective effect Root bark: antimalarial activity (sub nom. C. occidentalis) Aerial parts + seeds: antimicrobial activity (sub nom. C. occidentalis) Entire plant. Anthraquinones, aloe-emodin Leaf. Apigenin and others flavonoids
Senna pendula var. eriocarpa (Griseb.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby Nicora 8747 (SI) Leaf: purgative JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Senna pendula var. paludicola H. S. Irwin & Barneby Pitacanuto de agua Morrone 4456 (SI) Aerial parts: hepatic disorders COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Senna spectabilis (DC.) H. S. Irwin & Barneby Carnaval, caña fístula macho Morrone 4605 (SI) Leaf: emollient, purgative; for skin diseases BAI, JUJ, SAL, SFE Leaf + flowers: antimicrobial activity Flowers + fruit: DNA-damaging activity Flowers. (-)-spectaline; (−)-3-O-acetylspectaline, (2R,3R,6S)-2-Methyl-6-(13oxotetradecyl)piperidin-3-yl acetate; 13-[(2S,5R,6R)-5-hydroxy-6methylpiperidin-2-yl]tetradecan-2-one (6), (-)-7-hydroxyspectaline, iso-6spectaline: piperidine alkaloids Green fruit. (-)-3-O-acetylspectaline, ()-7-hydroxyspectaline, iso-6-spectaline, (-)-spectaline: pyridine alkaloids
Senna subulata (Griseb.) H . S. Irwin & Barneby Caro 3519 (CORD) Leaf: cathartic CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Sesbania punicea (Cav.) Benth. Acacia mansa, acacia negra Cocucci 2989 (CORD) Bark: astringent Dried leaf, infusion: antiseptic, astringent Dried root, infusion: antidiarrheal BAI, COS, COR, ERI, MIS, SFE, TUC Part not specified: cytotoxic activity Seed: antitumor activity Mature seed. Canavanine: aminoacid
Sophora linearifolia Griseb. Hunziker 9963 (CORD) Leaf: cardiotonic COR, SLU No biological test Dried entire plant. Anagyrine, baptifoline: quinolizidine alkaloid; sparteine: quinolizidine alkaloid
Tephrosia cinerea (L.) Pers. Añil bravo Cocucci 2951 (CORD) Dried entire plant, infusion: to treat CNS diseases Root: analgesic, anti-inflammatory and for scabies BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE, TUC Leaf essential oil: larvicidal property Root: cytotoxic activity Leaf essential oil. Caryophyllene oxide
Tipuana tipu (Benth.) Kuntze Tipa blanca Tolaba 630 (CORD) Resin: cicatrizant, uterine antiinflammatory ERI, JUJ, SAL, TUC Fresh leaf + stem: antiphage activity Dried flowers. Amyrin, lupenone: triterpene
Trifolium polymorphum Poiret var. polymorphum Trébol del campo, trébol maní, trébol criollo Hunziker 12782 (CORD) Entire plant: antitussive BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, MIS, RNE, SFE No biological test No data
Vigna adenantha (G. Mey.) Maréchal, Mascherpa & Stainier Pedersen 12307 (SI) Leaf: emetic BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE No biological test Leaf + stem. Flavonoids
Zuccagnia punctata Cav. Jarilla macho, jarilla de la puna, laca, pus-pus Ariza Espinar 1998 (CORD) Dried entire plant: vulnerary Leaf + stem: antirheumatic, diuretic, antispamodic, cathartic, antiseptic, rubefacient, antiinflammatory CAT, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antiulcer, antioxidant, cytoprotective, antibacterial, and antifungal activity Dried entire plant. 2',4'-dihydroxy-3'-methoxychalcone, 2',4'-dihydroxychalcone: chalcones; flavone,3-7-dihydroxy: flavonol
GENTIANACEAE
Centaurium cachanlahuen(Molina) B. L. Rob.Canchalagua, cachaulagua, cachanlagua, cachanlahue Martínez Crovetto 3232 (SI)
Aerial parts: febrifuge, depurative, tonic, hypotensive, aperitive, sudorific, analgesic, emmenagogue, for colds, mountain sickness, analgesic, antiinflammatory CHU, NEU, RNE Stem, leaf + flower: anti-hypertensive activity Aerial parts. Swertiaperenine, swerchirine, decusatine, 1,8-dihidroxy-2,3,4,6-tetramethoxy-9H-xanthone; oleanolic acid; sweroside.
Gentianella imberbis (Griseb.) Filippa & Barboza Pasto amargo, pasto blanco Hunziker 19112 (CORD) Entire plant: hepatic, digestive tonic CAT No biological test No data
Gentianella magellanica (Gaudich.) Fabris ex D. M. Moore Canchalagua Wedermann 283 (CORD) Entire plant: for colds and influenza CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
Gentianella multicaulis (Gillies ex Griseb.) Fabris Agenciana, genciana, nencia, pasto blanco, pasto amargo, helilla. Gentianella achalensis (Hieron. ex Gilg.) T. N. Ho & S. W. Liu Filippa 40 (CORD) Aerial plant: stomachic; infusion: bitter tonic to stimulate the appetite, cardiotonic Root: digestive, febrifuge Flower: bitter tonic, muscular tonic, digestive, aperitive, hepatic Part not specified: hepatic, cardioactive COR, LRI, MEN, SJU, SLU Dried aerial parts: antiinflammatory activity; cytotoxic effect Flower + fruit + leaf: anticrustacean activity Dried aerial parts. Oleanolic acid, ursolic acid: triterpene; mangiferin, demethylbellidifolin-8glucosildemethylbellidifolin; demethylbellidifolin, bellidifolin, isobellidifolin, swerchirin: xanthones; sweroside, gentiopicroside: secoiridoids; swertisin: flavonoid.
Gentianella pa rviflora (Griseb.) T. N. Ho Nencia, agenciana, genciana, pasto blanco, pasto amargo Filippa 42 (CORD) Aerial parts: bitter tonic, febrifuge, hepatic, nervine Dried root, decoction: to treat respiratory and urinary tract infections COR Aerial parts: anti-inflammatory activity Dried aerial parts. Oleanolic acid, ursolic acid: triterpene; mangiferin, demethylbellidifolin-8glucosildemethylbellidifolin; demethylbellidifolin, bellidifolin, isobellidifolin, swerchirin: xanthones; sweroside, gentiopicroside: secoiridoids; swertisin: flavonoid
GERANIACEAE
Geranium albicans A. St.-Hil. Alfilerillo Ariza Espinar 1686 (CORD)
Leaf: astringent, hemostatic, hypotensive BAI, COR, ERI, LPA, RNE, SFE No biological test Dried aerial parts. Kaempferide, kumatakenin, quercetin, rhamnazin: flavonols
Geranium berteroanum Colla Alfilerillo, corecol Geranium chilense Ae do & Muñoz Garm. Chiapella 1747 (CORD) Part not specified: dermatologic, hepatic-intestinal BAI, CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
Geranium core-core Steud. Core-core Bernardello 401 (CORD) Entire plant: astringent, diuretic, ophtalmic BAI, CHU, COR, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU, SLU, TDF Aerial parts: hypoglycaemic activity No data
Geranium magellanicum Hook. f. Barboza 31 (CORD) Leaf: astringent CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
Geranium sessiliflorum Cav. Kiesling 7348 (SI) Whole plant: for diabetes, kidneys, liver, and urinary problems, inflammation of all kinds Root: to treat uterine cancer CAT, CHU, JUJ, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SJU, SLU, TDF, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activity No data
GESNERIACEAE
Mitraria coccinea Cav. Botellita, voqui-voqui Chiapella 1776 (CORD)
Leaf + bark: refrigerant, laxative CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test Aerial parts. Mitrarioside A1 ((6S)-19-(β-D-galactopyranosyloxy)-6-hydroxy-15-(α-Lrhamno-pyranosyloxy)labda-8(17),13diene); mitrarioside A2 ((6S)-19-(β-Dglucopyranosyloxy)-6-hydroxy-15-(α-Lrhamnopyranosyloxy)labda-8(17),13diene); mitrarioside B ((6S)-19-(β-Dglucopyranosyloxy)-6-hydroxy-15-(β-Dglucopyranosyloxy)-labda-8(17),13-diene); mitrarioside C ((6S)-19-(β-Dglucopyranosyloxy)-6,15-dihydroxylabda8(17), 13-diene); mitrarioside D ((6S)-19(α-L-rhamnopyranosyloxy)-6,15dihydroxy-labda-8(17),13-diene); acteoside, calceolarioside C
Sinningia tubiflora (Hook.) Fritsch. Trompetilla, cisa-puca, flor de San Juan, nardo del monte, samba maría Hunziker 10670 (CORD) Underground stem: laxative CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, SDE, SFE No biological test No data
GUNNERACEAE
Gunnera apiculata Schindl. Cabrera 20620 (LP)
Leaf: against hepatic and gastrointestinal afeccions. Part not specified, infusion: febrifuge for intestinal fevers and biliousness. JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Gunnera schindleri L. E. Mora Castillón 384 (LIL) Fruits: narcotic JUJ No biological test No data
Gunnera tinctoria (Molina) Mirb. Nalca Fortunato 5233 (BAB) Leaf: astringent, depurative, antidiarrheal, for backache. Part not specified: antitussive, urinary, circulatory CHU, NEU, RNE Dried aerial parts: xanthine oxidase inhibition Entire plant: anti-thrombotic effect Dried entire plant. Daucosterol: steroid; erythrodiol, uvaol: triterpene; loliolide: sesquiterpene
GROSSULARIACEAE
Ribes cucullatum Hook. & Arn. Fortunato 4930 (BAB)
Part not specified: medicinal CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
Ribes magellanicum Poir. Subsp. magellanicum Zarzaparrilla, parrilla, parrilla negra Boelcke 15228 (BAB) Aerial parts: analgesic- antiinflammatory/circulatory Leaf: antisiphilitic Root: diuretic, diaphoretic RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
Ribes punctatum Ruiz & Pav. Boelcke 3641 (BAB) Leaf: astringent, refrigerant MEN, RNE No biological test No data
Ribes valdivianum Phil. Fortunato 5741 (BAB) Part not specified: medicinal NEU No biological test No data
HYDNORACEAE
Prosopanche americana (R.Br.) Baill.Flor de tierra, hongo, guaycurú, huáchar, guachar, flor de fierro, espinazo de lagarto Hunziker 11000 (CORD)
Root: antiseptic, cicatrizantDried rhizome, infusion: antiasthmatic Flowers, fruit and stem: anti-asthmatic, expectorant, alexipharmic, hemostatic, cicatrizant Flowers, decoction: for sore throat, hemostatic, expectorantBAI, CAT, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activityDried flowers: antiyeast activity No data
Prosopanche bonacinae Speg. Flor de tierra, hongo, guaycurú, papa del monte, poñi, ancañoca Hunziker 10955 (CORD) Flowers: hemostatic, cicatrizant BAI, CAT, COR, LPA, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SDE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
HYDRANGEACEAE
Hydrangea serratifolia(Hook. & Arn.) F. Phil.Boelcke 5974 (BAB)
Bark + leaf: astringent, febrifuge CHU, RNE No biological test No data
HYDROLEACEAE
Hydrolea spinosa var. paraguayensis (Chodat) Davenp. Barboza 1667 (CORD)
Root: contraceptiveCOS, FOR, MIS Dried aerial parts: molluscicidal activity No data
HYDROPHYLLACEAE
Nama undulatum Kunth var. undulatum Mata gusano, yerba del zorroHunziker 12832 (CORD)
Leaf: insecticide CAT, COR, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
HYPERICACEAE
Hypericum brasilienseChoisyGuaglianone 2867 (SI)
Plant: cardioactive, stimulant, antispasmodic and antiofidic agentBAI, CHA, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, MIS, TUC Aerial parts: antidepressant activity; general depressantaction on the CNS Aerial parts. Hyperine, isoquercetrin, quercertin, kaempferol: flavonoidsLeaf + flowers. Xanthones and phloroglucinol derivatives Root + aerial parts. 1,5dihydroxyxanthone, isouliginosin B, betulinic acid, rutin, quercetin Root. Acyl-phloroglucinolAerial parts essential oil. βcaryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide
Hypericum carinatum Griseb. Bacigalupo 1528 (SI) Leaf: cardiotonic, antitussive, vulnerary BAI, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL Dried aerial parts: antibacterial, antifungal, and carcinostatic activity Dried aerial parts. Chlorogenic acid: phenylpropanoid; quercitrin: flavonol
Hypericum connatum Lam. Cabo toril, cabo torí, sombrerito, caá-vorotí, yerba de la soledad, yerba alegre, yerba del toro, corazoncillo Hunziker 9757 (CORD) Aerial parts: for circulatory and cardiovascular diseases, sedative Flowers: astringent, vulnerary, tonic, astringent, cordial BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, carcinostatic and cardiotonic activity; antiproliferative activity against HT-29 human colon carcinoma cells and H 460 non-small cell lung carcinoma Dried aerial parts. Chlorogenic acid: phenylpropanoid; quercitrin: flavonol; hyperbrasilol B: phloroglucinol derivative; amentoflavone, hyperoside, guaijaverine, luteoforol: flavonoids; benzopyrans Entire plant. Tannins, flavonoids, saponins, alkaloids, anthraquinones, carditonic heterosides
Hypericum silenoides Juss. Cabo toril Hunziker 7287 (CORD) Leaf: cardiotonic, antitussive, vulnerary COR, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
JUGLANDACEAE
Juglans australis Griseb. Nogal cimarrón, nogal del país, nogal salteño, nogal silvestre, nogal tucumano, nogal criollo Aquino 218 (CORD)
Aerial parts: antiseptic, for eczema, rash and herpes CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC Stem + leaf: antiviral activity No data
KRAMERIACEAE
Krameria lappacea (Dombey) Burdet & B. B. Simpson Chipichape, chichape, iluca, zarzaparrilla Guaglianone 3138 (SI)
Aerial parts: to induce abortion, contraceptive Leaf + stem: to cure injures , antidiarrheal, diuretic, stomachic Part not specified: against alcoholism, diabetes, kidney and womb pain CAT, JUJ, SAL, SJU, TUC Root: cytotoxic activity against breast, lung and CNS cancer cultured cells Root. Saponins, triterpenoids, flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, quinones
LAMIACEAE
Clinopodium bolivianum (Benth.) Kuntze Muña, muña-muña Satureja boliviana (Benth.) Briq. Ahumada 4271 (SI)
Aerial parts: antirheumatic, digestive, vermifuge, abortive, for respiratory problems Leaf: neonatal and paediatrics care (sub nom. S. boliviana) JUJ, SAL, SLU, TUC Aerial parts essentials oil: antiviral, antifungal, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and cytoprotective activity (sub nom. S. boliviana) Aerial parts essentials oil. Pulegone, α-phellandrene, myrcene, p-cimene, Ecaryophyllene, germacrene-D, γcadinene, epi-α-cadinol, α-cadinol, spathulenol (sub nom. S. boliviana) Aerial parts. Kaempferol 3-Oglucoside, kaempferol 3-Oxylosylglucoside, kaempferol 7-Orhamnoside, and quercetin 3-Osophoroside: flavonoids
Clinopodium darwinii (Benth.) Kuntze Satureja darwinii Benth. Cocucci 3586 (CORD) Entire plant: digestive, stomachic, ulcer (sub nom. S. darwinii) CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test Aerial parts. Essential oil
Clinopodium gilliesi (Benth.) Kuntze Muña-muña, salvilori, muña, hillencoma, mulla-mulla, yerba del pájaro, hierba del amor Satureja parvifolia (Phil.) Epling Barboza 153 (CORD) Aerial parts: anti-oxidant, stomachic, laxative, emmenagogue, aphrodisiac; for hernia and prolapse, menstrual diseases, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth, post partum pains and diseases; against soroche (sub nom. S. parvifolia) CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, TUC Aerial parts: antimicrobial, aphrodisiac, antioxidant, antiplasmodial, and trypanocidal activity; toxicity to the brine shrimp (sub nom. S. parvifolia) Leaf essential oil. Pulegone; cisdihydrocarvone, p-cimene, 1-8-cineol, E-isocitral, carvacrol, piperitenone, carvacryl acetate, piperitone oxide, piperitenone oxide, menthol, lippiona, dihydrolippiona, carvone, linalool, isopulegol, pulegone, α- and β-pinene, limonene, sabinene, cisdihydrocarvone, menthone, neoisomenthol (sub nom. S. parvifolia)
Clinopodium odorum (Griseb.) Harley Muña-muña, salviolora, peperina, piperina Satureja odora (Griseb.) Epling Barboza 125 (CORD) Leaf: stomachic, anti-oxidant, antiacid (sub nom. S. odora) CAT, COR, JUJ, SAL, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: anticrustacean activity; toxicity to the brine shrimp (sub nom. S. odora) Leaf essential oil. Limonene, lippione, pulegone, piperitenone oxide, linalool, iso menthone, E-isocitral, Ecaryophyllene, carvacrol, bicyclogermacrene (sub nom. S. odora)
Cunila spicata Benth. Rodríguez 527 (SI) Part not specified: antitussive, pectoral, sudorific COS, MIS Aerial parts essential oil: larvicidal properties Leaf. 3,7-dimethyl-oct-1-ene-3,6,7-triol, linalool-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, 3,7 dimethyl-octa-1,6-diene-3,8-diol-3-O-β-Dglucopyranoside, 3,7-dimethyl-octa-1,5diene-3,7-diol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, 3,7-dimethyl-octa-1,7-diene-3,6-diol-7-O- β -D-glucopyranoside, 3,7-dimethyl-oct-1ene-3,6,7-triol-6-O-˜-D-glucopyranoside, (1S,4R,6R)-1,3,3-trimethyl-2oxabicyclo[2.2.2]octan-6-O- β glucopyranoside; iso-rosiridol diacetate, isomeric hydroperoxymonoterpenes, βsitosterol, phytol, cadinol, linalool, dihydrocarveol, geranyl, neryl acetate; esters of oleuropeic acid with glucose, betulalbuside A, roseoside A Aerial parts essentials oil. Tricyclene, α-pinene, camphene, sabinene, βpinene, mircene, limonene, 1,8-cineole, trans-sabinene hydrate, linalool, menthofuran, borneol, terminen-4-ol, bornyl acetate, β-caryophyllene, alloaromadendrene, germacrene D, bicyclogermacrene, caryophyllene oxide; hydroperoxy diacetates
Glechon ciliata Benth. Krapovickas 26160 (BAB) Aerial parts: diaphoretic, anticatharral, excitant, diuretic COS, FOR, MIS No biological test No data
Hedeoma mandonianum Wedd. Muña Meyer 22626 (LIL) Aerial parts: antiparasitic; for migraine, burns, and stomach aches JUJ, SAL Aerial parts essential oil: insecticide activity. Fresh aerial parts essent oil. Aromadendrene, globulol: sesquiterpenes; camphor, piperitone, limonene, citronellal
Hedeoma medium Epling Tomillo Nicora 3272 (SI) Plant: digestive BAI, ERI No biological test No data
Hedeoma multiflorum Benth. Tomillo del campo, tomillo serrano, menta del campo, flor del pájaro, peperina de las lomas Ariza Espinar 549 (CORD) Aerial parts: aromatic, digestive, anticephalalgic Dried leaf, decoction: to treat respiratory and urinary tract infections BAI, COR, LPA, MEN, RNE, SDE, SLU No biological test Essential oil. Carvone, limonene, pulegone, isomenthone, menthone, piperitenone, α-pinene, β-pinene, myrcene, trans-β-ocimene, cisisopulegone, α-copaene, (+)aromadendrene, germacrene-D, bicyclogermacrene, germacrene-A
Hyptis floribunda (Briq.) Briq. ex Micheli Verbena, verbena negra Barboza 1532 (CORD) Flowering tops, infusion: abortifacient BAI, CHA,COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, RNE, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test Leaf essential oil. Germacrene A, B, D, cis nerolidol, α-humulene, βcaryophyllene, δ-cadinene, βbourbonene,γ-elemene, γelemene, αcopaene: sesquiterpenes; α-pinene
Hyptis lappacea Benth. Novara 9884 (CORD) Part not specified: cephalalgic Flowers: for sore throat and dysphonia, anti-inflammatory BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Hyptis mutabilis (Rich.) Briq. Verbena negra, verbena Hunziker 15914 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, plant juice: to calm crying infants; insecticide or vermifuge; carminative and digestive Root: antidiarrheal contraceptive Leaf + flowers: digestive, stomach-ache, antirheumatic, febrifuge, against toothache, vulnerary, abortifacient, diaphoretic, carminative BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Fresh leaf essential oil: antiulcer activity Dried aerial parts. Aromadendrene, βbisabolene: sesquiterpenes; betulinic acid methyl ester: triterpene Fresh aerial parts essential oil. Camphor: monoterpene
Lepechinia meyenii (Walp.) Epling Salvia Subils 3334 (CORD) Flowers: pectoral Part not specified: digestive, against flu CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC Aerial parts essential oil: antimicrobial activity Dried aerial parts. Pisiferol, rosmanol, carnosic acid, salvicanol, isosalvicanol, 12-formyl-11-hydroxy-8,11,13abietatrien-2-oic acid methylester: abietane diterpenoids; oleanolic acid
Lepechinia vesiculosa (Benth.) Epling Salvia grande Barboza 1763 (CORD) Aerial parts: for infections, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Minthostachys verticillata (Griseb.) Epling Peperina, peperita, piperita Zygadlo 234 (CORD) Leaf + flower: stomachic, antispamodic, antidiarrheal, antiemetic, antirheumatic, carminative, sedative, hemostatic, hypotensive Dried leaf + stem, infusion: carminative, for fertility and sexual stimulant CAT, COR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SLU, TUC Aerial parts essential oil: fumigant and repellent activity against head lice; anti-allergic and lymphoproliferative properties Fresh leaf + stem: mutagenic and antiviral activity Flower + leaf: antiyeast activity Aerial parts essential oil. Pulegone, menthone, limonene, piperitenone, γterpinene, linalool, isomenthone, carvone, carvacrol, carvacryl acetate, camphene, p-cymene, myrcene, αpinene, β-pinene, sabinene, α and γterpinene, isopulegol, δ-cadinene, βcaryophyllene, γ-gurjunene, τ-cadinol, thymol Leaf essential oil. β-caryophyllene: sesquiterpene; myrcene: monoterpene (E)-β-ocimene
Ocimum selloi Benth. Albahaca del campo, albahaca del campo cimarrona, albahacón Ariza Espinar 1118 (CORD) Aerial parts: carminative, diaphoretic, sudorific, against toothache, diarrhea, intestinal spasm, and visceral pain COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE Leaf essential oil: antibacterial, antioxidant, analgesic and anti-diarrheal activity Aerial part. Caffeic acid derivative, flavonoid, benzoic acid derivative Aerial parts essential oil. β-bisabolene: sesquiterpene Inflorescence + leaf essential oil. 3octenol, trans-ocimene, methyl chavicol, cis-anethol, trans-anethol, δ-elemene, αcopaene, β-bourbonene, β-cubebene, βelemene, methyl eugenol, transcaryophyllene, β-gurjunene, α-humulene, allo-aromadendrene, germacrene D, βselinene, α-(E,E)-farnesene, δ-cadinene, spathulenol, α-neoclovene Leaf . Rosamarinic acid, lithospermic acid, p-coumaric acid, hydroxy-benzoic acid
Peltodon longipes A. St.-Hil. ex Benth. Barboza 1485 (CORD) Part not specified: emmenagogue COS, MIS No biological test No data
Salvia calolophos Epling Salvia de la puna Venturi 8069 (LIL, SI) Leaf : hepatic disorders, diuretic JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Salvia cardiophylla Benth. Ariza Espinar 2498 (CORD) Leaf: digestive Dried aerial parts: insecticide or vermifuge BAI, CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, SDE, SFE, SAL Dried aerial parts: insect repellent activity Dried aerial parts. Cardiophyllidin: diterpene; oleanolic acid: triterpene
Salvia cuspidata subsp. gilliesii (Benth.) J.R.I. Wood Salvia, salvia morada, , salvia gateadora, hillencoma, salvelapuna, salvia del campo, salvia silvestre Hunziker 14835 (CORD) Aerial parts: stomachic, stomachache, pectoral, anticatarrhal, febrifuge, sedative, for hernia and prolapse, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth, post partum pains and diseases Dried branch + leaf, decoction: to treat respiratory and urinary tract infections CAT, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried branch + leaf: antibacterial and antioxidant activity (sub nom. S. gilliesii) Aerial parts essential oil. Aromadendrene, bicyclogermacrene: sesquiterpene; limonene: monoterpene (sub nom. S. gilliesii)
Salvia meyeri Legname Cocucci 2611 (CORD) Aerial parts: against cold diseases, hepatic affections, migraine and nausea caused by non-adjustemente to altitudes, for cold and cough, influenza, dyspepsia, diarrhea, gastrointestinal bloating, to avoid vomiting, stomach ache. JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Salvia pallida Benth. Fortunato 2801 (BAB) Part not specified: antirheumatic, for cramps BAI, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, LPA, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Salvia procurrens Benth. Cocucci 2960 (CORD) Part not specified: antitussive, tonic, antiscorbutic BAI, DFE, ERI No biological test No data
Salvia stachydifolia Benth. Venturi 4956 (BAB) Part not specified: vulneraryCAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Stachys gilliesii Benth. Ortiga mansa Hunziker 6317 (CORD) Aerial plant: to relieve the pruritis, aphrodisiac, tonic CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, MEN, TUC No biological test No data
Teucrium cubense subsp. cordobense Epling Seidedos Hunziker 11148 (CORD) Leaf: hypocholesteremic, stomachic ; decoction: abortifacient Dried leaf + stem, decoction: hypoglycemicCAT, COR, COS, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Dried leaf + stem: hypoglycemic activity Aerial parts. Eugarzasadine, teucvin: diterpenes
Vitex cymosa Bertero ex Spreng.Taruma, tacurumá Biganzoli 1323 (SI) The whole plant: scabies, skin itching Bark: against diarrheaFOR, MIS No biological test Aerial parts. Aucubin: iridoid glucosideAerial parts essential oil. βhimachelele, E-E-α-farnesene, βbisabolene, α-dehydro-ar-himachelele, Z-γ-bisabolene, β-vetivenene, himachelele oxide, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, β-copaen-4-α-ol,carotol, β-himachelele oxide, cubenol, Z, Z-farnesol, phytol, isophytolStem bark. 26-hydroxypinnatasterone, 20-hydroxyecdysone: ecdysteroidsFruit. 3,5-di-caffeoylquinic acid
Vitex megapotamica (Spreng.) Moldenke Krapovickas 21551 (SI) Cortex: antisyphilitic, anti-aphrodisiac Dried leaf, decoction: against skindisease, diuretic Fruit: emmenagogue, diuretic, anodyne COS, MIS Leaf: anti-hyperglycemic action Entire plant. β-ecdysone: steroid Dried aerial parts. Agnuside: iridoid monoterpene
LARDIZABALACEAE
Boquila trifoliolata (DC.) Decne. Pi-pil, voqui, voquicillo, voquillo, voqui blanco Meyer 9298 (LIL)
Plant: to cure injures and eye infections CHU, NEU No biological test No data
LAURACEAE
Cinnamomum porphyrium (Griseb.) Kosterm. Laurel Brown 1585 (CORD)
Bark: used in pregnancy and facilitate birth Leaf: severe intestinal bloating antidiarrheal, neonatal and paediatrics care CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Nectandra angustifolia (Schrad.) Nees & Mart. ex Nees Laurel mini Nectandra falcifolia (Nees) J. A. Castigl. ex Mart. Crov. & Piccinini Zuloaga 5760 (SI) Bark: purgative, digestive Leaf: anti-inflammatory, for the relief of pain, arthritis, rheumatism and diarrhea, as antifungals and for snakebite (sub nom. N. falcifolia) BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Leaf: anti-inflammatory, antihaemolityc, antiprotozoal, molluscicidal, and antimicrobial activity (sub nom. N. falcifolia) No data
Nectandra lanceolata Nees & Mart. ex Nees Laurel amarillo, laurel morotí, canela amarilla, canela blanca Guaglianone 2820 (SI) Part not specified: to treat asthma FOR, MIS Leaf: antimicrobial activity Alkaloids
Ocotea acutifolia (Nees) Mez Laurel blanco, laurel morotí, laurel del monte, laurel criollo, laurel de las islas Tressens 4197 (CTES) Cortex: astringent BAI, COS, ERI, MIS Leaf: cytotoxic activity Leaf. Ocoteine N-oxide, norocoxylonine, ocoxylonine, ocoteine, Omethylcassyfiline, dicentrine, nordicentrine, leucoxine, isodomesticine, neolitsine: aporphinoid alkaloids
Ocotea diospyrifolia (Meisn.) Mez Laurel blanco Schinini 31770 (CTES) Leaf: diuretic, carminative, emmenagogue, antirheumatic CHA, COS, FOR, MIS No biological test Heart-wood. Tannin
Ocotea lancifolia (Schott) Mez Zuloaga 5736 (SI) Part not specified: vermifuge COS, MIS No biological test No data
Ocotea puberula (Rich.) Nees Laurel guaicá, l aurel bl anco, laurel mestizo, guaica, guayca Cocucci 1058 (CORD) Bark: antidiarrheal, to apply as poultice to extract thorns or spines Part not specified: maturating COS, JUJ, MIS, SAL No biological test Bark. Ocoteine, thalicminine: isoquinoline alkaloid Heart-wood. Tannin
Persea lingue Nees Lingue Zuloaga 7242 (SI) Bark: astringent CHU No biological test Dried trunk bark. Lingueresionol: lignan
LEDOCARPACEAE
Balbisia aphanifolia (Griseb.) Hunz. & Ariza Té de burro, té andino Hunziker 5228 (CORD)
Part not specified: digestive, carminative CAT, LRI, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Balbisia calycina (Griseb.) Hunz. & Ariza Té de burro, té andino, té del país Burkart 11734 (SI) Dried aerial parts, infusion: to treat wounds and sores, hepatoprotective, carminative, for grastrointestinal disorders CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antimicrobial, analgesic, and antinociceptive activity Dried leaf + stem. Apigenin: flavone; caffeic acid: phenylpropanoid; scopoletin; ferulic acid Dried aerial parts: Luteolin, avicularin apigenin, quercitrin, quercetin, isoquercitrin, hyperoside: flavonoids
Balbisia gracilis (Meyen) Hunz. & Ariza Té morado, té de la sierra Cocucci 2307 (CORD) Part not specified: medicinal CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test No data
