Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina
versión On-line ISSN 1851-8249
ZAVALA, Carlos et al. The diachronism between the Tordillo and Quebrada del Sapo formations (Kimmeridgian), in the southern part of the Neuquén Basin. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2008, vol.63, n.4, pp. 754-765. ISSN 1851-8249.
The Tordilloand Quebrada del Sapo formations are clastic units of non-marine origin accumulated in the Neuquén basin during the Kimmeridgian. These units unconformably overly marine to non-marine deposits of the Lotena Group (Middle Callovian - Oxfordian) and are in turn covered by Tithonian fine-grained marine deposits assigned to the Vaca Muerta Formation. According to their position in the sequence, these units were considered as lateral equivalents by different authors, although the bounding relationships among them had never been documented before. Detailed field surveys performed recently in an area located between the Sierra de Chacaico and the Quebrada del Sapo allowed the discovery of a laterally continuous outcrop where the bounding relationships between these two units were conveniently displayed. Along this outcrop it can be observed that the Tordillo and Quebrada del Sapo formations are diachronous, and are bounded by a major unconformity (deflation surface) which might have also a tectonic significance. The Tordillo Formation is older, and it was accumulated before an important phase of tectonic inversion. The upper boundary with the Quebrada del Sapo Formation is represented by an erosional surface draped with ventifacts. This unconformity completely erodes and makes disappear the Tordillo Formation in about 600 metres. The fluvial and aeolian deposits of the Quebrada del Sapo Formation rest above this surface and progressively thickens towards the east. The Quebrada del Sapo Formation was accumulated over a deflation relief scoured on the fine-grained deposits of the Lotena Formation.
Palabras clave : Tordillo Formation; Quebrada del Sapo Formation; Jurassic; Neuquén basin.