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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

Print version ISSN 0025-7680On-line version ISSN 1669-9106


MAGLIO, gnacio et al. Guías éticas para la atención durante la pandemia COVID-19: Recomendaciones multisocietarias para asignación de recursos. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2020, vol.80, suppl.3, pp.45-64. ISSN 0025-7680.

Guidelines on resource allocation, ethics, triage processes with admission and discharge criteria from critical care and palliative care units during the pandemia are here presented. The interdisciplinary and multi-society panel that prepared these guidelines represented by bioethicists and specialists linked to the end of life: clinicians, geriatricians, emergentologists, intensivists, and experts in palliative care and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The available information indicates that approximately 80% of people with COVID-19 will develop mild symptoms and will not require hospital care, while 15% will require intermediate or general room care, and the remaining 5% will require assistance in intensive care units. The need to think about justice and establish ethical criteria for allocation patients arise in conditions of exceeding available resources, such as outbreaks of diseases and pandemics, with transparency being the main criterion for allocation. These guides recommend general criteria for the allocation of resources relies on bioethical considerations, rooted in Human Rights and based on the value of the dignity of the human person and substantial principles such as solidarity, justice and equity. The guides are recommendations of general scope and their usefulness is to accompany and sustain the technical and scientific decisions made by the different specialists in the care of critically ill patients, but given the dynamic nature of the pandemic, a process of permanent revision and adaptation of recommendations must be ensured.

Keywords : COVID-19; Bioethics; End of life; Mechanical ventilation; Resource allocation; Pandemic; Principle of justice.

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