Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina
versión impresa ISSN 0004-4822
SOLER, M. M. y CORIA, B.. Upper Oligocene - Lower Miocene volcanism in the mountain range of Pirurayo, northern Puna: stratigraphy and eruptive mechanisms. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2002, vol.57, n.2, pp. 160-172. ISSN 0004-4822.
The Pirurayo Volcanic Complex (PVC) crops out in the Pirurayo Range, approximately between 65º54' - 65º50' W, and 22º25' - 22º17' S, in the northern Puna region. The complex belongs to the Moreta Formation, a continental sedimentary sequence integrated by red and purple sandstones and conglomerates. The PVC occupies the middle section of the Moreta Formation, reaching a thickness of 640 m in the north, whereas to the south it diminishes abruptly. The PVC represents a composite volcanic system of andesitic to dacitic composition, erupted during Upper Oligocene - Lower Miocene times within a fluvial continental basin controlled by a north-south trending fault system. Pure explosive events, which produced a low volume of pyroclastic surge deposits and subordinate ignimbrites, characterized the early volcanic history of the Complex. After that, eruptive mechanisms changed to the eruption of lava flows, domes and their subsequent collapses, producing an association of lavas, block- and ash-flows, and scarce and thin ash-fall deposits. The source area of the PVC deposits was likely located in the northern or northwestern sectors, but there is not enough evidence to determine whether they came from a single or multiple eruptive vents.
Palabras clave : Andesitic-dacitic volcanism; Block and ash flow; Eruptive mechanisms; Northern Puna; Lower Miocene.