SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.107 número2Neumonía de la comunidad en niños: impacto sanitario y costos del tratamiento en el primer nivel de atención público de la ArgentinaTratamiento de la anemia hiporregenerativa tardía de la enfermedad hemolítica del recién nacido con eritropoyetina recombinante índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados



  • No hay articulos citadosCitado por SciELO

Links relacionados

  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO


Archivos argentinos de pediatría

versión On-line ISSN 1668-3501


BAUER, Gabriela et al. Impact of a respiratory disease prevention program in high-risk preterm infants: a prospective, multicentric study. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2009, vol.107, n.2, pp. 111-118. ISSN 1668-3501.

Respiratory tract infections (RTI), specially those caused by Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) are of central concern in high-risk preterm infant care. Prevention programs including new and costly interventions should be evaluated in terms of efectivity and impact. Objectives. To evaluate feasibility and results of a National Health Ministry pilot program for severe RTI prevention in high-risk infants. Methods. Seven high-risk follow-up clinics from the public healthcare system were selected for a prospective, multicentric study. Between May and September 2007, a pilot program comprising healthcare team training, parental education, RSV pasive immunoprophylaxis, RTI patient care end results evaluation was implemented. Indicators were used to evaluate feasibility; efectivity was estimated comparing study results with two historical controls. Results. 183 infants were incorporated, 5 were lost and 1 died from cardiac disease. A RTI management guideline was elaborated among participating centers; parents assisted to educational workshops; palivizumab was given to participating infants up to three doses. RTI hospital admission rate for the study group was 20% (7% RSV-related), compared to 42% (26% RSV-related) and 37% (29% RSV-related) in control groups (p< 0.0001 and p= 0.02, respectively). Conclusions. Program implementation was feasible and readily accepted by healthcare teams. RTI hospital admissions rates, in general and RSV-related, were significatively lower than local previous studies.

Palabras clave : Premature infants; Respiratory tract infections; Prevention and control; Effectiveness program.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License