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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

versión impresa ISSN 0025-7680versión On-line ISSN 1669-9106


GARCIA, Alejandro et al. Estado mutacional de BRAF y parámetros histopatológicos en melanoma maligno cutáneo. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2019, vol.79, n.4, pp.265-270. ISSN 0025-7680.

Malignant melanoma (MM) is the more aggressive form of skin cancer with a mortality rate in Argentina 1997-2001 = 1.1/100 000 in men and 0.6 in women. BRAF proto-oncogene is focus of intense research; its mutation is one of the main tumor promoters and occurs in approximately 50% of MM. Several drugs with clinical activity on BRAF mutations have been approved. The aim of the study is to evaluate the mutational status of BRAF (exon 15) in cutaneous MM biopsies and its relationship with histopathological characteristics. We carried out an observational, retrospective study of samples fixed in formaldehyde and paraffin embedded; reviewing age, sex, diagnosis, histopathological data, tumor size and percentage, viability for molecular analysis and melanin presence. We evaluated BRAF mutations with PCR/Sanger sequencing. For statistics we used Student’s t test, Chi square, Wilcoxon and Fisher’s exact test. We were able to purify and sequence 76% (38/49) samples, 13/38 (34%) from women and 25/38 (66%) from men, the median age being 70 years. Most frequent location: thorax 14/35 (40%). Histological type: Superficial spreading 18/38 (47%). Clark´s levels, 11/38 (29%): I-II and 27/38 (71%): III, IV and V. Breslow´s median: 1.6 mm. Radial growth phase 11/38 (29%) and 27/38 (71%) vertical. Presented mutations 16/38 (42%). As reported by other authors, no association was found between the mutational state of exon 15 and clinical or histopathological parameters.

Palabras clave : Melanoma; BRAF; Histopathology.

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