Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina
versión On-line ISSN 1851-8249
OVEJERO TOLEDO, Alberto; ALONSO, Ricardo N; RUIZ, Teresita Del V y QUIROGA, Alicia G. Halitefacies in the salar del Rincon, Andes Department, Salta. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 493-500. ISSN 1851-8249.
Salar del Rincón is located at 3,660 m.a.s.l. in the Andes district, Salta province, andnortheast of the Southern Puna. This paper shows the results of theborehole correlation that helped determine the halite facies, textures,structures, interstitial clastic material, mineralogy, chemical composition ofthe brine and the aquifer hydraulic parameters determineted in an E-W transectthat covers approximately 30 km2. The crystalline phase is mainlymade up of halite with gypsum, mirabilite, thenardite, glauberite,hydroglauberite, eugsterite, calcite, and ulexite only in the western area oftransect. The following halite evapofacies were identified: saline crust,geodes and banded halite. The observed textures include: crystal hoppers,chevron folds, muddy halite and cloudy halite. The brinecomposition is sodium chloride with variations in sulphate and borate at depth.The cations are Ca, Mg, Li and K. The K/Li relationship is 20/1. The reserveestimated at a mineral resource level in areas with different effectiveporosity was 208,2 kt for Li+ and 4231.9 kt (> 30 %) for K+;14.9 kt for Li+ and 302.9 kt (< 10 %) for K+. The Li+and K+ contents in the entire transect are 223.1 kt and 4534.8 kt,respectively. Research carried on contributed to determine an average concentrationof 0.4 g/l of lithium and 8 g/l of potassium.
Palabras llave : Salar del Rincón; Lithium; Potassium; Borate; Puna.