Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina
versión On-line ISSN 1851-8249
SILVESTRO, José y ZUBIRI, Martín. Oblique convergence: alternative structural model for the Neuquén high (39º S), Neuquén. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2008, vol.63, n.1, pp. 49-64. ISSN 1851-8249.
The regional scale structural lineament recognized as Neuquen high developed at 39º S latitude, is extended for more than 270 km in an E-W direction, defining the natural northern boundary of the Argentine Patagonia. The tectonic activity in this zone during Jurassic and Cretaceous times controlled the sedimentation of the basin, given place to a series of growth sequences and related unconformities. The structural features allows the recognition of a western sector where NE trending anticlines predominate related to high angle reverse basement faults and an eastern sector where the lineaments are NW trending and developed right-lateral wrench structures. The particular orientation of the Neuquen high, almost orthogonal to the Andean belt, and its complex structural features, were traditionally explained by two end-member models: wrench and inversion tectonics. Based on new subsurface data and the development of new structural concepts, an alternative model is proposed combining wrench-dominated tectonics trends with oblique inversion of half-grabens and basement related tectonics without influence of previous extensional features. The plan-view distribution of the structures and its evolution through time is explained by oblique convergence between a rigid block located to the southeast (Northpatagonian Craton), acting as a backstop with its boundaries sub-parallel to Negro and Limay rivers; which converge with a zone to the north able to be folded represented by the Neuquen basin, under an NW-SE oriented stress field. This model explains the distribution and orientation of the compressive and wrench dominated zones and its structural evolution where younger structures are developed from the SE to the NW towards the outer part of the system.
Palabras clave : Stress field; Strike slip; Oblique inversion; Oblique convergence; Neuquen high.