Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Revista SAAP]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/rss.php?pid=1853-197020140001&lang=pt vol. 8 num. 1 lang. pt <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.org.ar <![CDATA[Voto hacia nuevos candidatos en sistemas de partidos (des)institucionalizados: el caso de Marco Enríquez-Ominami en Chile 2009]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1853-19702014000100001&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The Chilean party system has long been considered one of the most institutionalized in Latin America. Nevertheless, the country is living through a crisis of political representation. The goal of this paper is to show empirically how this crisis manifest in the electoral behavior of the Chilean electorate during the 2009 presidential elections. Using public opinion data, we show that the perception of how the Chilean democracy is working and that the levels of confidence in political parties distinguished the voters of Marco Enríquez-Ominami (ME-O). We argue that the party system is going through an incipient process of deinstitutionalization and that, at the same time, the leadership of ME-O cannot be concieved of as a populist one. Unlike in Venezuela, it is improbable that the current crisis in Chile will lead to a breakdown or collapse of the party system, because other factors like economic crisis, the presence of a charismatic leader with a strong anti-system discourse or permisivity of electoral rules have not taken place. <![CDATA[Analizar una política pública mercosuriana: el caso del ejercicio profesional y la acreditación universitaria regional]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1853-19702014000100002&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt As regional integration processes are consolidated and societies become more complex, public policies are often crossed by new dimensions, scales, tensions and actions produced by different actors. In this sense, Mercosur and the public policies that are constructed in the block are realizing the existence of a new field for analysis. Based on case study of university's accreditation in the Mercosur, and relying on previous research carried out on the issue, we propose to study the concept of regional policy or "mercosuriana". <![CDATA["Nueva izquierda" regional y nuevas reglas electorales.: Análisis de la regulación oficial de las candidaturas en fuerzas gobernantes de América del Sur]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1853-19702014000100003&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt In this paper we will study three political parties (AP in Ecuador; FA in Uruguay and FPV in Argentina) which demonstrate the so-called "turn to the left" in Latin America and have emerged as a viable alternative to the neoliberal paradigm of the '90s. These were affected by certain institutional amendments which aimed precisely at recovering the central role of the State, which took upon itself the responsibility for political and partisan life, and to re-establish itself as a representative agent, designating some democratic decision-making principles in its internal organization. Despite their differences, in the three selected cases, the new electoral regulations had theoretically similar aims. Nevertheless, here we consider that the change in rules and the consequent establishment of this nominative mechanism has not produced positive results in any of the analyzed political parties. <![CDATA[El miedo político bajo el prisma de Hannah Arendt]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1853-19702014000100004&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Although the fear is a grounding emotion present in all beings, only humans tend to structure it not only by manipulation of the environment but also the time reference. In consequence, humankind can make from fear a geographical landscape or even a narrative. Every society experiences a diversity of frights based on the disparities of their cultural restructuration. Nevertheless, only the fear (by means of the feeling of insecurity) allows the passage from democracy to dictatorship. In such a context, this article places under the lens of scrutiny four valuable works, authored by Hannah Arendt, What is politics?, The Human Condition, Eichmann in Jerusalem and The Origins of Totalitarianism. <![CDATA["...que él me lo demande". Ritual político y sacralización en la asunción presidencial de Cristina Fernández]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1853-19702014000100005&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt The present paper departs from the premise that the religious sphere cannot be suppressed totally of the political life. The secularization of politics does not involve the desecration, does not imply the disappearance of religion in political life, but its concealment. From this point of view, we introduce some theoretical considerations on the political ritual, to stop in the ritual of presidential assumption of Cristina Fernandez's second term, analyzing the different thresholds that the incorporation of "him" in the oath of capture of the power, alluding to Néstor Kirchner, opens. If this oath is a performative as we suspect, what novel element executes this innovation in the formula? We also focus in an analysis of the singular role played by civic feast that take place during the government. <![CDATA[Una apoteosis de la democracia: María de los Ángeles Yannuzzi y su interpretación del Proceso de Reorganización Nacional (1976-1983) y de la modernización neoconservadora (1989-1999)]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1853-19702014000100006&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt This paper analyzes how María de los Ángeles Yannuzzi explained and interpreted Argentine political history through rigorous application of modern political theory concepts and political science theories. In particular, we study her contributions to the research agendas regarding the "Proceso de Reorganización Nacional" (1976-1983) and the Menem administration (1989-1999). At first, we study her theoretical and methodological contributions by the application of political theory concepts to the interpretation of political history and, specifically, to conceptualizing the last military dictatorship and the dynamics of the political system during the Menem presidency. In the second section, we show the superb way in which Yannuzzi described and explained Argentine political history from a political science point of view. In conclusion, she analyzed normatively relevant problems in a very original way, combining political science explanations with a political theory interpretation about the meaning and dynamics of authoritarianism and democracy in contemporary Argentina. <![CDATA[La configuración del pueblo en la resistencia: Un abordaje contemporáneo sobre la obra de John Locke]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1853-19702014000100007&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt This paper focuses attention on the