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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

versión impresa ISSN 0025-7680versión On-line ISSN 1669-9106


FERNANDEZ PARDAL, Patricia A. et al. Skin manifestations in patients with COVID-19. A prospective study. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2022, vol.82, n.4, pp.470-478. ISSN 0025-7680.

As of March 2020, skin lesions associated with COVID-19 have been described. The objectives of the study were to char acterize the skin lesions in these patients, analyze their temporal relationship, association with the severity of the disease, extracutaneous symptoms and laboratory parameters. A prospective, observational, analytical and cross-sectional study was conducted in hospitalized patients diagnosed with COVID-19. Dermatoses were clas sified as primary and secondary. Forty-five patients were included, 44.4% with primary dermatoses and 53.3% with secondary lesions. The mean age was 46 years (SD: 17), with a male predominance (68.9%). The primary lesions appeared after a median of 5 days (IQR: 3-10) from the onset of COVID-19 symptoms and the secondary ones after 14.5 days (IQR: 7-20). The primary dermatoses found were maculopapular rash (65%), urticarial (20%, half with vesicular lesions), livedo reticular (10%) and purpura (5%). The most frequent secondary dermatoses were adverse drug reactions (37.1%) and infectious dermatoses (25.9%). Maculopapular rash was associated with moderate COVID-19 and pressure injuries with severe COVID-19 (p < 0.05). The finding of neutrophilia was higher among those with secondary infectious dermatoses (p < 0.05). No significant differences were found when evaluating other laboratory parameters. This work shows the skin manifestations in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in our environment. The most prevalent pattern was the maculopapular rash that was associated with the moderate form of the disease. The appearance of lesions 2 weeks after the onset of COVID-19 symptoms was associated with secondary dermatoses.

Palabras clave : COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; Rash; Skin; Livedo; Acropustulosis.

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