Medicina (Buenos Aires)
versión On-line ISSN 1669-9106
ALTCHEH, J.; CORRAL, R.; BIANCARDI, M. A. y FREILIJ, H.. Anti-F2/3 serum antibodies as cure marker in children with congenital Trypanosoma cruzi infection. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2003, vol.63, n.1, pp. 37-40. ISSN 1669-9106.
The F2/3 antigenic fraction isolated from Trypanosoma cruzi trypomastigotes contains epitopes recognised by antibodies which are representative of active infection. The kinetics of disappearance of conventional serology (CS) and anti-F2/3 antibodies were compared in 21 patients with congenital Chagas´disease after receiving benznidazole treatment. Patients were divided into 2 groups: (A) Age < 8 months at diagnosis; (B) Age > 9 months at diagnosis. Group A presented negative outcome for CS at 6.6 mo. (CI95 3.4-9.8 mo.) and for anti-F2/3 at 4 mo. (CI95 0.9-7.1 mo.), p = 0.18. Group B exhibited non-reactive CS at 63.1 mo. (CI95 42.1-84.2 mo.) whereas anti-F2/3 antibody determination became negative at 21.9 mo. (CI95 5.7-38.1 mo.), p = 0.0025. In patients belonging to group A, antibodies were undetectable by both CS and anti-F2/3 ELISA soon after receiving chemotherapy. In infants included into group B, a negative result for anti-F2/3 antibody detection significantly anticipated the disappearance of CS reactivity. Consequently, an anti-F2/3 antibody assay becoming negative should be considered as an early marker for assessment of cure, particularly in those patients with prolonged time of infection.
Palabras clave : Congenital Chagas' disease; Chemotherapy; Cure; Mucin-like glycoconjugates; Anti-F2/3 serum antibodies; Serology.