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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

versión impresa ISSN 0025-7680versión On-line ISSN 1669-9106


BRAUN, Sandra; SANCHEZ GELOS, Diego; ANGEL, Adriana  y  MEJIA, Raúl. Transcultural adaptation and validation of the Self-efficacy/Temptations Scale in Argentina. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2021, vol.81, n.4, pp.602-610. ISSN 0025-7680.

Self-efficacy is the confidence in one’s own abilities to avoid smoking in situations that can trigger desire. It is considered an important predictor of relapses. In Argentina there is no valid instrument to evaluate it. The objective of this article was to adapt and validate a Spanish version (in local Argentinean language) of the Self-Efficacy/Temptation Scale. The transcultural adaptation of the scale was carried out: translation, review by a committee of experts, reverse translation, new review and test of the questionnaire. Reliability (reproduc ibility, stability and internal consistency) and validity were then evaluated. We performed a factor analysis of main components with Varimax rotation with data from a sample of 200 smokers. A culturally and linguistically adapted version of the instrument was obtained, with inter-observer reliability of Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) = 0.90 and stability of ICC = 0.77. The internal consistency analysis yielded a global Crombach α = 0.93 and 0.85 for versions of 20 and 9 items, respectively. In the domain of Positive Affections α = 0.82 and α = 0.89; Negative Affections α = 0.89 and α = 0.90 and for Craving α = 0.84 and α = 0.75, also respectively for the two versions. In the exploratory factor analysis, three factors were identified that explained 95% of the variance of the questionnaire in its extensive version and 69% in its short version. A reliable and valid Argentinean version of the Self-Efficacy/Temptation Scale was obtained, to be applied to smokers.

Palabras clave : Adaptation; Validation; Self-efficacy/temptation scale; Smokers; Argentina.

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