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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

versión impresa ISSN 0025-7680versión On-line ISSN 1669-9106


RUGGIERI, Víctor. Autism. Pharmacological treatment. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2023, vol.83, suppl.4, pp.46-51. ISSN 0025-7680.

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder charac terized by deficits in social cognition and communica tion, restricted interests, and stereotyped behaviors. Frequently associated with sensory dysfunction, other neurodevelopmental disorders, neuropsychiatric disor ders, epilepsy and/or sleep disorders. This condition will accompany people throughout their lives, which will generate various support and treatment needs. Although there are no drugs that modify the core symptoms of autism, various drugs have shown their usefulness in associated conditions. Atypical antipsychotics for hyperactivity, impulsivity, agitation, auto or heteroag gression crises. Serotonin reuptake inhibitors, to de crease anxiety, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and irritability/agitation. Stimulants and atomoxetine used for hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. Clonidine and guanfacine show some efficacy on hyperactivity and stereotyped behaviors. Buspirone has been used for restrictive behaviors and anxiety. There are drugs in the research phase such as oxytocin, vasopressin and even some developed for specific entities related to autism such as arbaclofen in Fragile X and Trofinetide that has just been approved for use in Rett syndrome. As speci fic entities and their pathophysiology are identified, it is likely that tailored treatments will be developed for each entity associated with autism.

Palabras clave : Autism; Comorbidities; Arbaclofen; Oxy tocin; Trophenitide.

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