Medicina (Buenos Aires)
versión On-line ISSN 1669-9106
VILLAR, Hugo E. et al. High prevalence of beta hemolytic streptococci isolated from throat swabs in Buenos Aires. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2005, vol.65, n.4, pp. 311-314. ISSN 1669-9106.
Beta hemolytic streptococci, particulary group A, are the most frequently isolated pathogens in cases of pharyngoamigdalitis. Other beta hemolytic streptococci also produce this pathology. An increase of positive cultures for group A streptococci was detected during 2004 in relation to previous years. The aim of this study was to determine the isolation rates of beta hemolytic streptococci groups A, C and G during a period of 5 years. Pharyngeal exudates were obtained from children (aged 6 months to 18 years) and adults. Swabs were cultured on Columbia agar plates containing 5% sheep blood. Lancefield grouping was performed using a latex immuno-agglutination test. Group A beta hemolytic streptococci were isolated significantly more frequently from pediatric population than from adults. Groups A, C and G beta hemolytic streptococci were isolated significantly more frequently during 2004 than in previous years. Group G beta hemolytic was more prevalent in adult population than in patients less than 18 years of age. Among the isolated beta hemolytic streptococci, in adults and children, 18.9% and 5.8% were non-group A streptococci, respectively. Therefore special attention should be paid not only to group A beta hemolytic streptococci but also to other groups. Throat culture is the most reliable method for detecting the presence of the beta hemolytic streptococci and should also be indicated in adult patients.
Palabras clave : pharyngitis; beta hemolytic streptococci; Lancefield groups A, C and G; Buenos Aires.