LENTIBULARIACEAE
Pinguicula chilensis Gay Boelcke 14301(BAB)
Leaf: antiseptic properties NEU, RNE No biological test No data
LINACEAE
Clioccoca selaginoides (Lam.) C.M. Rogers & Mildner Lino del campo Linum selagionides Lam. Hunziker 8615 (CORD)
Aerial parts: bitter tonic, aperitive, purgative; antiinflammatory BAI, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, MIS, SDE No biological test No data
Linum scoparium Griseb. Hunziker 20123 (CORD) Part not specified: digestive COR, TUC No biological test No data
LOASACEAE
Blumenbachia dissecta (Hook. & Arn.) Weigend & J. GrauCaiophora patagonica Urb. & GilgDe Marco 258 (SI)
Part not specified: medicinal (sub nom. C. patagonica)CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test No data
Blumenbachia insignis Schrad. Ortiga del monte Ariza Espinar 986 (CORD) Dried entire plant, infusion: rubefacient Leaf and stem: antirheumatic BAI, CAT, COR, ERI, LPA, MEN, MIS, RNE, SFE, SLU No biological test Dried entire plant. 8-epi Kingiside: secoiridoid monoterpene; loganin
Caiophora coronata (Gillies ex Arn.) Hook. & Arn. Ortiga de la sierra, ortiguilla, rupa chicá, ortiguilla, roseta, ropá chico, ropa chico Cocucci 1337 (CORD) Part not specified: anticatarrhal CAT, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antimicrobial activity Dried aerial parts. Iso boonein: iridoid monoterpene; loganin, secoxy: secoiridoid monoterpene; 1β-, 3β-dihydroxyurs-12-en-27-oic acid, 1: triterpene; 1α-methoxy-6α-,10-dihydroxyisoepiiridomyrmecin (caiophoraenin), 2, isoboonein 3: iridoids; sweroside
Caiophora lateritia Klotzsch Hunziker 17081 (CORD) Flower: abortive, menstrual diseases, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth CAT, JUJ, NEU, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test Leaf. Loganic acid
LOGANIACEAE
Spigelia humboldtiana Cham. & Schltdl. Barboza 383 (CORD)
Entire plant, decoction: for snakebite, skin cleanser, to treat worms Part not specified: vermifuge BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Strychnos brasiliensis (Spreng.) Mart. Espolón de gallo, espuela degallo, palo amargo. Deginani 1064 (SI) Leaf: bitter tonic, odontalgic, stimulant, febrifugeCOS, MIS No biological test Aerial parts.Tabascanine, strycnosilidine, espermostrycnine, 12hydroxy-11-methoxyspermostrycnine, strycnobrasiline, 12-hydroxy-11methoxystrycnobrasiline, 10,11dimethoxystrycnobasiline, diacetilstrycnosilidine, 12-hydroxy-11methoxystrycnobrasiline, 10,11dimethoxystrycnobrasiline: alkaloids
LORANTHACEAE
Ligaria cuneifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Tiegh. Liga roja, muérdago criollo, liga, liguilla, liguilla de flor roja Subils 3789 (CORD)
Entire plant: hypotensive, for fractures, abortifacient, cardiotonic, anti-haemorrhagic, inmunomodulador Flowers: abluent, astringent, cicatrizant; nomalizes arterial pressure BAI, CAT, COR, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Leaf + stem: antibacterial and antioxidant activity; effects on the cardiovascular system and cytostatic and immunomodulatory actions; increase of blood pressure, variable cardiac effect; inhibition of the activated lymphoid cell growth; genomic protective agents, carcinogenesis preventive agents Leaf + stem. Quercetin, epicatechin, quercitin-3-O-xyloside, catechin-4-β-ol, quercitin-3-O-α-arabinoside, dimers of catechin-4-β-ol, quercitin-3-O-βarabinoside, oligomers of catechin-4-βol, quercitin-3-O-β-rhamnoside; polymers of catechin-4-β-ol, catechin: flavonol and proanthocyanidin; cardenolides heterosides Fruit. Viscine
Psittacanthus cordatus (Hoffmanns. ex Schult. f.) Blume Rojas 12200 (SI) Leaf: for appendicitis CHA, FOR No biological test No data
Struthanthus uruguensis (Hook. & Arn.) G. Don Hierba del pajarito. Hunziker 15789 (CORD) Leaf + stem: stomachic, antitussive, cephalalgic; hypotensive COR, COS, ERI, FOR, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE No biological test No data
Tripodanthus acutifolius (Ruiz & Pav.) Tiegh. Corpo Hunziker 22369 (CORD) Dried leaf + stem: hypoglycaemic, anti-inflammatory Aerial parts: abortive, menstrual diseases, neonatal and paediatrics care, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth, post partum pains and diseases CAT, CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, TUC Dried leaf + stem: mutagenic and antibacterial activity, genomic protective agents, carcinogenesis preventive agents Dried leaf: antimalarial activity Aerial parts. Rutin (3,3',4',5,7pentahydroxyflavone 3-βrhamnosilglucoside), iso-quercitrin (3,3',4',5,7-pentahydroxyflavone 3-βglucoside)
Tripodanthus flagellaris (Cham. & Schltdl.) Tiegh. Liga blanca Cocucci 795 (CORD) Leaf + stem: hypotensive, caridotonic, emmenagogue CAT, COR, COS, ERI, LRI, SDE, SLU No biological test Aerial parts. Cardenolides heterosides; tyramine
Tristerix corymbosus (L.) Kuijt Rentzell 14676 (SI) Part not specified: medicinal NEU, RNE No biological test Fruit. Viscine
Tristerix verticillatus (Ruiz & Pav.) Barlow & Wiens Puspusa, liga de molle, arita, liga, pega-pega Fortunato 7616 (BAB) Entire plant: vulnerary, caustic, hypotensive, hypertensor CAT, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
LYTHRACEAE
Cuphea calophylla subsp. mesostemom (Koehne) Lourteig Biganzoli 56 (SI)
Fresh leaf, infusion: to treat hypertension or induce diuresis Part not specified: diuretic, laxative, depurative CAT, CHA, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC Fresh leaf: diuretic and hypotensive activity No data
Cuphea campylocentra Griseb. Burkart 8010 (SI) Part not specified: diuretic, depurative, laxative COS, ERI, FOR No biological test No data
Cuphea carthaginensis (Jacq.) J. F. Macbr. Schulz 28 (LP) Aerial parts: antipaludic, for circulatory and heart diseases CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS Aerial part: antibacterial activity Leaf: angiotensin-I-convertin enzyme (ACE) inhibition activity, vasorelaxant and antioxidant activity; hypocholesterolemic effect Aerial parts. Condensed tannins, proanthocyanidins; carthagenol: triterpene; quercetin-3-sulphate
Cuphea fructicosa Spreng. Hurrell 5397 (SI) Part not specified: antipaludic. BAI, COR, COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Cuphea glutinosa Cham. & Schltdl. Siete sangrías, sanguinaria, isipó-peré Ariza Espinar 3329 (CORD) Aerial parts: antipaludic, diuretic, laxative, blood depurative, abortifacient, against palpitations and nervous diseases, cordial, hypotensive, cephalalgic, emmenagogue, for menopause symptons (shortness of breath) and to help stop menstruation Root: abortifacient BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, LRI, MIS, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Cuphea ingrata Cham. & Schltdl. Arbo 6792 (CTES) Part not specified: antipaludic, cardiotonic, antisyphilitic, sudorific BAI, CHA, COR, COS, MIS, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Cuphea lysimachioides Cham. & Schltdl. Schinini 31751 (CTES) Medicinal CHA, COS, FOR, MIS No biological test No data
Cuphea racemosa var. palustris Lourteig Meyer 3060 (LIL) Entire plant, decoction: contraceptive; infusion: emmenagogue Root, infusion: abortifacient BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SCR, SFE No biological test No data
Heimia salicifolia (Kunth) Link Quiebra arado, amarillo, arupacú, araopaque, quiebra'arao, yerba de la vida Subils 2287 (CORD) Dried aerial parts: to treat respiratory and urinary tract infections, antisyphilitic, sudorific, antipyretic, laxative, diuretic, cicatrizant, for bronchitis, inflammation of the womb, and rhus-induced dermatitis Root: stomachic, diuretic, antidysenteric, appetitive; to help mother quickly re-establish her hips and abdomen after birth Leaf: for treating wouds externally, vulnerary Dried flowering tops, infusion: purgative, diuretic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antibacterial, antimycotic, hydrodiuretic, and antiinflammatory activity Leaf: vasorelaxant effect Dried entire plant. Abresoline, 10-epi abresoline: vertine, lyfoline, lythrine, nesodine: quinolizidine alkaloids Aerial parts. Cryogenine: quinolizidine alkaloid
Lythrum hyssopifolia L. Stuckert 15240 (CORD) Leaf + stem: aperitive, antiscorbutic, vulnerary, for haemorroids and internal bleeding BAI, COS, DFE, ERI, LPA, NEU, RNE, SFE, SJU No biological test No data
MALPIGHIACEAE
Banisteriopsis caapi (Griseb.) C.V. Morton Ayahuasca Legname 9690 c (LIL)
Dried bark, infusion: stimulant, to increase mental activity Dried & fresh stem + leaf, infusion: hallucinogen Part not specified: arrow poison (curare), hallucinogen SAL Entire plant: peroxide formation inhibition; monoamine oxidase inhibition Fresh vine: toxic effect (general), for nausea and vomiting, diarrhea and agitation; antiparkinson activity Dried bark: hallucinogenic activity Extracts: uptake stimulation Vine. Harmic amide, nor harmine:, nor harmine: acetyl: indole alkaloids; shihunine, dihydro shihunine: alkaloids Root. Harmine: indole alkaloid Stem. Harmine, tetrahydro harmine, 6methoxy tryptamine,: indole alkaloids Dried bark. Harmine, harmaline, harmalol, harmol, tetrahydro harmine: indole alkaloids; nerolidol: sesquiterpene; stigmasterol, β-sitosterol: sterols; ursolic acid, oleanolic acid: triterpenes Leaf + stem. Harmic acid methyl ester, harmalinic acid, harmine-n-oxide: indole alkaloids Leaf. Harmine: indole alkaloid
Banisteriopsis muricata (Cav.) Cuatrec. Morrone 4583 (SI) Dried stem, infusion: febrifuge COS, JUJ, MIS, SAL No biological test No data
Callaeum psilophyllum (A. Juss.) D. M. Johnson Zuloaga 5385 (SI) Medicinal BAI, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL No biological test No data
Dicella nucifera Chodat Morrone 745 (SI) Part not specified: antacid, cardiotonic, for snakebites COS, MIS No biological test No data
Galphimia australis Chodat Cocucci 2959 (CORD) Part not specified: astringent, emetic, cathartic COS, ERI, MIS Stem latex: proteolytic activity Stem latex. Proteins
Heteropterys glabra Hook. & Arn. Cocucci 2057 (CORD) Leaf + flowers: sedative Fruit: sedative and anxiolytic agent CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Plant: neurophysiological effects No data
Heteropterys intermedia (A. Juss.) Griseb. Morrone 1858 (SI) Part not specified: for dizziness COS, MIS No biological test No data
Janusia guaranitica (A. St.-Hil.) A. Juss. Yerba de la vida Hunziker 9230 (CORD) Leaf + stem: digestive CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Tricomaria usillo Hook. & Arn. Usillo, prendedor, suri pelado, pascana, maña-caballo Hunziker 24600 (CORD) Leaf + flowers: digestive, diuretic, diaphoretic, emmenagogue CAT, COR, LRI, MEN, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
MALVACEAE
Abutilon grandifolium (Willd.) Sweet Malva, malva del monte, malvavisco, bendición de Dios Burkart 22646 (SI)
Root + leaf: diuretic, febrifuge Leaf: capilar tonic, for pediculosis Cortex + flower: for stomachache BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Abutilon herzogianum R.E. Fr. Krapovickas et al. 47500 (CTES) Young leaf: antidiarrheal, for dysentery SAL No biological test No data
Abutilon pauciflorum A. St.-Hil. Pulmonar, malvavisco, malva del monte Di Fulvio 456 (CORD) Entire plant: antitussive BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Abutilon terminale (Cav.) A. St.-Hil. Hunziker 10754 (CORD) Entire plant: antitussive BAI, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, MIS, SFE, SLU No biological test No data
Acaulimalva nubigena (Walp.) Krapov. Alaituya, altea, malva Hunziker 20810 (CORD) Root: against fever, dyspepsia, digestive CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Anoda cristata (L.) Schltdl. Malva, malva cimarrona Anoda cristata var. brachyantha (Rchb.) Hochr.Hunziker 11998 (CORD) Fresh branches + leaf , decoction: to treat infertility; for scalp infection, lost hair, wounds and cough Flowers: pectoral, diaphoretic, vulneraryBAI, CAT, COR, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test Leaf + seed. Gossypol
Cienfuegosia drummondii(A. Gray) Lewton Hunziker 11367 (CORD) Root: contraceptive Leaf and flowers: to relieve bruises, emollient, antispamodic, pectoral Part not specified: contraceptive CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test Aerial parts essential oil. α-pinene: monoterpene Seed. Gossypol: sesquiterpene
Cienfuegosia sulphurea (A. St.-Hil.) Garcke Stuckert 21440 (CORD) Leaf + flowers: to relieve bruises, emollient, antispasmodic, pectoralBAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, SFE No biological test Seed. Gossypol: sesquiterpene
Gaya tarijensis R.E. Fr. Tolaba 2676 (CORD) Young leaf: febrifugeFOR, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Hibiscus striatus Cav. Hunziker 3707 (CORD) Flowers: emollient BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Krapovickasia flavescens(Cav.) Fryxell Malvavisco Sida flavescens Cav. Chiarini 376 (CORD) Part not specified: emollient, cephalalgic, diureticBAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Lecanophora ameghinoi(Speg.) Speg. Hunziker 13040 (CORD) Part not specified: medicinal CAT, CHU, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU No biological test No data
Malvastrum coromandelianum (L.) Garcke subsp. coromandelianum Yerba del potro, escoba dura,potro, afata, guatana, potrohuatana Hunziker 574 (CORD) Aerial part: disifectant, anti-inflammatory, for circulatory andcardiovascular diseases Root: hepatic, laxative Leaf: emollient BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Seed oil. Palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid, malvalic acid, sterculic acid
Malvella leprosa (Ortega) Krapov. Subils et al. 4208 (CORD) Leaf + stem: emollient, antitussive, diuretic, cephalalgic BAI, CHA, CHU, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SFE, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Modiola caroliniana (L.) G. Don Malva, mercurio, sanalotodo, malvavisco, pila-pila, pelai-pelai, pela pela, malva común Hunziker 12743 (CORD) Leaf + stem: emollient, refrigerant, analgesic, montain sickness BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MEN, MIS, SFE, SLU Dried aerial parts: βglucuronidase inhibition, anticrustacean and hypotensive activity Leaf. Hypolaetin: flavone; kaempferol: flavonol
Modiolastrum malvifolium (Griseb.) K. Schum. Subils 3155 (CORD) Leaf + stem: anti-inflammatory; against the earache BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Monteiroa glomerata (Hook. & Arn.) Krapov. Malva del zorro Hunziker 3210 (CORD) Part not specified: diuretic, emollient BAI, ERI No biological test No data
Pavonia argentina Gürke Hunziker 10688 (CORD) Leaf + stem: antitussive CAT, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Pavonia cymbalaria A. St.-Hil. & Naudin Malvavisco Grondona 2643 (SI) Part not specified: pectoral, emollient, depurative BAI No biological test No data
Pavonia sepium A. St.-Hil. subsp. sepium Abrojo, malvavisco del cerro, malva del monte Hunziker 416 (CORD) Root: for hernia and prolapse, menstrual diseases, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth Leaf: emollient, pectoral BAI, CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test Seed oil. Malvalic acid, sterculic acid, vernolic acid: lipids
Sida argentina K. Schum. var. argentinaHunziker 8060 (CORD) Leaf: cephalalgicBAI, CAT, COR, ERI, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Sida cordifolia L. Malva Hunziker19458 (CORD) Entire plant, decoction: antirheumatic, aphrodisiac, febrifuge, for urinary diseases; infusion: to treat asthma Root: against menorrhagia, laxative Bark, juice: to stimulate menstruation, abortive Dried leaf, infusion: for pneumonia;decoction: digestive, for stomachacheDried twig: chewing stick Part not specified, infusion: to improve male sexual functionBAI, CAT, CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Entire plant: hypotensive and antiamebic activity Leaf: anti-inflammatory activityDried root: hypoglycemic activity Dried seed: teratogenic activity Dried part not specified: antimycobacterial activity Entire plant. Ephedrine: alkaloidRoot, stem, leaf. Betaine; choline:
Sida poeppigiana (K. Schum.) Fryxell. Afata Ahumada 8384 (SI) Part not specified: medicinal COR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Sida rhombifolia L. Afata, mata-alfalfa, escoba dura, yerba del potro Hunziker 12402 (CORD) Dried entire plant, infusion: febrifuge and for urinary, circulatory and caridiovascular diseases; aphrodisiac, neonatal and paediatrics care, in treatment of rheumatism Root: hepatic, to relieve the stomachache, cephalalgicLeaf + stem: emollient, refrigerant, disinfectant, febrifuge, antitussive, cicatrizant, maturating,anti-inflammatoryLeaf, infusion: for painful menstruation; decoction: febrifuge, for aches,cough, infections, and diarrhea Seed: diuretic, aperitive BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial and antiarthritic activity Dried entire plant: uterine stimulant effect Leaf: cytotoxicity, antibacterial antinociceptive andinflammatory activity. Dried aerial parts. Betaine, arginine; campesterol sterol; 20-hydroxyecdysone, ecdysone, 20-hydroxyecdysone, 2-deoxy-20hydroxyecdysone-3-O-β-Dglucopyranoside, 20-hydroxyecdysone3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside: ecdysteroids Leaf. Steroids and/or triterpenoids and their glycosides, flavonoids and their glycosides
Sida santaremensis Monteiro Tressens et al. 6606 (CTES) Young leaf: fever CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL No biological test No data
Sida spinosa L. Malvavisco, escoba dura, afata, afata hembra, mata alfalfa Krapovickas 6543 (CORD) Aerial plant: emollient, antiphlogistic, antidiarrheal Dried leaf, decoction: for infections, skin sores and rashes, and antidiarrheal Leaf + root, infusion: antidiarrheal and for dysentery Root juice: for gonorrhea BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC Entire plant: hypoglycemic activity Dried aerial parts. Ephedrine: alkaloid; hypaphorine methyl ester: indole alkaloid; daucosterol: sterol Leaf. Quercetin: flavonol Dried root. Betaine; choline:
Sphaeralcea bonariensis (Cav.) Griseb. Malvavisco, malva del zorro Hunziker 13818 (CORD) Entire plant, decoction: antiemetic, antitussive Root + leaf: emollient, carminative, anti-inflammatory, antidiarrheal, digestive Leaf + flowers: antiphlogistic, digestive, antidiarrheal, antiemetic, expectorant Leaf: cicatrizant, for vaginal infections BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Flower + leaf. Alkaloids
Sphaeralcea brevipes (Phil.) Krapov. Hunziker 18451 (CORD) Part not specified: diuretic, emollient CAT, LRI, MEN, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Sphaeralcea cordobensis Krapov. Malva, malva dulce Cuezzo 2464 (LIL) Aerial parts: anti-inflammatory, emmenagogue, antihemorrhoidal, antimicrobial, cicatrizant, and for hepatic and intestinal disorders Leaf: cicatrizant, for vaginal infections COR, SDE, SLU No biological test No data
Sphaeralcea mendocina Phil. Hunziker 21378 (CORD) Part not specified: antiinflammatory, emollient BAI, CHU, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SLU No biological test No data
Sphaeralcea miniata (Cav.) Spach Hunziker 6848 (CORD) Part not specified: antiinflammatory, emollient BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, LRI, MEN, RNE, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Sphaeralcea philippiana Krapov. Ruiz Leal 4832 (CTES, LP) Part not specified: diuretic, emollient MEN, SJU No biological test No data
Tarasa antofagastana (Phil.) Krapov. Subils et al. 3891 (CORD) Leaf: febrifuge, cephalalgic, laxative CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Tarasa tenella (Cav.) Krapov. Hunziker19185 (CORD) Leaf: febrifuge, cephalalgic, laxative CAT, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Wissadula wissadifolia (Griseb.) Krapov. Tolaba 2858 (CORD) Young leaf: febrifuge JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
MARTYNIACEAE
Ibicella lutea (Lindl.) Van Eselt. Cuernos del diablo, astas del diablo Hunziker 12013 (CORD)
Dried leaf, infusion: resolutive, emollient, as eye wash Flowers + seed: emollient, pectoral expectorant Seed: ophtalmic BAI, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antibacterial activity Dried aerial parts. Apigenin: flavone; 3-acetyl-24-epi-polacandrin and 1,3diacetyl-24-epi-polacandrin: dammarane triterpenes; 20S,24S-epoxy3β-,12β-,25-trihydroxydammarane; 11O-(6´-O-acetyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl)stearic acid.
Ibicella parodii Abbiatti Hunziker 12332 (CORD) Part not specified: emollient, ophtalmic, resolutive CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
MELASTOMATACEAE
Miconia calvescens DC. Morrone 3549 (SI)
Medicinal MIS, SAL No biological test No data
MELIACEAE
Cabralea canjerana (Vell.) Mart. Cajarana, kacharana Zuloaga 5611 (SI)
Part not specified: for snakebites, cephalalgic, for puerperal infections Bark: for skin diseases COS, MIS Aerial part: typanocidal activity Stem. 20S,24S-epoxy-7β,25-dihydroxy3,4-secodammar-4(28)-en-3-oic acid, 20S,24S-epoxy-7β,15α,25-trihydroxy3,4-secodammar-4(28)-en-3-oic acid and 20S,24R-epoxy-7β,22ξ,25trihydroxy-3,4-secodammar-4(28)-en-3oic acid, ocotillone, eichlerianic acid, shoreic acid: dammarane triterpenes; sitosterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, sitostenone, stigmast-5-en-3-: sterols; escopoletin: coumarin
Cedrela balansae C. DC. Cedro del cerro, cedro salteño, cedro orán Venturi 5767 (SI) Bark: febrifuge CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Cedrela fissilis Vell. Cedro Lillo 10446 (CORD) Bark + leaf: febrifuge, emetic, astringent, hepatic, urinary disorders, abortifacient Bark: for influenza and headache COS, MIS, SAL, TUC Dried entire plant: toxic effect; trypanocidal activity Root + leaf. Gedunin, 6αacetoxygedunin, 7-deacetoxy-7oxogedunin, 1,2-dihydro-3β-hydroxy-7deacetoxy-7-oxogedunin, 7deacetylgedunin, photogedunin Root. 3β-acetoxycarapin, 7-deacetoxy7-oxogedunin, gedunin, photogedunin: limonoids; hispidol A, piscidinol A, pentaol, nilocetin, odoratol, isoodoratol, odoratone, 11-oxooleanonic acid, oleanonic acid, oleanolic acid: triterpenes Fruit + seed. Fissinolide, mexicanolide and 3β-hydroxyisomexicanolide: limonoids
Cedrela odorata L. Cedro Fortunato 7043 (BAB) Fresh entire plant, infusion: for vertigo Bark: astringent, analgesic, febrifuge, emetic, tonic for anemia, as a remedy for diarrhea, anti-inflammation, hemorrhage and indigestion; decoction: astringent, for gangrene MIS, SAL Bark: plant germination inhibition, antimalarial activity Stem bark: antifeedant activity Stem bark + wood: antibacterial activity Fresh leaf: vasodilator activity Stem bark. D-Octacosan-1-ol: alkanol C5 or more; 11β-acetoxyobacunyl acetate, 11β,19-diacetoxy-1-deacetyl-1epidihydronomilin, 11βacetoxyobacunol, odoralide: nomilin/obacunol derivatives; 8β,14αdihydroswietenolide: dihydroswietenolie; 7acetyldihydronomilin, 7-acetyl-11βacetoxydihydronomilin: nomilin derivatives; 3β,6dihydroxydihydrocarapin, swietenolide, xyloccensin, 3βhydroxydihydrocarapin, cedrodorin: mexicanolides Stem. Calamenene, cycloeucalenol, sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, gedunin, 7-deacetylgedunin, 7deacetoxy-7-oxogedunin, methylangolensate, febrifugin, azadiradione, 20,21,22,23-tetrahydro23-oxoazadirone, 3βdeacetylfissinolide, catechin; 1αmethoxy-1,2-dihydrogedunin: limonoid; 3β-O-β-Dglucopyranosylcydoeucalenol cycloartane; gedunin, nimbin, nimbolide: limonoids Leaf. Cedrodorin: triterpene Seed. Andirobin: triterpene Essential oil. Calamenene: sesquiterpene.
Guarea macrophylla subsp. spicaeflora (A. Juss.) T. D. Penn. Cedrillo Krapovickas 2402 (CTES) Bark: astringent, anti-arthritic Part not specified: for lumbago and heart pain CHA, COS, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test Dried leaf. Cycloarta-23-25-dien-3one: triterpene; labda-8-trans-13-dien15-ol: diterpene; β-sitosterol: sterol; spathulenol: sesquiterpene
Trichilia catigua A. Juss. Catiguá,catiguá colorado, catiguá-guazú, catinga Deginani 1011 (SI) Bark, infusion: mental tonic, sexual stimulant, styptic Plant, infusion or decoction: purgative, antirheumatic, tonic, sexual stimulant CHA, COS, FOR, MIS, SDE Dried bark: antibacterial and analgesic activity Stem. 7-hydroxy-1-oxo 14-nor calamenene: sesquiterpene Dried bark. Cinchonains Ia and Ib: flavalignans Aril. Cedrelone, 11βmethoxycedrelone, methylangolensate, photogedunin epimeric mixture: limonoids
Trichilia pallida Sw. Cedrillo Eskuche 417 (SI) Part not specified: stomachache COS, FOR, MIS No biological test Leaf. Cyanogenic glycosides Root. Limonoids
MENISPERMACEAE
Cissampelos ovalifolia DC. Oreja de burro, oreja de mono Keller 4018 (CTES)
Aerial parts: diuretic, diaphoretic, antirheumatic, stomachic, febrifuge, for snakebites Root: diuretic, diaphoretic, febrifuge MIS Root: neuromuscular blocking and local anaesthetic activity¸ antiprotozoal activity Rhizome. Warifteine hydrochloride, dimethylwarifteine (O-methylcissampereine): alkaloids; bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids
Cissampelos pareira L. Zarza, zi pó, m il hom bres, charrúa, caá pevá Hunziker 24827 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: emmenagogue, febrifuge, diuretic, blennorrhagia, for enteralgia, diarrhea, and stomach-ache, tonic, resolutive, venereal diseases, for the cystitis Aerial parts, infusion: to prevent threatened miscarriage, to stop uterine hemorrhages; decoction: hepatic Root: pregnancy pains; sexual stimulant, emmenagogue, relief of abdominal pains, rheumatic pains, headache, snakebite, blenorragia, haematuria, colic diuretic, solvent of urinary calculi, bitter tonic, purgative and antiperiodic in dyspepsia and diarrhoea, cough, sore trotas, colds, febrifuge, externally used for scabies, abscesses and sores, malaria, emetic. Twig bark: diuretic, diaphoretic Leaf, decoction: febrifuge, for venereal disease, bites, stings, and skin rashes; infusion: antiseptic, for whooping cough, conjunctivitis, and syphilis Leaf + root, decoction: febrifuge Fresh leaf juice: for abdominal pain Leaf pulp: abortive CAT, CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Dried leaf: antibacterial and anti-haemolityc activity Leaf + root + stem: antioxidant activity Leaf + stem: hypotensive activity Root bark. Curine,(-): isoquinoline alkaloid Dried root. Hayatine, pareirubrine A, roraimine, warifteine: isoquinoline alkaloids
MENYANTHACEAE
Nymphoides indica (L.) Kuntze Soldanella de agua Ariza Espinar 1230 (CORD)
Part not specified: bitter tonic BAI, COS, ERI, FOR, SFE, TUC No biological test Dried entire plant. Kaempferol, quercetin: flavonol
MISODENDRACEAE
Misodendron punctulatum DC. Injerto Diem 3160 (SI)
Entire plant: against stomach ailments CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF Plant: antioxidant and free radical scavenging activity No data
MOLLUGINACEAE
Mollugo verticillata L. Molugo, inambú-pisá Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 631)
Leaf + stem: antimicrobial BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, LPA, LRI, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: immunomodulatory activity Dried entire plant. Sterol
MONIMIACEAE
Hennecartia omphalandra
J. Poiss. Cabrera 28794 (SI)
Part not specified: antispasmodic, for lumbago, cephalalgic, febrifuge, contraceptive, nervine, stomachic COS, MIS No biological test Fruit essential oil. Bicyclogermacrene; α- and β-phelandrene; germacrene D; α – bulnesene, valerianol, β-pinene, sabinene, β-myrcene, Δ-3-carene, α- and γ- terpinene, p-cymene, terpinolene, αcubebene, dodecanal, β-elemene, αgurjunene, E-caryophyllene, trans-αbergamotene, aromadendrene, α-guaiene, α-humulene, seychellene, α-bulnesene, αmuurulol, α-bisabolol, β-silenene, trans-βguaiene, γ-muurolene, γ- and δ-cadinene, ledol, sphatulenol, guaiol, epi-cubenol, ciscadine-4-eno-7-ol, cubenol.
