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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

versión impresa ISSN 0025-7680versión On-line ISSN 1669-9106


BOIM, Clarisa; KHOURY, Marina  y  STORNI, Miguel. Adherencia a un programa domiciliario de rehabilitación respiratoria. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2020, vol.80, n.2, pp.143-149. ISSN 0025-7680.

Since 1996, the Hospital del Tórax Dr. Antonio A. Centrángolo conducts a pulmonary rehabilitation program that requires patients with chronic pulmonary disease to attend the hospital twice a week. In 2015 the home-based program (HBP) was developed for patients living more than either 10 km or 60 minutes away from the hospital, or with conflicting working schedules. A retrospective study was conducted to describe the adherence to the home-based program by patients with chronic pulmonary disease, and explore adherence-related factors. In 2017, 96 (75.6%) of 127 patients eligible for pulmonary rehabilitation were assigned to the home-based program; they were instructed to complete at least three exercise sessions a week -including aerobic and resistance, segmental strength of upper and lower limbs, and flexibility-; and attend hospital visits every 20 to 30 days; "adherence to the HBP" was determined for patients who attended their final assessment on the fifth visit. A 40.6% (n = 39) of the patients only attended the first visit; 23% (n = 22) adhered to the program. This latter group of patients had shown, at their first assessment, better FVCs (p = 0.013), lower dyspnea scores (p = 0.008), and less than two or more exacerbations during the previous 6 months (p = 0.032). Only one patient needed to take three or more different transportation services to reach the hospital (p = 0.006). The results suggest that adherence to the home-based program was associated to a better clinical status and better access to the hospital.

Palabras clave : Home-based pulmonary rehabilitation; Adherence; Chronic respiratory disease.

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