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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

Print version ISSN 0025-7680On-line version ISSN 1669-9106


SPIVACOW, Francisco R; PAILLER, Martín  and  MARTINEZ, Pablo. Hipercalciuria idiopática ¿se pueden evitar los diuró;©ticos?. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2019, vol.79, n.6, pp.477-482. ISSN 0025-7680.

Idiopathic hypercalciuria is defined as calcium excretion greater than 220 and 300 mg / day in women and men respectively, or greater than 4 mg / kg body weight. In women with osteoporosis it is observed in 19% of cases, while in kidney stones cases varies between 50 and 70%. We selected 206 hypercalciuric patients from our database, with and without renal lithiasis, to whom a restricted diet had been indicated. We divided them, according to the response, into a dependent diet and an independent diet. We considered 122 patients with diagnosis of hypercalciuria diet dependent (105 women and 17 men), which were followed with dietary control (800 mg of calcium, around 1 g of animal proteins and < 100 mEq sodium a day). The appearance of stones, or the recurrence of stones, was not considered, nor was bone involvement. After an average of 17 months, everyone had their calciuria controlled and there were even 16 (13%) who, after 42 months of follow-up, continued to be normocalciuric only on a diet. We conclude that the division of the hypercalciurias is fundamental, according to their response to a restricted diet, in order to avoid or postpone the use of diuretics and its adverse effects, with an adequate management of the diet.

Keywords : Idiopathic hypercalciuria; Use of diuretics; Diet.

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