Laureliopsis philippiana (Looser) Schodde Tepa, huahuán, laurela Chiapella 1782 (CORD) Leaf + flowers + bark: sedative, digestive, respiratory disorders, emmenagogue, antivenereous, cephalalgic, antispamodic CHU, NEU, RNE Dried leaf: antibacterial activity Leaf. Laureliopsine A: bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid and other alkaloids
MORACEAE Dorstenia brasiliensis Lam. Contrayerba, higuerilla, hediondito, taropá, taropé Dorstenia tubicina Ruiz & Pav. Arbo 6796 (CTES) Root: tonic-stimulant, sudorific, febrifuge, emmenagogue, alexipharmic, contraceptive Rhizome, infusion: for malaria, emmenagogue Leaf: febrifuge, diuretic, diaphoretic (sub nom. D. tubicina) BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS Dried root: cytotoxic activity Fresh root: analgesic (sub nom. D. tubicina) and antiinflammatory activity Rhizome. Benzoic acid: benzenoid; dorstenic acid B: triterpene; bergapten: coumarin; seco-adianane-type triterpenoids, isopimarane-type diterpenoid; steroids, furocoumarins Dried rhizome. α-amyrin; α-tocopherol (sub nom. D. tubicina)
Ficus adhatodifolia Schott Zuloaga et al. 682 (SI) Leaf (latex): purgative, vermifuge, vulnerary Fruit: sedative COS, FOR, MIS No biological test No data
Ficus luschnathiana (Miq.) Miq. Higuera, higuerón, ibapohí, agarra-palo, higuera brava, higuera salvaje Zuloaga 5565 (SI) Leaf: purgative Latex: analgesic Fruits: sedative External use: vulnerary BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Maclura tinctoria subsp. mora (Griseb.) Vázq. Avila Mora Fortunato 6512 (BAB) Bark: against venereal diseases, astringent CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, SAL Dried bark: antiviral activity Dried stem bark: antioxidant activity Leaf: antifungal activity (sub nom. M. tinctoria) Dried stem bark. Aromadendrin: flavonoid; naringenin: flavanone Dried leaf. Bavachromanol: flavonoid Leaf. Isobavachalcones: prenylated chalcones (sub nom. M. tinctoria)
MYRSINACEAE
Myrsine laetevirens (Mez) Arechav. Morrone 1151 (SI)
Aerial parts, decoction: toothhache, for skin irritations BAI, CAT, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity Seed (endosperm). Xyloglucans and glucans with β- (1→3) and β-(1→4) linkages; pectins, P, K, Mg, Ca Seed (embryo + endosperm). Palmitic, stearic, oleic and linoleic acids; proteins; arabinose, galactose, glucose, xylose, fucose, uronic acids
MYRTACEAE
Amomyrtella güili (Speg.) Kausel Guayaba Meyer 20467 (LIL)
Leaf: against bruises, diarrhea, dyspepsia, gastrointestinal bloating SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Amomyrtus luma (Molina) D. Legrand & Kausel Luma, palo madroño, cauchao, cauchahue Boelcke 5286 (BAB, SI) Twigs + wood: to soothe pain caused by internal injures Plant: stimulant, astringent CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test Essential oil. Linalool: monoterpene; pentan-3-one,1-phenyl: benzenoid; ˜ caryophyllene: sesquiterpene; 1-phenyl hexan-3-one: benzenoid
Blepharocalyx salicifolius (Kunth) O. Berg Anacahuita, arrayán Blepharocalyx tweediei (Hook. & Arn.) O. Berg Bacigalupo 1250 (SI) Leaf + bark: antitussive, expectorant, vulnerary, diarrhoea, urinary infections BAI, CAT, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Leaf: antibacterial activity Aerial parts. 1-8-cineole, caryophyllene oxide, α-terpineol αpinene, γ-terpinene, verbenol, verbenone, myrtenal, carvone, elimicine; other sesquiterpenes (sub nom. B. tweediei) Leaf essential oil. 1-8-cineole, linalool, β-caryophyllene
Campomanesia xanthocarpa O. Berg var. xanthocarpa Guabirá, guaviriová, guabirobé, guariva Ahumada 1484 (SI) Leaf: stomach ache, for diarrhoea Dried leaf, decoction: against coughs and enteritis, astringent Part not specified: antidiarrheal, vermicide COS, MIS Leaf: toxic effect (general), antibacterial, antiulcer and mutagenic activity; significant reduction in weight gain Leaf. Flavonoids, saponins, tannins Fruit essential oil. α- and β- pinene, αphellandrene, limonene, linalool, αterpineol: monterpenes; α-cubebene, αcopaene, β-elemene, β-caryophyllene, βgurjunene, aromadendrene, α-humulene, allo-aromadendrene, germacrene D, α- and β-selinene, bicyclogermacrene, αmuurolene, germacrene A, β-bisabolene, β-and γ-cadinene, (Z)-calamenene, cadina1,4-diene, germacrene B, bulnesol, (E)nerolidol, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, guaiol, α- and β-eudesmol: sesquiterpenes; hexadecanoic acid, (E)-2hexanal, hexanal, furfural, benzaldeyde
Eugenia involucrata DC. Cerella, cereza Múlgura de Romero 2310 (SI) Part not specified: potencial uses stomachache COS, MIS No biological test Fruit essential oil. β-elemene, βcaryophyllene, β-selinene, β-gurjunene, α-humulene, allo-aromadendrene, germacrene D, α-selinene, α-muurolol, α- and δ-cadinene, cadina-1,4-diene, germacrene B, ledol, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, 5-epi- 7-epi-αeudesmol, guaiol, humulene oxide I, humulene oxide II, 10-epi-γ-eudesmol, iso-spathulenol, 1-epi-cubenol, γeudesmol, t-cadinol, t-muurolol, αeudesmol, α-cadinol: sesquiterpenes
Eugenia pitanga (O. Berg) Kiaersk. Pitanga Múlgura de Romero 2081 (SI) Root: astringent Leaf: antirheumatic, balsamic, hepatic, anthypertensive, digestive COS, MIS Dried leaf: xanthine oxidase inhibition Leaf. Citronellol, geranyl acetate, geraniol, 1,8-cineol, terpinene, sesquiterpenes, and polyterpenes Resin: resin acids, resens, and resinotannols
Eugenia pyriformis Cambess. var. pyriformis Ubajai, ubajai-mí, uvala Morrone 1601 (SI) Part not specified: antidiarrheal COS, MIS Dried leaf: xanthine oxidase inhibition Leaf essential oil. δ-cadinene,α-and τ-cadinol, bicyclogermacrene, β-caryophyllene
Eugenia uniflora L. Arrayán colorado, ñangapirí, arrayán, ñangapiré, pitanga, arrayán mato, cereza, morita del monte, arrayán montano Martínez 339 (CORD) Dried bark + leaf, infusion: hypotensive, astringent, emollient, for throat affections Leaf: diuretic, emmenagogue,digestive, carminative, antidiarrheal, for agitation, stomach pain, cough, bronchitis, influenza, hypertension, and intestinal troubles; to lower cholesterol, to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections, and to reduce weight; to control uric acidlevels, antidiabetic, astringent, eupeptic, antirheumatic, febrifuge, for hernia and prolapseFruit, infusion: astringentCAT, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Dried leaf: antibacterial, antifungal, antihypertensive, spasmolytic, antidiarrheal, analgesic, cytotoxic, antiinflammatory, vasodilator, antioxidant, diuretic, hypoglycemic, antihyperlipemic, antimalarial, antihypercholesterolemic, and antitrypanosomal activity; maltase, sucrase, xanthine oxidase, glutamate-pyruvate-transaminase and DNA polymerase and xanthine oxidase inhibition; antihypertriglyceridemia effect; toxic effect, CNS effects Fresh leaf: antiyeast, antimycobacterial, analgesic, antidiarrheal, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory activity Leaf essential oil: contracting effect Dried flowers: antispasmodic and hypotensive activity Dried leaf. Galloyl-β-D-glucose,1-2-4-6-tetra-o, eugeniFlowersin D-1, D-2, oenanthein B: tannins; gallocatechin,(+), procyanidin, prodelphinidin: flavonoids; myricitrin, myricetin, quercitrin, quercetin: flavonols; piperidine-3-α-4-α-5-βtriol,(+): alkaloid; uniFlowersine A, B: indolizidine alkaloid Leaf essential oil. Furanoelemene, furanodiene, β-elemene, delta elemene, allo aromadendrene, bicyclogermacrene, curzerene,caryophyllene, germacrene B and D, furanodiene, globulol, humulene, germacrone, trans-trans germacrone, ledene, selina-1-3-7(11)-trien-8-one, selinene, selin-11-en-4-β-ol, spathulenol: sesquiterpenes; para cymene, camphor, car-3-ene, 1-8cineol, methyl geranate, myrcene, cisocimene, α-phellandrene, β-pinene, pulegone, linalool, limonene, terpinolene, γ-terpinene, α-styrene: monoterpenesFruit essential oil. Myrcene, o-cymene, p-cymene, limonene, (Z)-β-ocimene, (E)-β-ocimene: monoterpenes; βelemene, β-caryophyllene, β-selinene, α-santalene, aromadendrene, αhumulene, allo-aromadendrene, germacrene D, α-selinene, bicyclogermacrene, α-muurolene, αmuurolol, γ-cadinene, δ-cadinene, cadina-1,4-diene, germacrene B, germacra-1-8(11)-dien-9-one,4acetoxy, selina-4(14)-7(11)-diene, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, globulol, epi-globulol: sesquiterpenes
Hexachlamys edulis (O. Berg) Kausel & D. Legrand Ubajay, uvajay, iva-jay Zuloaga 6566 (SI) Dried leaf + stem, infusion: for diabetes and gout Dried leaf, infusion: hypoglycemic, to lower uric acid levels CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Dried leaf + stem: toxic effect hypoglycemic and antidiabetic activity Dried leaf: xanthine oxidase inhibition Fresh fruit: xanthine oxidase inhibition Leaf: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition Dried leaf. Myricitrin, myricetin-3-O-α-L-arabinopyranoside, myricetin-3-O-β-D-xyloside, avicularin, desmanthin-1, myrcetin, myrcetin-3-O-α-Larabinofuranoside, quercetin: flavonols; gallic acid: benzenoid; gallocatechin-3O-gallate,epi: (-): flavonoid; galloyl-Dglucose; tannins; saponins; phenols; sterols and/or triterpenes; leucoanthocyanins; polyhydroxyalkaloids (pyrrolizidines and piperidines)
Luma apiculata (DC.) Burret Arrayán, quetri Fortunato 5794 (BAB) Leaf: balsamic, vulnerary, astringent, stimulant, tonic stomachic, antidiarrheal, anticatarrhal CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test Aerial parts. Polyhydroxyalkaloids (pyrrolizidines and pyrrolidines)
Myrceugenia exsucca (DC.) O. Berg Patagua, pitra, chillum Fortunato 5791 (BAB) Bark + leaf: antidiarrheal CHU, NEU, RNE Dried leaf + stem: xanthine oxidase inhibition Essential oil. Dimethyl sulfide: sulfur compound; cinnamaldehyde: phenylpropanoid; furfurylaldehyde: oxygen heterocycle; linalool, limonene, borneol, bornyl acetate, iso borneol,: monoterpenes; ortho-methoxy benzaldehyde,: benzenoid; butyraldehyde: alkanal to C4
Myrceugenia glaucescens (Cambess.) D. Legrand & Kausel Multa, murta Keller 109 (CTES) Leaf: astringent, antidiarrheal, digestive BAI, COS, ERI, MIS No biological test Essential oil. 1-8-Cineol,:monoterpene
Myrceugenia planipes (Hook. & Arn.) O. Berg Boelcke 10548 (CTES) Bark: balsamic, antisyphilitic NEU Leaf + stem: cytotoxic activity Aerial parts. Polyhydroxyalkaloids
Myrcianthes cisplatensis(Cambess.) O. BergGuayabo colorado, palo pelado, vil vil, lapachito, arazá de monte, arrayán, mato, sacha mato, güili, güili blanco, ibirá yepiró Burkart 29399 (SI) Leaf: tonic, astringent, diuretic, stimulant CAT, COR, COS, ERI, SAL, SFE, TUC Aerial parts essential oil: fumigant and repellent activityagainst head lice Leaf: antimicrobial and antiviral activity Aerial parts essential oil. Camphene, p-cymene, limonene, α-pinene, βpinene: monoterpene hydrocarbon; δcadinene, γ-cadinene, β-caryophyllene: sesquiterpene hydrocarbon; τ-cadinol: oxygenated sesquiterpene;conglomerone
Myrcianthes pseudomato (D. Legrand) McVaugh Alpa mato, güili, güili blanco, laurel Schreiter 919 (MVM) Essential oil: antimicrobial JUJ, SAL, TUC Essential oil: antimicrobial activity Essential oil. 1,8-cineole, ßcaryophyllene, α-pinene, linalool, limonene, γ-terpinene
Myrcianthes pungens (O. Berg) D. Legrand Mato, guabiyú, guabijú, guabirá, ibaviyú,arrayán Ahumada 8946 (SI) Leaf + essential oil: tonic, astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity Fruit: free radical scavenging effect Aerial parts. Polyhydroxyalkaloids (pyrrolizidines and piperidines) Leaf essential oil. 1,8-Cineol, nerol, geraniol: monoterpenes; α-pinene; α-thujene; p-cymene;; β-pinene; myrcene; D-limonene; α-phellandrene;terpinolene; conglomerone Fruit essential oil. α-copaene, βelemene, β-caryophyllene, α-humulene, germacrene D, bicyclogermacrene, δcadinene, cadina-1,4-diene, elemol, globulol, epi-globulol, α-, β- and γeudesmol: sesquiterpenes; furfural
Myrrhinium atropurpureum Schott var. octandrum Benth. Krapovickas 15502 (CTES) Part not specified: antimicrobial CAT, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC Leaf essential oil: antibacterial activity No data
Plinia rivularis (Cambess.) Rotman Vanni 3488 (CTES) Bark: anthelmintic COS, ERI, MIS Dried stem: xanthine oxidase inhibition No data
Psidium guajava L. Guayabo, guayaba, guayabo amarillo, arazá puitá, guayaba del monte Cocucci 2908 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: for diarrhea Bark, infusion: emmenagogue, astringent, febrifuge; forhypertension, infections, malaria, rabies, stomachache, and antidysenteric Dried leaf, decoction: anti-emetic Fruit: antidiarrheal CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC Aerial parts: giardicidal activityDried bark + leaf: antibacterial, anticancer, and antiinflammatory activity Stem bark: antidiabetic activity Dried fruit: anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity Fresh fruit: antimutagenic andantihyperglycemic activity Aerial parts. Polyhydroxyalkaloids(pyrrolidines), tannins and other phenoliccompounds, guiajaverin (a glycoside of quercetin), essential oils, triterpenoids Dried bark. Acutissimin A , B: tannin Fresh fruit. Acetone: alkanone to C4; β-bisabolene: sesquiterpene Dried fruit. Arjunolic acid: triterpene Fruit peel essential oil. Caryophyllene oxide: sesquiterpene Leaf essential oil. β-caryophyllene, α- and β-pinene, 1,8-cineole, camphene, myrcene, α-phellandrene, limonene, p-cymene, β-selinene Part not specified: Casuarictin: ellagitannin; 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoicacid: phenolic acid
Psidium guineense Sw. Arazay, arasá ñu, arasá del campo Cocucci 3094 (CORD) Leaf: expectorant, antittusive, antidiarrheal COS, MIS Fresh leaf essential oil: antiinflammatory and antibacterial activityFruit: free radical scavenging effect Leaf essential oil. (Z)-nerolidol, caryophyllene, β-selinene
Psidium salutare var. sericeum (Cambess.)Landrum Psidium incanum (O. Berg)Burret Arazá Cocucci 2993 (CORD) Leaf: resolutive Fruit + root: astringent, to treat wounds (sub nom. P. incanum)Fruit, leaf + root: for treatment of gastrointestinal disorders andhepatic complaints. COS, ERI, MIS, TUC No biological test Leaf + stem essential oil. Camphene, limonene, ocimene, myrcene, caryophyllene oxide, ar-turmerone(sub nom. P. incanum)
Psidium salutare var. mucronatum (Cambess.) Landrum Araza, alpa, alpamatoPsidium luridum (Spreng.) Burret Hunziker 7231 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: vulnerary, digestive, emmenagogueDried leaf, decoction: to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections, for diarrhea; infusion: carminative Leaf + flowers: digestive, aromatic, antidiarrheal (sub nom. P. luridum)COS, ERI, MIS, TUC Dried leaf: antibacterial activity;xanthine oxidase inhibition (sub nom. P. luridum) Leaf + stem essential oil. Aryophyllene, β-sesquiterpene; limonene: monoterpene Essential oil. 1-8-cineol: monoterpene (sub nom. P. luridum)
Siphoneugena occidentalis D. Legrand Mato negro, huanquillo Tortorelli s.n. (MVM) Medicinal SAL No biological test No data
Ugni molinae Turcz. Murtilla, murta Dimitri 7692 (BAB) Part not specified: astringent CHU, NEU, RNE Dried leaf and stem: xanthine oxidase inhibition Leaf + stem: cytotoxic and antitumor activity Dried leaf. Phytohemagglutinin: protein
NOTHOFAGACEAE
Nothofagus antarctica (G. Forst.) Oerst. Ñire, ñiró, anís, ñirre, roble Barboza 1215 (CORD)
Part not specified: febrifuge CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF Leaf + stem: cytotoxic activity Leaf + twigs. Hyperoside, quercitrin, rutin: flavonols
Nothofagus dombeyi (Mirb.) Oerst. Coihue, coygüe, coigüe Burkart 19923 (SI) Part not specified: febrifuge, analgesic, anti-inflammatory CHU, NEU, RNE Leaf + stem: cytotoxic activity Leaf: antifeedant activity Leaf + twigs. Hyperoside, quercitrin, rutin: flavonol Leaf. Lupeol, cabraleone, 2- and 3-O-acetylmaslinic acids, pectolinarigenin,12-hydroxyoleanolic lactone Fresh seedling. Polypeptide
Nothofagus obliqua (Mirb.) Oerst. subsp. obliqua Roble pillín, roble de Neuquén, coyán, pellín Arroyo 996100 (CONC) Part not specified: febrifuge, antitussive NEU Leaf + stem: cytotoxic activity Leaf + twigs: antibacterial activity Leaf + twigs. Hyperoside, quercitrin, rutin: flavonol
Nothofagus pumilio (Poepp. & Endl.) Krasser Lenga, roble, roble blanco, roble lenga, roble de Tierra del Fuego Fortunato 5762 (BAB) Part not specified: febrifuge CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF Leaf: antifeedant activity Leaf. Cabraleadiol monoacetate, βsitosterol, 5hydroxytetramethoxyflavone, betulonic acid, dihydrooroxylin A, oleanolic acid, ursolic acid, maslinic acid, 3-O-acetyl20,24,25-trihydroxydammarane, and its 3-O-deacetyl derivative
NYCTAGINACEAE
Bougainvillea stipitata Griseb. Huancar, falso tala, espuela de gallo, guancar, alfiler Hunziker 17012 (CORD)
Medicinal CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Pisonia zapallo Griseb. var. zapalloPalo de zapallo, zapallo caspi, yucurubuzú, tupasirí, yuquiruzúHunziker 20726 (CORD) Root + leaf: emetic, cathartic, against venereal diseases CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
NYMPHAEACEAE
Nymphaea amazonumsubsp. pedersenii Wiersema Aguapé guazúPedersen 4494 (CORD)
Flowers + leaf: against the herpes, emollient Leaf: cicatrizant Root: anti-haemorroidal BAI, COS, SFE Vegetative organs: antioxidant activity Leaf + stem. Phenolic compounds Leaf. Tannins, steroid, triterpenesRoot. Tannins and terpenes
Victoria cruziana Orb. Irupé, avatí-yu, victoria regia, fuente, maíz del aguaSchinini 27638 (CTES) Flowers: refrigerant, anaphrodisiacCHA, COS, ERI, FOR, SFE No biological test No data
OLACACEAE
Ximenia americana var. argentinensis De FilippsAlbaricoque, pataHunziker 5970 (CORD)
Dried leaf + stem, infusion: for conjunctivitis Leaf: cathartic Fruit + leaf: purgative Dried root, decoction: to treat constipation; infusion: to treat cancer, for leprosySeed: antidysenteric, for dental caries and ear infections BAI, CAT, COS, ERI, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: hypotensive and antiviral activity Dried leaf: molluscicidal activity Dried leaf + stem: antimalarial activity Dried root. β-amyrin: fixed oil, tariric acid: lipids Part not specified. Mandelonitrile glucoside: cyanogenetic glycoside
ONAGRACEAE
Fuchsia magellanica Lam. Aljaba, chilco, tilco, cilco,silque Cocucci 2140 (CORD)
Dried aerial parts, decoction: diuretic, mountain sickness, gynecological/obstetric Dried stem, infusion: purgative, abortive, emmenagogueLeaf: diuretic, febrifuge, emmenagogueFlowers: refrigerantCHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF, TUC Aerial parts: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition, diuretic, hypotensive and antimicrobial activity Dried leaf. Astragalin, hyperoside: flavonols
Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) P.H. Raven Deginani 1117 (SI) Leaf: stomach and liver pain Fruit, decoction: digestive, for fever, respiratory and pulmonary disorders. CHA, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE Flower + fruit + leaf: antibacterial and antifungal activity Dried entire plant. Orientin, vitexin: flavones
Ludwigia peplo ides (Kunth) P.H. Raven subsp. peploides Duraznillo del agua, enramada de la tararira Hunziker 12292 (CORD) Leaf: emollient, for dermatosis BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Entire plant: cytotoxic activity Entire plant. Flavonoids
Ludwigia peruv iana (L.) H . Hara Duraznillo de agua Zuloaga 5418 (SI) Aerial parts: emollient BAI, CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, JUJ. MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Oenothera affinis Cambess. Flor de la oración, amapola, flor de San José, suspiros Subils 1082 (CORD) Leaf + flowers: antiseptic, abluent, vulnerary BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried leaf. Hyperoside, quercitrin: flavonols
Oenothera odorata Jacq. Flores de la oración, flores de la noche, diego de noche, yerba de San Juan Trelles s.n. (SI 4853) Leaf + stem: to relieve bruises BAI, CHU, COR, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU Dried aerial parts: tyrosinase inhibition Dried leaf. Iso quercitrin: flavonol Dried seed. Amino acids; eicosenoic acid: lipid Cotyledons. Hyperoside: flavonol
Oenothera stricta Ledeb. ex Link subsp. stricta Flor de San Jose, lámpara, Diego de la noche Pérez Moreau 3302 (BAB) Part not specified: to relieve bruises BAI, NEU, RNE, SFE No biological test Flowers. γ-linolenic acid: lipid Seed. Prostaglandin F-2-α-, γ-linolenic acid: lipids
OROBANCHACEAE
Agalinis communis (Cham. & Schltdl.) D'Arcy Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 666)
Aerial parts: diuretic, purgative, emmenagogue, analgesic BAI, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, RNE, SFE, SJU No biological test Aerial parts. Aucubin shanziside metilester, 5-deoxypulcheloside I, bartsioside, gardoside-methyl-ester, 8epi-loganin, verbascoside
Agalinis fiebrigii (Diels) D'Arcy Culli culli Ariza Espinar 3546 (CORD) Flowers: against earache CAT, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Agalinis genistifolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) D'Arcy Hunziker 9825 (CORD) Aerial parts: diuretic, purgative, emmenagogue BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Buchnera longifolia Kunth Hosseus 318 (CORD) Fruit: hemostatic Fresh fr uit juice: hem ostatic and for hemorrhages or menorrhagia BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
OXALIDACEAE
Hypseocharis tridentata Griseb. Berojcho, soldaque, huercacho, sullu okka, hueroscho, solda que solda, suelda consuelda, vero, veroj, verujo Guaglianone 3114 (SI)
Rhizomes: antitussive JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Oxalis adenophylla Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. Culle colorado Cocucci 2458 (CORD) Part not specified: analgesic/antiinflammatory CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test No data
Oxalis articulata Savigny subsp. articulata Trébol, vinagrillo, macachín de los chanchos, macachín morado, maahín rosado Bonzani 102 (CORD) Leaf + stem: antiscorbutic, febrifuge BAI, COR, ERI, LPA, MEN, MIS, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Oxalis brasiliensis Lodd. Macachín Oxalis macachin Arechav. Múlgura de Romero 2265 (SI) Plant: antiscorbutic (sub nom. O. macachin) BAI, COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Oxalis conorrhiza Jacq. Vinagrillo Hunziker 25082 (CORD) Leaf + stem: contraceptive BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Oxalis corniculata L. var. corniculata Vinagrillo, vinagrillo rastrero, pulguita Hunziker 12439 (CORD) Entire plant: febrifuge, antivenin, for dysentery, vermifuge, diuretic, anti-lithic Leaf: antiscorbutic, febrifuge, antidysenteric, vulnerary, dysmenorrheal, and dermatosis, for skin diseases, irritations and eye inflammation BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, SFE, SJU, TDF Dried aerial parts: inotropic effect positive Leaf + stem: hypoglycemic activity Entire plant. Oxalic acid Dried leaf. Iso vitexin: flavone
Oxalis debilis var. corymbosa (DC.) Lourteig Cabrera 187 (LP) Leaf: emollient BAI, CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, MIS, SAL, SFE, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Oxalis erosa R. Knuth fo. erosa Cabrera 34462 (SI) Aerial parts: against toothache CHA, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Oxalis erythrorhiza Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. Boldo de la cordillera Cocucci 2263 (CORD) Part not specified: hepatic, kidney, cholalogue, cardioactive CHU, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU Dried entire plant: antibacterial activity Aerial part. Embelin: benzoquinone; alkyl phenols; 3-heptadecyl-5-methoxyphenol
Oxalis lasiopetala Zucc. Cocucci 3651(CORD) Tuber: digestive BAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MIS, RNE, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Oxalis niederleinii R. Knuth Hunziker 24854 (CORD) Leaf: antiscorbutic, febrifuge BAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Oxalis perdicaria (Molina) Bertero Macachín Cabrera 29289 (SI) Plant: antiscorbutic, febrifuge BAI, COS, ERI, MEN, MIS, NEU, SFE No biological test No data
Oxalis subacaulis Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. Kiesling 4154 (SI) Root +aerial parts: to wash injures, refrigerantMEN, SJU No biological test No data
Oxalis valdiviensis Barnéoud Culle, vinagrillo Cocucci 2152 (CORD) Medicinal CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test No data
Oxalis yacutulensis R. Knuth Venturi 8091 (SI) Part not specified: icteric CAT, LRI, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
PAPAVERACEAE
Argemone hunnemannii Otto & A. Dietr. Cardo santo, cardo santo blanco Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 418)
Entire plant, root, latex + flowers: medicinal COR, LPA, MEN, SLU No biological test No data
Argemone subfusiformisG.B. OwnbeyCardo santo, cardo amarillo, cardo bendito, cardo blanco, cardón santo, carrazán, ortiguilla Argemone mexicana L. auct. non L. Subils 2766 (CORD) Aerial parts: hair care (dandruff and seborrhea) Leaf + latex: narcotic, hypnotic, sedative, for treating wounds externally, cicatrizant, ophtalmic; to relieve the stomachache, pectoral, anti-ulcer Root: purgative, emeticFlowers: emollient, maturatingDried petals, infusion: for asthma, stomachic, purgativeDried capsule, infusion: antispasmodic Fresh fruit juice, infusion: narcotic Seed + latex: febrifuge, diaphoreticBAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antimalarial, antifungal, hypotensive and anti-HIV activity activityDried flower, fruit, leaf, stem: antibacterial activity Leaf: antitumoral activity Seed oil: antibacterial activity (sub nom. A. mexicana) Aerial parts. Berberine, chelerythrine,protopine, allocriptopine, sanguinarine, dihydro-sanguinarine, nor-hydrosanguinarine, angoline, Omethylzanthoxyline, norchelerythrine, 6-acetonyldihydrosanguinarine, 6acetonyldihydrochelerythrine, aronttianamide, dihydrocheilantifoline: isoquinoline alkaloids; Ndemethyloxysanguinarine, pancorine:benzophenanthridine-type alkaloids;(+)-argenaxine [(+)-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro1-(2-hydroxymethyl-3,4dimethoxyphenylmethyl)-6,7methylenedioxyisoquinoline], (+)higenamine, (+)-reticuline:benzylisoquinoline-type alkaloids; argemexicaine A, argemexicaine B,benzo[c]phenanthridine (±)-6acetonyldihydrochelerythrine; αtocopherol, phytol, stigma-4-en-3,6diene, adenine, adenosine, isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosideSeed: Sanguinarine, dihydrosanguinarine, nor-hydro-sanguinarine(sub nom. A. mexicana)
