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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

versión impresa ISSN 0025-7680versión On-line ISSN 1669-9106


MORA, Ricardo et al. Venous and cerebral sinus thrombosis in newborns and children. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2023, vol.83, suppl.4, pp.95-101. ISSN 0025-7680.


: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a well-known, although underestimated, cause of stroke in childhood. Its diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion, a correct interpretation of neuroim aging studies and an interrelation between clinicians and radiologists. The clinical features, risk factors and neuroimaging of children under 15 years of age with CVST were analyzed.


: multicenter, retrospective, descriptive, study of a consecutive series of cases of children under 15 years of age, who were admitted due to CVST between January 1st, 2010, and March 1st, 2022.


: The study included 51 patients: 39% with acute symptoms and 59% with subacute symptoms. Newborns predominantly presented encephalopathic symptoms and seizures, while children exhibited signs of intracranial hypertension (ICH). Risk factors were 96

identified in 90% of the cases. Magnetic resonance with angiography in venous time confirmed the diagnosis in 80% of the patients, with the straight sinus being the most affected in newborns and the lateral sinus in chil dren. Hemorrhagic complications were found in 30.5%, being more frequent in newborns. Anticoagulation was initiated in 82% without complications. Sequelae were present in 44.4% of newborns and 37.9% of children, being more frequent and severe in newborns.


: To make an early diagnosis, it is essen tial to consider CVST in newborns with encephalopathic symptoms and/or seizures, and in children with signs of ICH in the presence of predisposing or triggering conditions.

Palabras clave : Cerebral venous thrombosis; Neuroimag ing; Childhood.

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