SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.108 issue1Validation of a clinical prediction rule to distinguish bacterial from aseptic meningitisTransfusional requirements for escharectomy in burned children author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




  • Have no cited articlesCited by SciELO

Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Archivos argentinos de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0325-0075On-line version ISSN 1668-3501


MULASSI, Andrés H. et al. Eating habits, physical activity, smoking and alcohol consumption in adolescents attending school in the province of Buenos Aires. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2010, vol.108, n.1, pp.45-54. ISSN 0325-0075.

Introduction. Knowledge on dietary habits, tobacco and alcohol consumption in adolescents is crucial to plan early preventive programs. The objective was to assess the eating habits, physical activity and tobacco and alcohol consumption in adolescents of Buenos Aires, in order to get information on cardiovascular risk factors. Material and methods. Cross-sectional observational study in adolescents aged 11-16 years of 12 urban and rural, public and private schools of the province of Buenos Aires. An anonymous survey was carried out including demographical data, eating habits, physical activity, smoking and alcohol consumption. Results. 1230 adolescents were surveyed, 46% of rural zones. Of them, 42.5% restrained food intake to control weight; 92% performed physical activity at least 1 h a week; 29.3% were smokers and 38.4% drank alcoholic beverages. Females restrained more food intake (46.3% vs. 37.7%; p=0.003) and were heavier smokers (32.6% vs. 25.2%; p=0.005). Alcohol consumption and smoking were associated (OR 8.27; p<0.001). Having a smoker friend increased almost 4 times the chance of smoking. Alcohol consumption by the best friend (OR 10.0; p<0.001), father o brother also increased chance in the adolescent. Adolescents of rural zones performed less physical activity (89.6% vs. 94.2%; p=0.003) and smoked more cigarettes (32.1% vs. 26.8%; p=0.04). Conclusions. 42% restrained food intake to control weight, and almost all performed physical activity. Rates of smoking and alcohol consumption were 29.3% and 38.4%, and were strongly associated. Smoking was more common in females and in rural zones, and more associated to alcohol and a smoker friend.

Keywords : Adolescence; Eating habits; Physical activity; Smoking; Alcohol.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License