Bocconia integrifolia Humb. & Bonpl. Suncho amargo, mil hombres, palo amarillo Bocconia pearcei Hutch. Morrone 4462 (SI) Root: vulnerary, for hernia and prolapse Leaf, stembark + latex: cutaneous leishmaniasis JUJ, SAL, TUC Dried leaf + stem bark: antileishmanial activity Dried leaf. Dihydro chelerythrine: isoquinoline alkaloid
PASSIFLORACEAE
Passiflora caerulea L. Granadilla, flores de la pasión, pasionaria Subils 2299 (CORD)
Dried aerial parts, infusion: sedative, antispasmodic,antiscorbutic, diuretic, anti-icteric, emmenagogue; decoction: to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections, for diarrhea, catarrh and pneumonia Flower, fruit, stem + leaf: sedative, anxiolytic, cordial, anthelmintic, calmative, eupeptic, diuretic, emmenagogue, contraceptive Root: antispamodic, antiphlogistic, toxic, narcotic, emmenagogue, sedative, contraceptive, anthelmintic Leaf: hypotensive, bradicardic, anticephalalgic, sedative Seed: hypnotic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: CNS depressant activity Stem: antifungal activity Dried aerial parts. Caffeic acid: phenylpropanoid; coumarin, umbelliferone: coumarins; harman: indole alkaloid; chrysin, cyanogenic glycoside sulphate tetraphyllin B-4sulphate, epitetraphyllin B-4-sulphate Leaf. Gynocardin: alicyclic; schaftoside: flavone
Passiflora capsularis L. Guaglianone 2991 (SI) Leaf: vermifuge, narcotic, Root: antidysenteric, antispamodic, cardiotonic Part not specified: abortifacient, emmenagogue MIS No biological test Leaf. Hydrocyanic acid: inorganic; linamarin: alkanol to C4 Fresh leaf. Passicapsin: alicyclic; cyanogenic bisglycoside 4-bivinosyltetraphyllin B
Passiflora cincinnata Mast. Mburucuyá, patchio Barboza 1270 (CORD) Leaf + twigs, infusion: for fertility regulation Part not specified: abortifacient CHA, FOR, JUJ, SAL Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Dried aerial parts. Harmine: indole alkaloid
Passiflora edulis Sims Granadilla, maracayú Biganzoli 444 (SI) Entire plant, decoction: for anemia Dried aerial parts, infusion: for epilepsy and tetanus; sedative, diuretic, anthelmintic, antidiarrheal, stimulant, tonic, for hypertension, menopausal symptoms, and colic of infants Leaf: hemostatic, febrifuge, for the treatment of symptoms of alcoholism, anxiety, migraine, nervousness and insomnia Flower: to treat asthma, bronchitis and whooping cough Fruit: for intestinal tumors, to treat anxiety, insomnia, asthma, bronchitis and urinary infection Seed oil: as a stimulating lubricant and massage oil COS, MIS Dried aerial parts: anxiolytic effect, antifungalactivity Dried leaf: barbiturate potentiation Fresh leaf: diuretic activity Fruit: tranquilizing effect; inhibition of of matrixmetal-loprotease-2 and matrix-metalloprotease-9; anxiolytic activity Leaf + stem. (2R)–β-D-allopyranosyloxy-2-phenylacetonitrile and (2S)–β-D-allopyranosyloxy-2-phenylacetonitrileDried leaf. (22R),(24S)-22,28-epoxy-24-methyl-1α,3β,24,28-tetrahydroxy-9,19-cyclo9β-lanostan-4-oic acid β-D-glucosyl ester (= Passiflorine): cyclopropane triterpine; luteolin-6-C-chinovoside, luteolin-6-C-fucoside, cyclopentenoid cyanohydrin glycosides passicapsin, passibiflorin, cyanogenic glycosides passicoriacin, epipassicoriacin and epitetraphyllin B, cyanogenic-β-rutinoside {(R)–mandelonitrile-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-β-D glucopyranoside}, amygdalin, prunasin, mandelonitrile rhamnopyranosyl-β−Dglucopyranoside, sambunigrin, 6-O-α-L arabinopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranosides oflinalool, benzyl alcohol and 3 methyl-but-2en-1-ol, β-D-glucopyranoside and 6-O-α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-β-D-glucopyranoside of methyl salicylate and β-D-glucopyranoside of eugenol: glycosides; 4-Hydroxy-β-ionol, 4-oxo-β-ionol, 4-hydroxy-7,8-dihydro-β-ionol, 4-oxo-7,8-dihydro-β-ionol, 3-oxo-α-ionol, isomeric 3-oxo retro-α-ionols, 3-oxo-7,8-1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthalene vomifoliol and dehydrovomifoliol, linalool, α-terpeneol, (Z) 2,6-dimethyl-octa-2,7-diene-1,6-diol, 2,6-dimethyl-octa-3,7-dien-2,6-diol, 2,6-dimethyl-1,8-octanediol, 2,6-dimethyl-octa-1,7-diene-3,6-diol, ionol derivatives oxygenated in position 3, and 2,5-dimethyl-4-hydroxy-3-(2H)-furanone (furaneol), ionones I and II; harman, harmine, harmaline, harmalol: alkaloids. Phytoene, phytofluene, α-carotene, neurosporene, β-carotene, lycopene, prolycopene, monoepoxy-β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, βcitraurin, antheraxanthin, violaxanthin, neoxanthin, α-carotene, γ-carotene, αcryptoxanthin, β-apo-carotenol: carotenoids; L-ascorbic acid; cyanidin-3-O-β-glucopyranoside and cyanidin-3-O-β-galactopyranoside, cyanidin-3-glucoside, cyanidin-3-6″-malonylglucoside, pelargonidine-3-glucoside:anthocyanins; γ-hexa, γ-deca and γdocecalacetone; γ-hepta, γ-octa and γ-nona lactone, alkylated γ-lactones: γ-lactones; esters, 3-methyl-thiohexan-1-ol, 2-methyl-4-propyl-1, 3-oxathione enantiomers, edulans I and II: hexyl caproate, ethyl caproate, limonene, 2tridecanone, (9Z)-octadecenoic acid, 2pentadecanone, hexadecanoic acid, 2tridecanol, octadecanoic acid, caryophyllene oxide; proline, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, serine, alanine: amino acids; carbohydrates;enzyme cytoplasmic pyruvate kinase;cycloartane triterpenes, cyclopassifloic acids A–D, and their saponins, cyclopassiflosides I–VI Fruit. Carbohydrate, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, zinc, copper, selenium, ascorbic acid, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, Vitamin A, B6, B12, E, K, folate; luteolin-6-C-chinovoside, luteolin-6-C-fucoside, vitexin, isovitexin, orientin, isoorientin, homoorientin, saponarin, saponaretin: flavone glycosides;rutin, quercetin: flavonols; pelargonidin, delphinidin, cyaniding: anthocyanidins;prunasin, sambunigrin: cyanogens;amygdalin, mandelonitrile rhamnopyranosyl β-D-glucopyranosides, mandelonitrile β-rutinosides Seed oil. Palmitic acid, stearic acid, arachidic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid and linolenic acid
Passiflora elegans Mast. Legname 7885 (LIL) Medicinal COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Passiflora foetida L. var. foetida Granadilla García 17 (CORD) Entire plant: antiphlogistic, infusion: to ease hypertension, for epilepsy and insomnia, antispasmodic Root: for treating wounds externally, emmenagogue, icteric, for abortion Leaf, infusion: to treat asthma, hysteria and insomnia; tension regulator Flowers: pectoral BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried and fresh leaf: antimicrobial and antioxidant activity Dried aerial parts. Pachypodol, 7,4'dimethoxyapigenin, ermanin, 4',7-Odimethyl-naringenin, 3,5-dihydroxy-4,7dimethoxy flavanone, chrysoeriol, apigenin, isovitexin, vitexin, 2"xylosylvitexin, luteolin-7-β-D-glucoside, kaempferol: flavonoids; tetraphyllin A, tetraphyllin B, tetraphyllin B sulphate, deidaclin, volkenin: cyanohydrin glycosides; linoleic acid, linolenic acid: fatty acids; passifloricins: α-pyrones Fresh leaf. Apigenin,4-7-di-O-methyl: flavone
Passiflora misera Kunth Mbrucuya'í, meloncito del campo, mburucuyá colorado Barboza 1538 (CORD) Aerial parts: sedative, cordial BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Passiflora mooreana Hook. f. Granadina, pasionaria, granadilla Di Fulvio 452 (CORD) Entire plant + pericarp: antidysenteric Leaf: antidiabetic, nervine Root: antidiarrheal BAI, CHA, COR, FOR, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Passiflora palmatisecta Mast. Granada, granadilla, granadilla pedernida Cocucci 17160 (CORD) Root: antidiarrheal CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, LRI, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Passiflora suberosa L. Chiarini s.n. (CORD 596) Entire plant, decoction: for indigestion Leaf: febrifuge, diaphoretic, stomachic, to treat skin diseases; arterial pressure control, diabetes Flowers: cordial, sedative Root, decoction: emmenagoge and in hysteria CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. Passisuberosin, epipassisuberosin: cyanogenic glycosides; cyanidin-3-(6"-malonylglucoside), 3glucoside of cyanidin, delphinidin, petunidin, pelargonidin and anthocyanin acetylated with malonic acid: anthocyanins Leaf. Gynocardin, passisuberosin: alicyclics; orientin: flavone Fresh leaf + stem. Tetraphyllin A: alicyclic Fresh fruit. Chrysanthemin: flavonoid
Passiflora tenuifila Killip Granadilla Schinini 30287 (CTES) Medicinal CAT, CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Harmine: indole alkaloid
Passiflora umbilicata (Griseb.) Harms Granada Hunziker 19084 (CORD) Fruits: against diarrhea, gastrointestinal disorders CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
PHYLLANTHACEAE
Phyllanthus niruri
L. Hunziker 9248 (CORD) Helechito, rompe piedras
Entire plant, infusion: to treat hypoglycemic, purgative Aerial parts: antilithic, diuretic, antimicrobial, hypoglycemic, hypotensive, emetic, vermifuge, febrifuge; decoction: for diarrhea and tuberculosis, to treat venereal diseases Fresh leaf, infusion: for hypoglycemic, diuretic Green root, infusion: to treat heavy menstrual periods BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Dried aerial parts: antihepatotoxic, diuretic, central analgesic, antibacterial, and antiviral activity (influenza A virus); smooth muscle relaxation; inhibitory effect on crystal growth; reduces urinary calcium; inhibitor of DNA-polymerase (wild and Y181C types) and RNase H activities Aerial parts. Niruriside; phyllanthin, hypophyllanthin, triacontanal, triacontanol; geraniin, furosin: ellagitannins; ellagic acid, brevifolin carboxylic acid, ethyl brevifolin carboxylate; glycoflavones; 4methoxynorsecurinine, nirurine: alkaloids; astragalin, isoquercitrin, quercetin, quercitrin, rutin: flavonoids; hypophyllanthin, lintetralin, niranthin, nirtetralin, phyllanthin, phyltetralin: lignans; phyllester: phthalic ester; corilagin: hydrolysable tannin; 2-(3,4,5)-trihydroxy-6hydroxymethyltetrahydropyran-2yloxymethyl)acrylonitrile: cyanoglucoside
Phyllanthus sellowianus(Klotzsch) Müll. Arg.Sarandí blanco Schinini et al. 18396 (CORD) Aerial parts: antidiabetic, diuretic, drastic, antihipertensive, antiashmatic, vulneraryDried stem bark, infusion: antidiabetic. Bark and leaf: antidiabetic, antiseptic, diuretic, drastic, antidiarrheal Leaf, infusion: for hypoglycemic BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE, TUC Dried entire plant: analgesic and diuretic activity, cell proliferation inhibition;hypoglycemic effect Leaf + stem: antifungal activity; immunomodulating properties Dried root: antiviral activity Dried stem bark: DNA polymerase and ribonuclease inhibition Dried stem bark. Caffeic acid: phenylpropanoid; campesterol: steroid;cupressuflavone,4'-4'''-di-O-methyl: flavonoid; iso fraxidin: coumarin Dried leaf + stem. Phyllanthimide:alkaloid; phyllathol: triterpene; xanthoxyline.Dried root. Glochidone: triterpene
PHYRMACEA
E Mimulus glabratus Kunth var. glabratusBerro, berro de la sierra, berro silvestre, berro criollo, berro hembra, oruro Caro 3272 (CORD)
Stem + leaf: hepatic Leaf, juice: tonic BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Stem. Sterases
Mimulus luteus L. var. luteus Berro amarillo, flor de mono, palca, berroBarboza 1233 (CORD) Part not specified: refrigerantBAI, CAT, CHU, JUJ, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SJU, TDF, TUC No biological test Flowers. Quercetin 7-O-glucoside, quercetin 3-O-glucoside, kaempferol 7-Oglucoside, kaempferol 3-O-glucoside, apigenin 7-O-glucoside, herbacetin 7-Oglucoside, luteolin 7-O-glucoside, cyaniding 7-O-glucoside: flavonoids
PHYTOLACCACEAE
Petiveria alliacea L. var. alliacea Pipí, pimentón, calauchín,calaj'chin, calaschi Hunziker 24342 (CORD)
Entire plant, infusion: diuretic, laxative, abortive, remedy for stomach cramps, for toothache; decoction: for pancreatic cancer, anti-inflammatoryRoot: menstrual diseases, breast's disease Leaf + root: antirheumatic, diuretic, antipyretic, vermifuge, abortifacient, sudorific, antispasmodic, hydrogogue, cordial, antiphlogisticDried leaf, infusion: for rheumatism CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Dried entire plant: cytotoxic activity; prostaglandin synthesis inhibition Dried leaf: antiproliferationand antibacterial activity Dried root: anti-inflammatory activity Dried entire plant. Andrographolide:diterpene; barbinervic acid: triterpene; isoarborinol, isoarborinyl-innamate, sulphide compoundsLeaf. Leridal, leridol, leridol 5-methyl ether; dihydrokaempferol-3-0-αrhamnoside (engeletin), dihydroquercetin 3-0-α-rhamnoside (astilbin), myrcetin 3-0-α-rhamnoside (myricitrin) Dried stem. β-Sitosterol: steroid Dried root. Dibenzyl sulfide: sulfur compound
Phytolacca dioica L. Ombú, calamaic, morolawén, zumbí Martínez 598 (CORD) Dried entire plant: febrifuge, vulnerary, vermifuge, antisepticLeaf, bark + root: drastic, emetic, anti-rrheumatic, antiseptic, astringent, vulneraryDried leaf: purgative BAI, CHA, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SFE, SLU, TUC Entire plant: antimicrobial activity Leaf. Ombuoside: flavonol; dioicin 1, dioicin 2: ribosome-inactivatingproteins (RIPs); PDL1, PD-L2, PDL3, PD-L4 (N-β-glycosidase): type 1 RIPsFresh flowers. Fructose: carbohydrate Dried seed. Phytolacca protein: protein; PD-S2: ribosome-inactivating protein
Rivinia humilis L. Sangre de toro, fruta tinta, inchiquil Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 611) Fruit: vulnerary BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test Plant. β-carotene; betanin 3-sulphate Fruit. Humulixanthin, 5hydroxynorvaline
PIPERACEAE
Peperomia aceroana C. DC. Krapovickas 47454 (CTES)
Part not specified: refrigerant, carminative, antispamodic CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Peperomia alata Ruiz & Pav. Anís del monte, anís Pierotti 80 (LIL) Plant: for infections, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth JUJ, SAL No biological test Aerial parts essential oil. αethylbutyraldehyde, (E) 2-methyl-3nonene, benzaldehyde, 1ethylmethylcyclohexane, 3,4dihydroxy-2,5-dimethyl-1,5-hexadiene, o-cymene, 1,8-cineole, limonene, verbenone, trans-carveol, carvone, 3cyclohexene-1-carboxyaldehyde, tridecane, β-elemene, β-phenylethylisobutyrate, ledol, phenylethyl caproate, kongol
Peperomia arifolia Miq. Anís del monte Tressens 6509 (CTES) Medicinal JUJ, MIS, SAL No biological test No data
Peperomia fiebrigii C. DC. Siemprevida grande, congojita, siemprevida, siempreviva,Cabrera 30916 (SI) Plant: to induce abortion, galactogene, neonatal and paediatrics care, for hernia and prolapse, mensual diseases, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth, post partum pains and diseases JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Peperomia tetraphylla (G.Forst.) Hook. & Arn. var.tetraphyllaSiempreviva chica Novara 10997 (CORD) Plant: galactogene, for infections, hernia and prolapse, neonatal and paediatrics care, to expel the placenta and as protective postpartum, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth CAT, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity Entire plant. Peperotetraphin (=methyl rel-(1R,2S,3S)-2,3-bis(7-methoxy-1,3benzodioxol-5yl)cyclobutanecarboxylate:cyclobutane-type norlignan; methyl(2E)-3-(7-methoxy-1,3-benzodioxol-5yl)prop-2-enoate: phenylpropanoid; αasarone, vanillic acid, veratric acid,
Peperomia theodori Trel. Siempreviva, siemprevidaVenturi 2053 (SI) Plant: menstrual diseases, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Piper aduncum L. var. aduncum Matico, falso matico, hierba del soldado, mucu mucu, matico chico Piper elongatum Vahl Novara 3584 (MCNS) Dried flower + leaf + stem, decoction: digestive, for female disorders like menstrual pain, hemorrhage and childbirth,stomachic, hemostatic Leaf, infusion: for gonorrhea, as a remedy for diarrhea andstomachache, antiseptic, diuretic, hemostatic, digestive, balsamic, vulnerary, CNS stimulant COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL Leaf + inflorescence: antileishmanial activity Dried flower + leaf + stem: antifungal and antibacterial activity Leaf + fruit essential oil: antifungal activity Essential oil: antibacterial activity Dried leaf. Aduncamide: isoquinolinealkaloid; adunctin A, B, C, D: flavonoids; benzo-1-3-dioxole,5-methoxy-6-(2propenyl); 2,6-dimethoxy-4-(2-propenyl) phenol; methyl 2-methoxy-5-(3'-methyl1'-oxo-2'-butenyl)benzoate (aduncumene):prenylated benzoic acid; methyl 2,2dimethyl-8-(3'-methyl-2'-butenyl)-2H-1benzopyran-6-carboxylate, methyl 2,2dimethyl-2H-1-benzopyran-6-carboxylate, methyl 8-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-2H-1benzopyran-6-carboxylate, 2,2-dimethyl2H-1-benzopyran-6-carboxylic acid, 4methoxy-3-(3´,7'-dimethylocta-2'-E-6'dienyl)benzoic acid: chromenes; 2',6'dihydroxy-4'-methoxydihydrochalcone, piperaduncine B: dihydrochalconesLeaf essential oil. α- and β-pinene, limonene, cis-ocimene, trans-ocimene, linalool: monoterpenes; α-copaene, βelemene, α-copaene, β-elemene, αgurjunene, β-caryophyllene, aromadendrene, α-humulene, seichelene, germacrene D, bicyclogermacrene, αmuurolene, γ-cadinene, δ-cadinene, germacrene B, nerolidol, spathulenol, globulol, undecanone Stem essential oil. α-and β-pinene, myrcene, α-terpinene, p-cimene, limonene, cis-ocimene, trans-ocimene, γ-terpinene, linalool: monoterpenes; βcaryophyllene, α-humulene, nerolidol: sesquiterpenes Dried fruit. 2'-6'-dihydroxy-4'-dimethoxy dihydro chalcone: flavonoid Fruit essential oil. α- and β-pinene, myrcene, α-terpinene, limonene, 1,8cineol, cis-ocimene, trans-ocimene, γterpinene, linalool: monoterpenes; βcaryophyllene, α-humulene, germacrene D, nerolidol: sesquiterpenes
Piper amalago L. Pari'paroa Piper medium Jacq. Zuloaga 6682 (SI) Leaf: diuretic, abortive, for kidney problems, against skin disorders CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU Leaf: anti-inflammatory activity Leaf essential oil. α-pinene, camphene, sabinene, α-copaene, α-cadinol, βpinene, myrcene, p-cimene, limonene, borneol, bornyl acetate, βcaryophyllene, γ-muurolene, δcadinene, elemol, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, viridiflorol Root. 2-methoxy-4-5-methylenedioxytrans-cinnamoyl piperidide, 2-methoxy4,5-methylenedioxy-trans-pyrrollidide: trans-cinnamoylamides; ishwarol: sesquiterpene
Piper hieronymi C. DC. var. hieronymi Biurrun 6709 (CORD) Leaf: kidney pain, fever CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Piper mikanianum (Kunth) Steud. var. mikanianum Krapovickas 2499 (SI) Root: for amenorrhea and leukorrhea Leaf: wounds wash, antibiotic, urinary tract and general infection Part not specified: antidiarrheal, febrifuge, vermicide, maturating, cephalalgic MIS No biological test Fresh leaf essential oil. Safrol, βvetivone, (Z)-isoelemicin, (E)-asarone, β-caryophyllene, velarianol, nootkatone
Piper regnellii (Miq.) C. DC. Pariparoba Piper regnellii var. pallescens (C. DC.) Yunck. Piper fulvescens C. DC. Pedersen 6532 (SI) Leaf: antitussive, expectorant Leaf + root: for the treatment of wounds, swellings and skin irritations (sub nom. P. regnellii var. pallescens) COS, MIS Leaf: antibacterial and antifungal activity Leaf, steam + root: antimicrobial activity (sub nom. P. regnellii var. pallescens) Leaf. Eupomatenoid-6, eupomatenoid5, eupomatenoid-3, conocarpan: neolignans Leaf essential oil. Myrcene, trans-anethole, ishwarane (sub nom. P. regnelii var. pallescens and P. fulvescens)
PLANTAGINACEAE
Angelonia gardneri Hook. Kermes 142 (BAB)
Aerial parts: alexipharmic CHA, COS, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Angelonia integerrima Spreng. Angelonia, conejito del campo, conejito campestre, jarrita de la perdiz Barboza 1666 (CORD) Part not specified: antispamodic, stomachic CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test Dried leaf. Ajugol, harpagide daunoside: iridoid monoterpene
Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell Berrillo Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 1246) Aerial parts: diuretic, antirheumatic; nervine tonic for promoting mental health and improving memory brain function BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TDF, TUC Aerial parts: cognition-enhancer, antidepressant, antioxidant, antiulcerogenic agent, and calcium antagonist; broncho-vasodilatory activity Aerial parts. Bacoside A3, bacopaside II, bacopasaponin C isomer, bacopasaponin C and bacopaside I: saponins; 3-O-[β-d-glucopyranosyl(1 → 3)-β-d-glucopyranosyl] jujubogenin, 3-O-[β-d-glucopyranosyl(1 → 3)-β-d-glucopyranosyl] pseudojujubogenin: triterpenoid glycosides
Monttea aphylla (Miers.) Benth. & Hook. var. aphylla Mata de sebo, retama, retamo, elcuí, ala de loro Cocucci 1348 (CORD) Plant: hepatic BAI, CAT, CHU, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried shoots. Apigenin: flavone; 3-epi betulinic acid: triterpene; penduletin: flavonol
Plantago australis Lam. subsp. australis Llantén, siete varas, lengua de vaca, llantén blanco, llantín Filippa 20 (CORD) Entire plant: pectoral, anticatarrhal, emollient, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, for postpartum, bladder and kidney diseases, for cystitis, wounds and vaginal discharge Root: for infections, hernia and prolapse Leaf: astringent, vulnerary, abluent, used in pregnancy and facilitate birth Seed: laxative BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried entire plant: antiviral activity Dried fruit: antiulcer and antiinflammatory Dried root, leaf + fruit: antiinflammatory activity Fresh entire plant. Aucubin: iridoid monoterpene; verbascoside: phenylpropanoid, salidroside
Plantago berroi Pilg. Boelcke 11995 (SI) Plant: astringent, emollient, depurative, digestive BAI No biological test No data
Plantago brasiliensis Sims Llantén Ariza Espinar 1610 (CORD) Dried leaf, infusion: antiinflammatory Part not specified: astringent, emollient, digestive CHU, COR, COS, ERI, NEU, RNE, SLU Dried branch + leaf: antiviral activity Dried leaf. Alkaloids
Plantago myosuros Lam. Llantén Filippa 16 (CORD) Leaf: astringent, abluent, emollient, digestive, hepatic BAI, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SCR, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Entire plant. Aucubin: iridoid glucoside; verbascoside, plantalloside: caffeoyl phenylethanoid glycosides
Plantago orbignyana Steinh. ex Decne. subsp. orbignyana Llantén blanco Cabrera 18950 (LP) Entire plant: against ocular and skin diseases constipation, against muscular cramps, to speed up parturition JUJ, SAL No biological test No data
Plantago sericea var. lanuginosa Griseb. Chauqui llantén, icho-icho Venturi 4721 (SI) Entire plant: astringent, vulnerary, anti-cancer CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activity No data
Plantago tandilensis (Pilg.) Rahn Plantago brasiliensis var. tandilensis Pilg. Correa s.n. (SI) Plant: astringent, emollient, depurative, digestan, anticancer (sub nom. P. brasiliensis var. tandilensis) BAI No biological test Aerial parts. Epiloganic acid, gardoside, hookeroside, aucubin,catalpol, 10bonzoylcatlapol, globularin, globularicisin, verbascoside, poliumoside, salidroside, 2[4-(β-glucopyranosylloxy)phenyl]acetic acid: iridoids
Plantago tomentosa Lam. subsp. tomentosa Llantén, llantén velludo, llantén peludo, llantín blanco Plantago paralias Decne. Filippa 13 (CORD) Entire plant: antitumor; ash: cicatrizant Leaf and root: astringent, vulnerary, abluent, stomachic, antitussive, anti-haemorrhoidal, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, emollient, pectoral, Dried leaf, decoction: to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections, antidiarrheal Seed: laxative BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. Geniposidic acid, 10-Oacetyl geniposidic acid, epiloganic acid, gardoside methyl ester, hookeroside, aucubin: iridoids
Scoparia dulcis L. Hiel de tierra, flor de casamiento Scoparia nudicaulis Chodat & Hassl. Cocucci 3136 (CORD) Aerial parts, infusion: expectorant febrifuge, anti-haemorrhoidal, hepatic, gastric disorders, skin wounds, antidiarrheal, insect and snakebites, to control ectoparasites, bladder and kidney inflammations CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Aerial parts: analgesic, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antihyperlipidemic, antidiabetic, and antiglucoronidase activity Aerial parts. Scoparinol: diterpene; cirsitakaoside: flavone; scopadulciol, glutinol, scopadulcid acid A and B, acacetin: terpenoids; scoparic acid, scoparic acid A and B: labdane-type diterpene acids; alkaloids, tannins, saponins, cardiac glycoside, phlobatannin
Scoparia ericacea Cham. & Schltdl. Yerba de la víbora Zuloaga 7690 (SI) Medicinal CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. Geniposidic acid, geniposide, scandoside-methyl-ester, shanziside-methyl-ester, caryoptoside, verbascoside
Scoparia montevidensis (Spreng.) R.E. Fr. Cancha del agua, canchalagua Scoparia grisebachii Fritsch Hunziker 11451 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: emmenagogue, to treat urinary and respiratory tract infections, anticephalic, hepatic; decoction: against diarrhea, to control ectoparasites Aerial parts: emmenagogue, analgesic, vulnerary, stomachic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Stemodia ericifolia (Kuntze) K. Schum. Novara 11176 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: contraceptive CHA, COS, FOR, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Veronica peregrina L. subsp. xalapensis (Kunth) Pennell Morrone 3709 (SI) Leaf: stimulant BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SFE, TDF, TUC No biological test Dried entire plant. Chrysoeriol, luteolin: flavones; mannitol: carbohydrate
PLUMBAGINACEAE
Armeria maritima (Mill.) Willd. siempreviva Hunziker 9048 (CORD)
Entire plant, infusion: astringent Part not specified: antinephritic CHU, COR, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF Seeds: antibacterial activity Leaf. β-alanine: N-methyl: protein; kaempferol, quercetin: flavonol; glycine-betaine: alkaloid-misc
Limonium brasiliense (Boiss.) Kuntze Guaycurú, calaguala Hunziker 9420 (CORD) Leaf + root: antirheumatic, to relieve bruises Root: hepatic, antidysenteric, astringent, to treat hemorrhage, menstrual disorders, rheumatism BAI, CHU, ERI, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SFE Root: Bacteriostatic, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity; ocytocin and bradykinin antagonism Root. Myricetin 3-O-α-rhamnopyranoside, (-)-epigallocatechin 3-Ogallate, (-)-epigallocatechin, (+)-gallo catechin, gallic acid.
