Archivos argentinos de pediatría
versión impresa ISSN 0325-0075
TORRES, Fernando A. et al. Safety of a clinical prediction rule for initial management of children with pneumonia in an ambulatory setting. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2010, vol.108, n.6, pp. 511-515. ISSN 0325-0075.
Introduction. Despite many cases of pneumonia in children are due to viruses, initial management includes antibiotics. To avoid unnecessary antibiotic use, a clinical rule to predict etiology in children hospitalized for pneumonia was developed (BPS: Bacterial Pneumonia Score), but it performance in ambulatory settings has not been yet tested. We aimed to evaluate the safety of using BPS in children with pneumonia in an ambulatory setting. Methods. This cohort study included children aged 3-60 months, assisted for pneumonias as outpatients. BPS (range: -3 to 15 points) was calculated in all of them, and only those with ≥ 4 points received antibiotics. Clinical outcome was evaluated 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, and 10 days after the first visit. Results. 108 patients were included, aged 25.3 ± 16.5 months. From them, 48 (44.4%) showed BPS ≥ 4, and received antibiotics. After 10 days, there were no differences in clinical outcome between groups (with and without antibiotics) (p= 0.5; RR: 0.39; IC 95%: 0.01-5.74). Only 3 patients showed unsatisfactory clinical outcome; 1 of them had not received antibiotics. Conclusions. Using BPS was safe for initial management of children with pneumonia in an outpatient setting.
Palabras clave : Pneumonia; Diagnosis; Ambulatory care.