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Archivos argentinos de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0325-0075


PISTELLI, Yanina; PEROCHENA, Jorge; MOSCOLONI, Nora  and  TARRES, María Cristina. Burnout syndrome among pediatricians: Bivariate and multivariate analysis. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2011, vol.109, n.2, pp.129-134. ISSN 0325-0075.

Background. As burnout syndrome has been barely analyzed in pediatricians, it was considered relevant to explore labor satisfaction and tiredness in these professionals and to evaluate possible associated factors. Population and methods. The Maslach Burnout Inventory questionnaire was voluntarily and anonymously applied to pediatricians. Personal and professional variables were included. Bivariate and multivariate statistical techniques were employed for analyzing registered data. Results. Answer rate reached 89%. Mean values related with emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal achievement were 30.60 ± 10.98, 0.51 ± 5.95 and 35.76 ± 7.32, respectively. It was established that as time of pediatric performance went on, personal achievement increased and depersonalization diminished. Depersonalization also decreased in physicians carrying out managerial jobs. The clusters obtained through multivariate analysis showed a higher to lower severity ordination, going from pediatricians with lower personal achievement and higher values of depersonalization and emotional exhaustion (classes 1 and 2) to pediatricians with lower emotional exhaustion, medium depersonalization and higher personal achievement (classes 4 and 5). Conclusions. The polled pediatricians evidenced higher values of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization and a medium personal achievement. This dimension became higher as they revealed more years of professional performance. Depersonalization was lower in physicians carrying out managerial jobs. Multivariate analysis was useful to group individuals in accordance with their affinities on the studied variables.

Keywords : Burnout; Pediatricians; Occupation; Emotional disturbances.

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