Medicina (Buenos Aires)
versión On-line ISSN 1669-9106
PEREZ, María S. et al. Polymorphism in CYP11a and CYP17 genes and the etiology of hyperandrogenism in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2008, vol.68, n.2, pp. 129-134. ISSN 1669-9106.
The polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous multifactorial endocrine metabolic disorder with genetic predisposition affecting 6% of women in the reproductive age. This syndrome is characterized by the presence of oligo-anovulation, hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovaries. Several genes have been postulated as responsible for the etiology of this disorder. Among these genes are those encoding the enzymes involved in the ovarian androgen biosynthesis. Two of the candidate genes are the CYP17 and the CYP11a, encoding the 17-a-hydroxylase (P45017a) and the cholesterol side chain cleavage (P450scc) respectively. The polymorphisms of these genes are linked to the development of an hyperandrogenic phenotype. The aim of this work was to analyze the allelic frequencies of such polymorphisms in a cohort of women with PCOS and to compare them with those of healthy women. Furthermore, the correlation between each allelic variant and the corresponding hyperandrogenic phenotype was also assessed. Therefore, 65 patients and 58 age matched healthy controls were analyzed. The serum levels of testosterone and the frequency of each polymorphism were determined. When the PCOS population was analyzed, a significant statistical difference was found when relating the group with the highest androgenemia level with the presence of A2/A2 genotype of CYP 17 gene, and a higher level of circulating androgen was found in PCO women carrying the 216- allele of CYP11a gene (that did not reach statistical significance). Our results suggest that both alleles play a minor role in the development of PCOS and could be a genetic risk marker of the hyperandrogenic phenotype.
Palabras clave : Polycystic ovary syndrome; Androgens; Genetic polymorphism.