SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.78 issue5Epidemiological dynamic modeling of human papillomavirus-related diseases to assess vaccination strategies in ArgentinaInmunoterapia en cáncer: Perspectivas actuales, desafíos y nuevos horizontes author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Medicina (Buenos Aires)

Print version ISSN 0025-7680On-line version ISSN 1669-9106


GARGIULO, María De Los Ángeles et al. Cut-off values of immunological tests to identify patients at high risk of severe lupus nephritis. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2018, vol.78, n.5, pp.329-335. ISSN 0025-7680.

Cut-off values for anti-dsDNA, anti-nucleosome and anti-C1q antibodies tests and for complement-mediated hemolytic activity (CH50) were explored to identify patients with high risk of developing severe lupus nephritis (LN). Forty-one patients with confirmed systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) were identified; their levels for the three antibodies and complement had been measured on a same serum sample. These patients were classified based on the presence of renal involvem ent; sixteen had active proliferative LN. With the cut-off values accepted in the laboratory for SLE diagnosis (anti-dsDNA > 100 UI/ml, anti-nucleosome > 50 U/ ml or CH50 < 190 UCH50%) no significant differences were found between patients with and without LN. Anti-C1q > 40 U/ml showed a statistically significant association with LN and had 80% of specificity. Cut-off values for LN identified by Receiver Operating Characteristic curves (ROC) were higher for anti-dsDNA (> 455 IU/ml) and anti-nucleosome (>107 U/ml), lower for CH50 (< 150 UCH50%) and, for anti-C1q (> 41 U/ml) coincided with the cut-off values accepted for SLE. Anti-C1q > 134 U/ml had a 92% of specificity, 56% of sensibility and was associated with a fifteen-fold increased risk of LN. The simultaneous presence of anti-nucleosome > 107 U/ml and anti-C1q > 134 U/ml was associated with a 27-fold higher probability for LN. According to these results, the cut-off values used to detect SLE activity could be inadequate to identify patients at high risk of severe LN.

Keywords : Systemic lupus erythematosus; Lupus nephritis; Immunologic tests.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License