versión On-line ISSN 1850-4884
SCHIAVINI, Adrián et al. Penguins of coastal Argentina: population status and conservation. Hornero [online]. 2005, vol.20, n.1, pp. 5-23. ISSN 1850-4884.
Three penguin species breed along the coasts of Argentina: the Magellanic Penguin (Spheniscus magellanicus), the Rockhopper Penguin (Eudyptes chrysocome) and the Gentoo Penguin (Pygoscelis papua). The King Penguin (Aptenodytes patagonica) historically bred at Isla de los Estados, and one individual was recently recorded there incubating an egg. This paper reviews the available information on the distribution and the population status of these penguin species. It also presents a synthesis of the information on the breeding cycle, the feeding ecology and habitat requirements for the Magellanic Penguin and the Rockhopper Penguin, and an evaluation of their interactions with human activities and current conservation status. The review focuses on aspects that are relevant to the development of monitoring programs, action plans and regional conservation strategies. Finally, a list of research, conservation and management recommendations is presented.
Palabras clave : Aptenodytes patagonica; Argentina; Breeding populations; Conservation; Eudyptes chrysocome; Penguins; Pygoscelis papua; Seabirds; Spheniscus magellanicus.