Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina
versión ISSN 0004-4822
KOUKHARSKY, M; BRODTKORB, M K de; KAY, SM y MUNIZAGA, F. The Balbuena Formation, integrant of the Pampean magmatic arc in the Sierra de Ambargasta, Province of Santiago del Estero. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2003, vol.58, n.4, pp. 583-592. ISSN 0004-4822.
A set of dikes in the Eastern Sierras Pampeanas (29°25´ - 29°35´S y 63°43´ - 64°00´W) trending from 90° to 120° azimuths and with thickness less than 10 m wide are assigned to the Balbuena Formation. These dikes are basaltic, andesitic to dacitic in composition representing basic to intermediate members of the calc-alkaline magmas that gave rise to the rhyodacitic Oncán Porphyries. The fine porphyritic rocks of the Balbuena Formation have an intense alteration of the mafic minerals and groundmass that indicates an important deuteric event. Minimum ages for the dikes come from the observation that they are intrusive into the Upper to Middle Cambrian granitoids of the Ojo de Agua and Ambargasta Formations that are related to the rhyodacitic Oncán Porphyry. Major and trace element analyses presented here and isotopic ages support the hypothesis that these dikes along with similar age plutonic and volcanic rocks in the region formed in a subduction setting. In detail, their chemistry supports an arc-retroarc setting on continental crust. The magmatism of Balbuena Formation represents the last important Pampean age igneous event in this region.
Palabras llave : Eastern Sierras Pampeanas; Balbuena Formation; Andesitic and dacitic dikes; Cambrian; Santiago del Estero.