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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

Print version ISSN 0025-7680On-line version ISSN 1669-9106


VILLAVERDE, María Clara et al. Human monkeypox: epidemiological and clinical charac teristics of a series of cases. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2023, vol.83, n.4, pp.569-578. ISSN 0025-7680.


: Monkeypox It is a zoonotic disease. The etiologic agent is the monkeypox virus. Since January 1, 2022, monkeypox cases have been reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) in 110 Member States across 6 WHO regions.


: The present work is a descriptive-ob servational-retrospective cohort in the first instance, and prospective at the end, where the epidemiological characteristics, clinical presentation and complications collected by telephone call on day 28, are described 75 patients diagnosed with monkeypox, confirmed by RT-PCR (corresponding to 7% of the cases reported in Argentina). It was developed between July 12, 2022 and October 6, 2022.


: The affected population was entirely cis gender men, 70 (93.3%) identified as men who have sex with men (MSM). Fifty-one (68%) were co-infected with HIV, 50 (98%) were receiving ART. All patients presented mucocutaneous manifestations. The rash manifested with a variety of lesions: papular, vesicular, and pustular. In 26 (44.1%) the systemic symptoms presented prior to the appearance of the rash, being the increase in body temperature the most frequent. Thirty-four (45.3%) of the patients reported some complication, with proctitis being the most frequent followed by penile edema. Se quelae were observed in 40 (53.3%), the most frequent being skin scars.

Conclusion: In this case series we were able to ob serve mostly mild symptoms, with anogenital lesions being the most frequent clinical presentation. The pres ence of sequelae, the social and emotional impact of this disease make a multidisciplinary approach necessary.

Keywords : Monkeypox; Zoonoses; Sexually transmit ted infections.

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