notion of "people" that underlies the concept of resistance of John Locke. This notion will be approached pursuant to the Schmittian categories of the sovereign and the political, and the Foucauldian notions of obedience, resistance and power, as well as, the concept of hegemonic logic set out by Laclau and Mouffe. From this perspective, we will be able to distinguish the formulation of the right of resistance, with its debts to the medieval tradition and its normative framework, from the factual dimension of the concept of resistance. <![CDATA[Argentina y Brasil: una unipolaridad regional con sesgo económico]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1853-19702014000100008&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt During the last twenty years or more, relations between Argentina and Brazil started to show some asymmetries that could be interpreted as a path towards a Brazilian hegemony in South America, imposing a new dynamic to their bilateral relations. This trend is not only evident in the quantitative uprise of Brazilian material capabilities vis a vis its southern neighbor, but also qualitatively, in some military and economic aspects of the bilateral relation. Intending to grasp this process, the present article analyzes the concepts of "Hegemony" and "Balance of Power"¹ and evaluates to what extent -and regarding which aspects-, the unipolar relation resembles the former or the later ideal type. After a detailed study of the military and economic dimensions of the bilateral relation, this article concludes that it is only in the economic aspects that the relation is getting increasingly asymmetric, even if still far from a regional hegemony. Finally, the concept of "regional unipolarity with an economic bias" is proposed to better describe the current stage of Argentina-Brazil relations. <![CDATA[Una aproximación a los antecedentes programáticos de la organización político-militar Montoneros]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1853-19702014000100009&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt Much has been discussed about the phenomenon of Montoneros during the period 1970-1976. However, little is known about his political background. In general, studies about this organization are constructed from the point of view that this organization had of itself or in an exclusively empirical way. It also extends to the issue of the political experience of the militants and the programmatic nature of Montoneros, confusing political background of individuals with a history program of the organization. In this article, we propose to investigate in this second aspect of the analysis from one of the tributaries of the program of national liberation: the National Liberation Movement (MLN-Malena). <![CDATA[Sistema electoral, número de partidos y tamaño del ganador en los municipios de la Provincia de Buenos Aires]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1853-19702014000100010&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt This paper analyzes the impact of the electoral system on the party integration in the consejos deliberantes of the Buenos Aires Province. The sample cover 118 municipalities, which are observed in 12 consecutive elections, from 1987 to 2009 (N=1416). The article shows that the district magnitude and the size of the consejos deliberantes produce systematic effects on the number of parties and the size of the largest party. Regular patterns are observed along the time. Additionally, it finds specific effects from the midterm elections, the electoral formula and the high thresholds, and from the critical juncture as the 2001 election. <![CDATA[La teoría de la reforma electoral: una discusión sobre la literatura reciente a partir de Making Constitutions de Gabriel Negretto]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1853-19702014000100011&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt This paper analyzes the impact of the electoral system on the party integration in the consejos deliberantes of the Buenos Aires Province. The sample cover 118 municipalities, which are observed in 12 consecutive elections, from 1987 to 2009 (N=1416). The article shows that the district magnitude and the size of the consejos deliberantes produce systematic effects on the number of parties and the size of the largest party. Regular patterns are observed along the time. Additionally, it finds specific effects from the midterm elections, the electoral formula and the high thresholds, and from the critical juncture as the 2001 election. <![CDATA[Doscientos años del humanismo cristiano en la Argentina: el compromiso con la república, la democracia y el bien común]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1853-19702014000100012&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt This paper analyzes the impact of the electoral system on the party integration in the consejos deliberantes of the Buenos Aires Province. The sample cover 118 municipalities, which are observed in 12 consecutive elections, from 1987 to 2009 (N=1416). The article shows that the district magnitude and the size of the consejos deliberantes produce systematic effects on the number of parties and the size of the largest party. Regular patterns are observed along the time. Additionally, it finds specific effects from the midterm elections, the electoral formula and the high thresholds, and from the critical juncture as the 2001 election. <![CDATA[Entre la oposición y la dispersión: La Unión Cívica Radical en el período 1989-1997]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1853-19702014000100013&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt This paper analyzes the impact of the electoral system on the party integration in the consejos deliberantes of the Buenos Aires Province. The sample cover 118 municipalities, which are observed in 12 consecutive elections, from 1987 to 2009 (N=1416). The article shows that the district magnitude and the size of the consejos deliberantes produce systematic effects on the number of parties and the size of the largest party. Regular patterns are observed along the time. Additionally, it finds specific effects from the midterm elections, the electoral formula and the high thresholds, and from the critical juncture as the 2001 election. <![CDATA[Los partidos políticos y la política exterior argentina]]> http://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1853-19702014000100014&lng=pt&nrm=iso&tlng=pt This paper analyzes the impact of the electoral system on the party integration in the consejos deliberantes of the Buenos Aires Province. The sample cover 118 municipalities, which are observed in 12 consecutive elections, from 1987 to 2009 (N=1416). The article shows that the district magnitude and the size of the consejos deliberantes produce systematic effects on the number of parties and the size of the largest party. Regular patterns are observed along the time. Additionally, it finds specific effects from the midterm elections, the electoral formula and the high thresholds, and from the critical juncture as the 2001 election.