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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

Print version ISSN 0025-7680On-line version ISSN 1669-9106


BUHL, Manuel A et al. Variantes genéticas de la tiopurina metiltransferasa e incidencia de eventos adversos en pacientes con indicación de azatioprina. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2018, vol.78, n.2, pp.65-70. ISSN 0025-7680.

Azathioprine is a thiopurine which has a narrow therapeutic index and marked hematological and hepatic toxicity. Thiopurine s-methyltransferase is an enzyme involved in the metabolism of thiopurines. Mutations in the gene that encodes the enzyme may augment the risk of adverse events. For that reason, pharmacogenetic determinations prior to the initiation of therapy can provide useful information for the future therapeutic strategy. Nevertheless, its utility in the local environment is not completely established. Forty-five subjects (13 men) who had been prescribed azathioprine were included. The presence of *2, *3A, *3B and *3C mutations were determined by PCR-RFLP, and the relationship between genotype and incidence of adverse events related to the drug was analyzed. Nine carried at least one non-functional allele, one of them with *3A/*3A genotype. Among the eighteen patients who initiated treatment with azathioprine, toxicity was detected in 3 cases: 2 mild events were observed in patients with normal genotype, and the only serious event (bone marrow suppression) occurred in the individual with homozygous mutant genotype. The only homozygous mutant patient developed the most severe of the registered events, in spite of being under treatment with low doses of azathioprine. This is the reason why enzymatic determination could be of utility, even though it does not replace clinical and biochemical follow-up in patients under thiopurine treatment.

Keywords : Thiopurine methyltransferase deficiency; TPMT deficiency; Pharmacogenomic variant; Azathioprine; Poor metabolism of thiopurines.

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