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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

Print version ISSN 0025-7680


PAOLINI, María Virginia; RUFFINO, Juan Pablo  and  FERNANDEZ ROMERO, Diego S.. Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis: Clinical aspects and treatment. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2013, vol.73, n.2, pp.119-126. ISSN 0025-7680.

Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) associated vasculitis, comprise a group of diseases characterized by inflammation of the wall of small vessels. We analyzed epidemiological and clinical characteristics in a series of 47 patients, 23 (49%) with Wegener granulomatosis (WG), 15 (32%) with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and nine (19%) with renal limited vasculitis (RLV). The mean age at onset of symptoms was 50.7 ± 14.9 years. The most frequent clinical manifestation was renal involvement in 41 (87%), followed by pulmonary manifestations in 26 (55%) and ENT involvement in 17 (36%). In 26 (55%) it presented with simultaneous pulmonary and renal involvement. The most frequent clinical category was the generalized form in 23 (49%), followed by the severe form in 18 (38%). Eighty nine percent of patients had positive ANCA test. Four (8%) received no immunosuppressive treatment. Of the 43 patients who were treated, 29 (67%) achieved complete remission with an average length of remission of 35.3 months. Eleven (26%) had a relapse, ten (91%) had a major relapse and one had a minor relapse. Twelve (28%) patients died, seven died early and five late during the course of the disease. Fifteen (31%) progressed to chronic renal failure. All 26 patients in follow-up had response to treatment and 20 (77%) were in remission at the end of the study. Despite the improvements achieved with immunosuppressive treatments, morbidity and mortality rates in ANCA-associated vasculitis remain high.

Keywords : ANCA-associated vasculitis; Wegener granulomatosis; Microscopic polyangiitis; Renal limited vasculitis.

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