Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina
versión On-line ISSN 1851-8249
KIETZMANN, Diego A.; PALMA, Ricardo M. y BRESSAN, Graciela S.. Facies and microfacies of the Tithonian-Berriasian ramp from the Neuquén basin (Vaca Muerta Formation) in the Loncoche creek section - Malargüe, Mendoza. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2008, vol.63, n.4, pp. 696-713. ISSN 1851-8249.
Facies association of the Tithonian-Berriasian Vaca Muerta Formation from the Loncoche creek section, Neuquén Basin, west central Argentina, allow the distinction and definition of 12 lithofacies and 8 microfacies, which are dominated by molluscs, echinoderms, foraminifera, brachiopods, serpulids and radiolarians. The Vaca Muerta Formation consists of a rhythmical alternation of black shales, grey shales, marls and siltstones, with bioclastic mudstones, wackestones, packstones, floatstones and rudstones. Facies associations corresponding to four types of depositional settings were distinguished: basin, outer ramp (distal and proximal), and middle ramp. The Nassellaria/Spumellaria ratio was used for bathymetrical interpretation and allows an estimation minor than 200 m depth. The strata pattern and vertical facies distribution show three depositional sequences between a tithonian homoclinal ramp and a berriasian steep homoclinal ramp system. The depositional sequence 1 consists of basin and distal outer ramp facies and it is characterized by a retrogradational pattern. It reaches 124 m in thickness, and may be assigned to the Virgatosphinctes mendozanus Zone up to the base of Corongoceras alternans Zone. Depositional sequences 2 and 3 consist of outer ramp and middle ramp facies. They are characterized by agradational and progradational patterns. The thickness of the sequences 2 is 66 m and is assigned to Corongoceras alternans Zone, meanwhile sequence 3 reachs 78 m and corresponds to Substeueroceras koeneni and Spiticeras damesi zones.
Palabras clave : Facies; Microfacies; Vaca Muerta Formation; Jurassic; Ramp.