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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

versión impresa ISSN 0025-7680versión On-line ISSN 1669-9106


DE KANTOR, Isabel N.  y  BARRERA, Lucía. Susceptibility tests to second line drugs and re-treatment of tuberculosis: Revisiting Early Experiences. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2007, vol.67, n.3, pp.231-237. ISSN 0025-7680.

The value of susceptibility tests in guiding antituberculous therapy with second-line drugs  remains controversial. We reanalyzed three reports regarding the relationship between in vitro susceptibility of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the clinical outcome of in-patients treated with these drugs at the Muñiz Hospital, Buenos Aires, during the sixties. These patients had been irregularly treated with a standard regimen consisting of isoniazid, streptomycin and PAS; they developed resistance to at least the first two drugs and persisted culture-positive. Susceptibility testing to ethionamide, cycloserine and kanamycin were performed by the proportion method on Löwenstein Jensen medium. Some level of resistance was detected among isolates from patients not previously treated with these drugs, that could be due to cross resistance with previously administered first line structural analogs. However, the studies evidenced significant association between resistance to ethionamide and cycloserine and prior treatment with these drugs. Increased resistanceto all three drugs was detected within the first three months of treatment. In vitro resistance to ethionamide emerged earlier and was the most frequent followed by resistance to cycloserine and kanamycin. The low frequency of resistance to kanamycin could be related to the low dosage of this drug used at that time. Simultaneous resistance to the three agents, but not to two or one drug, appeared to be a marker of treatment failure. An apparent reversion of drug resistance was observed in near 6% of patients, for whom susceptibility tests were repeated on subsequent isolates, indicating this percentage of inconsistency in reproducibility of test results.

Palabras clave : Tuberculosis; Drug susceptibility tests; Second line anti tuberculosis drugs; Multi drug resistance; Argentina.

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