SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.80 issue1Tecnologías de la información y comunicación en el desarrollo de modelos estocásticos aplicados al sector de la saludSuspensión de soporte vital en el estado vegetativo permanente y muerte digna author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Medicina (Buenos Aires)

Print version ISSN 0025-7680On-line version ISSN 1669-9106


BOCCALATTE, Luis A et al. Hiperparatiroidismo ectópico: Detección de la localización mediastinal. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2020, vol.80, n.1, pp.39-47. ISSN 0025-7680.

The ectopic parathyroid tissue is a frequent cause of recurrent hyperparathyroidism (HPT), accounting 16% in primary HPT and 14% in secondary cases. Although intrathoracic ectopic glands represent 25-35% of all ectopic cases, only 2% requires thoracic surgery. The aim of this study is to report a case series of patients with ectopic mediastinal HPT treated by thoracic approach in a private institution in Argentina. This is a retrospective analysis from January 2006 to June 2019. All patients diagnosed with ectopic hyperparathyroidism who required a thoracic surgical approach were included. During this period, 728 patients with primary HPT and secondary HPT were treated. Six with primary HPT and 3 with secondary HPT required a thoracic approach. Six video-assisted thoracoscopy surgeries (VATS) and 3 sternotomies were performed. None of them presented serious posoperative complications. Frozen section biopsy was used in all cases. iPTH was measured in 8 cases, with a mean drop of 65% after 15 minutes. Final pathology reports confirmed 5 adenomas and 4 hyperplasias. Our case series reported an incidence of 1.65% (12/728) mediastinal parathyroids, while 1.24% (9/728) received surgical treatment at our institution. Intraoperative frozen section and PTHi are useful to confirm the diagnosis and to avoid recurrences. Although VATS is a safe and efficient treatment option, it depends on surgical training and availability. In terms of diagnostic imaging resources, sestamibi remains the current gold standard. However, 18F-choline PET/CT may arise as a new diagnostic tool. The possibility of obtaining evidence-based conclusions requires studies with higher number of patients.

Keywords : Hyperparathyroidism; Ectopic parathyroid glands; Parathyroid diseases; Mediastinic parathyroids.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License