Plumbago caerulea Kunth Jazmín del cielo, plumbago Di Fulvio 261 (CORD) Leaf: hepatic Dried part not specified, infusion: to kill insects embedded under the skin and for varmints COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried leaf. Myricetin-3-glucoside: flavonol; plumbagin: quinoid
POLYGALACEAE
Bredemeyera colletioides (Phil.) Chodat Hualán, hualán blanco, quillay, azahar de la sierra Ariza Espinar 1294(CORD)
Part not specified: anti-hemostatic CAT, LRI, MEN, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Bredemeyera microphylla (Griseb.) Hieron. var. microphylla Forcone 157 (CORD) Part not specified: against venereal diseases BAI, CAT, CHU, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Monnina dictyocarpa Griseb. Quelén Pteromonnina dictyocarpa (Griseb.) B. Eriksen Cocucci 2606 (CORD) Leaf: antidysenteric, stomachic, digestive, emetic, balsamic, for bruises BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, ERI, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antioxidant activity (sub nom. P. dictyocarpa) No data
Monnina lorentziana Chodat Quelén, Kiesling 8956 (SI) Part not specified: antidiarrheal, digestive CAT, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Polygala australis A.W. Benn. Polígala Correa 5128 (SI) Root: expectorant, emetic BAI, ERI, SFE No biological test No data
Polygala brasiliensis L. Polígala Grüner 1449 (LP) Root: expectorant, emetic BAI, COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Polygala gnidioides Willd. Quelén-quelen Boelcke 5973 (SI) Root: hepatic, for respiratory and intestinal disorders CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test No data
Polygala linoides Poir. var. linoides Polígala Kurtz 10400 (CORD) Root: expectorant, emetic BAI, COR, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Polygala molluginifolia A. St.-Hil. & Moq. Martínez 367 (CORD) Fresh root: contraceptive CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Polygala pulchella A. St.-Hil. & Moq. Polígala Múlgura de Romero 581 (SI) Root: antitussive, expectorant, emetic BAI, CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Polygala stenophylla A. Gray Hunziker 14756 (CORD) Root: expectorant, emetic BAI, CHU, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
POLYGONACEAE
Coccoloba argentinensis Speg. Granadillo, membrillo del monte, cocoloba, te criollo Arbo 7960 (CTES)
Part not specified: digestive CHA, COS, ERI, JUJ, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Coccoloba cordata Cham. Duraznillo morado, mantor Cerana 1002 (CORD) Bark stem + bark root: astringent CAT, CHA, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Muehlenbeckia hastulata (Sm.) I. M. Johnst. var. hastulata Quilo, voqui negro, zarzaparrilla Kiesling 7733 (SI) Plant: montain sickness Bark: depurative MEN, NEU, SJU Aerial parts + root: oxytoxic and analgesic activity Root: anti-hypertensive Aerial parts + root. Epicatechin, emodin-8-glycoside, rutin
Muehlenbeckia sagittifolia (Ortega) Meisn. Zarzaparrilla colorada, zarzaparrilla Subils 2154 (CORD) Aerial parts: diuretic, hepatic Dried leaf + root: to treat syphilis, astringent, diuretic Root: depurative, cardiotonic, cordial, astringent, vulnerary BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activity Dried aerial parts. Alkaloids
Muehlenbeckia tamnifolia (Kunth) Meisn. Hunziker 8812 (CORD) Leaf, infusion: liver pain, febrifuge, to regulate blood pressure, and for aphtha. CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC Dried bark: capillary permeability increased Root. Emodin, chrysophanic acid: quinoids
Polygonum acuminatum Kunth Lagunilla, sanguinaria del agua Hunziker 18236 (CORD) Aerial parts: diuretic, hypotensive, astringent, antihaemorrhoidal, vulnerary, hemostatic, antidysenteric, vermifuge Leaf + shoot, infusion: for menstrual pains BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antifungal activity Leaf. Polygodial
Polygonum hispidum Kunth Duraznillo del agua Hunziker 16843 (CORD) Aerial parts: vulnerary Leaf: cicatrizant BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activity No data
Polygonum hydropiperoides Michx. var. hydropiperoides Lagunilla, pimienta del agua, barbasco Bernardello 193 (CORD) Entire plant: emmenagogue, vermifuge, anti-inflammatory, antihaemorrhoidal, antidiarrheal Aerial parts: abluent, rubefacient, diuretic, antirheumatic Leaf: astringent, antihaemorrhoidal BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antifungal and antibacterial activity Root. Triterpenes and/or steroids, coumarins, flavonoids, polyphenols, tannins, saponins
Polygonum punctatum Elliott Picantilla, catay colorado, caá-tí, caá-tay, ajisillo, tripa de pollo, sanguinaria, picantilla Subils & Articó 416 (CORD) Entire plant: antidiarrheal, astringent, anti-haemorrhoidal, emmenagogue, diuretic, abortifacient; infusion: for internal ulcers, parasiticide, cicatrizant, disinfectant and a vulnerary in the lavages of pimples, wounds and rash, for haemorrhoids Leaf: for treating wounds externally, abluent, antiseptic, astringent, rubefacient, vulnerary Flowers, leaf + root: antimicrobial Dried flowers: vermifuge, diuretic, against hemorrhoids.Root, infusion: to treat influenza Juice plant: for dermatosis BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, NEU, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Plant: antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, hipotensive, antihistaminic activity Leaf: antidiarrheal and antipyretic activity Dried aerial plant. Cinnamolide Leaf. Danilol: sesquiterpene; polygodial: drimane type dialdehyde sesquiterpene
Polygonum stypticumCham. & Schltdl. Cien nudos Hosseus 364 (CORD) Part not specified: astringent, anti-haemorrhoidal BAI, CHA, COR, ERI, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SFE, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Rumex cuneifolius Campd. Lengua de vacaCantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 4143) Leaf: emollient, antiphlogistic, vulnerary; decoction: fordermatitis, poultice, emmenagogueRoot: stimulant, purgative BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, JUJ, NEU, RNE, SAL, SFE, SLU Aerial parts: antibacterial activity No data
Rumex romassa J. RémyLengua de vaca, pusco yuyoBoelcke 6260 (SI) Leaf: diuretic, emollient, vulnerary, refrigerantNEU, RNE, SAL No biological test No data
Ruprechtia apetala Wedd. Manzano del cam po, higuerilla, higuerón, viraró, virarú Hunziker 10514 (CORD) Bark: diuretic CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Ruprechtia salicifolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) C.A.Mey. Viraró, rama negra, sarandí negro, mata negraSchulz 7098 (LIL) Cortex: bitter tonic COS, ERI, MIS No biological test Leaf. Terpenes; tanins; saponins;flavonoids; glycosides
Ruprechtia triflora Griseb. Palo estaca, sacha membrillo, duraznillo colorado, duraznillo Martínez 605 (CORD) Dried bark + root, infusion: for skin eruptions; antidiarrheal, antitussive Leaf: anti-asthmatic; decoction: antidiarrheal CHA, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activity Dried aerial parts. Lupeol: triterpene; β-hydroxy stigmast-5-en-7-one,3-:steroid; acylated sterol, 5α, 8αepidioxyergosta-6,22-dien-3β-yl stearate
PORTULACACEAE
Calandrinia affinis Gillies ex Arn. Luti 5683 (CORD)
Part not specified: alexipharmic MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU No biological test No data
Cistanthe densiflora (Barnéoud) Hershkovitz Cocucci 25 (CORD) Part not specified: anticephallic, cicatrizant MEN, SAL, SJU No biological test No data
Montiopsis gilliesii (Hook. & Arn.) D. I. Ford Hunziker 24583 (CORD) Leaf: digestive LRI, MEN, NEU, SJU No biological test No data
Portulaca cryptopetala Speg. Hunziker 8141 (CORD) Leaf: refrigerant BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Portulaca grandiflora Hook. Flor de seda, flor de un día, pique Hunziker 8718 (CORD) Leaf: diuretic, refrigerant Plant juice: to treat swelling BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Part not speciefied: antimutagenic effect ; antiHBsAg capability Entire plant. Betalamic acid: betaxantin Dried entire plant. Portulic lactone: diterpene Dried leaf. Adenine: alkaloid Fresh flowers. Betanin: betaxantin Callus tissue. Epinephrine: isoquinoline alkaloid
Portulaca umbraticola Kunth Verdolaga Hunziker 10656 (CORD) Entire plant: emollient CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
PRIMULACEAE
Anagallis alternifolia Cav. var. alternifolia Boelcke 13968 (SI)
Entire plant: ophtalmic MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF Leaf + stem: cytotoxic activity No data
PROTEACEAE
Embothrium coccineum J. R. Forst. & G. Forst. Notro, ciruelillo, notru, magú Cocucci 2414 (CORD)
Bark + leaf: vulnerary, antineuralgic, dermatologic CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF Leaf + stem: cytotoxic activity No data
Gevuina avellana Molina Cocucci 3485 (CORD) Entire plant: antidiarrheal, for venereal disease CHU, NEU, RNE Dried seed: antioxidant activity, radical scavenging effect Kernel oil + pericarp (shell). Oleic acid, hexadecenoic acid
Lomatia ferruginea (Cav.) R. Br. Fuinque, hiunque, palmilla Schajovskoy 25637 (SI) Entire plant: carminative, purgative, diureticCHU, NEU, RNE, SRC Dried leaf + stem: antibacterial activity Seed. Lawsone, valdivione: quinoid
Lomatia hirsuta (Lam.) Diels ex J. F. Macbr. Radal, ral ral, rairal, nogal del sur Bernardello 602 (CORD) Leaf + bark: purgative, to wash injures Dried leaf, decoction: to treat coughs and asthmaPart not specified: analgesic, antiinflammatory CHU, NEU, RNE Dried leaf: antitumor and anti-inflammatory activity Dried leaf. Quercetin, rhamnetin: flavonols; scopoletin, umbelliferone:coumarins
QUILLAJACEAE
Quillaja brasiliensis (A. St.-Hil. & Tul.) Mart. Jabón de palo, árbol del jabón, palo jabón Rodríguez 153 (SI)
Bark: astringentCOS, MIS Barks, leaves + branches: adjuvant activity on the immuneresponses to bovine herpesvirustype 1 in mice Dried leaf. Quercetin, rutin: flavonol; the 19-O-β-D-glucopyranoside of 16hydroxylambertic acid: abietanediterpene; prosapogenin (3-O-β-Dglucuronopyranosyl-quillaic acid), quercetin, rutin. Barks, leaves + branches: saponins
RANUNCULACEAE
Anemone de capetala Ard. var. decapetalaFlor de la esperanza, centella, ysipó ñaro Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 1716)
Leaf + stem: caustic, rubefacient, narcotic BAI, CHU, COR, ERI, MIS, NEU, RNE, SLU No biological test No data
Anemone multifida Poir. Centella Cocucci 2151 (CORD) Entire plant: analgesic/antiinflammatory; infusion: for diarrhaea, abortifacient CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test Dried entire plant. Caffeic acid methyl ester: phenylpropanoid Dried root. Ranunculin: misc lactone
Caltha sagittata Cav. Cocucci 3666 (CORD) Root: digestive, against the toothache CHU, JUJ, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU, TDF No biological test No data
Clematis bonariensis Juss. ex DC. Cabello de vieja, zarzacimarrona Fortunato 775 (BAB) Leaf: antineuralgic, caustic, rubefacient, antidote, for skin disorders, against the scabies, for dermatosis Flowers: vulnerary BAI, ERI, MIS No biological test Dried aerial parts. Flavonoids
Clematis haenkeana C. Presl Barba de chivo Hunziker 21178 (CORD) Entired plant: against parturition pain CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Clematis montevidensis Spreng. var. montevidensis Cabello de ángel, loconte, barba de viejo, barba de chivo, tuya-rendiva, bejuco, barba de indio, aloconte Subils 1512 (CORD) Aerial parts: to treat anxiety and irritability; tonic; for skin mycosis Leaf, infusion: against skin affections Flower + leaf: antirheumatic, caustic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial and diuretic activity Dried root. Oleanolic acid: triterpene
Halerpestes cymbalaria (Pursh) GreeneOreja de gato, botón de oro, pura-pura, ranúnculo dentadoRanunculus cymbalaria Pursh Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 2042) Part not specified: caustic, fungicide, rubefacient BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SFE, SJU, SLU, TDF, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Ranunculin: misc lactone (sub nom. R. cymbalaria)
Ranunculus apiifolius Pers. Apio del diablo, apio cimarrón Hunziker 11234 (CORD) Leaf: rubefacient Part not specified: caustic BAI, CHA, ERI, LPA, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Ranunculus bonariensis var. trisepalus (Gillies exHook. & Arn.) LourteigBerrito, berro Hieronymus 525 (CORD) Part not specified: caustic, rubefacient BAI, COR, DFE, ERI, LPA, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Thalictrum decipiens Boivin Albaquilla Subils 1148 (CORD) Root: diuretic, purgative, emmenagogueCAT, COR, JUJ, SAL, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
RHAMNACEAE
Colletia paradoxa (Spreng.) Escal. Curro, currumamuel, espina cruz, cura mamuel, espina de la cruz, crucero, quina Tortosa 225 (BAA)
Bark: antiperiodic, purgative, tonic, febrifugeLeaf + seed: febrifuge, purgative Fruit: antispasmodic BAI No biological test Root bark. Ceanothic acid; ziziberenalic acid, betulin acid, ursolic acid, β-sitosterol, β-sitosterol glycosideAerial parts. Seco-3,4-germanicone, ursolic acid, lupeol , betulin acid, ceanothicacid, taraxerol, taraxerone, seco-3,4taraxerone, germanicol, germanicone, βsitosterol, β-sitosterol glycoside
Colletia spinosissima J.F. Gmel. Barba de tigre, coronillo, barba de indio, quillarín, tola, tola tola Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 1464) Entire plant: for alopecia,dandruff and seborrhoea Stem: bitter tonic, febrifuge, astringent; for amnesia; brain tonicBAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Aerial parts. D-(-)-magnocurarine, D(-)-1-(4-methoxybenzyl)-2,2-dimethyl6-methoxy-7-hydroxy-1,2,3,4tetrahydroisoquinoline (= colletine): alkaloids
Condalia buxifolia Reissek Piquillín negro, piquillín negro Burkart 9952 (SI) Plant: antitermic and in the treatment of dysenteriesCAT, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, SAL, TUC Plant: antinociceptive activity Aerial parts. Condaline, myrianthine B, scutianine B, scutianine C: alkaloids
Condalia microphylla Cav. Piquillín Hunziker 6055 (CORD) Bark: astringentFlowers + fruit: laxative BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Heart wood. Tannin Dried fruit. Malvidin-3-gentiobioside: flavonoid Seed oil. Campesterol, cholesterol: steroids
Discaria americana Gillies & Hook. Brusquilla, coronillo del campo, quina del campo, tolaCantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 1965) Dried aerial parts, infusion: antipyretic Stem + root bark: tonic, febrifuge Root: for treating wounds externally; decoction: to treat diabetes BAI, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, LPA, MEN, RNE, SFE, SLU Aerial parts (flowers, stems + leaf) essential oil: antioxidant activity Dried aerial parts + root bark. Betulin acid, β-sitosterol, β-sitosterol glycoside; triterpenes; ursolic acid,ceanothic acid, ferulic acid derivative Dried root bark. Adouetine Y, discarene A, B, C, D, M, N, franganine,frangulanine, myrianthine A: cyclopeptide alkaloids; betulinic acid; β-sitosterol (195), β-sitosterolglycoside, β-sitosterol 6'-O-acylglycosideAerial parts (flowers, stems + leaf) essential oil. 4-methylphenol, eugenol, 3-methylindole, α-terpineol
Discaria chacaye (G. Don ) Tortosa Espino blanco, chacay de la Cordillera Cocucci 2141 (CORD) Bark: for bruises CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test Dried leaf + stem. 1-2-11-trimethoxynor Aporphine: isoquinoline alkaloid
Ziziphus mistol Griseb. Mistol, sacha mistol, mistol cuaresmillo Hunziker 9210 (CORD) Aerial parts: cholagogue, laxative Stem ash: emetic Bark, decoction: abortive Leaf, decotion: antidysenteric Fruit: pectoral, hepatic, antispasmodic CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Seed oil: inhibition of models of mamary neoplasias Young leaf. iso Rhamnetin, 3-O-β-Dglucoside, rutin: flavonolsSeed. α-linolenic acid: polyunsaturedfatty acid
ROSACEAE
Acaena argentea
Ruiz & Pav. Amor seco Krapovickas 3773 (BAB)
Entire plant: venereal diseases, diuretic, astringentCHU, NEU, RNE Dried aerial parts: cytotoxic and antitumor activity Leaf + stem: hypotensive andanticrustacean activity; βglucuronidase and xanthine oxidase inhibition. No data
Acaena magellanica (Lam.) Vahl Abrojo, amor seco, cadillo Cocucci 2561 (CORD) Part not specified: for bronchitis, urinary, sedant, cholagogueCAT, CHU, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, SJU, TDF Dried entire plant: analgesic,antibacterial, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory activity Aerial parts. Quercetin, Q-3-O-β-Dglucoside, Q-3-O-β-D-galactoside,ellagic acid, catechin; tormentic acid 28-O-β-D-galactopyranoside, 28-O βD-glucopyranoside: saponins
Acaena myriophylla Lindl. Yerba de la vizcachera, sanalotodo, cadillo Krapovickas 6409 (CORD) Leaf and stem: astringent, cicatrizant, diuretic BAI, CAT, COR, ERI, LPA, MEN, RNE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Acaena ovalifolia Ruiz & Pav. AbrojoCocucci 2127 (CORD) Root: venereal diseases BAI, CAT, CHU, JUJ, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, TDF, TUC No biological test No data
Acaena pinnatifida Ruiz & Pav. Abrojo, cadillo de la tierra, pimpinella, cadillo de la sierra, pimpinela cimarronaAriza Espinar 371 (CORD) Leaf: astringent, cicatrizant, for treating wounds externally, abluent; infusion: diuretic, used during menopauseRoot: venereal diseases, astringentCAT, CHU, COR, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU, TDF No biological test Dried leaf. Eight urs-12-enetriterpenoids, β-sitosterol, (+)-catechin, apigenin 7-O-glucoside; pomolic acid,pomolic acid-3-acetate, tormentic acid, 2-epi-tormentic acid, euscaphic acid, tormentic acid glucoside, nigaichigoside F1, niga-ichigoside F2.
Acaena sericea J. Jacq. Cadillo Belgrano 17 (SI) Medicinal CHU, MEN, SCR, SJU, TDF No biological test No data
Acaena splendens Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. Abrojo, cadillo, cepa caballo Cocucci 3726 (CORD) Dried bark + spines, infusion: febrifuge, for rheumatism, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, for liver disease. Wood, infusion: diuretic, for liver disease Root: febrifuge, stomachic ulcer, astringent, diuretic Part not specified: depurative, diuretic, emmenagogue MEN Dried bark + spines: antipyretic activity: Dried bark + spines. β-amyrin, lupeol, oleanolic acid: triterpenes
Geum magellanicum Comm. ex Pers. Yerba del clavo Chiapella 1746 (CORD) Part not specified: depurative, diuretic emmenagogue CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
Kageneckia lanceolata Ruiz & Pav. Sacha durazno, durazno de la sierra Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 1179) Leaf + stem: febrifuge, emetic Part not specified, infusion: febrifuge, for tertian malaria COR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antioxidant activity Seedling. Prunasin like-glycoside: benzenoid
Margyricarpus pinnatus (Lam.) Kuntze Yerba de la perdiz, inambúcaá, hierba de la perdiz, perlita, perlilla Hunziker 6994 (CORD) Aerial parts: diuretic, emmenagogue, carminative, purgative, antirheumatic, blood depurative, abortifacient, for dismenorrhoea Root and leaf: astringent, cicatrizant, anti-haemorrhoidal, anti-inflammatory, abluent, febrifuge BAI, CHU, COR, ERI, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SCR, TUC Aerial parts: diuretic effect Dried leaf. Alkaloids, flavonoids
Polylepis australis Bitter Tabaquillo, queñoa Hunziker 6475 (CORD) Leaf: astringent CAT, COR, JUJ, SAL, SLU, TUC Leaf + bark: antibacterial activity Leaf: diuretic activity Dried bark. Oleanolic acid methyl ester: triterpene; methyl 3β-hydroxyolea-9(11),12-dien-28-oate, methyl 2a,3β-dihydroxy-11oxo-olean12-en-28-oate, methyl acetyloleanolate, methyl acetylursolate, methyl obtusilinate, methyl euscaphate, methyl 3βhydroxyolean-9(11),12-dien-28-oate, methyl 3β-hydroxy-11-oxo-olean-12en-28-oate, methyl 2α-methoxy-3βhydroxyolean-12-en-28-oate
Potentilla chiloensis (L.) Mabb. Frutilla, quillán, quillén, frutilla chilena, llahuén Fragaria chiloensis (L.) Duchesne Cocucci 2324 (CORD) Root: astringent, antidysenteric, antidiarrheal, against venereal diseases Part not specified: emmenagogue (sub nom. F. chiloensis) NEU Dried leaf: antimycobacterial activity No data
Rubus brasiliensis Mart. Mora blanca Keller 3923 (CORD) Root: laxative, diuretic Leaf: laxative Flowers: antispasmodic Fruit + fruit juice: tonic, antidiarrheal MIS Plant: hypnotic, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant and muscle relaxant effects No data
Rubus imperialis Cham. & Schltdl. Zarza mora, sacha mora, rosa del monte, mora blanca Legname 5994 (SI) Root, leaf, stem: antidiabetic agent, astringent CAT, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC Root, leaf, stem: cytotoxic and hypoglycemic activity; antinociceptive effect Aerial parts + root . Niga-ichigoside, 23-hydroxy-tormentic acid, 3-Omethylellagic-4'-O-α-rhamnose acid.
Tetraglochin alatum (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Kuntze var. alatum Espina de pescado, horizonte Biurrun 5723 (CORD) Part not specified: diuretic, for the period following childbirth CHU, MEN, NEU, SJU, SLU Leaf + stem: cytotoxic activity; diuretic effect Aerial parts. Flavonoids, genins
Tetraglochin cristatum (Britton) Rothm. Choquecanguia, canjía, cailla, sanguía, canguí, canguia, canjía morada, canguiya, canlla, choque canglia, chocchán, chococanglia, chojchán, chuquicangia, perlía, conguiya, perlilla, perlita Núñez 617 (CORD) Aerial parts: antitussive, antidiabetic, febrifuge, for pneumonia, against cancer CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
RUBIACEAE
Borreria densiflora var. perennis Standl. Pozner 213 (CTES, SI)
Fresh aerial parts, juice: for eczema. Entire plant, decoction: for diabetes; infusion: to treat bacterial skin infections, for leprosy. Dried flowers, infusion: antipyretic, analgesic (sub nom. B. densiflora) BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, ERI, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activity Leaf: antischistosomal activity Flower + leaf + stem: pheromone (sub nom. B. densiflora) No data
Borreria verticillata (L.) G. Mey. Botón blanco, flor de ipecacuana Fortunato 1049 (BAB) Aerial parts: skin diseases Part not specified: emmenagogue, emetic BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity Root: antibacterial activity Aerial parts: β-carbolines; spermacoceine; borrerine, borreverine, isoborreverine: indole alkaloids Seeds. Trypsin, chymotrypsin, subtilisin inhibitors
Calycophyllum multiflorum Griseb. Palo blanco, Ibirá-mototí, morotibí Tressens 6311 (CTES) Bark: tonic, antipyretic CHA, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE Aerial parts: antifungal activity No data
Cephalanthus glabratus (Spreng.) K. Schum. Sarandí colorado, sarandí negro Arbo 7098 (CTES) Leaf + bark: diuretic, depurative, astringent, antidiabetic, vulnerary BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE No biological test Dried leaf. Mitraphylline, pteropodine, uncarine E: indole alkaloids; peroxides Aerial parts. tetrahydroalstonine, mitraphylline, uncarine E: alkaloids; ursolic acid: triterpenoids; 3-O-b-Dquinovopyranoside-28-O-bglucopyranoside; chlorogenic acid 5-Ocaffeoylquinic acid; sitosterol
Chiococca alba (L.) C. L. Hitchc. Bejuco Chiococca brachiata Ruiz & Pav. Zuloaga 6578 (SI) Root: depurative, alexipharmic, diaphoretic, against venerealdiseases, tonic for ganglion inflammation, diuretic, antiviral, anti-eodema, aphrodisiac, to treat rheumatic disorders, febrifuge, and in snakebite COS, MIS Leaf: antifungal activity(sub nom. C. brachiata)Root: low acute and subacute toxicity Root (saponin brut fraction): anti-inflammatory activity Leaf. Kaempferitrin, lepidoside, apigenin, 7-O-methoxyquercetrin, quercetrin: flavonoids; 4'methoxykaempferol-7-(acetyloxy)-3,5O-α-L-rhamnoside: flavonol; α-amirin, β-amirin, ursolic and oleanolic acids: triterpenes; 4-hydrozy-heptadecan-7one, 5-hydroxyoctadecan-11-one:hydroxyketones; 5, 7, 4'-trimethoxy-4phenylcoumarin, exostemin :coumarins; matairesino, D-mannitol; linoleic acid, linolenic acid, palmitic acid + others: fatty acids Root. 28-O-α-D-apiofuranosyl (1→3)α-L-rhamnopyranosyl (1→2)-α-Larabinopyranosyl 3-O-β-Dglucopyranuronosyl-3β-hydroxyolean12,15-dien-28-ate: bidesmosidic oleanane saponin; filic-7-en-3-one, fern-7-en-3-one: pentacyclic triterpenes; α and β-amirin, oleanolicacid, ursolic acid, 3β-hydroxyolean12,15-dien-28-oic; merilactone: norseco-pimarane; alboside I, alboside II, alboside III: iridoids; alboside IV and V: seco-iridoids
Coutarea hexandra (Jacq.) K. Schum. Cascarilla, quina, dominguillo Barboza 453 (CORD) Bark: antipyretic, emetic, laxative, bitter tonic, febrifuge, abortifacient, anti-inflammatory, for malaria and, diabetes COS, JUJ, MIS, SAL Dried entire plant, cytotoxic activity Dried stem bark: antiinflammatory activity Dried stem. Coumarin,5-7-dimethoxy3'-4'-methylene-dioxy-4-phenyl;coumarin,4-phenyl: 3'-4'-dihydroxy-57'-dimethoxy: coumarins Dried stem bark. Coutareagenin: coumarin
Galianthe brasiliensis (Spreng.) E.L. Cabral & BacigalupoMorrone 1897 (SI) Part not specified: febrifuge, antidepressiveBAI, COS, ERI, MIS Aerial parts: antiproliferative properties Aerial parts. Mixture of Z-and E 6-Op-Coumaroylscandoside methyl ester, asperuloside, deacetylasperuloside: iridoid glycosides; ursolic acid:triterpene; stigmasterol, campesterol, βsitosterol and 3-O-β-glycopiranosylsitosterol: steroids
Galianthe eupatorioides (Cham. & Schltdl.) E.L. Cabral Guaycurú Cocucci 3119 (CORD) Part not specified: diuretic, depurative COS, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Galium bigeminum Griseb. Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 746) Root and leaf: anti-haemorrhoidal BAI, COR, COS, ERI No biological test No data
Galium eriocarpum Bartl. ex DC. Yerba del pollo Cabrera 11155 (LP) Medicinal MEN, NEU No biological test No data
Galium hirtum Lam. Burkart 22763 (SI) Part not specified: antirheumatic BAI, COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Galium hypocarpium (L.) Endl. ex Griseb. subsp. hypocarpium Coralito Hunziker 9505 (CORD) Entired plant: depurative blood BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, JUJ, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, TUC No biological test Leaf. Linoleic acid, linolenic acid, palmitic acid + others: fatty acids
Galium latoramosum Clos Chipi chape Morrone 1282 (SI) Plant: to induce abortion, contraceptive BAI, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SFE, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antifungal activity No data
Galium lilloi Hicken Chipi chape Zuloaga 7845 (SI) Plant: to induce abortion, contraceptive CAT, JUJ, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Genipa americana L. var. americana Ñapindá, genipapo, genipava, huitoc, yaguá, jenipapo, janipab, jenipapeiro, jenipá Tressens 6325 (CTES) Fruit: antisyphilitic, antidiarrheal, astringent, refrigerant, antiasthmatic, aphrodisiac, antianemic, tonic, diuretic, in the spleen and liver affections and jaundice Root: purgative CHA, FOR, MIS Part not specified: increases bile flow Leaf. Linoleic acid, linolenic acid, palmitic acid + others: fatty acids Fruit. Butyric, 2-3-methylbutyric, hexanoic, methylbutanoic esters; methyl hexanoate, methyl and ethyl octanoate, acetic and 2methylpropanoic acids, vanillin hexadecanoic acid, octadecanoic acid, tetradecanoic acid, linalool, limonene Part not specified. Geniposidic acid, genipin, genamesides A-D: iridoids
Geophila repens (L.) I. M. Johnston Deginani 1087 (SI) Fresh leaf: for hypertension Plant: to treat fungal infections Fruit: for furunculosis Part not specified: odontalgic COS, FOR, MIS Plant: antifungal activity Frutescent aerial part: antileishmanial activity Leaf. Fatty acids
Heterophyllaea pustulata Hook. f. Cegadera Cocucci 1326 (CORD) Entire plant: antimicotic JUJ, SAL, TUC Stem + leaf: bacteriostatic and antifungal activity Leaf. Heterophylline (1,6-dihydroxy-7methoxy-2-methylanthraquinone), pustuline (2-hydroxy-3-methoxy-7methylanthraquinone): monomeric anthraquinones; (S)-5,5'-bisoranjidiol: bianthraquinone; asperuloside: iridoid glycoside; quercetin, isoquercitrin, and quercetin-3-O-β-d-glucosyl-6' '-acetate: flavonoids Stem. Damnacanthal, rubiadin, 2hydroxy-3-methyl anthraquinone, soranjidiol, rubiadin-1-methyl ether, and damnacanthol: anthraquinones
Machaonia brasiliensis (Hoffmanns. ex Humb.) Cham. & Schltdl. Pensiero 6103 (SI) Root: emetic CHA, COS, FOR, MIS, SFE Dried root: cytotoxic activity Leaf. 3β-O-β-glucopyranosyl stigmasterol, 3β-O-β-glucopyranosyl sitosterol, secologanoside, 7-O-βglucopyranosyl quercetagetin, 4,5-Odicaffeoylquinic acid, 5-Ocaffeoylquinic acid
Manettia cordifolia Mart. Barboza 1565 (CORD) Root: emetic COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC No biological test Entire plant. Emetine: isoquinoline alkaloid
Mitracarpus megapotamicus (Spreng.) Kuntze Peladilla, micus Di Fulvio 197 (CORD) Leaf + stem: febrifuge BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activity No data
Nertera granadensis (Mutis ex L. f.) Druce Boelcke 5275 (BAB) Part not specified: vulnerary CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF Dried aerial parts: anticrustacean activity Aerial parts. Asperuloside: iridoid monoterpene; ursolic acid: triterpene
Palicourea macrobotrys (Ruiz & Pav.) Roem. & Schult. Correa Luna s.n. (BA, SI) Part not specified: diuretic MIS No biological test No data
Pogonopus tubulosus (A. Rich. ex DC.) K. Schum. Quina, sacha-quina, quina morada, flor del diablo, quina virreina, cascarilla Neumann 418 (CORD) Bark: antiperiodic, febrifuge, tonic Dried stem bark, infusion: used for malaria JUJ, SAL, TUC Bark: antimalarial activity Dried stem bark. Cephaeline, psychotrine, tubulosine: indole alkaloids
Psychotria carthagenensis Jacq. Chalchal de la gallina, jazmín de la costa, jazmín del monte, naranjillo Cocucci 3086 (CORD) Dried part not specified, infusion: emetic, antiparasitic, purgative BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test Leaf. Ursolic acid: triterpene; n-methyl tryptamine: indole alkaloid
Richardia brasiliensis Gomes Di Fulvio 574 (CORD) Root: emetic Part not specified: anti-emetic, to treat diabetes BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Aerial parts: antimicrobial and antioxidant activity Aerial parts. 3-β-hidroxy-11-en-28,13-β-olide Leaf + stem. Alkaloids, tannins, saponins, steroid, terpenoid, flavonoids, cardiac glycoside Part not specified. Isomerine-3-Orutinoside
Richardia grandiflora (Cham. & Schltdl.) Steud. Múlgura de Romero 1613 (SI) Aerial part, decoction: vermifuge, for hemorrhoids COS, MIS, SAL No biological test Entire plant. Sitosterol, stigmasterol, orto-benzoic acid, m-methoxyphydroxy-benzoic acid, phaeophitin a
Spermacoce tenuior L. Burkart (SI 11364) Leaf: antidiarrheal, for dysentery, febrifuge CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
RUTACEAE
Balfourodendron riedelianum (Engl.) Engl. Guatambú blanco, guatambú, guatambú morotí, ibirá ñetí Gamerro 147 (SI)
Par not specified: odontalgic COS, MIS Wood: allergenic activity Dried heart-wood. Dl-Ribaline, skimmianine: quinoline alkaloids.
