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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

Print version ISSN 0025-7680On-line version ISSN 1669-9106


LYONS, Gustavo et al. Bronchioalveolar carcinoma: Five year survival. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2006, vol.66, n.4, pp.313-318. ISSN 0025-7680.

The epidemiology and prognosis of bronchioal veolar carcinoma (BAC) is different from adenocarcinoma.  We studied 28 patients who underwent surgical resection and in whom a final histologic diagnosis of bronchioalveolar carcinoma was made. Sixty one percent of patients were asymptomatic at the time of diagnosis. The most usual radiological presentations were pulmonary nodule (11), pulmonary mass (6) and diffuse infiltrate (6). Nine patients (9/25) were never smokers. Bronchoscopy provided the diagnosis only in 4/26  patients. Patients were classified as stage IA 11/24, IB 5/24 IIIB in 2/24 and IV in 6/24. Five-year survival for the entire group was 65%. Patients with focal lesions had a longer survival. The survival in patients who underwent potentially curative resections was 62.8 ± 44.0 months. When surgery was considered non-curative, survival was 21.2 ± 19.5 months (p = 0.0064). Five-year survival in stage IA patients was 80%. Survival of patients with non-mucinous histology was longer than those with mucinous type carcinomas (54.9 ± 25.0 months vs. 5.33 ± 4.04, p < 0.0001) but the 5-year-survival was not statistically different. In conclusion, BAC has a favourable prognosis. The best survival rate was found in focal forms, represented by early tumor, nodes, metastasis (TNM) stages and non-mucinous BAC among the histological groups.

Keywords : Bronchioalveolar carcinoma; Non-small cell carcinoma; Surgical treatment.

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