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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

Print version ISSN 0025-7680On-line version ISSN 1669-9106


MANA, Daniela L. et al. Descriptive assessment of 54 cases with complex regional pain syndrome in lower limbs. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2023, vol.83, n.2, pp.256-263. ISSN 0025-7680.

Introduction: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), also known as Sudeck syndrome, is a chronic painful condition usually affecting the limbs after trauma or surgery. Its presentation is heterogeneous and its physio pathology, diagnosis and treatment remain controversial. The objective of this study was to analyze a group of patients with this rare syndrome, describing in detail the results of the dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and the response to bisphosphonate treatment.

Method: We retrospectively analyzed 54 patients with CRPS, taking into account their demographic features, inciting events and diagnostic tests. As regards treat ment, we analyzed the results and adverse events of the use of bisphosphonates

Results: We found a female predominance (74%), with 55 ± 13 years. The most common inciting event was trauma (59%), followed by surgery. The difference in bone mineral density between the affected limb and the healthy one was 12 to 15%. Forty-four patients were treated with bisphosphonates (pamidronate, iban dronate, zoledronic acid) and showed a clinical im provement, mainly in terms of pain intensity. Only six patients presented with adverse events, like pseudoflu syndrome and acute phase symptoms.

Conclusion: In our cohort, lower limbs CRPS pre dominantly affects middle aged women. DXA scans are tests used to quantify bone loss and the response to treatment. The use of bisphosphonates is an interest ing therapeutic option to improve clinical symptoms in most patients. Future prospective randomized studies will be needed to confirm our results.

Keywords : Sudeck syndrome; Chronic pain; Bone mineral densitometry; Bisphosphonates; Lower limbs.

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