Esenbeckia febrifuga (A. St.-Hil.) A. Juss. ex Mart. Guatambumí, Ibirá-ovi-guazú Rodríguez 436 (SI) Bark: febrifuge, aphrodisiac MI Stem: antiplasmodial activity Stem. Bergaptene, isopimpinellin, aurapten: coumarins; flindersiamine, kokusaginine, skimmiamine, g-fagarine, 1-hydroxy-3-methoxy-Nmethylacridone: alkaloids; rutaevine: limonoid
Helietta apiculata Benth. Canela de venado, canela amarilla, ibirá obí, ibirá jhoví Rodríguez 15 (SI) Par not specified: antiparasitical COS, MIS Leaf: potentiate the CNS depressant effect of pentobarbital Leaf. Furoquinolines
Pilocarpus pennatifolius Lem. Jaborandí, cutia, yaguarundí, camba, canilla Cabrera 28636 (SI) Dried leaf, decoction: against diarrhea, to treat respiratory tract infections, diuretic, diaphoretic, sialagogue Inflorescence: capillary tonic, sialagogue Part not specified: odontalgic, abortive, ear disorders CHA, COS, FOR, MIS No biological test Stem. Pilocarpine: alkaloid Stem + leaf essential oil. 2tridecanone, β-caryophyllene, 2pentadecanone, caryophyllene oxide, germacrene D
Zanthoxylum coco Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. Coco, cocucho, cochucho, sauco hediondo Fagara coco (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Engl. Subils et al. 3388 (CORD) Bark + leaf: sudorific, diuretic, astringent CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial and antifungal activity Stem bark. Chelerythrine, berberine, fagarine II: alkaloids Part not specified. Furoquinolones, phenylethylamines, ortho-coupled aporphines, ortho-coupled benzophenanthridines, para-coupled benzophenanthridines, ortho-coupled protopines, para-coupled protopines, protoberberines
Zanthoxylum fagara (L.) Sarg. Uña de gato, uña de tigre, cuentrillo, cu rutú-ra, m amica de cadela, temberatí, teta de perra, tembetarí puitá, temberatí colorado, temberatí mí Fagara hyemalis (A. St.-Hil.) Engl. Fagara pterota L. Krapovickas 15458 (SI) Bark + leaf: sudorific, tonic, lithotriptic, antirrheumatic, emetic, diuretic, odontalgic Leaf: analgesic Spines: for alcoholism BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SFE No biological test Trunk bark. Laurifoline, nitidine: isoquinoline alkaloids Part not specified. Lbenzyltetrahydroisoquinolines, phenylethylamines, ortho-coupled aporphines, ortho-coupled benzophenanthridines, para-coupled aphorphines, para-coupled benzophenanthridines
Zanthoxylum petiolare A. St.-Hil. & Tul. Cunatuna, naranjillo, sacha limón, temberatí, temberatí amarillo, temberatí guazú, temberatí mí, temberatí morotí, temberatí saiyú Fagara naranjillo (Griseb.) Engl. Joergensen 2585 (SI) Leaf , flowers, fruit: sialagogue, sudorific, diuretic, stimulant Fresh leaf: to cure or prevent acne Part not specified: febrifuge, for conjunctivitis CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Leaf: anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antimalarial activity (sub nom. Z. naranjillo) Dried bark. Chelerythrine, magnoflowersine: isoquinoline alkaloid Leaf. β-selinene, α-cyperone, (-) juniper camphor: sesquiterpenes; (+)sesamin, (-) pluviatylol 4'-O-γ-γdimethylallylether, (-) xanthoxylol 4'O-γ-γ-dimethylallylether, (+)piperitol 4'-O-γ-γ-dimethylallylether, ()kinokinin, (-) hibalactone, (-) methylpluviatolide, (-) kaerophyllin, (-) cubebin, (-) dimethoxy-3,4dimethylenedioxy cubebin (sub nom. Z. naranjillo) Part not specified. Lbenzyltetrahydroisoquinolines, ortho-coupled benzophenanthridines (sub nom. F. naranjillo)
Zanthoxylum rhoifolium Lam. Fagara rhoifolia (Lam.) Engl. Basuda, cuentrillo, curatú morotí, amica de cadela, ojo de pollo, temberatí, temberatí mí, teta de perra Gamerro 159 (SI) Dried bark, infusion: stimulant. Part not specified: against tooth ache, against earache, sialagogue, diaphoretic, diuretic, anthelmintic BAI, CHA , CO S, ERI, F OR, J UJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Dried bark: uterine relaxation effect Dried root bark: antibacterial and antiyeast activity Dried stem bark: antibacterial activity Dried root bark. Zanthoxyline: isoquinoline alkaloid Dried stem. Lupeol, lupenone: triterpenes; hesperidin: flavanone Dried stem bark. Rhoifoline A, B, nitidine,dihydro: 6-acetonyl, dihydro chelerythrine,: 6-acetonyl, iso corydine,: N-methyl, avicine,dihydro: 6-acetonyl, candicine, nitidine,6-oxy, nitidine,dihydro, magnoflowersine, zanthoxyline, tembetarine: isoquinoline alkaloids; skimmianine: quinoline alkaloid; lupeol: triterpene; sesamin: lignan Bark. Lupeol: triterpene; magnoflowersine: isoquinoline alkaloid Dried leaf. Lupeol: triterpene; imperatorin: coumarin; haplopine: quinoline alkaloid Dried fruit. Imperatorin, aurapten,5'-hydroxy: coumarins
SALICACEAE
Azara lanceolata Hook. f. Corcolen Cocucci 1405 (CORD)
Entire plant: medicinal Dried part not specified: for promotion of good healthCHU, NEU, RNE Leaf + stem: antitumor activity No data
Azara microphylla Hook. f. Chin-chin Correa 5739 (BAA) Part not specified: analgesic/ antiinflammatory CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test No data
Casearia sylvestris Sw. var. sylvestrisBurro caá, quillero, palorajador, guatatumba, rajadorArbo 7924 (CTES) Leaf + bark: anti-inflammatory, cicatrizant, febrifugeBark, infusion: for diarrhea; decoction: febrifuge Leaf, decoction: antivenin; to treat herpes, syphilis and snakebite CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL Fresh bark + leaf: analgesic activityLeaf: antiulcer, antiinflammatory, and antitumor activity; protect cells against DNA damage Dried leaf. Casearia clerodane I , II, III, IV, V, VI casearin: diterpenesDried leaf + twigs. Casearvestrin A: diterpene
Salix humboldtiana Willd. Sauce colorado, sauce criollo, sauce chileno, sauce isleño, sauce amargo Subils 1279 (CORD) Bark stem: against influenza, antirheumatic, antispamodic, sedative, febrifuge, astringent,dermatosis BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC Aerial parts: antibacterial activity Leaf. Flavonoids, coumarin, tannins
Xylosma venosa N.E. Br. Burkart 30956 (SI) Aerial parts: for sores in the mouth, against toothache CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
SAMOLACEAE
Samolus valerandi L. Carambola blanca, berro Subils 1150 (CORD)
Entire plant, infusion: vulnerary, antiscorbutic Leaf: antiscorbutic, vulnerary, for otitis. Dried flowers, infusion: vulnerary. BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SCR, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Fresh flower + leaf. Kaempferol: flavonol
SANTALACEAE
Acanthosyris falcata Griseb. Saucillo, Ibá-je-é, Ibá-hé, ivájee, sacha pera, sombra de toro hembra Martínez 468 (CORD)
Fruit: vulnerary, antiinflammatory, ophtalmic Seed, ash: analgesic, ocular, cicatrizant, antiseptic CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Jodina rhombifolia (Hook.. & Arn.) Reissek Quebracho flojo, peje, sombra de toro Cocucci 124 (CORD) Leaf + bark: antidiarrheal, antidysenteric, anti-inflammatory, antitussive, abortive, hypotensive, for sore throats, kidney stones or pain, stomach indisposition, articular and muscular pains Leaf : against the alcoholism, digestive, for carcinoma. Fruit: antivenereous BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MEN, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Plant: antibacterial, antioxidant, antineoplasic and antiinflammatory activity Seed oil. 9-octadecynoic acid (stearolic acid), trans-10-heptadecen-8-ynoic acid (pyrulic acid), 7-hydroxytransl(~heptadecen-8,ynoic acid, trans10,16-heptadecadien-8-ynoic acid, 7hydroxy-trans-10,16-heptadecadien~- ynoic acid, trans~ll~actadecen-~ynoic acid (ximenynic acid), 8-hydroxy-transll-octadecen-~ynoic acid, trans-ll,17octadecadien-9-ynoic acid, 8-hydroxytrans-ll,17-octadecadien-9-ynoic acid, 9-hydroxystearic acid, 9,10epoxystearic acid: acetylenic fatty acids Leaf. Phenolic compounds, organic acids, tannins, flavonoids, steroids, gum, mucilague Aerial parts. Steroids, triterpenoids, alkaloids, coumarins, saponins
Myoschilos oblongum Ruiz & Pav. Codo, coipú, codoipú Boelcke 1650 (SI). Leaf + root: digestive, tonic, lithotriptic, emmenagogue CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF Leaf + stem: antitumor activity Dried root. Docosan-1-ol-trans-paracoumarate : alkanol C5 or more
Quinchamalium chilense Molina Quinchamali Cocucci 2319 (CORD) Aerial parts: emmenagogue, cicatrizant, for bruises, hepatic, intestinal CHU, JUJ, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR Leaf + stem: cytotoxic ctivity Plant. Polyphenol glycosides
SAPINDACEAE
Allophyllus edulis (A. St.-Hil., A. Juss. & Cambess.) Radlk. Chalchal, coco, bacu, cocú, coquy, jocú, kokú, comida de paloma, frutilla, guacú, chichita Krapovickas 15931 (CTES)
Leaf + stem: digestive, hepatic, diuretic Fruit: tonic, depurative, febrifuge, antirheumatic Part not specified: for skin eruptions BAI, CAT, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Aerial parts: genotoxic activity Leaf: hepatotoxic activities against CCl4 and galactosamine cytotoxicity Leaf + stem. Phenolic compounds; cyanogenetic glycosides; flavonoids; naphthoquinones; anthraquinones; alkaloids; steroids; triterpenoids Leaf. Schaftoside, vicenin-2, lucenin-2, isovitexin 2"-O-rhamnoside, cerarvensin 2"-O-rhamnoside, vitexin 2"-O-rhamnoside, isoorientin 2"-Orhamnoside, orientin 2"-O-rhamnoside, saponarin; gallic acid, bergenin, 11-Ogalloylbergenin, 3-O-rhamnosides; mollupentin 2"-O-rhamnoside: Cglycosylflavone
Allophylus guaraniticus (A.St.-Hil.) Radlk. Tapité, cocurá Ferrucci 444 (CTES) Part not specified: antidepressive COS, FOR, MIS No biological test No data
Cardiospermum halicacabum L. var. halicacabum Amor en bolsa, globitos, globo, júpulo, munditos Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 673) Dried aerial parts, infusion: for nervous diseases, chronic bronchitis; tincture: for itching, digestive, psoriasis Leaf: antirheumatic, for chronic bronchitis, stiffness of limbs and snakebite Unripe fresh leaf: analgesic Leaf + root, infusion: diuretic, diaphoretic, for amenorrhea BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antiinflammatory activity Plant. Saponin, quebrachitol, apigenin, proanthocyanidin and stigmosterol Dried seed. Apigenin: flavone; campesterol: steroid Decorticated seed. n -Eicosene
Cupania vernalis Cambess. Ramo, guayabo colorado, yaguaratay, jacarandá-mí, corpus, camoatá Ferrucci 200 (CTES, MERL) Root: diuretic, diaphoretic, narcotic CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC Dried leaf: molluscicidal activity Seed. Fatty acids Plant. Vernanolide: diterpene
Diatenopteryx sorbifolia Radlk. Suiquillo María preta, ibirá-pí-hú, saiquillo Vanni 3111 (BAB, CTES, LIL) Part not specified: to treat hernia COS, JUJ, MIS, SAL No biological test Timber. 3β,6β-dihydroxy-21αH-24norhopa-4(23),22(29)-diene, 3β,5βdihydroxy-6β-[(4hydroxybenzoyl)oxy]-21αH-24norhopa-4(23),22(29)-diene: hopene derivatives; cleomiscosin B, 5,6dimethoxy-7-hydroxycoumarin (umckalin)
Dodonaea viscosa Jacq. Chamisa, chamizo, chilca, chilca colorada, chilca del monte Ahumada 8528 (CTES, SI) Leaf: analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, spasmolytic, laxative, antimicrobial and hypotensive, to treat rheumatism, gout, hemorrhoids, fractures and snakebites, for headache, stomachache, ulcers BAI, ERI, JUJ, SAL, SFE, TUC Leaf: anesthetic, smooth muscle relaxant, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and anti-ulcerogenic, anti-ascariasis, anthelmintic, cardiac depressant, uterine relaxation hypotensive, and vasoconstrictor activity Leaf. Aliarin, dodonic acid, hautriwaic acid, dodonosides A and B, viscosol, stigmosterol, isorhamnetin, penduletin, quercetin, doviscogenin, Aerial parts. Saponins, sterols, tannins, triterpenoids
Paullinia elegans Cambess. Isipó, caí-escalera-ra, isopómorotí, ojo de muñeca Barboza 1674 (CORD) Medicinal CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Leaf: antimicrobial and protozoal activity Seed oil. Triglycerides, cyanolipid
Paullinia pinnata L. Isipo Arbo 1578 (CORD) Bark, leaf + flowers: narcotic, vulnerary. Leaf, infusion: to produce abortion, for rabies, aphrodisiac CHA, COS, FOR, SFE Dried aerial parts: antimalarial and antibacterial activity Dried leaf. Diosmetin-7-O-(2''-O-β-Dapiofuranosyl-6''-acetyl-β-Dglucopyranoside): flavone
Sapindus saponaria L. Palo jabón, casita-rá, quillai. iba-ro, yuquití Martínez 297 (CORD) Root: tonic, hemostatic Fruit: toxic, narcotic, soporific, for epilepsy Seed: astringent CAT, CHA, COS, FOR, MIS, SAL, SFE Dried fruit: antiulcer activity Dried stem. Luteolin: flavone Dried seed. α-amyrin: triterpene
Serjania caracasana (Jacq.) Willd. Isipó-y, isipó de agua Arenas 960 (CORD) Leaf: stomach pain CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE Leaf + stem: antioxidant activity Aerial parts. Serjanosides
Serjania marginata Casar. Timbó bravo Schinini 19538 (CORD) Part not specified: narcotic FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Urvillea chacoënsis Hunz. Gop gop Hunziker 24612 (CORD) Leaf: stomach pain CAT, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SJU, TUC No biological test Seed oil. Fatty acids
SAPOTACEAE
Chrysophyllum gonocarpum (Mart. & Eichler) Engl. Agauaí, aguay, aguaí-saiyú, aguaí guasú, aguaí amarillo guasú Cerana 881 (CORD)
Part not specified: antidiarrheal CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test Leaf + stem. Alkaloids
Chrysophyllum marginatum (Hook. & Arn.) Radlk. subsp. marginatum Lanza blanca, vasuriña, picazúrenviú, carapún, olivo-rà, ivîrácambî, basuriña, blanquillo colorado, mata negra Deginani 1181 (SI) Leaf + leafy stem: expectorant CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Dried leaf + stem: antiviral , and cytotoxic activity Leaf: antioxidant activity Leaf. α-amirin, gallic acid, myricitrin, quercitrin, (-)-epigallocatechin and (-)epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate
Pouteria gardneriana (A. DC.) Radlk. Aguay, aguaí, aguí-saiyú, aguí-guazú, aguaja, mata ojos colorado Joergensen 2100 (LIL, SI). Part not specified: vulnerary CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Pouteria salicifolia (Spreng.) Radlk. Mata ojo, mal de ojos, aguay, marcela, aguaí-guasú, aguaí, sarandi guasú, cedrillo, laurel Correa 5390 (BAA, BAB, SI) Leaf: vulnerary BAI, COS, ERI, MIS No biological test Leaf. Terpenoids, saponins, flavonoids, glycosides
Sideroxylon obtusifolium(Roem. & Schult.) T. D. Penn. Cabo de lanza, horco molle, molle negro, guaraniná, lanzacolorada, guayaîviraí Luti 1321 (CORD) Bark: anti-inflammatory, antiulcer, analgesic; decoction: analgesic, pectoralDried branches: for diabetes and ovarian inflammation Part not specified: aphrodisiac CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC BAI, COS, ERI, MIS Dried branches + fruit: radical scavenging effect Fruit. Citric acid
SIMAROUBACEAE
Alvaradoa subovata
Cronquist Pichi blanco, sacha ruda, chuquisaca, pichi, palo hormiga Hunziker 1226 (CORD)
Bark: for pruritis Wood: tonic, stomachic JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Castela coccinea Griseb. Espada, granadillo, meloncillo, mistol de chivo, mistol del zorro, molle colorado, molle negro, sacha melón, sacha meloncillo Hunziker 9267 (CORD) Root: antidysenteric Cortex: for urinary affections CAT, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Branch, leaf + bark: antimalarial activity Cortex: antioxidant and cytotoxic activity No data
Castela tweedii Planch. Granadillo, meloncillo, molle sigle, sacha melón Rodríguez 514 (SI) Bark: against diarrhea Leaf: for stomachache BAI, CAT, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE, TUC Root bark: antiviral activity Root bark. Castelanone: nortriterpenoid (quassane)
Picrasma crenata (Vell.) Engl. Palo amargo, quina amarga Aeschrion crenata Vell. Tressens 6473 (SI) Dried w ood, decoction: to treat diabetes mellitus, antimalarial, to control stomachic parasites Part not specified: tonic, antisyphylitic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, antidiarrheal, antacid, vermicide, odontalgic, maturating, for scabies MIS Wood (without bark): antiulcer and blood glucose lowering effect Aerial parts: weak antimalarial activity Wood. Benzoquinone,16-β-Omethylneoquassin and 16-β-Oethylneoquassin, coniferyl aldehyde, coniferin, cantin-6-one, 4,5dimethoxycantin6-one and (+)-neo-olivil, dihydronorneoquassim, paraine, isoparaine, 12-norquassine, αneoquassine, β-neoquassine, quassine; 1-carbomethoxy-β-carboline, crenatine (1-ethyl-4-methoxy-β-carboline), crenatidine (1-ethyl-4,8-dimethoxy-βcarboline): alkaloids
Simaba glabra Engl.Molfino s.n. (BAF) Part not specified: bitter tonic, febrifugeMIS No biological test No data
SOLANACEAE
Brugmansia suaveolens(Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.)Bercht. & J. Presl Floripón, floripondio Múlgura de Romero 1764 (SI)
Aerial parts: hypnotic, analgesic Fresh leaf: hallucinogen;decoction: antirheumatic, emollient Part not specified: to prevent insomnia, for hallucinogenic effect MIS Extracts: smooth muscle relaxant activity Flowers: antinociceptive effects Aerial parts. Scopolamine, hyoscyamine, hygrine, cuscohygrine: tropane alkaloids Root. Tropine, pseudotropine, scopoline,scopine, 3α-acetoxy tropane, 3-acetoxy-6hydroxytropane, 3α-tigloyloxytropane, cuscohygrine, 3-hydroxy-6-(2-methylbutyryloxy)-tropane, 3-tigloyloxy-6hydroxytropane, 3-hydroxy-6tigloyloxytropane, apoatropine, 3tigloyloxy-6-(2-methylbutyryloxy)tropane, aposcopolamine, hyoscyamine, 3α,6β-ditigloyloxytropane, 7βhydroxyhyoscyamine, 6βhydroxyhyoscyamine: tropane alkaloids
Brunfelsia uniflora (Pohl) D. Don Jazmín del Paraguay,mercurio vegetal, manacá, manacán, chiric sanango, chuchuwasha, manaka, managá caa, gambá, gerataca, chuchuwasha, geratacaca, santa maria, umburapuamaZuloaga 7723 (SI) Plant: alexipharmic Leaf: for arthritis and rheumatism Root: diuretic, purgative, abortifacient, antisyphylitic, antiseptic, emmenagogue,febrifuge, antirheumatic, for venereal diseases, back pain, common colds, bronchitis, lungdisease and tuberculosis, snakebite, topical pain-reliever, and as anenema for kidney disorders and ulcers; decoction: to treat arthritis, rheumatism, colds and flu, uterine pain and cramps JUJ, SAL Plant: anti-inflammatory andanalgesic, anticoagulant, antimutagenic, and antispasmodic activity; central nervous system depressant;febrifuge; refrigerant (lowers body temperature) activity Aerial parts. Aesculetin, α-ionone, αterpineol, benzyl benzoate, benzylsalicylate, β-bisabolene, β-cyclocitral, brunfelsene, β-damascenone, βeudesmol, β-safran al, brunfelsamidine, elemol, 2-ethylfuran, farnesol, geraniol,geranyl hopeanine, ionones, isobutyl salicylate, lavandulal, limonene, linalool, linoleic acid, linolenic acid, manaceine, manacine, mandragorine, methylfurans, methylanisoles, myrcene, myristic acid, n-decane, n-heneicosane, n-heptadecane, n-heptane, n-hexadecane, nerolidol, nnonadecane, nonanes, n-octane, npentacosane, n-pentadecane, neophytadiene, n-tricosane, ocimene, pentadecanoic acid, palmitic acid, pinoresinols, scopoletin, scopolin, terpinolene Root. Coumarins, alkaloids, lignans and sapogenins; manaceine and manacine, scopoletin, aesculetin
Capsicum baccatum L. var. baccatum Ají del campo, ají quitucho, ají cumbarí, ají del monte Barboza 927 (CORD) Fruit: rubefacient, stomachic, for diabetes CHA, COS, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC Fruit: antibacterial activity sub nom. C. baccatum Fruit. Capsaicin, dihydrocapsaicin: alkaloids
Capsicum chacoënse Hunz. Ají cumbari, ají del campo, ají del monte, picante del campo, putaparió Subils et al. 1229 (CORD) Fruit: hepatic, rubefacient, antirheumatic, antidiarrheal, anthelmintic, to relieve the stomach-ache, digestive; powder: for gastrointestinal pains, vermifuge, stomachic CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Fruit. Capsaicin: alkaloid
Cestrum euanthes Schltdl. Duraznillo negro Hunziker 2588 (CORD) Bark: cathartic, increases sweating, tempering, febrifugal BAI, COS, ERI, MIS No biological test Fresh leaf. Chlorogenic acid, caffeoylglucose: phenylpropanoid
Cestrum parqui L'Hér. Duraznillo, duraznillo negro, hediondilla, palque, palqui, duraznillo negro hediondo, fernadillo, flor del carnaval, hediondilla negra, hediondilla del campo, karalawa, mata caballos, palqui amarillo, palqui negro, rama verde Subils 3384 (CORD) Entire plant: hepatoxic Dried aerial parts: febrifuge, for frozen limbs, and to treat inflammatory tumors Root bark: antispasmodic, purgative Root: digestive Bark + leaf: febrifuge, diaphoretic Leaf: antispamodic, antihaemorrhoidal, purgative, refrescant; for skin diseases (itching, welts) Leaf + flowers: for treating wounds externally, antiseptic, abluent BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LR I, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: β Dried leaf + stem. Solasodine, solasonine: steroidal alkaloid; tigogenin, monohydroxisapogenin, parquigenin, gitogenin, digitogenin, isonuatigenin, diosgenin: saponins and steroidal sapogenins; ursolic acid: triterpene Leaf. 2-p-hydroxyphenylethanol, p hydroxyphenil-hydroxymethyl-ketone: phenylethanoids; methyl benzoate, benzaldehyde; N-(pcarboxymethylphenyl)-phydroxybenzamide; bibenzofuran type sesquilignan, 2(3H)-furanone type norlignan, “head-to head” linked 4.0.4'type neolignan; parquin, carboxiparquin: kaurene glycosides; triterpenoid saponins; megastigmenes, megastigmadienes: norisoprenoids Fruit. Digitogenin, tigogenin, digalogenin: steroidal saponins
Cestrum strigilatum Ruiz & Pav. Jazmín de noche, naranjillo Hunziker 20669 (CORD) Stem, leaf + flowers: to control and regulate menstrual cycle CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Fabiana densa J. Rémy Tola, checal, chillán, chiyán, tola cecal, tola chacal, tola checal, tola chillán, tola delgada, tola toque, tolilla, tome Hunziker 24884 (CORD) Part not specified: in baths for indigested children CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Fabiana imbricata Ruiz & Pav. Palo piche, romero pichi, piche, pichi Hunziker 20151 (CORD) Dried entire plant, infusion: diuretic, cholagogue, digestive, to treat tumors Dried wood, infusion: diuretic Part not specified: anticatarrhal, balsamic CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU Dried aerial parts: ˜glucuronidase inhibition; gastroprotective and diuretic activity Dried leaf + stem: antibacterial activity Dried aerial parts. 4-hydroxy acetophenone: benzenoid; amorph-4en-11-ol, fabianine: tetrahydroquinoline alkaloid; scopoletin: hydroxycoumarin; oleanolic acid: triterpene Aerial parts + in vitro cultures. Oleanolic acid, rutin, chlorogenic acid, scopoletin
Fabiana peckii Niederl. Barboza 1179 (CORD) Leaf: antitussive, for colds BAI, CHU, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU No biological test No data
Grabowskia duplicata Arn. Estampa, matorral, matorro negro, tala de burro, yuqui-ra Di Fulvio 372 (CORD) Leaf: cicatrizant BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, LPA, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried leaf + stem. Scopoletin: coumarin; Leaf + Stem. Alkaloids
Grabowskia obtusa Arn. Tulisquín, uña del tigre, oreja de gato, fallampe, jayampe, albaricoquillo, albaricoque Hunziker 25523 (CORD) Part not specified: vulnerary CAT, COR, LRI, MEN, NEU, SDE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Jaborosa caulescens var. bipinnatifida (Dunal) Reiche Yerba sapo Barboza 237 (CORD) Part not specified: cholalogue, hemostatic CAT, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU Dried leaf + root + stem: antibacterial activity Aerial parts. Jaborosalactone 39 [(20R,22R)-5β,6β:12α,21-diepoxy12β,17β-dihydroxy-1-oxowith-24-en- 26,22-olide], jaborosalactone 40 [(22S,23R)-12α,22-epoxy-12β,17β,21trihydroxy-1-oxowitha-2,5,24-trien26,23-olide], jaborosalactone 41 [(22S,23S)-12α,22-epoxy-12β,17β,21trihydroxy-1-oxowitha-2,5,24-trien26,23-olide], jaborosalactone 42 [(22S,23R)-5α-chloro-12α,22-epoxy6β,12β,17β-trihydroxy-1-oxowitha2,24-dien-26,23-olide], 12-O-Ethyljaborosalactone 42 [(22S,23R)-5αchloro-12α,22-epoxy-12β-ethoxy6β,17β-trihydroxy-1-oxowitha-2,24dien-26,23-olide]: withanolides
Jaborosa integrifolia Lam. Flores d e sapo, f lor de sapo , lengua de vaca Barboza 122 (CORD) Leaf: analgesic Leaf and flowers: disinfectant, abluent, vulnerary Root: ansiolitic BAI, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SFE No biological test Plant. Jaborosalactone A, B, C: withanolides
Jaborosa runcinata Lam. Flores de sapo Tivano 560 (CORD) Root: toxic, narcotic Dried leaf, infusion: sedative, anesthetic BAI, COR, ERI, SFE No biological test Dried aerial parts. Jaborosalactone 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6: steroids Dried leaf. Alkaloids
Lycianthes asarifolia (Kunth & Bouché) Bitter Burkart 14971 (LIL) Leaf bud: for boils CHA, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Lycium cestroides Schltdl. Calchal, chile, chili, comida de víbora, tala de calchal, tala de rundún, talilla Bernardello & Ari za Espi nar 156 (CORD) Leaf: stomachic, rubefacient, earache Part not specified: antidiarrheal BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried leaf. Histamine, cis-and trans-N-α-cinnamoylhistamine, N-1-methyl derivatives
Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. Farolito, margarita Novara 11021 (CORD) Dried entire plant, decoction: pediculocide, diuretic Leaf: insecticide JUJ, SAL, TUC Dried entire plant: cytotoxic and antimicrobial activity Root. Hygrine, cuscohygrine, hygroline, norhygrine: pyrrolidine alkaloids Plant. Loliolide, (-): sesquiterpene; calystegine B1: tropane alkaloid; ecdysteroids; nicandrenone: withanolides,
Nicotiana glauca Graham Palán-palán, belén-belén, palancho, karalawa, árbol tonto Cocucci 1430 (CORD) Leaf: for treating wounds externally, maturating, vulnerary, antiinflammatory, anti-haemorrhoidal, antirheumatic, for frozen limbs, headache and general body pains Dried bark: for rheumatism Flowers: antiasthmatic CAT, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC Dried aerial parts: antiyeast activity; teratogenic effect Dried fruit + leaf + stem: antibacterial activity Fresh entire plant. Anabasine, anabatine, nicotine, nornicotine, Nacetylnornicotine: pyridyl-pyrrolidine alkaloids Leaf. Cholesterol, campesterol, stigmasterol, β-sitosterol: sterols Root: anabasine Root cultures: nicotinic acid
