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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

Print version ISSN 0025-7680


JERKOVICH, Fernando et al. Use of plasmapheresis in hypertriglyceridemic pancreatitis. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2014, vol.74, n.1, pp.55-56. ISSN 0025-7680.

Hypertriglyceridemia is reported as cause of 1 to 4% of the episodes of acute pancreatitis. We report the case of a 42-year-old woman with a history of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia, with triglycerides of 9365 mg/dl, total cholesterol of 1822 mg/dl, one month prior to the consultation. She presented at the emergency unit with a 5 day history of abdominal pain, which progressed in intensity in the last 48 hours. Abdominal computed tomography revealed pancreatic and peripancreatic inflammation. Thirty-six hours after admission, a first session of plasmapheresis was conducted with a plasma triglyceride and cholesterol reduction of 25 and 30%, respectively. A second session was performed the next day, with a further reduction of triglycerides to 996 mg/dl and cholesterol to 238 mg/dl. During hospitalization the patient presented fever and Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteremia with no pancreatic collection or necrosis in tomography and, later on, nosocomial pneumonia, both infections with adequate response to antibiotic therapy. At the time of discharge, triglycerides and cholesterol levels were 652 mg/dl and 167 mg/dl respectively, no abdominal pain was present and the patient resumed oral nutrition. We observed a 90% reduction of triglycerides and 87% of cholesterol after 2 sessions of plasmapheresis, compared to 70% in average of reduction in most of the studies reviewed. We did not find the presence of bacteremia or nosocomial pneumonia as complications in the reported cases.

Keywords : Hypertriglyceridemia; Acute pancreatitis; Plasmapheresis.

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