Archivos argentinos de pediatría
versión On-line ISSN 1668-3501
RABASA, Cecilia et al. Access to a III Level Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Argentina. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2010, vol.108, n.4, pp. 325-330. ISSN 1668-3501.
Introduction. In Argentina information does not exist about how many newborns (NB) who need to be hospitalized in a third level neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) actually accede, not even about the evolution of those who cannot accede. Objective. To analize the characteristics of NB that required to be hospitalized in a NICU and the evolution of those who do not accede. Methods. Longitudinal, prospective and observational study. There were included NB that required hospitalization in the NICU of the Hospital Garrahan during eleven months. Every request was registered and phone calls were made to know the evolution of rejected NB. The accessibility was analyzed by bivariated and multivariated tests. Results. 1197 NB were included in the study; 75% with severe clinical condition, being of higher frequency the cardiac, respiratory and surgical pathologies; 637 NB (53%) were accepted. The NB from other provinces (OR 2, IC95% 1.4-2.8), retinophaty of the premature (OR 40, IC95% 14-85) and surgical disease (OR 1.99, IC95% 1.4-2.7) were independent factors that increased the possibilities to access; it decreased during the winter (OR 0.56, IC95% 0.40-0.77); 56 NB died; 47 could not have access to a third level NICU in spite of presenting pathologies sensitive of treatment. Conclusion. This information shows the fact that is of high importance to define regional strategies that allow the efficient administration of existing health resources and the opportune access of seriously ill NB patients to reference centers.
Palabras clave : Accessibility; Neonatal mortality; Neonatal intensive care.