Nicotiana longiflora Cav. Flor de sapo, Flor de tarde, flor de sapo, tabaco del campo, tardilla, coro, sacha tabaco Cocucci et al. 1418 (CORD) Aerial parts: for frozen limbs Leaf: anti-inflammatory, cicatrizant BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, F OR, J UJ, LPA, LR I, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Plant: cytotoxic and antifungal activity Leaf. Anabasine, nicotine, nornicotine, anatabine, N-acetylnornicotine: pyridylpyrrolidine alkaloids Vegetative organs + flowers. α and βpinene, camphene, sabinene, β-myrcene, limonene, E-β-ocimene, α-terpinolene: monoterpenes; 1,8-cineole, linalool: oxygenated monoterpenoids; βcaryophyllene, E-β-farnesene, α-humulene: sesquiterpenes; caryophyllene oxide: oxygenated sesquiterpenoids; dimethylcyclohexanone isomer; fatty-acid derived esters; 2-methylbutylnitrile, nitro-2-methylbutane, isobutyraldoxime, 2methylbutyloxime: nitrogenous compounds
Nicotiana undulata Ruiz & Pav. Quitatabaco, ca masaire, mata tabaco, tabaco del campo Negritto 369 (CORD) Part not specified: against external traumatisms JUJ, SAL No biological test Leaf. Anabasine, nicotine, nornicotine, N-acetylnornicotine: pyridylpyrrolidine alkaloids Leaf + root. Anatabine
Nierembergia lineariifolia Graham Chucho violeta, chuchu, chuscho, matacaballo Nierembergia hippomanica Miers Di Fulvio 356 (CORD) Leaf: cicatrizant, stomachic CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, MIS, SAL, SDE, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: cytotoxic activity Entire plant. 20R,22R)2β,3β,11α,14α,20,22-hexahydroxy-5βcholestan-6-one (7,8-dihydroajugasterone C or 7,8-dihydro-11α-hydroxyponasterone A): ecdysteroid-like polyhydroxyketosterol; hygrine, norhygrine: pyrrolidine alkaloid; 3αtigloyloxytropane: tropane alkaloid; brunfelsamidine: pyrrole alkaloid; ecdysterone; quercetin 3-O-β-Dgalactopyranoside; D-mannitol; choline; tigloidine; β-phenylethylamine, tyramine and its N-methyl derivatives; ursolic acid, isomer of oleanolic acid
Petunia axillaris (Lam.) Britton, Stern & Poggenb. Coroyuyo, tabaco indio, tabaquillo Lorentz 306 (CORD) Leaf: narcotic BAI, LPA, RNE No biological test Leaf. Orthoester-type petuniasterones Flowers. Benzenoids
Physalis angulata L. Tomatillo Barboza 997 (CORD) Dried entire plant, decoction: febrifuge; infusion: for gonorrhea, antipyretic, antitumor, diuretic, vulnerary, for malaria, asthma, hepatitis, dermatitis and rheumatism Root, infusion: for malaria, diuretic Leaf, infusion: for asthma, antiinflammatory, diuretic Dried fruit, infusion: for postpartum infection CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Dried aerial parts: antitrypanosomal, antimycobacterial, and cytotoxic activity Root: genotoxic effect Dried entire plant. Withangulatin A: steroid Dried aerial parts. Withaferin A-type physagulins H-K, L-N: withanolides; Nmethylpyrrolidinylhygrine Stem. Physalin D: steroid Fresh leaf + stem. Physalins (A, B, D and F) and glycosides (myricetin-3-Oneohesperidoside) Dried fruit. Acetyl choline,: alkaloidmisc; chlorogenic acid: phenylpropanoid; myricetin-3-Oneohesperidoside: flavonols
Physalis pubescens L. var. pubescens Barboza 465 (CORD) Root: rheumatic pain CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC No biological test Aerial part. Physapubescin: ergostanetype steroid; hygrine, Nmethylpyrrolidinylhygrine
Physalis viscosa L. Carambú, huevo de gallo, quillo, camambú, pocote del campo, farolito Physalis mendocina Phil. Hunziker 17381 (CORD) Entire plant: diuretic, litolithic, anodyne, febrifuge Leaf: for treating wounds externally Fruit: laxative BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Plant: antibacterial activity Aerial parts. 20-ketopregnane with its A and B rings, 4 β-hydroxywithanolide E and withaphysanolide: withanolides Flower + stem. Physaloside A Dried stem. Physaloside A: acylated sucrose ester Root. 4 β-hydroxywithanolide E, withanolide D: withanolides
Salpichroa origanifolia (Lam.) Baill. Chumisquera, huevito de gallo, meloncillo, uva, uvilla, uvita del campo Cocucci 122 (CORD) Leaf: narcotic, sedative; decoction: for skin mycosis Root: for treating wounds externally, abluent Fruit: diuretic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, RNE, SAL, SLU, TUC Plant: anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activity Leaf + fruit: cytotoxic activity Fresh leaf + stem. Salpichrolide A, C, G, J, K, L, M, N: withanolides; hygrine, cuscohygrine
Solanum aloysiifolium Dunal Cabrera 34121 (SI) Part not specified: antimycotic, febrifuge CAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Solanum americanum Mill. Arachichú, Hierba mora, yerba mora, Erva de Santa Maria Barboza et al. 994 (CORD) Entire plant, infusion: topically for eye problems; internally to gain weight Leaf: dermatomucosal infections dysentery (amebiasis), for leucorrhea and vaginitis (trichomoniasis) CHA, COS, MIS Leaf: antitrypanosomal, and antimicrobial activity Entire plant. Solasodine: steroidal alkaloid Leaf. Solasonine, solasodine: steroidal alkaloids Fruit. Diosgenin: steroidal sapogenin; solasodine: steroidal alkaloid; petanin, delphanin: anthocyanins
Solanum amygdalifolium Steud. Jazmín de Córdoba, amor porteño, duraznillo enredadera, jazmín azul Barboza 1566 (CORD) Part not specified: medicinal BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried aerial parts. Solasonine: glycoalkaloid; foliumin A (22S, 23R, 25R)-3 β,15α,23-trihydroxyspirost-5en-26-one 3-O-{α-L-rhamnopyranosyl(1→2)-[α-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→4)]β-D-glucopyranoside}: spirosten δlactone saponin
Solanum argentinum Bitter & Lillo Afata, hediondillo del monte, hediondilla, duraznillo blanco, cabra yuyo, duraznillo Subils 421 (CORD) Aerial parts: febrifuge, toothache Root: antivenereous; decoction: antisyphylitic CAT, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Leaf: antimalarial activity Seed oil. 5-dehydro avenasterol: campesterol: sterols
Solanum aridum Morong Comida de víbora, melón del campo, pocote, pocotillo, tutía, meloncillo Solanum conditum C.V. Morton Hunziker 8566 (CORD) Fruit: for treating wounds externally, antifungal, maturating Fruit, powder: for treating boils CAT, CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Solanum betaceum Cav. Tomate del monte, tomate de árbol Cyphomandra betacea (Cav.) Sendtn. Barboza 1073 (CORD) Fruit: diuretic, digestive, against hepatic affections JUJ, SAL, SDE, TUC Fruit: free radical scavenging effect Aerial parts. Calystegine B1 Root. Solamine, 4N, 4'Nbis(dimethylamino)-dibutylamine, solacaproine Fresh fruit. Benzoic acid: benzenoid; callistephin: flavonoid; solasodine, tomatidenol: alkaloids; β-cryptoxanthin [(3R)-β,β-caroten-3-ol] Fruit pulp essential oil. 3-hydroxy butanoic acid: ethyl ester:
Solanum chenopodioides Lam. Hierba mora, yerba mora, yerba buena Solanum sublobatum Willd. Hunziker 6872 (CORD) Aerial parts: ophtalmic Dried leaf, infusion: cicatrizant, laxative (sub nom. S. sublobatum) BAI, COR, ERI, NEU, RNE, SFE No biological test Dried root. Tigogenin: sapogenin (sub nom. S. sublobatum)
Solanum crispum Ruiz & Pav. Natre, natri, natren, natran Solanum ligustrinum Lodd. Chiapella 1657 (CORD) Stem: febrifuge, antitussive Part not specified: gynecological, obstetric MEN, NEU, RNE Aerial parts: antiviral, antipyretic, and antiinflammatory activity (sub nom. S. ligustrinum) Aerial parts. Scopoletin, β-sitosterol 3O-β-D-glucoside
Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav. Granadillo, quillo, meloncillo del campo, meloncillo de olor, tutía enano, pocotillo, revienta caballo Hunziker 17347 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, infusion: for infections Leaf + stem: diuretic Fruit: for treating wounds externally, abluent, antifungal Root: antivenin BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: cytotoxic activity; gastroprotective effect Dried aerial parts. Astragalin: flavonol; kaempferol 3β-D-(6"-O-ciscinnamoyl) glucoside, kaempferol, kaempferol 3-O-glucoside: flavonoids Leaf. Cholecalciferol (vitamin D3 ) Fruit. Solamargine: steroid alkaloid Seed. Solasodine: steroid alkaloid
SolanumglaucophyllumDesf. Duraznillo, duraznillo blanco, duraznillo hediondo, varilla, enteque-seco, varita, duraznilo del agua Stuckert 23201 (CORD) Leaf + stem: emetic, purgative, diaphoretic, antirheumatic Leaf: vulnerary, maturating Stem, ash: analgesic Fruit: ophtalmic BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Entire plant: calcinogenic activity Leaf. Arbutin: benzenoid; avicularin: flavonol; calcitriol: steroid; 17βestradiol; cholecalciferol (vitamin D3 ), 25-hydroxycholecalciferol, 1 α,25dihydroxyvitamin D3
Solanum granulosumleprosum Dunal Fumo bravo, fumito, cambará, lata de pobre, suncho blanco, tabaquillo, palo blanco, tabaco cimarrón, ambay Barboza 365 (CORD) Leaf: topic anti-inflammatory; fumigant against head lice Fruits: calmative (headaches and ulcers) BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SFE No biological test Aerial parts. Papyriogenine A, B, C ; papyrioside L-II, propapyriogenines A1, A2, 11-dehidro-propapyriogenine A2, 16-episaicogenine Ripe fruits. Granulosain I: cysteine protease
Solanum hieronymi Kuntze Pocota, pocote, pocotillo Cosa 268 (CORD) Fruit: for treating wounds externally, antifungal, maturating CAT, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
SolanummauritianumScop. Krapovickas et al. 25231 (CTES) Dried entire plant, infusion: to treat bronchial asthma Flower + root: antibiotic, bronchial tube infection Fruit + leaf: calmative, antiinflammatory BAI, CTES Dried leaf: cyclooxygenase 1 inhibition Leaf. Solasodine: steroid alkaloid
Solanum nigrescens M. Martens & Galeotti Solanum pilcomayense MorongKrapovickas 22192 (CTES) Medicinal BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Solanum palinacanthum Dunal Tutiá Ariza Espinar 3445 (CORD) Leaf: heart painCAT, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Solanum palitans C.V. Morton Ñusco Hunziker 21928 (CORD) Medicinal BAI, CAT, COR, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Solanum pseudocapsicum L. Revienta caballo, sacha hediondilla Solanum tucumanense Griseb. Zygadlo 119 (CORD) Leaf: digestive, astringentRoot + leaf: antimicrobial Fruit: sedative, toxic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, RNE, SAL, SFE, SLU, TUC Entire plant: hypotensive activity Fresh leaf: hepatoprotective activity Fruit: toxic effect, cytotoxicactivity Dried aerial parts. Solacapine, episolacapine, isosolacapine, 7βhydroxy-0-methyl-solanocapsine, solacasine,solanocapsine: steroid alkaloids; solacaproine: alkaloidDried leaf. Chlorogenic acid:phenylpropanoid Root bark. Solateinemine Dried fruit. Diosgenin: sapogenin; alkaloids
Solanum sisymbriifolium Lam. Espina colorada, pocote, vila vila, pocotillo, revienta caballo, tomate del campo,tutía Ariza Espinar 3224 (CORD) Entire plant: narcotic Dried branch + leaf, decoction: to treat respiratory tract infectionsRoot: diuretic, hypotensive, abortifacient, antisyphilitic, digestive, hepatic, antilithic Leaf and root: hepatic, antinephritic Leaf: for treating wounds externally, febrifuge, analgesic, blood depurative; decoction: totreat wounds and grazesFlowers: antitussive Fruit: laxative BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Dried root: hypotensive activity Branch + leaf: antibacterial activity Leaf + stem. Cilistepoxide, cilistadiol: withanolides Dried root. Solacaproine: alkaloid; solasodine: steroid alkaloid; [(25S)]nuatigenin: steroidal sapogeninDried fruit. Carpesterol: triterpene; cuscohygrine: alkaloid; sisymbrifolin: benzofuran type neolignan
Solanum stuckertii Bitter Comida d e víbora, duraznillo macho Hunziker 25325 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SLU, TUC No biological test Fresh flower essential oil. 2-4dimethyl acetophenone: benzenoid; βelemene: sesquiterpene
Solanum trichoneuron Lillo Hediondilla, naranjillo, hediondillo grande, hediondillo del monte Subils 3529 (CORD) Medicinal JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Solanum tripartitum Dunal Ñusco, tomatillo Hunziker 24745 (CORD) Entire plant: ophtalmic, refrigerant JUJ, SAL Entire plant: cytotoxic activity Entire plant. Solapalmitenine, solapalmitine: fatty acid amides Dried aerial parts. Solamine: alkaloid
Solanum tweedianum Hook. Papilla Solanum atriplicifolium Gillies ex Nees Barboza 1998 (CORD) Tuber: anti-ulcer, hepatic, ophtalmic BAI, COS, ERI, LPA No biological test No data
Solanum valdiviense Dunal Huevil Chiapella 1758 (CORD) Leaf: febrifuge, gynecological/obstetric NEU No biological test Dried entire plant. Scopolin : coumarin
Vassobia breviflora (Sendtn.) Hunz. Calchal de gallina, candelilla, ischiví, sacha perilla, palo negro, piscoyuyo, chulque, ischivil Acnistus breviflorus Sendtn. Hunziker 10013 (CORD) Leaf: nocive, madurating, for earaches, odontalgic Stem + sprout: cicatrizant BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC Stem + leaf: antimicrobial activity Stem + leaf: Jaborosalactones A, B, D (sub nom. Acnistus breviflorus)
STERCULIACEAE
Byttneria filipes Mart. ex K. Schum. Sarandí Krapovickas 11349 (CTES)
Leaf: muscular cramps, pain in all muscles BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. var. ulmifolia Marmelero, camba-acá, ingáhú, ingá negro, guazuma Cristóbal 2153 (CTES) Bark: sudorific, emollient, astringent, depurative, antisyphilitic, for gonorrhea and stomach-aches; decoction: for leprosy and malaria, antidysenteric Dried bark + fruit, decoction: to treat hemorrhage Dried leaf, infusion: antidysenteric and kidney disease CHA, COS, FOR Bark: antibacterial and hypotensive activity Dried stem bark. Catechin,epi: flavonoid Leaf essential oil. β-caryophyllene: sesquiterpene; precocene: oxygen heterocycle
Melochia pyramidata L. var. pyramidata Cocucci et al. 2915 (CORD) Young leaf: for fever CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE Aerial parts: produce paralysis, bradypnea, bradycardia and hypotension Aerial parts. Melochinine: pyridone alkaloid
Waltheria communis A. St.-Hil. Waltheria douradinha A. St.-Hil. Deginani 1647 (SI) Dried leaf + stem, decoction: against pulmonary diseases Part not specified: vulnerary, anticatarrhal COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL Stem: weak antimicrobial activity (sub nom. W. douradinha) Root bark: antibacterial activity (sub nom. W. douradinha) Stem. Waltherione A, waltherione B, vanessine, antidesmone, Omethyltembamide: quinolone alkaloids (sub nom. W. douradinha) Dried root bark. Adouetine; waltherine A: quinolinone alkaloid; chamaedrine, adouetine X, frangulaline, scutianine B, scutianine C: cyclic peptide alkaloids; waltherione A, parasorbic acid, propacine, and (−)epicatequine (sub nom. W. douradinha)
STYRACACEAE
Styrax leprosus Hook. & Arn. Carne de vaca, maría molle, Ibirá-cuatí, Ivirá-cuatí Ariza Espinar 1161 (CORD)
Dried resin, decoction: to treat urinary tract infections, against diarrhea, for cutaneous treatments COR, MIS No biological test Wood. Tannin
THYMELACEAE
Ovidia andina (Poepp. & Endl.) Meisn. Pillo-pillo, piyo-piyo, lloime, palo hediondo Forcone 450 (CORD)
Part not specified: laxative, appetite stimulant, hepatic-intestinal CHU, NEU, RNE No biological test Leaf + stem. Apigenin-4'-7-dimethyl ether: flavone; daphnetin: coumarin
TILIACEAE
Heliocarpus popayanensis Kunth Afata blanca, ibirá-piré-hú, aperivá, amor seco Dematteis 123 (CTES)
Leaf bud: lymphatics glands, swelling, ant's bite, sting ray, childbirth CAT, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Luehea divaricata Mart. Sota caballo, azota caballo, ibatinguí, ibatanguí, árbol de San Francisco Cocucci 3236 (CORD) Bark: hepatic, digestive, antidiarrheal, tonic, febrifuge, astringent Dried leaf + stem, infusión: anti-inflammatory, diuretic Dried leaf:anti-inflammatroy, antidysenteric; against diarrhea, rheumatism, antispasmodic, and urinary and respiratory diseases Flowers: sedative, for bronchitis, cicatrizant Root: depurative, anti-inflammatory BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Dried leaf + stem: mutagenic, antibacterial, antifungal, and antiproliferative activity Dried leaf. 3β-p-hydroxybenzoyltormentic acid, the maslinic acid, vitexin, glucopyranosylsitosterol, C-glycoside flavone Stem bark: (-)-epicatechin: flavonoid
Triumfetta semitriloba Jacq. Tolaba 2628 (CORD) Leaf: for venereal diseases, astringent; infusion: for hernia Root, decoction: to treat diarrhea Fresh root, infusion: for urinary problems, to prevent miscarriage and constipation BAI, CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL Fresh wood: antiulcer activity Dried root. β-sitosterol: sterol
TROPAEOLACEAE
Tropaeolum pentaphyllum Lam. subsp. pentaphyllum Flor de pitito Pedersen 13418 (CTES, SI)
Leaf + flowers: antiscorbutic BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
TURNERACEAE
Turnera krapovickasii Arbo Cocucci 2013 (CORD)
Leaf: tonic, astringent, diuretic, expectorant JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Turnera sidoides subsp. pinnatifida (Juss. ex Poir.) Arbo Damiana, yerba del ciervo Subils 644 (CORD) Aerial parts: for lumbago and prolapse BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
URTICACEAE
Boehmeria caudata Sw. Rupa grande, ramio tucumano, retama tucumana, ortiga, sacha tabaco Guaglianone 2941 (SI)
Root: against urinary affections, to induce abortion BAI, COS, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC Stem: cytotoxic activity Stem. Cryptopleurine: quinolizidine alkaloid Root. Oleanolic acid 3-O -˜-Darabinoside: triterpene
Parietaria debilis G. Forst. Anisillo, comida de oveja, parietaria, yerba fresca, ratonera, paletaria Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 1243) Dried entire plant, decoction: to treat urinary tract infections Aerial parts: emollient, abluent, vulnerary, hepatic, cicatrizant, for urinary tract problems, intestinal disorders, and skin eruptions Leaf: diuretic, lithotriptic, stomachic, hypoglycaemic BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Urera aurantiaca Wedd. Ortiga colorada, pino Guillén 172 (SI) Leaf: antirrheumatic CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE No biological test No data
Urera baccifera (L.) Gaudich. Ortigón, ortiga del monte, ortiga brava, ortiguilla pino guazú, itapalla grande, orteguilla Urera caracasana Molfino Novara 11074 (CORD) Entire plant: emmenagogue, counterirritant, to treat snakebite and skin infections; for rheumatic pains, persistent fever, wounds, ulcers, bruises, sores, leucorrhea, brain cancer, and vaginitis Leaf (immature), infusion: for dermato-mucosal lesions, emmenagogue, for skin diseases and irritations; infusion: antiinflammatory, for skin fungal diseases and erysipelas Leaf, juice: for rheumatism, aches and body pains (includingheadaches), febrifuge; decoction:to treat arthritis Root, infusion: for gonorrhea and amenorrhea and infections Part not specified: antivenin, odontalgic CAT, CHA, COS, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, TUC Dried entire plant: antibacterial, antifungal, antiyeast, antimycobacterial activity Fresh entire plant: molluscicidal activity Root: antibacterial activity Dried bark + leaf: molluscicidal activityLeaf: antibacterial, antifungal, analgesic, anti-edematogenic (edema induced by snakebit),and anti-inflammatory activity; toxicity assessment Fresh trichomes: toxic effect (general) No data
Urtica circularis (Hicken) Sorarú Ortiga, ortiga blanca Martínez 378 (CORD) Aerial parts: hypotensive, toreduce weight, antirheumatic, for cardiovascular and circulatorydiseases Root: hepatic, antitussiveBAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Urtica magellanica Poir. Ortiga Boelcke 5541 (SI) Dried aerial parts, infusion: hemostatic Leaf: skin diseases; infusión: for rheumatism CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
Urtica mollis Steud. Urtica dioica var. mollis (Steud.) Wedd. Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 696) Leaf: astringent, cholalogue, diuretic BAI, CAT, CHA, CHU, COR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Urtica spathulata Sm. Ortiga brava, ortiga crespa, ortiga cresponaHunziker 7835 (CORD) Leaf: astringent, diuretic, cholalogueBAI, CAT, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, LPA, SCR, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
VALERIANACEAE
Valeriana carnosa Sm. Nanculahun, yerba del aguilucho, nancolawen Burkart 14311 (SI)
Root: sedative, antispamodic, diuretic, digestive, hepatic, antitussive, for rheumatism; for liver, lungs, heart, stomach, bladder and blood symptoms CHU, M EN, NEU , RNE , SCR, TDF No biological test Dried entire plant. Phenyl-propenoic acid,trans: 3-4-dihydroxy: phenylpropanoid; (+)-1-hydroxy-2,6 di(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-3,7dioxabicyclo[ 3.3.0] octave, (+)-1,5dihydroxy-2(S),6(S)-di(4-hydroxy-3methoxyphenyl)-3,7-dioxabicyclo[ 3.3.0] octane: lignans
Valeriana clarionifolia Phil. Ñancolawen Donat 190a (SI) Root + rhizomes: antirheumatic, digestive, respiratory disoders, kidney disorders, cardioactive CHU, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test No data
Valeriana effusa Griseb. Valeriana, yerba gatera, ñancu louen Stuckert 10109 (CORD) Root stalk + root: sedative CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
Valeriana ferax (Griseb.) Höck Dorlado Hunziker 9047 (CORD) Root stalk + root: sedative COR No biological test No data
Valeriana lapathifolia Vahl Gerling 23 (SI) Root: antispamodic CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR No biological test Leaf. Acevaltrate, valtrate: iridoid monoterpene
Valeriana polybotrya (Griseb.) Höck Bianco & Cantero s.n. (RIOC 788) Root stalk + root: sedative CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
VERBENACEAE Acantholippia deserticola (Phil.) Moldenke Rica-rica, chaupi Acantholippia punensis Botta Novara 5703 (SI) Aerial parts: stomachic, digestive, febrifuge, antidiarrheic, antiseptic, diaphoretic (sub nom. A. punensis) CAT, JUJ, SAL, SJU Aerial parts essential oil: antimicrobial activity Leaf + aerial parts: antioxidant activity Aerial parts. α-thujone, β-thujone; sabinene: monoterpene hydrocarbons; terpinen-4-ol: monoterpene alcohols; carvacrol: phenol; α-curcumene: sesquiterpene hydrocarbon; pisopropyl-benzaldehyde: cumin aldehyde; lupeol, β-amyrine: triterpenoids
Acantholippia salsoloidesGriseb. Rica-rica, chaupi Cabrera 7716 (SI) Aerial parts: digestive, antidiarrheic, antiseptic, stomachic, diaphoreticCAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL No biological test No data
Acantholippia seriphioides(A. Gray) Moldenke Tomillo, tomillo del campo, tomillo mendocino, tomillo macho, tomillo de olor, tomillo hembra, ñancuñán, tomatillo silvestre Lippia seriphioides A. GrayDi Fulvio 10 (CORD) Stem, leaf + flowers: stomachic, gastrointestinal, diaphoretic, against the influenzaLeaf and stem: aphrodisiacBAI, CHU, LPA, MEN, NEU, RNE, SCR, SJU, SLU Plant essential oil: acaricidal effect; antioxidant and antimicrobial activity Aerial parts essential oil. Thymol, p-cymene, carvacrol, γ-terpinene;carvacrol, citral, p-cymene, geranial, piperitone, thymol (sub nom. L. seriphioides)
Aloysia citriodora Palau Chaquesayasaya, cedrón, verbena citronela, limón verbena, haurippampacay, verbena olorosa, yerba de laprincesa, yerba LuisaAloysia triphylla (L'Hér.) Britton Cabrera 24637 (SI) Plant: digestive, eupeptic, antispasmodic, carminative, tonicLeaf: stomachache, cardiotonic, febrifuge, sedative, diuretic, andantispasmodic, odontalgic, against hemorrhoids Leaf + flower: anti-emetic, for heart problems, and back acheCAT, JUJ, LRI, SAL Aerial parts: giardicidal, analgesic, antiinflammatory, antipyretic, sedative, pro-convulsant activityLeaf essential oil: antidiarrheal, nematicidal, protective, antimicrobial, and antigenotoxic activity, spasmolytic effect(sub nom. A. triphylla) Leaf essential oil. Neral, geranial, nerol, geraniol, sesquiterpenoids ar-curcumene, bicyclosesquiphellandrene, spathulenol,nerolidol, ß-bourbonene, trans-ßcaryophyllene, caryophyllene-2,6β-oxide, limonene, geranyl acetate; β-citronellene, β-pinene, neryl acetate, trans-calamenene, α-thujone, cis-carveol, carvone, 1,8cineole, caryophyllene oxide; linalool Leaf. Vervain; geniposidic acid, geniposide, mussaenoside: iridoid glucosides; luteolin 7-diglucuronide:flavonoid (sub nom. A. triphylla);salvigenin, eupatorin, eupafolin,verbascoside (or acteoside), hispidulin, 6hydroxyluteolin, luteolin 7-O-β- glucoside, luteolin, cismaritin, diosmetin, cirsiliol, chrysoeriol apygenin, pectolin-arigenin (sub nom. L. citriodora)Flower + leaf: geranial, neral, limonene (sub nom. A. triphylla)Flower oil: 1-Octene, 1-octen-3-ol, p-cymene, (Z)-β-ocimene, trans-carveol (sub nom. A. triphylla)Leaf oil: p-cymene and trans-carveol; βcitronellene, β-pinene, neryl acetate, transcalamenene (sub nom. A. triphylla)
Aloysia gratissima var. chacoënsis (Moldenke) Botta Azahar del campo, nino rup chico, palo de ngel, poleo chaqueno, poleo del campo Krapovickas 17299 (SI) Aerial parts: stomachache, digestive, anticatarrhal, sedative Leaf: diaphoretic, digestive Leaf + flowers: cardiotonic, carminative CAT, CHA, COR, FOR SAL, SDE, SFE No biological test No data
