Medicina (Buenos Aires)
versão ISSN 0025-7680
MELERO, Marcelo J.; PAGOTTO, Vanina L. e MAZZEI, Juan A.. Venous thromboembolism prevention in non-surgical adult patients admitted in a general hospital. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2012, vol.72, n.5, pp. 361-366. ISSN 0025-7680.
Adult patients hospitalized for a non-surgical condition, usually have a high risk of venous thromboembolism and may develop some form of this disease when they do not receive appropriate preventive treatment. The objectives of this prospective, analytical, observational and cross-sectional study were: 1) to determine what percentage of adult patients hospitalized for a non-surgical acute condition at the Hospital de Clínicas José de San Martín, Universidad de Buenos Aires, had indication for preventive thromboprophylaxis, 2) to establish how many of them had been prescribed a preventive treatment of venous thromboembolism, 3) to establish how many of them had been prescribed a preventive treatment of venous thromboembolism without having reasons to justify the treatment. The study was performed on 93 patients for 72 consecutive hours. It resulted in 90.3% in need of preventive treatment for venous thromboembolism and 76.2% of these patients had received pharmacological thromboprophylaxis. A 33.3% of the studied patients had received preventive pharmacological treatment without having a proper indication. In this study, the percentage of patients treated is higher than in those reported in other published observational studies.
Palavras-chave : Venous thromboembolism; Thromboprophylaxis; Prevention; Low-molecular weight heparins; Unfractionated heparin.