Medicina (Buenos Aires)
versión impresa ISSN 0025-7680
SPIVACOW, Francisco R.; MARTINEZ, Carolina y POLONSKY, Ana. Primary hyperparathyrodism: Postoperative long-term evolution. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2010, vol.70, n.5, pp. 408-414. ISSN 0025-7680.
The long-term postoperative outcome of 87 patients with primary hyperparathyrodism is here presented. Of the total 78 were females and 9 males, ratio: 8.7:1. Mean age 55.3 ± 10.2 years. Before surgery, 44% had kidney stones, 70% had osteopenia or osteoporosis and 71.2% had hypercalciuria. Decrease renal glomerular filtration was found in 12.6%. Of the total, 72 patients had a single adenoma, two double adenoma, two hyperplasia, four had normal histology and seven could not dispose of the result. Serum calcium, ionized calcium, phosphorus and intact parathyroid hormone were normalized in all post surgery patients. Bone mineral density increased by 6.9% in lumbar spine and 3% in femoral neck. Markers of bone remodeling were normalized and persisted normal 23 months of follow-up, coinciding with the normal intact parathyroid hormone. Same thing happened with the values of 25 OH D. When patients whith initial hypercalciuria were compared with those with normocalciuria, no differences were found in the basal values and postsurgery in both groups. In 11 patients with previous renal glomerular filtration < 60 ml / min, we found a higher intact parathyroid hormone and lower bone mineral density than the rest. The glomerular filtration rate did not change significantly after surgery. In conclusion, the surgical primary hyperparathyroidism, operated by specialized surgeons has an excellent long-term outcome, with normalization of all parameters of phosphocalcic metabolism and bone remodeling and significant improvement in bone mineral density. Adverse effects were scarce and had spontaneous resolution.
Palabras clave : Primary hyperparathyroidism; Long term postoperative evaluation.