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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

On-line version ISSN 1669-9106


ZYLBERMAN, Marcelo et al. Anemia aplásica asociada a hepatitis E: Informe de un caso. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2015, vol.75, n.3, pp.175-177. ISSN 1669-9106.

Hepatitis-associated aplastic anemia (HAAA) is a well-recognized clinical syndrome in which marrow failure follows the development of hepatitis; it can be observed in up to 5% in the aplastic anemia in West Europe and North American countries and 10% in the East Asia. Although hepatotropic and other viruses were suspected of causing HAAA, this hypothesis was rarely confirmed. Currently, the infection with hepatitis E virus represents the first cause of acute hepatitis in the world. Its genotype 3, the most frequent in Argentina and other Latin American countries, was associated with extrahepatic complications (renal, pancreatic, neurologic and hematologic). To our knowledge, only one case of hepatitis E virus-associated aplastic anemia has been previously reported, in Pakistan; the case presented here would be the first in Argentina. The patient was treated with thymoglobulin, cyclosporine, corticosteroids, filgastrim and transfusional support. She developed fungemia due to Candida tropicalis that remitted with equinocandins and therefore fever, pulmonary infiltrates and a solitary nodular cerebral image with serum galactomannan (DO index > 1.0 ng/ml) that resolved with voriconazol. She was discharged three months after her admission without transfusion requirements and normal hepatic values.With this in mind, it would be advisable to investigate hepatitis E (HEV) as a cause of HAAA in Argentina.

Keywords : Aplastic anemia; Hepatitis E virus (HEV).

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