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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

Print version ISSN 0025-7680On-line version ISSN 1669-9106


PERUZZO, Luisina B et al. Eritroleucemias: Recategorización según criterios de la organización mundial de la salud. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2019, vol.79, n.1, pp.1-5. ISSN 0025-7680.

Acute leukemia is the most frequent malignant disease in childhood. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia represents 75% and acute myeloblastic leukemia 25% of them. Erythroleukemia is a rare entity, corresponding to less than 5% of acute myeloblastic leukemia. Its definition has changed over the time. WHO in 2017 defines erythroleukemia when the percentage of erythroblasts represent 80% of the total cellularity of the bone marrow aspirate. This analytical and retrospective study was performed with the aim of reviewing morphology, flow cytometry and cytogenetic features, response to treatment and outcome of cases previously defined as erythroleukemia in our center during the last 25 years and, in addition to reclassify those cases which do not meet the new WHO 2017 criteria. From January 1990 to December 2015, 576 patients were diagnosed as acute myeloblastic leukemia and 11 (1.9%) of them were classified as erythroleukemia. Ten cases were evaluable. Sex distribution was 1:1 and the median age at diagnosis was 5 (range: 0.9-14) years. Six of them had presented with previous myelodysplastic syndrome. None of the analyzed cases can be currently defined as erythroleukemia, according to the new criteria. When reclassified, the cases were defined as leukemias of subsets with poor prognosis such as acute undifferentiated leukemia, without differentiation and megakaryoblastic leukemia. Only 2 patients remain leukemia-free and this could be explained both by the unfavorable prognosis of these leukemia subtypes, and the antecedent of myelodysplastic syndrome in most of the cases.

Keywords : Erythroleukemia; Diagnostic criteria; Classification.

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