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Archivos argentinos de pediatría

Print version ISSN 0325-0075


LLERA, Julián  and  DURANTE, Eduardo. Correlation between the educational environment and burn-out syndrome in residency programs at a university hospital. Arch. argent. pediatr. [online]. 2014, vol.112, n.1, pp.6-11. ISSN 0325-0075.

Introduction. The educational environment (EE) is related to satisfaction and achievement. A high prevalence of professional burnout (BO) syndrome has been reported in the residency. The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation between EE and the presence of burnout in residency programs at a university hospital. Population and methods. Residents from fve programs at Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires were evaluated. The following items were recorded: specialty, year of residency, sex, nationality and coexistence. The Postgraduate Hospital Education Environment Measure (PHEEM) that evaluates autonomy, teaching and social support, was used to measure EE. Burnout was measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) that evaluates exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment. Results. Ninety two residents participated. The mean EE was 106.8 (more positive than negative environment). Out of the evaluated residents, 19.6% showed burnout. There were signifcant differences in the EE between the populations with and without burnout; mean values: 98.7 vs. 108.8 (p= 0.0056). A negative signifcant correlation was observed between EE and exhaustion (r= -0.24) and EE and depersonalization (r= -0.35) and a positive signifcant correlation was found between EE and personal accomplishment (r= 0.44). In the same sense, a greater correlation was observed between burnout and PHEEM autonomy subscale (r= -0.58; -0.41 and 0.46, respectively). Conclusions. In the residency, a significant correlation was found between the EE and burnout (reverse with exhaustion and depersonalization, and direct with personal accomplishment). This correlation had greater strength and the same sense for items evaluating autonomy.

Keywords : Educational environment; Professional burnout; Residencies.

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