Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina
versión impresa ISSN 0004-4822
MARENSSI, SA; CASADIO, S y SANTILLANA, SN. Stratigraphy and sedimentology of the Late Cretaceous-Paleogene units cropping out at the south-eastern margin of Lake Viedma, Santa Cruz Province, Argentina. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2003, vol.58, n.3, pp. 403-416. ISSN 0004-4822.
Late Cretaceous and Paleogene sedimentary rocks of the Austral Basin crop out on the south-eastern margin of Lake Viedma. In the Barrancas Blancas section, 28 m of yellowish sandstone and mudstone of the La Asunción Member of the Anita Formation are transitionally covered by 390 m of greyish sandstone and mudstone of the Cerro Fortaleza Formation. The former represent a prograding barred nearshore system, whereas the latter correspond to paralic, fluvial and fluvial-tidal sedimentation. The evolution of the depositional sequences, sedimentary palaeoenvironments, sandstone provenance and palaeocurrents indicate that the sediments were deposited during the back-arc (sag) stage of the basin. At Cerro Piramides, Tertiary sedimentary rocks rest with fault contact on top of the Cerro Fortaleza Formation. The limited thickness (<1m) preserved of greenish sandstone of the Man Aike Formation precludes any attempt to interpret its depositional environment. Conglomerate, sandstone and mudstone (locally carbonaceous) of the Río Leona Formation (75 m) rest with erosional contact on the former. These rocks represent a rapid transition from a high energy to low energy fluvial systems that eventually graded into marginal marine environments represented by the fossiliferous sandstones of the Centinela Formation (<3m). The facies arrangement, evolution of the palaeoenvironments, and palaeocurrents suggest that these sediments were deposited during the foreland basin stage.
Palabras clave : Austral Basin; Late Cretaceous; Paleogene; Sedimentology; Stratigraphy.