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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

Print version ISSN 0025-7680On-line version ISSN 1669-9106


EDUARDO, Gaddi et al. L-selectin expression on T lymphocytes and neutrophils in HIV infected children. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2005, vol.65, n.2, pp.131-137. ISSN 0025-7680.

The ability of leukocytes to leave the circulation and migrate into tissues is a critical feature of the immune response. L-selectin (CD62L), the leukocyte selectin, mediates the binding of lymphocytes to high endothelial venules of peripheral lymph nodes and is also involved in lymphocyte, neutrophil and monocyte attachment to vascular endothelium at sites of inflammation. In this study L-selectin expression on peripheral T cells and neutrophils was evaluated in 25 HIV infected children, who had not received antiretroviral therapy, and 25 healthy controls. The expression level of L-selectin on T cells was also evaluated in 10 out 25 patients after 6 months of antiretroviral therapy. L-selectin expression on CD3+, CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were significantly lower in HIV infected children than in the control group. The percentage of neutrophils expressing CD62L was significantly reduced in patients with severe immunologic suppression. A positive correlation between the number of CD4+ T cells and the percentage of neutrophils CD62L+ was found. L-selectin expression on both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells did not significantly vary after 6 months of treatment. Altered leukocyte functions such as migration and homing resulting from reduced expression of CD62L may be an important contributor of the progressive dysfunction of the immune system in HIV infected children.

Keywords : L-selectin (CD62L); leukocytes; HIV pediatric infection.

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