Darwiniana, nueva serie
versión impresa ISSN 0011-6793
ALLEGRUCCI, Natalia; CABELLO, Marta N y ARAMBARRI, Angélica M. Diversity Of Saprotrophic Anamorphic Ascomycetes From Native Forests In Argentina: An Updated Revi. Darwiniana [online]. 2009, vol.47, n.1, pp. 108-124. ISSN 0011-6793.
Eight regions of native forests have been recognized in Argentina: Chaco forest, Misiones rain forest, Tucumán-Bolivia forest (Yunga), Andean-Patagonian forest, "Monte", "Espinal", fluvial forests of the Paraguay, Paraná and Uruguay rivers, and "Talares" in the Pampean region. We reviewed the available data concerning biodiversity of saprotrophic microfungi (anamorphic Ascomycota) in those native forests from Argentina, from the earliest collections, done by Spegazzini, to present. Among the above mentioned regions most studies on saprotrophic microfungi concentrates on the Andean-Patagonian forest, the fluvial forests of the Paraguay, Paraná and Uruguay rivers and the "Talares", in the Pampean region. There are only a few records of fungal species in other native forests. No record of anamorphic species of Ascomycota was previously available for "Monte" forests. From a comprehen-sive bibliographic review, a total of 344 species were registered, of which 81 (23,5%) are new species.This work manifests the lack of explorations in important areas of the country, and demonstrates the need to increase those studies.
Palabras clave : Anamorphic Ascomycota; Argentina; Biodiversity; Forests.