Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina
versión On-line ISSN 1851-8249
ISLA, Federico Ignacio y ESPINOSA, Marcela. Cyclicity of glaciolacustrine deposits from Cerro Rigal, Epuyén, NW Chubut, Argentina. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2008, vol.63, n.1, pp. 102-109. ISSN 1851-8249.
Lakes are sediment traps and therefore they record past climate variations. Glacial lakes only give information of those periods where they were free of ice (interglacials). At the same time, paleoclimatic studies based on cycles (varves) need to know if processes respond only to annual changes (summer-winter seasonality) or if they are also representing cycles of a longer temporal scale (interannual). These sedimentary records can represent trends (glacial advances, retreats or captures), local effects (volcanism, gravity-dominated phenomena) or episodes (jokulhaups, scablands). According to their dynamics, glacial lakes vary in relation to the summer stratification of the surface waters (monomitic, dimictic or polimictic lakes). In the Pleistocene sequence of the Cerro Rigal (Northwest Chubut) interannual events were recorded in the difference of the varves thickness and the seasonal variations in grain size. The ciclicity of this sequence is confirming that these ENSO effects recorded today in the Patagonian Andean lakes have also taken place during the Quaternary.
Palabras clave : Ciclicity; Glacial lakes; Patagonia; ENSO effects.