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Medicina (Buenos Aires)

Print version ISSN 0025-7680On-line version ISSN 1669-9106


SANCHEZ DONCELL, Javier; LEMOS, Melina; FRANCOS, Jose L  and  GONZALEZ MONTANER, Pablo. Monkeypox: characteristics in female population, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Medicina (B. Aires) [online]. 2024, vol.84, n.1, pp.143-147. ISSN 0025-7680.

Monkeypox is a zoonotic viral disease caused by a virus of the genus Orthopoxvirus. As of January 1, 2022, it has been reported in 110 WHO Member States. It presents with fever, fatigue, painful lymphadenopathy, and rash. It lasts between 2 and 4 weeks. It is usually self-limited, but severe cases have been described in immunocompromised people. This study describes cases of monkeypox in women, diagnosed between June 2022 and February 2023, and it reports epidemiology, clinical aspects, and complications after infection. A retrospective observational study was carried out in the Febrile Emergency Unit (UFU), reviewing positive cases (RT-PCR) for monkeypox and the population with female biologi cal sex was selected. They were questioned about gyne cological complications, menstrual pattern, dyspareunia and pelvic pain. 340 consultations for monkeypox were made, 214 (63%) were positive, 211 cases (99%) male and 3 cases (1%) female. Among these cases is a trans woman, who was not included. The average age is 31 years, immunocompetent, with a negative serology report for HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B and C. Both cases had sexual intercourse without a barrier method. The most frequent symptoms are asthenia and skin lesions, especially in the upper and lower limbs, perianal and genital region. As a risk factor they presented unpro tected sexual contact. Within the differential diagnoses, other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) should be considered. There were no gynecological complications reported during follow-up.

Keywords : Monkeypox; Sexually transmitted infec tion; Epidemiological surveillance; Epidemic; Febrile emergency unit..

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