Archivos argentinos de pediatría
versión impresa ISSN 0325-0075
TESTA, María Eugenia et al. Pulmonary hemorrhage associated with celiac disease. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2012, vol.110, n.4, pp. e72-e76. ISSN 0325-0075.
Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis is a severe and potentially fatal disease characterized by recurrent episodes of alveolar hemorrhage, hemoptysis, and anemia. His association with celiac disease, described as Lane- Hamilton syndrome, could be due to the fact that both entities share a common pathogenic immune pathway. We report two patients of 13 years who consulted for hemoptysis and severe anemia that had not responded to immunosuppressive treatment with pulses of methyl prednisolone, oral meprednisone and hydroxychloroquine. Although both children highlight the absence of gastrointestinal symptoms at the time of consultation, the dosage of anti-endomysial and anti-transglutaminase antibodies was positive and biopsy confirmed the presence of intestinal enteropathy. It is emphasized that in patients with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, even in the absence of gastrointestinal symptoms, the concomitant presence of celiac disease should be evaluated. If celiac disease is present, the incorporation of a gluten-free diet helps to control the symptoms, allows reducing the immunosuppressive treatment and improves the clinical course of both entities.
Palabras clave : Pulmonary hemosiderosis; Lane-Hamilton syndrome; Gluten-free diet; Enteropathy; Celiac disease.