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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

versión impresa ISSN 0025-7680versión On-line ISSN 1669-9106


TAMASHIRO, Alberto et al. Percutaneous treatment of hemoptysis. Anatomy, physiopathology and methodology. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2020, vol.80, n.6, pp.640-648. ISSN 0025-7680.

We present the results of 105 patients with life-threatening hemoptysis who were treated with the systemic arterial and/or pulmonary artery routes. We also describe the procedure techniques and the angiographic findings. We show the usefulness of the flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy and chest radiography to identify the bleeding zone previous to the procedure. From May 2000 to September 2015, a total of 105 patients were admitted to the Catheterization Laboratory with a diagnosis of life-threatening hemoptysis; 76 were male (72.4%) and mean age was 41 ± 18.65 years. Treatment was successful in 93% (98/105). In 90% (88/98) the approach was via the bronchial arteries and/or non-bronchial systemic arteries, and in 10% (10/98) the approach was via the pulmonary artery. In bilateral affection angiographic images alone could not identify accurately the site of the lung bleeding. Flexible fibrobronchoscopy was performed in 60% (63/98) and located the bleeding area in 84% (56/63). In unilateral affection, chest radiography previous to the procedure located the bleeding area in 47%. No complications or death were related to the procedure. The treatment of life threatening hemoptysis by a percutaneous way has a high percentage of primary success with a very low incidence of complications. Pulmonary arterial route treatment is an alternative approach. Flexible fibrobronchoscopy is an important complement to this entity.

Palabras clave : Hemoptysis; Life-threatening hemoptysis; Percutaneous embolization of bronchial and non-bronchial systemic arteries; Embolization via the pulmonary arteries; Flexible fibrobronchoscopy.

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