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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

versión impresa ISSN 0025-7680versión On-line ISSN 1669-9106


REYES, Noelia S. et al. Shedding of infectious SARS-COV-2 in two asymptomatic children. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2023, vol.83, n.2, pp.185-189. ISSN 0025-7680.

Asymptomatic infections with SARS-CoV-2 are associ ated with viral transmission and have a key role in the propagation of the pandemic. Understanding viral shed ding during asymptomatic infections is critical. Unfor tunately, data on asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection in children is extremely limited. To determine the presence of viral viable shedding, we prospectively followed two healthy children of a family where both parents devel oped mild COVID-19 (April 2021). SARS-CoV-2 detection was made by RT-PCR and virus isolation by cell culture from saliva samples. Positive samples were sequenced to identify variants of SARS-CoV-2. Serum samples were evaluated to determine the presence of antibodies using a single enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA, COVIDAR IgG). Both children were SARS-CoV-2 positive and asymptomatic. In addition, the virus grew in cell cul ture from saliva samples. Furthermore, one child showed viable SARS-CoV-2 for at least 17 days after the onset symptoms from his father. The recommended isolation period for asymptomatic contacts during the acquisition of data had been established for 10 days; however, this child remained with viable virus beyond that period. The positive samples from both children were consistent with B. lineage (Gamma). In both asymptomatic children, anti-Spike IgG was detected. Asymptomatic children may represent a source of infection that should not be underestimated during this pandemic.

Palabras clave : Asymptomatic; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; pediatric; Viral shedding.

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