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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

Print version ISSN 0025-7680


VALDES SOCIN, Hernán  and  BECKERS, Albert. El síndrome de Pasqualini: hipoandrogenismo con espermatogénesis conservada. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2015, vol.75, n.1, pp.53-58. ISSN 0025-7680.

Pasqualini and Bur published the first case of eunuchoidism with preserved spermatogenesis in 1950 in Revista de la Asociación Médica Argentina. The hypoandrogenism with spermatogenesis syndrome included: (a) eunuchoidism, (b) testis with normal spermatogenesis and full volume, with mature spermatozoa in a high proportion of seminiferous tubes and undifferentiated and immature Leydig cells (c) full functional compensation through the administration of chorionic gonadotropin hormone, while hCG is administered (d) total urinary gonadotrophins within normal limits (e) this definition supposes the normal activity of the pituitary and the absence of congenital malformations in general. A first step in the understanding of the physiopathogeny of Pasqualini syndrome or the so called "fertile eunuch" syndrome was the absence of LH in plasma and urine of patients. The second breakthrough was the functional and genetic studies that validated the hypothesis of a functional deficit of LH in these men: it will then also be described in some women. Different groups including ours demonstrated in these cases a LH with varying degrees of immunological activity but biologically inactive in most of the patients, due to one or more inactivating mutations in the LHB gene. Finally, the full comprehension of Pasqualini syndrome allowed to reverse the hypoandrogenic phenotype and to restore fertility in these patients through the use of chorionic gonadotropin and the modern in-vitro fertility techniques. This article is an historical review and a tribute to the memory of Rodolfo Q. Pasqualini.

Keywords : Luteinizing hormone; LHB gene; Mutation; Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism.

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