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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

versión impresa ISSN 0025-7680versión On-line ISSN 1669-9106


MICELI, Isabel; BORDA, María Elena; CASALE, Roberto  y  FERREIROS, Alberto. Mortalidad materna: Hospital Profesor Alejandro Posadas, Buenos Aires. Evolución 2003-2015. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2020, vol.80, n.2, pp.117-126. ISSN 0025-7680.

We reviewed the medical records of women with maternal death reported from August 2003 to December 2015 in the Posadas Hospital (Buenos Aires Province, Argentina), and calculated indexes, trends and years of potential life lost. A total of 52 cases fulfilled the criteria of maternal death. The information provided by death certificates was meager. Two deaths were incidental: one occurred post-caesarean section and was caused by fat embolism following liquid silicone breast injection, and the other was the consequence of femicide which involved also the 24-week fetus. Of the remaining 50 cases, 11 were late deaths (> 42 days postpartum). In 39 women, death occurred during pregnancy, childbirth, or puerperium up to 42 days: 20 were due to direct obstetric causes, and 18 to indirect, non-obstetric causes, the cause of the remaining death was not determined. The most frequent cause was septic abortion. Direct maternal deaths had had more than twice pregnancies, thrice caesarean sections, and orphaned twice as children as indirect deaths. Death caused by placenta accreta was directly related to the number of previous caesarean sections. Throughout the period, maternal mortality index varied between 25 y 150 (mean: 72) per 100 000 live births with ascending trend and 1576 years of potential life were lost. The study exposes the need to improve the death registration system and, most importantly, strengthen prevention and assistance measures to reduce maternal mortality in the area of influence of our hospital.

Palabras clave : Maternal mortality; Pregnancy related deaths; Septic abortion; Placenta accreta; Caesarean section.

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