Aloysia gratissima (Gillies& Hook. ex Hook.) Tronc. var. gratissimaArrayán, arrayán del campo, azahar del campo, cedrón, azar del monte, favorita, palo, muña del monte, paloamarillo, usillo, niño rupáMorrone 635 (SI) Aerial parts: to treat varicose veins and dizziness Stem: to treat hypotension Leaf: to sooth menstrual pains and against hemorrhoidsFlowers + leaf: cardiotonic, stomachic, to relieve the stomachache, carminative, diaphoreticBAI, CAT, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, LPA, MEN, MIS, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Aerial parts essential oil: antimicrobial, virucidal and nematicidal activityDried leaf: antimalarial activity Aerial parts essential oil. Bicyclogermacrene, ˜-bisabole ne, camphene, cadinol, caryophyllene oxide, limonene oxide, chiysanthenyl acetate, α- and β-caryophyllene, β-elemene, viridiflorol, linalool, α- and β-thujone, 10epi-cubebol, (E)-nerolidol, germacrene D,eucalyptol, citral, pulegone, sabinene, α- and ˜ -pinene, limonene, terpinyl acetate, eugenol; myrcene, γ-terpinen-1-al, transpinocarveol, cis-pinocarveol, γ-and δelemene, geranyl acetate, β-cubebene, spathulenol, globulol, α-humulene, alloaromadendrene, γ-gurjunene, cubebol,elemol, germacrene B, carotolAerial parts. Guaiol, bisabolol, spathulenol: sesquiterpenoids; a-amirin, betulinic acid, oleanolic acid, ursolic acid: triterpenoids; apigenin 5-hydroxy7,40-dimethylether, genkwanin, luteolin 7,30,40-trimethylether: flavonoids; hoffmanniaketone: ent-kaurane; rutin: glycoside flavonol; verbascoside, arenarioside: phenylethanoids
Aloysia polystachya (Griseb.) Moldenke Burro, té de burro, poleo de Castilla, poleo real, burrito, yerba del burro, poleo riojano Hunziker 8951 (CORD) Aerial part: to expel the placenta and as protective post partum Leaf, decoction: to alleviate itching and irritations and to treat skin mycosis Leaf and flowers: tonic-digestive, to relieve the stomach-ache, hepatic, against the influeza CAT, COR, COS, LRI, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU Essential oil: nematicidal activity; fumigant and repellent activity against head lice Aerial parts: antidepressant and anxiolytic-like effects, antibacterial activity Leaf extract: sedative– anxiolytic and antidepressant activity Aerial parts essential oil. α-and β-thujone, α-thujene, carvone, limonene, sabinene, α and β-pinene, carvacrol, eucarvone, camphene, p-cymene, myrcene, α-terpineol, pulegone, β-caryophyllene, α-humulene, δ and γcadinene, τ-cadinol, spathunelol,lippifoli-1(6)-en-5-one
Aloysia virgata (Ruiz & Pav.) Juss. var. virgata Cedrón del monte, niño rupá, niño urupá mayor Múlgura 925 (SI) Aerial parts: menorrhagia, for skin affections Leaf: antimicotic, diaphoretic, anticatarrhal, for stomachaches MIS Dried aerial parts: molluscicidal activity Stem bark: antiplasmodial activity Dried leaf. Hoffmanniaketone and its monoacetate: kauranes; verbascoside, arenarioside: phenylethanoids; luteolin: flavonoid Aerial parts essential oil. Germacrene D, β-caryophyllene, α-humulene, bicyclogermacrene
Glandularia aristigera (S. Moore) Tronc. Barboza 1155 (CORD) Entire plant: for leukorrhea and snakebites, anti-inflammatory; decoction: hemostatic, antidiarrheal BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS No biological test No data
Glandularia crithmifolia (Gillies & Hook.) Schnack & Covas Forcone 71 (CORD) Part not specified: medicinal CHU, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Glandularia dissecta (Willd. ex Spreng.) Schnack & Covas Verbena Krapovickas 3086 (CTES) Aerial parts: nervine BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Glandularia hookeriana Covas & Schnack Yerba de la chiva, margarita amarga, bichicho, té de burro Hunziker 14824 (CORD) Leaf: abluent BAI, CAT, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Glandularia incisa (Hook.) Tronc. Margarita Cocucci 3146 (CORD) Entire plant: antidiarrheal, for leukorrhea and snakebites, antiinflammatory BAI, CHA, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Glandularia laciniata (L.) Schnack & Covas Verbena laciniata (L.) Briq. Hunziker 16107 (CORD) Part not specified: anti-emetic, stimulant BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC No biological test No data
Glandularia origenes (Phil.) Schnack & Covas Luti 5584 (SI) Part not specified: stomachic COR, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU No biological test No data
Glandularia peruviana (L.) Small Margarita punzó, margarita roja, verbena roja, verbena Bonzani 100 (CORD) Aerial parts: cicatrizant Leaf: antispasmodic, stomachic, abluent ophtalmic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Glandularia platensis (Spreng.) Schnack & Covas Verbena blanca, margarita blanca Hunziker 7557 (CORD) Leaf + flowers: febrifuge, icteric, ophtalmic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, RNE, SAL, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Glandularia pulchella (Sweet) Tronc. var. pulchella Verbena de las sierras Múlgura de Romero 3489 (SI) Leaf + flowers: icteric, ophtalmic BAI, COR, COS, ERI, MIS, SFE No biological test No data
Glandularia tenera (Spreng.) Cabrera Hunziker 12742 (CORD) Part not specified: stomachic, diuretic, emmenagogue BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SFE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Junellia asparagoides (Gillies & Hook.) Moldenke Barba de viejo, tomillo, verbena Barboza 1154 (CORD) Part not specified: diaphoretic, stomachic CAT, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Junellia juniperina (Lag.) Moldenke Monte de la yegua Forcone 303 (CORD) Part not specified: depurative CAT, LRI, MEN, SAL, SJU, TUC No biological test No data
Junellia seriphioides (Gillies & Hook. ex Hook.) Moldenke Alagarto, espina de llama, espina de pescado, lagaña de la virgen, leña de lagarto, ñancuñán, perlita, rosita, tomillo, tomillo del campo, tomillo macho Negritto 447 (CORD) Cutting: diuretic, digestive, for gastrointestinal disorders CAT, CHU, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SJU, SLU No biological test Dried entire plant. 9-hydroxy-8epihastatoside, auroside, pulchelloside I, 8-epihastatoside, verbascoside: iridoid glucosides; oleanolic acid: triterpene
Lampaya castellani Moldenke Lampais, lampa, lampazo, lampayo, lampaia Kiesling 3986 (SI) Leaf + stem: diaphoretic, to treat rheumatism, for pain in menstruation JUJ No biological test No data
Lantana balansae Briquet Lantana de la sierra Ariza Espinar 2211 (CORD) Stem + leaf: febrifuge Root: abortifacient, emmenagogue, laxative BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SFE, TUC Branches: bactericidal activity No data
Lantana camara L. Camará, camará de dos colores, bandera española, lantana, caburá caá, cambará, hierba de Cristo, yerba de la cruz Hunziker 25600 (CORD) Dried aerial parts, decoction: to treat mange; infusion: abortifacient, to treat malaria and rheumatism, for digestive disorders Dried bark, infusion: sedative,tonic, for rheumatism Leaf, decoction: vomitive; infusion: sedative, for rheumatism, diaphoretic Flowers + leaf: febrifuge, cephalalgic, for treating wounds externally, antimicrobial, emmenagogue, digestive, anti-odontalgic, antitussive, antirheumatic Fruit + leaf: hepatoxic Fresh fruit, infusion: for coughs BAI, COR, COS, DFE, ERI, FOR, MIS, SAL, SFE, TUC Aerial parts essential oil: antibacterial, antifungal, and hepatotoxic activity Leaf essential oil: antileishmanial activity Dried entire plant. Camarinic acid: triterpene; flavone,5-hydroxy-4'-6-dimethoxy: 7-O-β-d-glucoside: flavone Dried aerial parts. Betulinic acid: triterpene; ajugose: carbohydrate; theveside, theviridoside, geniposide, shanzhiside-Me-ester, lamiridoside, 8epiloganin: iridoid glucosides Dried stem. α-amyrin: triterpene Dried root. Theveside: iridoid monoterpene; 7-methoxy, and 6methoxynaphtho[2,3-b]-furan-4-9quinones; 5-hydroxy-7methoxynaphtho[2,3-b]-furan-4-9quinone; 8-hydroxy-6methoxynaphtho[2,3-b]-furan-4-9quinone; 6-and 7-methoxydiodantunezone; 6-and 7-isomethoxydiodantunezone; 6- and 7methoxy-naphtho[2,3-b]-furan-4-9quinones; 5, 7- dimethoxy-naphtho[2,3b]-furan-4-9-quinones; 6, 8- dimethoxynaphtho[2,3-b]-furan-4-9-quinones; 5hydroxy-6-methoxy-naphtho[2,3-b]furan-4-9-quinone; 8-hydroxy-7methoxy-naphtho[2,3-b]-furan-4-9quinone Aerial parts essential oil (pink-violet flower type): davanone, βcaryophyllene, sabinene, linalool, αhumulene Aerial parts essential oil (yelloworange type): β-caryophyllene, βbisabolene, sabinene, γ-cadinene, αhumulene
Lantana grisebachii Seckt var. grisebachii Palo de angel, lantana Hunziker 9745 (CORD) Leaf + stem: febrifuge CHA, COR, ERI, FOR, LRI, SFE, SLU, TUC Aerial parts: antimicrobial and antioxidant activity No data
Lantana megapotamica (Spreng.) Tronc. Lantana de las sierras Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 2100) Aerial parts: febrifuge, antirheumatic, diuretic, stomachic BAI, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SLU No biological test Aerial parts. Ipolamiide: iridoid glucoside
Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq. Martínez 427 (CORD) Leaf : analgesic, febrifugal, anticatarrhal, antirrheumatic, antispasmodic, carminative, digestive, sudorific BAI, CAT, COS, ERI, FOR, MIS, SFE Dried leaf: antiproliferation activity Leaf. Luteolin apigenin; cirsilineol, eupatorin, 5,4'-dihydroxy-6,7,3',5'-tetramethoxyflavone, 5,6-dihydroxy7,3',4'-trimethoxyflavone, 5,6,4'trihydroxy-7,3',5'-trimethoxyflavone, 5,6,3'-trihydroxy-7,4'dimethoxyflavone, 5,3',4'-trihydroxy6,7,5'-trimethoxyflavone, cirsiliol, hispidulin, eupafolin: 5,6,7-oxygenated flavones; theviridoside: iridoid glucoside
Lippia alba (Mill.) N. E. Br. var. alba Romerillo, salvia morada, salvia de campo o de monte, salvia trepadora, salvia maestra, salvia de jardín, toronjil, salvia de Castilla, salvia de las sierras, salvia salvajeBurkart 21365 (SI) Aerial parts: bradicardic Dried branches: for parasites and diarrhea Leaf: digestive, febrifuge; infusion:for diarrhea and stomachache, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and/orantipyretic, to treat cutaneous diseases, burns, wounds, ulcers Part not specified: stomachic, for abortion, nausea, and asthma, antispasmodic, emmenagogueBAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL,SFE Entire plant: hypotensive and anticrustacean activity Aerial parts: giardicidal activityDried leaf: CNS depressant, analgesic,anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antiviral, cytostatic, anticonvulsant, and antimycobacterial activity Leaf essential oil: antibacterial activity Dried leaf. Calceolarioside A: phenylpropanoid; 1-8-cineol: monoterpene;theveside, theviridoside: iridioid glucosides; flavonoid 4-sulphates, tannins, geniposide (iridoid), triterpenic saponins, resin, mucilages Plant essential oil. (-) piperitone, (+)limonene, 1,8-cineole, caryophyllene, sabinene, linalool, bornyl acetate, α-pinene, β-pinene, β-yrcene, p-cymene, α-terpineol, linalyl acetate, cytronellyl acetate, carvone,borneol, α-muurolene, citronellol, geranial, neral, β-elemene, γ-cadinene, 2-undecanone allo-aromadendrene, caryophyllene oxide, dihydrocarvone, camphor, α-and β-cubebene, myrcenone, copaene
Lippia grisebachiana Moldenke Salvia morada, poleo Cabrera 12943 (SI) Leaf: stomachic, purgative, sudorific, antispamodic CAT, COR, COS, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SLU, TUC No biological test Aerial parts essential oil. α-terpineol,dihydrocarvone, β-caryophyllene, linalool, myrcene, piperitone, pulegone, linalyl acetate
Lippia integrifolia (Griseb.) Hieron. Pulco, poleo, incayuyo, té del inca, manzanilla Ariza Espinar 3161 (CORD) Leaf + flowers: digestive, to relieve the stomachache, emmenagogue, antigripal,antitussive, carminative Dried aerial parts, infusion: nervine, stomachic, emmenagogue,tonic, diuretic CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SJU, TUC Aerial parts: trypanocidal, choleretic, and antispasmodic activity Fresh essential oil. α-thujene, sabinene, p-cymene, limonene, terpinen-4-ol, borneol, eremophyllene, γ-elemene, β-caryophyllene, δelemene, α-humulene, african-1-en-6-ol, african4-5-dione,4-5-seco, africanone, spathulenol, S(+)-trans-nerolidol, 2β,9α-2,6,6,9tetramethyltricyclo[6.3.0.0(2,4)]undec-1(8)-ene67,11-dione, 1β,2α,8β-2,6,6,10tetramethylbicyclo[6.3.0]undec-5-en-2-ol (3αhydroxy-6-asteriscane), 1α,7β,9a-1-hydroxy3,6,6,9-tetramethylbicyclo[5.4.0]undec-3-en-8-on, lippifoli-1(6)-en-5-one, lippifoliane, 1,6-cislippifolian-1α-ol-5-one, 1,6-trans-lippifolian-1αol-5-one, lippifoli-1(6)-en-4β-ol-5-one, transafricanan-1α-ol, african-5-en-1α-ol, βcaryophyllene oxide, 4,5-seco-africanan-4,5dione, humulene epoxide II, ketone 4, 1,6-cis-and 1,6-trans-lippifolian-1α-ol-5-one, lippifoli1(6)-en-4α-ol-5-one; integrifolian-1,5-dione,asteriscane, ; bicyclohumulendione, humulendione, trans-humul-(9E)-en-2,6-dione,
Lippia junelliana(Moldenke) Tronc. Salvia, salvia de la cabra, poleo, salvialora. Ariza Espinar 3133 (CORD) Leaf + stem: digestive CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC Essential oil: virucidal and nematicidal activity Leaf essential oil. α-bisabolene, borneol, limonene, piperitenone, camphor, ocimenone, myrcene, piperitenone oxide, spathulenol, 1,8cineol, α-bisabolol, E-nerolidol, davanone, carvone, piperitone, cisdihydrocarvone, myrcenone, bicyclogermacrene, β-caryophyllene, (E)-tagetenone
Lippia laxibracteata HerzogHunziker 18382 (CORD) Medicinal CAT, COS, LRI, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test Aerial parts essential oil. Thymol, p-cymene, cis-β-ocimene, carvacrol
Lippia turbinata f. magnifolia Moldenke Poleo Lippia fissicalyx Tronc. Burkart 11097 (SI) Aerial parts: for back ache Leaf + stem: digestive, diuretic, tonic, emmenagogue, abortifacientCHA, JUJ, SAL, TUC Essential oil: nematicidal activity Aerial parts essential oil. Carvone, piperitone oxide, limonene, pulegone, piperitone(sub nom. L. fissicalyx)
Lippia turbinata Griseb. f. turbinata Poleo, té del país, poleo fino Bonzani 106 (CORD) Aerial parts, infusion: stimulant, diuretic, digestive Leaf + stem: digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, abortifacientLeaf, infusion: abortifacient, bradicardic, emmenagogueBAI,CAT, CHA, COR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried entire plant: antimicrobial activityAerial parts essential oil: virucidal activity Dried aerial parts. Lantanilic acid, camaric acid: triterpenes; alkaloids, leucoanthocyanidins, steroidic triterpeniccompounds, cardenolides (traces) Dried leaf. Theveside: iridoid monoterpeneEssential oil. Carvone, lippiaphenol: monoterpene; 3 β, 25-epoxy-3 α, 21 α– dihydroxy-olean-12-ene-28-oic acid; 3 β, 25-epoxy-3 α, 21 α –dihydroxy-22βangeloyloxylean-12-ene-28-oic acid; 3 β, 25-epoxy-3 α, 21 α –dihydroxy-22βtigloyloxylean-12-ene-28-oic acid; 3 β, 25epoxy-3 α, 21 α –dihydroxy-22β-(2methylbutan-l-oyloxy)olean-12-ene-28-oic acid: triterpenoids; limonene, α-terpineol,piperitenone, pepiretenone oxide, methyleugenol, (E)-caryophyllene, αhumulene, spathulenol, lantanolic acid, rehmannic acid Flowers + whole plant: thujone
Phyla canescens (Kunth) Greene Lippia canescens Kunth Yerba del mosquito, Santa María, yerba de la Virgen Cabrera 34617 (SI) Leaf: stomachic BAI, CHU, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE Aerial parts: antimicrobial activity Aerial parts. Flavone aglycones, flavone mono-and di-sulphates (sub nom. L. canescens)
Pitraea cuneato-ovata (Cav.) Caro Vara de San José, papilla, miel de vaca, papa de la zorra Hunziker 21830 (CORD) Leaf + stem: diuretic CAT, CHA, COR, ERI, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Rich.) Vahl Té criollo Cabrera 24500 (SI) Dried aerial parts: stimulant, digestive; decoction: analgesic; infusion: to treat malaria, gastric and intestinal disorders Leaf, decoction: febrifuge, purgative; sudorific, stimulant, antirheumatic, febrifuge, tonic, pectoral, antispamodic, diuretic, ear disorder Root + leaf: diuretic, analgesic, to treat sore skin, wounds, bronchial problems and rheumatism COS, ERI, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SFE Dried entire plant: analgesic, antiulcer, laxative, antioxidant, antibacterial, antimalarial, and anti-inflammatory activity Aerial parts. Ipolamiide: iridoid monoterpene; phenylethanoid glycoside acetoside Root. Verbascoside, isoverbascoside, martinoside: glycosylateds phenylpropanoids
Verbena bonariensis L. var. bonariensis Verbena, yerba de fierro Subils 706 (CORD) Aerial parts: cicatrizant, for vaginal infections Leaf: antispamodic, emmenagogue Flowers: pectoral BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Entire plant: hypoglycemic activity, anti-implantation effect Dried entire plant. Nodiflowersetin Leaf. Verbenalin, verbenaloside, griselinoside: iridoid glucosides
Verbena gracilescens (Cham.) Herter var. gracilescensHunziker 8115 (CORD) Entire plant: stomachic, cholalogue, antineuralgic, digestive, febrifugeAerial parts: digestive, antimicrobial Dried root: to promote fertility BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Verbena hispida Ruiz & Pav. var. hispida Barboza 64 (CORD) Entire plant, decoction: for headaches Leaf: hepatic, digestive, emmenagoguePart not specified, infusion: biliary regulant, for bilious and biliary colic CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test Dried entire plant. Cornin, verbenaloside, griselinoside: iridoid glucosides
Verbena intermedia Gillies & Hook. ex Hook. Verbena, siempreviva del campo Subils 3297 (CORD) Leaf: hepatic, digestive, emmenagoguePart not specified: abortifacient BAI, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Verbena litoralis Kunth var. litoralis Verbena enca ñutada, verbena del litoral, yerba del acero, verbena Cantero et al. s.n. (RIOC 416) Entire plant, decoction: for skin allergy Aerial parts: cicatrizant, antiinflammatory, neonatal and paediatrics care, for menorrhage and menopauseDried branch + leaf, decoction: against diarrheaLeaf: hepatic, digestive,emmenagogue, cephalalgic, febrifugeRoot: antitussive BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried aerial parts: antimalarial and antimycobacterial activity Entire plant. Verbenalin, verbenaloside, brasoside: iridoid glucosidesDried aerial parts. Aurantiamide acetate: proteid; brasoside: iridoid monoterpene; jionoside:phenylpropanoid; verbenachalcone:dimeric dihydrochalcone
VIOLACEAE
Hybanthus calceolaria (L.) Oken Purga do campo Hunziker 15574 (CORD)
Part not specified: emetic, purgative, expectorant, for dysentery COS, ERI, MIS No biological test No data
Hybanthus hieronymi (Griseb.) Hassl. Stuckert 16979 (CORD) Aerial parts: contraceptive CAT, CHA, FOR, JUJ, SAL, SDE, TUC No biological test No data
Hybanthus parviflorus (Mutis ex L. f.) Baill. Violetilla, maitencillo Ariza Espinar 293 (CORD) Entire plant: emetic, purgative, antirheumatic BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LPA, LRI, MEN, MIS, RNE, SAL, SDE, SFE, SLU, TUC No biological test Plant. Hypa A: macrocyclic polypeptide Leaf. Quercetin: flavonol
Hybanthus serratus (Phil.) Hassl. Hunziker 7850 (CORD) Leaf + stem: emetic, purgative Root: emetic BAI, CAT, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Viola maculata Cav. var. maculata Oreja de ratón Cocucci 2441 (CORD) Part not specified: pectoral, diaphoretic, dermatologic CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF No biological test No data
VISCACEAE
Phoradendron argentinum Urb. Corpo Phoradendron pruinosum Urb. Hunziker 18853 (CORD)
Leaf: cardiotonic CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Dried leaf + stem: antimicrobial activity (sub nom. P. pruinosum) Leaf. Tyramine: isoquinoline alkaloid
Phoradendron bathyoryctum Eichler Liga Phorandendron hieronymi Trel. Caro et al. 3327 (CORD) Leaf: antiashmatic; decoction: anti-lithic Dried entire plant, infusion: hypertensive CAT, CHA, COR, COS, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, TUC No biological test Leaf. Tyramine: isoquinoline alkaloid
Phoradendron liga (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Eichler Liga, murdago, yerba del pajarito, palo trei, caav tirei, madrono, madrugo Hunziker 16313 (CORD) Leaf: cardiotonic, hypotensive CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried leaf + stem: cytotoxic activity Dried entire plant. Ligatoxin A, B: proteins Stem + leaf. Apigenin-6-C-xyloside, apigenin-6-C-glucoside, apigenin-6-C galactoside, apigenin-8-C-glucoside, luteolin-8-C-xyloside, luteolin-6-Cxylosil-8-C-glucoside, luteolin-6-Cglucosil-8-C-glucoside, luteolin-8-Cxylosil-7-O-xyloside: flavon-Cglycosides; leucoapigeninidin,leucoluteolinidin, apigeninflavane, luteolinflavane, proapigeninidin: 3desoxyproanthocyanidins Leaf. Tyramine: isoquinoline alkaloid
Phoradendron tucumanensis Urb. Suelda con suelda Venturi 3870 (SI) Medicinal CAT, JUJ, SAL, TUC No biological test No data
VITACEAE Cissus striata Ruiz & Pav. subsp. striata PilpilvoquiCusato 4401 (BAF) Leaf: astringent, hemostatic CHU Dried leaf: antiviral activity No data
Cissus sulcicaulis (Baker) Planch. Deginani 1693 (SI) Part not specified: to treat feet skin injures COS, MIS No biological test No data
Cissus verticillata (L.)Nicolson & C. E. Jarvis Cipó-pucá, cortina japonesa, uva-brava, anil trepador,insulina vegetal, bejuco caro, añil trepadorCissus sicyoides L. Jörgensen 2771 (BA) Stem + root: against influenza,antitussive, antiashmatic Aerial part: for diabetes's treatment and influenza, antiinflammatory, anti-epileptic, anti-hypertension, diuretic, antithermic, antirheumatic, anti-lipemic, against respiratory infectionsBAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, MIS, SAL, SDE, SFE, TUC Plant: anticonvulsive, fungitoxic, oxytoxic, and antibacterial activity; vasoconstrictor effect; antitumoral activityLeaf: abortive and teratogenic action (sub nom. C. sicyoides) Leaf. Bicyclogermacrene, stilbene resveratrol Aerial parts. Kaempferol 3-0rhamnoside, quercetin 3-0-rhamnoside, coumarin glycoside; flavones, flavonones, flavononols, leucoanthocianidins, saponins (sub nom. C. sicyoides)
VIVIANACEAE
Viviana marifolia Cav. Té de burro Boelcke 14411 (SI)
Part not specified: digestive, aromatic NEU, SJU No biological test No data
WINTERACEAE
Drimys winteri J.R.Forst. & G. Forst. var. winteri Canelo, boigheGoodall 2319 (BAB, SI)
Bark: bitter tonic Leaf and bark: stimulant, vulnerary, antirheumatic, tonic, diuretic, vermifuge, odonthalgic, antispasmodic Leaf: for skin disorders (warts, ulcers,acne)CHU, NEU, RNE, SCR, TDF Bark: anti-allergenic, anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, antihyperanalgesic activity Bark. Tannins, vitamin C; polygodial, 1-β-(pmethoxy-cynnamyl) polygodial, taxifolin,astilbin, mukaadial, drimanial, drimenol, drimene, drimenone, drimenine, isodrimenine, valdiviolide, α-chamigrene, ascaridol, α- and βpinene, 1,8-cineol, caryophyllene, limonene, terpineol, eugenol, p-cymol, dipentene,cirsimaritin, taxifolin, procianidin, astilbin, luteolin, kaempferol, quercetin, ellagic acid, safrol, sesamin Leaf. 3 β-acetoxydrimenin, safrol, drimenol,polygodial, crytomeridiol, cirsimaritin,quercetin, astilbin, quercitrin
ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
Bulnesia bonariensis Griseb. Jaboncillo, guale, laca, guacle, glauca, guacho Hunziker 7966 (CORD)
Aerial parts: for treating wounds externally, cicatrizant, anti inflammatory, Bark, powder: cicatrizant CAT, CHA, COR, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SLU, TUC No biological test No data
Bulnesia retama (Gillies exHook. & Arn.) Griseb. Retamo, calato, retamillo Cocucci et al. 359 (CORD) Aerial parts: diuretic, cardiac stimulant CAT, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, SDE, SJU, SLU No biological test Branches. Wax, resins, saponnins
Bulnesia sarmientoi Lorentz ex Griseb. Palo santo Martínez 441 (CORD) Bark: sudorific, depurative, diuretic, diaphoretic, cordialWood: hepatic Leaf, decoction: digestiveCHA, FOR, SAL Bark + medulla: bactericidal activity Part not specified. α-bulnesene, βbulnesene, bulnesol, α-guaiene, τ-guaiene,guaioside, guaioxiole, guanoxide, αpatchoulene, guaiol
Larrea cuneifolia Cav. Jarilla, jarilla macho, jarilla crespa, jarilla norte-sur Cocucci et al. 361 (CORD) Aerial parts: anti-inflammatory, for treating wounds externally, diaphoretic, oxytocic, emmenagogue, for footbath and rheumatism BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried entire plant: antimicrobial and antifungal activity Leaf. Asparagine: protein Dried leaf. Flavone,4'-5-7-trihydroxy-3-3'-dimethoxy: flavonol
Larrea divaricata Cav. Jarilla, jarilla hembra, chamanilla, jarilla del cerro, yarilla Hunziker 22951 (CORD) Aerial parts: anti-inflammatory, for treating wounds externally, diaphoretic, febrifuge, emmenagogue, oxytocic, odontalgic, antitussive, antirheumatic, hypotensive, rubefacient, for footbath, anti-hyperlipidemic; to treat and prevent varicose veins BAI, CAT, CHU, COR, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SDE, SJU, SLU, TUC Dried leaf: antioxidant, acute antiulcerous, antimicrobial, virucidal, and anti-inflammatory activity; immunomodulatory effects Plant. Larreagenin A: nortriterpenoid; nor-dihydroguaiaretic acid Plant essentials oil. α-thujene, myrcene, limonene, E-ocimenone, thymyl acetate, γ-elemene, spathulenol, β-oplopenone, α-cadinol
Larrea nitida Cav. Jarilla crespa, jarilla de la sierra, jarilla fina Hunziker 4644 (CORD) Dried leaf + stem, infusion: emmenagogue Part not specified: antiinflammatory, choleretic, antiperiodic, emmenagogue, sudorific, stimulant, balsamic, vulnerary BAI, CAT, CHU, LPA, LRI, MEN, NEU, RNE, SAL, SJU Leaf + stem: antitumor activity Twigs + leaf resin: antioxidant activity Aerial parts. Chalcone,2'-4'-dihydroxy: flavonoid; quercetin-3-3'-7-trimethyl ether: flavonol; nor-dihydroguaiaretic acid, norisoguaiacine: lignans, ferulic acid: phenylpropane. Leaf. Asparagine: proteid
Plectrocarpa tetracantha Gillies ex Hook. & Arn. Manca potrillo Ariza Espinar 2906 (CORD) Part not specified: balsamic, emmenagogue, diaphoretic, vulnerary CAT, COR, JUJ, LRI, MEN, SDE, SJU, SLU No biological test No data
Porlieria microphylla (Baill.) Descole, O'Donell & Lourteig Cucharero, chucupí, guayacán, falso guayacán, palo cuchara, pan de Cata Subils 2128 (CORD) Leaf: for insomnia, to treat “evil eye” in children Leaf + stem: antirheumatic, antivenereous, abluent, vulnerary, antitussive, antidiarrheal, for hepatic disorders BAI, CAT, CHA, COR, COS, ERI, FOR, JUJ, LRI, SAL, SDE, SFE, SJU, SLU, TUC No biological test No data

1 For References, see Appendix II