Medicina (Buenos Aires)
versión On-line ISSN 1669-9106
BELLI, S. et al. Analysis of the RET protooncogene in multiple endocrine neoplasia 2A and in familial medullary thyroid carcinoma: Clinical-pathological findings in asymptomatic carriers. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2003, vol.63, n.1, pp. 41-45. ISSN 1669-9106.
Twenty five percent of the medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is hereditary and 5% is familiar (FMTC), or considered as multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 2A (17%) or 2B (3%). These diseases are the result of the autosomic dominant inheritance of a mutation in the RET protooncogene, in one out of 12 different known codons. We analyzed 7 families (2 MEN 2A and 5 FMTC). Six mutations were detected in the most frequent codon, 634 (2 MEN 2A y 4 FMTC) and one family with FMTC presented a novel mutation: a transition T>C at codon 630, resulting a C630A change. Among 57 individuals studied, 25 (43.85%) presented the mutation. Seven (28%) were asymptomatic carriers, including 5 children aged 11±3.2 years. The children underwent total thyroidectomy. The histopathologic examination showed C cells hyperplasia and microcarcinoma focus in both lobes, even in the presence of normal, basal or pentagastrine stimulated, calcitonine levels. In conclusion, we describe a germline novel mutation in the RET protooncogene: C630A; and the corresponding findings of C-cell disease in gene mutated carriers that emphasize the importance of prophylactic thyroidectomy as soon as the molecular diagnosis is confirmed.
Palabras clave : multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A; MEN 2A; RET protooncogene; familial medullary thyroid carcinoma.